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Two Rebellious and Unnecessary Men

On 19/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

As two well-known heroes of world literature, Jia baoyu and EB OHE and are typical and characteristic. Living in different nations with different family origin and social contexts, at the first glance, Baoyu and EBE OHE belong to different social group and lack similarity. After explosive research, the author of this dissertation notices astonishing characteristic similarity of them.Generally speaking, the past research focused on the weakness of EBEH OHEH and neglected his rebellious part. On the contrary, most studies on Baoyu only concentrated on his rebellious part but not his “unnecessary parts”. Fortunately comparative literature offers us a broaden vision to analyze this two characters. Affected by various factors, Baoyu and EBEH OHEH exhibit tremendous tendency to be out of orientation, unavoidably they become nothing but “unnecessary man” of this sophisticated society. “To be rebellious” is not only their leading personality but unavoidable fate.’To be rebellious” provides us a new angle to experience EBEH OHEH’s renewal and “to be unnecessary” offers readers a new image of Baoyu from different respect.In a word, they two are tragic heroes of world famous tragedy, their personal tragedy is also the tragedy of their personality and their society. What’s more, their doom are unavoidable, thought well-educated and well-cultivated, they never converge into the main stream of society and become unnecessary. This kind of desertion and dislocation reshaped them neither into peacock or crow, they are neither accepted by the upper society nor the public, so they could do nothing but absorb in unhappiness and melancholy. Though companied by a group of sisters or maids, Baoyu is lonely spiritually; Involved in countless dinner party or dancing party, EBEH OHEH is unhappy and lonely too. So they are always indilemma and conflict which embody in the form of struggle between their inner spiritual world and outer material society. According to the author, the two reflect the problem of their time,even represent the dilemma of our whole human being. From this respect, Baoyu and EBEH OHEH are not longer two literary characters but vivid representatives of our society.

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The Comparative Study for Zhang Cong Zheng and Lee Jae Ma’s Medicine Idea of Preserving Health

On 19/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Since a long time ago, people have made importance of living a long life without disease. In Chinese medical science, it says “Saint makes treatment before illness rather than after that.”, so there have been a lot of efforts to keep physical balance with the view of preventional heath care. Heat care means to make efforts to prolong life by taking advantage of some ways such as regimen, diet, medication, massage, ascetic, Meditation etc. In Huang Di Nei Jing, it says “The way of wise persons” regimen should keep harmony always regardless of hot and cold weather, between glory and anger, controlling Yang and Yin, just if anyone can avoid devil properly, he gets longevity “, it emphasizes that we can maintain our health and live a long life through diet and regimen.The concept of health before the mid-19th century was the health of the body means, after that, the conception of that “a sound minds in a sound body” was added to the mental concept, From the mid 20 century, it had been changed into the idea of enjoying ordinary life such as work, exercise, food, rest, sleep etc. According to the world health charter which announced by World Health Organization (WHO) “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity。”We can also think that peaceful condition of sprit and body, or its environment nearly has the same meaning of pursuing health care through regimen and diet.In oriental countries, sice ancient time, various kinds of studies for health care such as medicine, acupuncture, massage, and meditation, ascetic had been performed. Zhang Cong Zheng who was representative person for purgationist school among the 4 great persons in Jin and Yuan penod, succeeded to the plutonism by Liu wan Su to use cool medicine many times.He performed unique medical practice by using the new therapy of sweating and emetic. In case of health care, he made every effort to correct the defect of compensating heat by using dry heat. He also insisted that practice of health begins from diet.He said “Regimen should be controlled by using diet, Medical treatment should be controlled by medicine.” emphasizing that practice of health begins from diet.As devil law caused from heart, glory, angry, sorrow, thought and horror exists adjusting that,the stable heart fire makes spiritual willingness can treats illness. It also achieves got good achievements in depression.The collection of Korean traditional summary had been made by the Dong Yi Bo Gam, written by Heo Jun.After that, Lee Jae Ma created the 4types medical science in which he divided human into 4 types, insisting that every individual should take treatment to the self-character for treatment and physical condition.He boldly escaped from the traditional point of view in which people regarded disease as a struggle between good influence and evil influence, thinking that disease caused from losing balance between internal organs or debility of physique. He applied this idea into health care, saying that there are 5 delights in human life. The first one is longevity, the second one is meditation, the third one is reading, the fourth one is property, the fifth one is contribution to self-society. Among these factors, he emphasized that longevity is the biggest pleasure, others only could be achieved through longevity. He classified human’s physique into great yang, small yang, great yin, small yin to explain that different treatment should be applied to these differences.The traditional Korean medical science has been developed by the combination of the native medicine and the introduced medicine from China. So it has been influenced by Chinese medicine. There are many documents and case record from Chinese medical books quoted in Bing Zheng Lun of Dong Yi Su Sae Bo Won, such as Nei Jing, Shang Han Lun, Huo Ren Shu, Gu Jin Yi Jian, Yi Xue Ru Men. Among those, Huang Di Nei Jing and Shang Han Lun had mainly affected a lot to form the 4 type medical science.Although his theory was originated from Shang Han Lun, Dong Yi Su Sae Bo Won explained human body’s phenomenon with the new opinion, summarizing and compromising each past time medical scientist’s theory. So the traditional Korean medical science among which Dong Yi Bo Gam have had great influence, got inspire from the school’s theory which insisted compensation of warm, ground, Yin etc. But in the field of the idea medical science, it applied different type of treatments to various kinds of physique, receiving great influences from Han Liang and Gong Xie school.The two theorist emphasized hygienism and harmony of characters. It contains comparative values. This thesis is composed of three parts.The first part and second part analyzes the life and theory, regimen of Zhang Cong Zheng and Lee Jae Ma respectively. The third part, based on each person’s regimen, perform comparative study review their idea and regimen.

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A Comparative Study of Three Chinese Versions of the Importance of Being Earnest from the Perspective of Skopos Theory

On 07/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The dual nature of drama as literary art and performing art at once, and the duality of play, namely, readability and performability make drama translation quite different from other forms of literary translation with the dual purpose of stage performance and literary reading, and therefore increase the difficulty in drama translation. In the light of present situation, drama translation is still deficient in systematic and theoretical guidance, and the purpose of translation in the process of drama translation remains to be overlooked.In this thesis, skopos theory of German Functionalist School is applied to a comparative study of three Chinese versions of The Importance of Being Earnest, the representative and well-known play by Oscar Wilde as a great dramatist. The formation and development, theoretical framework, and contributions and limitations of skopos theory are reviewed in the first chapter. Drama, and the history, principles and evaluation of drama translation are overviewed in the second chapter. A comprehensive Introduction to The Importance of Being Earnest is made, and a detailed analysis and comparative study of the three Chinese versions from the perspective of skopos theory in many aspects, such as the comparison of the skopos, translation strategies, translation methods and so on are carried out, and a proposal concerning the problem emerging in the comparative study and deserving further study is put forward in the third chapter.Through the comparative study of the Chinese versions by the three translators from the Mainland of China, Taiwan and Hong Kong respectively under the guidance of skopos theory, this thesis aims to illustrate the decisive influence of the purpose of translation on the three Chinese versions in the process of translation, discuss the applicability of skopos theory to drama translation, and justify that skopos theory is applicable to such kind of literary translation as drama translation and therefore conducive to the translation studies and criticism of drama translation.

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The Comparative Study on Anhui’s Urban Competitiveness

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

With the arrival of the era of knowledge-driven economy and the swift and violentdevelopment of global economic integration, scholars from various countries are morelikely to study the problem of competition, not only the original competition betweencountries but also the competition between cities. Cities are becoming more and moreimportant in the development of countries and regions. After take into WTO, Themarketability of Chinese economy promotes the economic growth of cities in China andthe internationalization makes the China will be in invincible position in the internationalcompetition. Therefore researches have being paid on competitiveness in recent years,subject such as economics, management are involvedThis issue is regarded as a valuable work in theory.The cities in Anhui Province are function as the growth poles, Which key to the fasterdevelopment of provincial economy and society. Thus, how are the competitiveness thecities have? What is the structure of levels? How about the advantages and disadvantagesof the cities? All these problems should be considered in the process of drawing up theformulate development strategies of city. So the study on urban competitiveness has thesignificant meaning in practice.First, analysis the research background and significance of urban competition,re-recognizes the concept and intension of the urban competitiveness, reviewing the indexmodels. Second, establishes a new urban competitiveness index system of estimationcombining qualitative analysis methods and formative positive analysis methods. Thepaper carries on PCA method to the selected data of index system through the SPSSsoftware and it reaches the city’s competitiveness score and ranking. Analysis the city’scompetitiveness from six aspects including economic strength, industrial structure, the roleof government, service facilities, scientific and technological strength, the degree ofopening up. Finally, at the basis of the synthetic evaluation, combing the advantage anddisadvantage analysis of urban development of Anhui, paper propose the strategy how topromote the competitiveness of Anhui cities.

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Comparative Study of Tertiary Industry among Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong

On 24/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

China’s economy have been maintaining rapid and stable development since China reformand opening up. It is obvious that Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong are very important toChina’s economy as three main engines of economic development. Currently China is in thestage from industrial society develop to post-industry society. Because the three provincesare in the same stage, so they have the same major background. However, they each havetheir own specialty according to their economy and industrial policy. This paper will doresearch and compare the whole service sector and their branches on the basis of lateststatistical yearbook data, input-output table data and economic census data to find out theirsimilarity and individuality and offer advices for the tertiary industry development ofGuangdong Province.Firstly, this paper mainly analysis the basic information about the development of tertiaryindustry of the three provinces. Then this paper wills analysis the input and output of tertiaryindustry and their departments. And last, the paper will do the comparative study about therelative efficiency of the three provinces.Our study shows that the tertiary industry of Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong are atdifferent stages. The workers who work for tertiary industry of Beijing have the advantagesthat they have education background and the title of a technical post. However, the workerswho are in Guangdong are better in technical ability; Tertiary industries in Beijing andShanghai are mostly extroversive and Guangdong’s are introversive; from the perspective ofrelevance, we can get that tertiary industry in Beijing are Final Demand Industry, Shanghaithe Intermediate Inputs Industry, and Guangdong the Final Demand Industry Basic Industry;From the angle of effect of Industry, we can find that Shanghai has the great influence andresponse, Guangdong has the least. The tertiary industry of the three is the same at both ends,differences in the middle on the relative efficiency of the industry.At last, I want to give my advice for the development of the tertiary industry on the basis ofour Guangdong province: Firstly we should harmonize with the Second Industry andstrengthen the driving power of two engines. Secondly, we should optimize the structure ofthe employee of tertiary industry and enhance their quality. Thirdly, we should increase thePCDI and enlarge the market of tertiary industry. Fourthly, accelerate the development ofindustry which has the high efficiency of input and output and finally we should cut downthe investment of industry which has most state-owned economic and make the process of state-owned economic marketization speed up.

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Comparative Study Between2008SNA and1993SNA

On 24/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Since the1993SNA issued, a series of great changes have taken place during theglobal economy, especially in the global financial crisis of2008,which exposed manyproblems that objectively required system of national accounts to change, update andimprove accordingly. The United Nations Committee of Statistics formulated2008SNA,based on the revision of1993SNA,in order to make SNA keep pace with thetimes,reflect the economic environment changes in a comprehensive,objective andaccurate way,and adapt to the needs of economic development.The change produceprofound effect on China’s system of national accounts,urging us to think and studythe series of updates.This study is based on China’s system of national accounts. First of all,through thediscussion of2008SNA change background, reasons, and designing ideas,find thedevelopment model and trajectory of SNA. And then,from the comparison of basiccategories,concepts and definitions involved, rise to a variety of classificationstandard of comparison in SNA. Next study series indexes that reflecting theoperation of national economy further between2008SNA and1993SNA, analyze itssubstantive definitions and operational definitions of the boundary changes, as well asthe specific changes in the concrete calculation method. Finally, on the basiscomparison between2008SNA and1993SNA, find out the revision of revelatorytheory which can improving, enhancing china’s system of national accounts,makingchina’s system of national accounts more theoretical and practical application value.

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The Comparative Study on Real Estate Market of Jinan City and Qingdao City

On 24/09/2013, in Management, by rain

The real estate industry can stimulate economic growth effectively, so it is veryimportant to government revenue. However, due to real estate market started too lateand the development time was short of real estate in China, the relevant laws andregulations are not perfect, the real estate market is not mature. Rapid house pricegrowth rate, the price earnings ratio is too high, the real estate market supply anddemand imbalance are factors affected healthy and sustainable development ofChina’s real estate market. Therefore, researching real estate market of China toprovide a response is necessary to promote the healthy development of the realestate market.As economically strong province and populated province of China, the realestate market of Shandong province is representative. Since the implementation ofthe housing reform policy in 1998, the real estate market laws and regulationscontinue to be improved, the real estate market of Shandong province has madegreat progress. From the development of Shandong province, Jinan and Qingdao aretwo representative cities. Qingdao city is the eastern coastal city of Shandongprovince, which opened earlier, with the superior location and beautiful environment,the development of the real estate market started earlier and has coastalcharacteristic. Jinan city, as the capital city, transportation and cultural center, thepolitical center, has a better political and regulatory environment in developing realestate market. Jinan city is an old city the development process of the real estatemarket can be a microcosm of the old town real estate market development process.At the same time, Jinan city and Qingdao city are the two highest cities in economicdevelopment of Shandong province, and they have a high level development of thereal estate market, to research the real estate market of the two cities can provide thetheory of countermeasures to develop the real estate market of the lower level.In the writing process, first described the research background, significance,research status, and research methods, and then explained the real estate markettheory, focusing on the theory of supply and demand and non-equilibrium ofregional development. Secondly, described the development environment of real estate market in two cities and then analyzed the comprehensive level of the realestate market of Jinan city and Qingdao city, the analysis showed that lower prices inJinan city, lower price earnings ratio, the strong real estate demand, lower levels ofeconomic development but at the same time the urban disposable income high. Butthe house price, the price earnings ratio, the level of economic development, are allhigher in Qingdao city, the price earnings ratio has become a constraining factor ofthe Qingdao city real estate market healthy development. According to the priceearnings ratio as defined to calculate the price earnings ratio of Qingdao city in 2007it up to13.508, far exceeding international standards, again, constructed thecomprehensive development level evaluation system of the real estate market. Basedon the China Real Estate Statistics Yearbook, Shandong Statistical Yearbook relevantdata, combined principal component analysis and SWOT analysis to researchJinan city and Qingdao city real estate market development level, The resultsshowed that: the level of real estate market development of Qingdao city is higher in2001-2009, but there are some negative factors on the real estate market in Qingdaocity, such as the financing form of real estate investment is single; The 2001-2009composite scores of Jinan city and Qingdao city real estate market are volatilityincreased, indicating that the real estate market of the two cities are good prospectsfor development. Finally, adopted the results of principal component analysis andSWOT analysis to put forward the targeted proposed to promote the real estatemarket development of Jinan city and Qingdao city.

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The Comparative Research on the Investment Rules of China-Pakistan, China-New Zealand,China-ASEAN FTAs

On 24/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

The FTA construct is one of the most important regional economic corporationstrategies for china which is in order to adjusting to the historical trend of economicglobalization and regional economic combination. With the build and development ofthe FTA, the scopes and contents of cooperation are always extending and deepeningamong members. For example, it is not only referring to the trade fielding, alsospreading to the realms of investments, work labors and intellectual property rightsand so on. What’s more important, the members of the regional cooperateorganizations take more emphasis on the investment contents, especially on thetreatments and measurements when one member wants to invest in other members. Aswe all know, the negotiation for investment rules have been the important matter inthe FTA, and the freedom extent of the investment rules is the crucial directory andguideline. So the research on the investment of FTA can help us to learn thenegotiating procedures and contents of the built FTA in China and give some adviceon the investment construction for the further FTA which can do benefit to thesuccessful development for our FTA construction.In this thesis, on the basis of introduction about history, contents, characteristics,trends and effects of FTA, it does comparative research on the investment rules ofChina-Pakistan, China-New Zealand, China-ASEAN FTA and get the similarities anddifferences for them. For the similarities: in the areas of application, it makesdefinitions for investment and investor and extend the scope as much as possible; inthe investment promotion rules, it makes regulations for national treatment, mostfavored national treatment, fair and equitable treatment and so on, but lacks ofinvestment liberalization; in the investment protection rules, it makes similar freetransfer of fund and nationalization rules, but lacks of practicalness in aspect ofnationalization; in the investment dispute settlement mechanism, its procedures isperfect and smart. For the differences: in the areas of application, it makes differentdefinitions for investors; in the investment promotion rules, it makes differentregulations for national treatment, fair and equitable treatment and so on; in theinvestment protection rules, it makes different for nationalization rules and addsdifferent exception clause; in the investment dispute settlement mechanism, itsprocedures is not similar. According to the analysis of similarities and differences, in this thesis, it comes to the conclusion that how to draw up investment rules in thebuilding process of different FTAs: when it is to build FTA with neighboring country,we draw up investment rules in lower level compared to that of developed FTA; whenit is to build FTA with developed country, we draw up investment rules in high levelcompared to that of developed FTA; when it is to build FTA with country group, wedraw up investment rules in higher level compared to that of neighboring FTA but inlower level compared to that of developed FTA.In this thesis, it divides the investment rules into six parts:Part one: an overview of the conceptions of the FTA, investment rule and so onin order to take a basic foundation for the next part.Part two: an analysis on the historic development, contents, characteristics andtrends of the regional investment rules in order that we can have a comprehensiveunderstangding to take a basic foundation for the next part.Part three: an analysis of the investment rules of China-Pakistan, China-NewZealand, China-ASEAN FTA on the systematical and comparative method, whichcontains the signature procedure, contents, characteristics and shortages.Part four: the similarities and differences analysis of China-Pakistan, China-NewZealand, China-ASEAN FTAPart five: the conclusion and the overview of the whole thesis in order that it cangive some help for our future FTA construction.

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Comparative Study on Industrial Structure among Liangjiang New Area, Pudong New Area and Binhai New Area

On 23/09/2013, in International, by rain

Since reforming and opening, the economic and social in our country have taken place great changes. The establishment of Liangjiang New Area is a new great pioneering work, which deepen reform and opening. There are some reasons that Liangjiang New Area was founded in Chongqing on June18,2010.First, Chongqing has very superior and unique nature geographical advantages, which can provide lot’s of favorable conditions for the development of Liangjiang New Area. Second, Chongqing is only one municipality directly under the central government in the west; it can lead the development of western area, promote the process of western big development, and reduce the gap between east and west. Third, after the international financial crisis, the orientation of economic development of the world is not very clear. Changing the development mode of Chinese economics is imperative. All of these have spawned the birth of Liangjiang New Area.However, there is not enough development experience for the newly established Liangjiang New Area, especially in the industrial structure optimization. The reasonable industrial structure is very important for the good and fast development of the economy. It also is “driving force” of development of Liangjiang New Area. This thesis takes the industrial structure as the key points, and does some Comparative research on industrial structure between Liangjiang New Area, Pudong New Area and Binhai New Area. All of this not only show the point of novelty in selecting a topic of my thesis, but also can draw lessons from Pudong New Area and Binhai New Area development experiences, and provide some valuable suggestions for the improvement of Liangjiang New Area’s industrial structure. The main contents of this thesis include the following five parts:First, introduction. In this part, it introduces the background, the literature review and significance of this paper, and also includes research methods of author.Second, basical concepts and theoretical basis. It shows the basical concepts such as, new district, industrial structure, and comparative study; it also introduces some related theories of this thesis, for example, the industrial structure factor theory of Marx, Deng Xiaoping’s “two overall situation” theory. Hu Jintao’s scientific outlook on development theory, macro-control theory of the socialist market economy and the growth pole theory as so on.Third, the basic situation and comparative analysis of industrial structure among Liangjiang New Area, Pudong New Area and Binhai New Area. This part is the key part of the thesis, including the necessity and feasibility of comparative analysis, comparative analysis of the basic situation and the comparative analysis of industrial structures of the three new area’s industrial structure.Fourth, the strategic target and countermeasure proposal of further optimization about the Liangjiang New Area industry structure. In this part, the author, combining with the actual situation of Chongqing City, analyzes the further optimization of Liangjiang New Area’s industrial structure strategic goal, puts forward valuable suggestions and Countermeasures which is suitable for Liangjiang New Area’s industry structure development.Fifth, the future development prospect of Liangjiang New Area and the influence on development of Chinese economic. In this part, it mainly introduces the Liangjiang New Area prospect of future development, and the influence on development of Chinese economicSixth, conclusion.

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Comparative Study on Urban Agglomeration from the Perspective of Saving Resource and Being Friendly for Environment at Home and Abroad

On 21/09/2013, in Management, by rain

The construction of Resource Conscious and Environmentally Friendly Society (“Two-Oriented” Society) is a new urban theory based on which in the period of rapid urbanism and excessive industrialization, we can improve the man-land relationship and deal with the pressure from the resource. The essence of “Two-Oriented” society is to harmonize regional man-land relationship and adhere to the development model of sustainability and harmony society. As has been mentioned above, this paper is to summarize the experiences from the development of urban agglomeration worldwide from the perspective of industrious structure, residential consumption and community construction. Lessons can be drawn from other’s mistakes. The author, under the similar situation of economic and social development, through summarizing the data, using the method of comparison, summarizes the problems happened on the course of other urban agglomeration, solutions to those and their final effects. This paper includes following five parts.The first part is an introduction, in which background of this paper, research situation at home and abroad and significance of the study will be given; The second part is a theoretical analysis on resource saving and environment friendly society, mainly including contents of industrious structure, consumption model and community construction; The third part is to analyze urban agglomerations in developed countries from the perspective of industrious structure, consumption model and community construction; The forth part is to analyze urban agglomerations in China’ developed regions from the same perspective; The fifth part is a conclusion.After summarizing and analysis, this paper concludes that on the course of urban agglomeration, developed countries represents high complementarities in its industrial division. The shift of its industry is not only from locals to outsides, but from its inner cities to outside areas. But there is a weakness in our China’s urban agglomeration. From the view of residential life and consumption, residential consumption structure is already reasonable in developed counties. Under the leader of New-urbanism, including smart growth, TOD model and so on, developed counties dealt with the problem of their sprawl on the course of urbanization.