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The Current Situation、Problem and Countermeasures Research of Community Health Services in the City of Xiangtan

On 28/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Urban community Health services are an important part of Health work. Urban public health and Basic Medical service system basis.Is to achieve universal access to primary health care goals for the link, but also promote Social equity, maintaining Social stability and an important content of building a harmonious society. Great efforts to develop community health services, build community-based health services, community health services and preventive health care institutions and Medical services division of labor is reasonable, in close collaboration with a new urban health service system, for the implementation of prevention first, combining prevention with control approach, optimization of health service structure, and facilitate the people’s health care, reduce the cost burden to establish a harmonious relationship between doctors and patients to alleviate the Medical care difficult and expensive issues are of great significance.Xiangtan City Community Health Services After nearly a decade of development, has made great progress, in order to improve people’s health played an important role. But the community health service functions is not fully developed, community health services in urban health work in the “net at the end of role has not really materialized.The main purpose of this study:summary analysis of Xiangtan City,2005-2009 health reform and urban community health services to carry out the status quo, the actual results and problems to explore the urban community health services to carry out the feasibility of carrying out the process to identify the constraints that exist in,combined with a new round of health care reform goals and the current medical insurance system to explore the effective promotion of community health services in Xiangtan City, the healthy development of countermeasures.This study used cluster sampling and purposive sampling method of combining of Xiangtan City,18 community health service centers, three community health service stations, 50 health service centers (stations) staff,697 local residents and 15 community health service Management personnel research. Data collection, qualitative data and quantitative data using a combination of methods, quantitative data analysis is mainly used descriptive statistical methods for processing.The study found:Xiangtan City, community health service network has basically taken shape; community health service institutions an obvious improvement in the infrastructure; the training of community health service personnel have achieved good results;community health service institutions in the service mode and service content has basically achieved from the traditional medical model to change the way community health services; preventive health care and public health services has also been made to carry out major breakthrough. However, the launching of community health services, there are some problems:an integrated community health service agencies service capacity is not strong, with six large gap between the requirements of integration; community health service coverage is low; the service technical level is not high, the residents recognized low; practitioners low quality of personnel; the service function and practice of the need to be further improved and standardized; scientific performance appraisal system and incentive mechanisms are not yet established. Because of these problems:The absence of public health Management functions;community health service system standards are not perfect; service quality is low, general shortage of medical personnel; the community’s first diagnosis and two-way referral system were not implemented.Suggestion:Stick to the government-led, promoting community health service system; optimize the operating mechanism, to improve service efficiency, build service networks;to raise funds to expand community health service channels, improve the compensation mechanisms; improve two-way referral and counterpart support work to improve health resources utilization efficiency; to strengthen community health service team building; to strengthen supervision and Management of community health services;improve the medical insurance system; universal access to information management, improve the health files; improve performance evaluation index system.

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Study Upon the Current Social Situation of Horchin Mongol Society from the View of Building the New Socialist Countryside

On 10/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The building of the new socialist countryside is an issue concerned with all aspects of the natianal development. Every districts have their own distinctive natural environment, humanistic features and Economic conditions. Therefore, the building of a new socialist countryside suitable for the local place is the issue paid special attention by the governmental departments and the academic circles. In order to see big things through small ones and seek truth from facts, this dessertation is about to conduct a conscientious survey and study upon the current situation of the building of the new socialist contryside in the North Orbog village, Horchin left middle banner, a very common element in the Agricultural society of the Mongol nationality in the Horchin district.The dissertation is composed of seven sections, including the introduction, first section:the current Social situation of North Orbog village, second section:the current Economic condition of North Orbog village, conclusion, annotation, bibliography and appendix.

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The Current Situation of Agriculture Talents’ Training and the Research of the Strategy in Chongming County

On 25/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Nine consecutive years from2004to2012issued a central file, whichtook seriously on the three farming problems. Especially in2012, the centralfile emphasizes on “putting the Agricultural, science and technology in moreprominent place”, the file points out clearly, to continue to increaseinvestment in agriculture, to ensure the increase of increment and the ratio.The fourth major point emphasizes on” strengthen training of science andtechnology Education and new rural Agricultural talent team”.Talent is thekey; Education is a foundation. A large-scale of Agricultural talents withreasonable structure and excellent quality can be brought up only bydeveloping agricultural training. Chongming is a large agricultural countyin Shanghai. In recent years, agriculture department in Chongming County tookadvantage of island’s environment and resource; vigorously promote moderngreen agriculture development.At present, according to the actual situation of modern ecologicalagriculture development, combining area agricultural characteristic, ourcounty make efforts to develop agricultural training based on practicaltechnology and to develop new agricultural production and agriculturaltechnology promotion team, which gained a great success. But there still existmany problems, which mainly exist in relatively single mode of agriculturaltalents, overall quality of agricultural personnel, the lack of effectivesupervision and guarantee in training agricultural talent and etc… Thecauses of these problems are different. Some are historical reasons, somecaused by new situation of talent training mechanism, more problems in effective supervision and guarantee of training in various departments.Therefore, the thesis combines the research of the current situationanalysis of rural labor structure, agricultural talents training pattern,agricultural talent for all types of training needs and differences, traininginstitutions and training projects with sustainability issues in ChongmingCounty. At the same time, providing a reference to improve agricultural talenttraining quality, training efficiency, then explore a targeted agriculturaltalents training mode in Chongming County.

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The Structure of Low Carbon Economy Audit System in China

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Recent years,as the global situation of Environmental problem became worse andworse, low carbon economy has become the hot point as a new economy developmentpattern to solve the climate problem. Low carbon economy development pattern is toarrange Economic activities with low carbon economy theory, based on low cost, lowpollution, low emission and high efficiency and high benefit, with a method of energysaving and emission reduction. Not only energy Industry, but also building trade, chemicalengineering and manufacturing business hand for green economy development of lowcarbon or carbon-free. Facing up the reality needs of the country economy development,our government brought up the target of17.3%reduction of unit GDP in “the twelfth fiveyears planning”. As the supervisor, audit should play a significant role in the developmentof low carbon economy and the realization of the energy saving and emission reductiontarget, and low carbon economy audit is very significant.This article researches on low carbon economy audit in China, which uses normativeresearch and case study. It takes examples of America, Denmark, Britain and Hong Kongin China, according that, we discusses the frame work of low carbon economy audit inChina. And also, we take the example of cement industry as a case study. Finally, weanalyses the current situation of low carbon economy audit in China and the difficulties wefaced, and also gives some suggestion in hope to offer some helps.

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The CBM Industry Pricing Mechanism China

On 23/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

China is rich in coal and is a coal production country. There is a current situation of overdependence in China, because of rapid growth in economy and petroleum and gas resources in short. Development of coal-bed methane resources in China is to optimize the energy structure, ensure the sustained, rapid development of strategic choice. Development of coal-bed methane is both a national energy security needs; in order to reduce the gas disaster, to protect the survival of natural environment. China has introduced tax breaks and financial subsidies and other preferential policies, especially financial subsidy policy in2007, improve the enthusiasm of the enterprises to invest in coal-bed methane industry, to promote the development of coal-bed methane industry, the coal-bed methane industry in China after years of wandering into the initial stage. Based on the Basic theory of the market economy and academia on the development of coal-bed methane industry analysis, the CBM pricing is very important for the development of coal-bed methane industry.In view of this, after extensive research and analysis, a certain understanding of the current development of the coal-bed methane industry, this article attempts to multi-disciplinary knowledge of the existing Economics, Management, marketing, operations research, mathematics, theoretical combination of the application, according to China’s CBM industry in the development process:commentary by status and domestic and international pricing of current research and theoretical literature on the coal-bed methane industry at home and abroad; analyze overview of the development of the CBM industry in the country, introduced the development situation of China’s CBM industry, and learn from the experience of the great powers; CBM own characteristics, analysis of the influencing factors of coal-bed methane pricing from the micro environment, macro environment, and natural gas prices. And coal-bed methane natural monopoly nature, analysis of price regulation on the CBM pricing, including the Basic Connotation of introduced price regulation system of reference to the need for price regulation system of and the implementation of price regulation system of the protection mechanism; the final analysis of the development of rational pricing mechanism will be the difficulties encountered in accordance with the pricing process, pricing objectives and pricing principles established under the premise that circumvent the problems of natural gas pricing mechanism, pricing mechanism of the middle and lower reaches of China’s coal-bed methane, and Jin Cheng Anthracite Mining Group as an example to verify that the downstream stage as city gas, industrial gas, gas, power generation and chemical raw materials pricing methods.

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Development Strategies of Apple Industry in Baoji City

On 21/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Baoji is located in the west of the Central Shaanxi Plain of Shaanxi province. Due to theplentiful sunshine, hot rainy season, mild climate, fertile soil and few natural disasters, it is anoptimum core production area of apples throughout the whole country or even the world.After nearly50years of development, the apple industry has gained the rapid expansion inscale, remarkable increase of standardization, the gradual improvement of industrial structure,and steady development of Economic benefits, which plays a significant role in promotingfarmers’ income and the new rural reconstruction, thus becoming a superior characteristicindustry for Agricultural economy development in Baoji. However, with the progress ofsociety, the apple industry in Baoji has exposed more and more problems. At present, there isstill lacking of systematic study on the existing problems of industrialized development forapples. On the base of the theory of industrialized system, information gathering, as well asthe method combining investigation and visit, this paper carefully analyzes the factors thatinfluence the industrialized development for apple in Baoji, finds out major existing problems,and puts forward development thinking, as well as practical and feasible developmentstrategies for the industrialized development of apple in Baoji in accordance with the actualsituation. The paper is intended to provide a theory basis for the upgrading of appleindustrialization in Baoji, and practical guidance significance for enhancing thecompetitiveness of apples in Baoji.1. The major problems existing in industrialized development of apple in Baoji(1) Production: the total area is small and the yield per unit is low; the lagged improvedvariety and the unreasonable breed structure; insufficient large-scale production and acutecontradiction between small production and big market;low popularization speed of standardtechnology, and low level of the overall Management.(2) Enterprise: the leading enterprises don’t possess enough scale and strong drivencapacity; there are not sufficient fruit post-processing and high industrialization; there don’texist good connection and a shared mechanism between the enterprises and the orchard workers.(3) Cooperated organization: the low marketing starting point and the narrow scope ofservices; lacking of professionals and the poor operations; the defective distribution systemcannot effectively protect the benefits of orchard workers.(4) Marketing: the lagged information construction leads to the ineffective marketingexploration; the lagged brand cultivation results in the poor competitiveness.(5) Technology promotion: Lacking of professionals, the structure of the expandingteam is unreasonable; Because of the low quality of the rural labor, it is difficult to expand theplanting technology.2. The strategy for industrial development for apple in Baoji(1) Adjust the breed structure and expand the scale of planting base.(2) Vigorously promote the short anvil intensive planting pattern to improve the level ofindustrialization.(3) Support the leading Enterprise to promote the process of apple industrialization.(4) Carry out the brand driven strategy and open up the markets at home and aboard.(5) Enhance the building of talent resources to strengthen the support of industrialtechnology.(6) Optimize the policy environment to form a resultant forces used to accelerate the fruitdevelopment.

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The Current Situation and Government Counter-Measures in the Development of Culture Industry in Ordos

On 15/09/2013, in Economics papers, by rain

Culture industry has played a more and more significant role in urban and even national development since1950s, and academia and community started to pay more attention to culture industry. Many countries and regions draw up various culture industry development strategies and development plans in light of their own characteristics. The study on current situation and development approach of culture industry in Ordos not only has theoretical significance but also practical significance.This paper precedes research on Ordos culture industry, analyzes current situation and probes train of thought and approach of culture industry in Ordos to propose feasibility countermeasures for Ordos culture industry, using Management, Economic theory and methods and drawing on experience of domestic and foreign countries and regions, within the framework of government making great efforts to develop culture industry.First, illuminate Basic concepts of culture and culture industry, expound the characteristics and classification of culture industry; and then introduce the Basic situation of Ordos and its culture industry, and analyze current situation and restricting factors; and then propose the overall train of thought and development target for Ordos culture industry; At last, to provide constructive suggestions for the development of culture industry in Ordos.

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Research on Internal Control of Chinese Commercial Banks

On 13/09/2013, in Finance, by rain

The financial turmoil caused by U.S. subprime mortgage crisis is graduallydispersed, and the world economy is moving toward recovery. The origin of thefinancial crisis originated from banking deregulation, and increased holdings ofsubprime loans, which led to the crisis from spreading to the world, causing the globalfinancial tsunami. With the continuous development of the world economy,globalization, integration and liberalization of the financial and the acceleration of thepace of financial innovation, increasing the risk of financial institutions. The financialcrisis brought us a lot of inspiration, one of which is the study of internal control forthe current bank, internal control of commercial bank need to have a lot of problemsto be solved, the problem are attracted global attention. Commercial banks as animportant financial institutions and financial intermediaries, its robustness or not moreand more the concern of society, especially the commercial banks’ internal controlproblems.In recent years, the frequency of major cases in Chinese commercial banks, hasaroused widespread concern in society, including a large one of the departments.because of the occurrence of the bank’s internal problems, leading to the event. Forsolving the problem of internal control of the bank, the countries have introducedpolicies and regulations to strengthen the supervision of internal control of the bank,thus to prevent banks from the deeper aspects of risk, to put an end to the occurrenceof bank cases again. At present, the risk of commercial banks operating in China isgradually shift from implicit to explicit, mainly the decline in loan quality, increase inbad debt and serious operating losses and lack of ability to pay arising from credit risk,employees of fraud and unauthorized operation arising from the operational risk,decision-making Management of the lack of scientific Management and operatingresult of the management of risk. The generation of these risks, all associated with thecommercial bank’s internal control system. Therefore, strengthening the internalcontrol of commercial banks, not only for now but also have great significance for thefuture.This article is divided into seven parts: the first part of the introduction,introduces the research background and significance of research, research methodsand technology roadmap, as well as domestic and international research trends; Thesecond part is a theoretical reviews of the internal control of commercial banks, mainly the meaning of the internal control of commercial banks, the objectives andprinciples, five elements, the Basic content and evaluation of internal control content;the third section describes the current situation of Chinese internal control ofcommercial banks through the analysis of the current situation which leads to thefourth part of the problems in the internal control of commercial banks in China, fromthree aspects about the content in question; the fifth section describes the case of theinternal control of commercial banks, through the analysis of the case, once againconfirmed the existence of the above issues for the sixth part laid the foundation; thesixth part is based on the aforementioned internal control of commercial banksproblems and put forward countermeasures and suggestions; the seventh part is theconclusion of the study and prospects.

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The Current Situation of Ping Yao Lacquerware Industrialization

On 06/09/2013, in Economics papers, by rain

Ping Yao Polished Lacquerware is famous for its palm polishing and the golden-tracedcolour painting artistry.It had ascended into “the Four Great Lacquerware of China” since QingDynasty. After the founding of People’s Republic of China,Ping Yao Polished Lacquerwarestepped into the golden times of mass production on the encouragement of national policy,duringwhich it produced plenty of exquisite lacquer works,and created great Economic value.It gotinto imminent danger for a time.And then this kind of long-standing culture and artistry gotrebirth after being formally classed into the first batch of Chinese National Intangible CulturalHeritage in2006.This article takes Ping Yao Polished Lacquerware as the subject of research. And it aimsat proposing tentative ideas and prospect of its preservation with the following arguments:summarizing the history of the development of Ping Yao Polished Lacquerwork,researching itsmanufacturing status and sales status,analysing the characteristics of the shape and decorativepatterns of contemporary Ping Yao Polished Lacquerware,and evaluating its artistic, cultural,practical, historical and Economic value.At present,though we have got some achievements in the protection of Ping Yao PolishedLacquerware,there still remains certain problems in the process of modernization. Such as thechoose of use of Chinese Lacquer or chemical lacquer;the balance between the manualproduction of handicraft and the artistry of lacquerwork. Therefore it is time to find effectiveways of protecting intangible cultural heritages of manual type under market directedeconomy.And at the same time we must encourage the whole nation especially people in PingYao to participate into the preservation of lacquer works.Protection and exploitation can beunder way simultaneously by scientific data collection and reasonable personnel training.Ultimately we must devote to promote the development of industrialization of Ping Yao PolishedLacquerware,moreover to preserve, inherit and evolve it more effectively.

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China’s Agricultural Land Reform of Property Rights

On 02/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

At present, China’s implementation of urban land is owned by the state, ruralland is owned by collectives, farmers enjoy the contract and Management rights ofthe land. With the accelerating of the urbanization and the process ofindustrialization, excessive population growth and resources are suppliedinsufficient, this contradiction is constantly deepened. on the one hand, it resultsthe growing demand for land, the state also expanded the scale of rural landrequisition, which makes more and more landless peasants appeared,thegovernment abuses the power to manipulate,so it greatly impair the rightsand interests of farmers;On the other hand, due to the increase in migrant workers,as well as due to illegal land requisition,it indirectly affect the China’s foodproduction and the long-term stability of China’s rural economy. With thecontinuous deepening of the reform of China’s rural economy, the exposed landissues become increasingly prominent, of course, it exposes many problems, to someextent which also increased the need to reform.This paper makes further research on the basis of China’s Agricultural landreform of property rights.First, this paper studies the classical writers of Marxismand contemporary Chinese leaders on the view of Agricultural land property rightssystem reform, then listes some of the views of foreign scholars.in the part ofdomestic scholars, this paper makes further explain from five angles.Second, thearticle structure is divided into five parts. The first part introduces the evolutionaryprocess before the establishment of China and the Reform and opening up, At thesecond part, introduce the situation of the China’s Agricultural land property rightssystem. The third part,write the main problems of China’s agricultural land propertyrights system;The fourth part introduces the Basic features of the United States, Taiwan, and Russia’s agricultural land property rights system, and then come to therevelation of the property rights system reform of China’s agricultural land; The lastpart of the article, put forward some concrete proposals to deepen the reform ofproperty rights of China’s agricultural land.