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Research on the Development of the Real Estate Investment Trusts in China

On 09/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) is a specialized Investment fund in real estate. It raises funds publicly and passes the funds to the professional Investment Management organization which invests the funds into real estate industry or relevant project to obtain investment income and capital appreciation.The birthplace of the REITs is United States, in some foreign countries such as the United States, Australia, France, Japan, Singapore and other countries, the REITs developed well. Currently the REITs worldwide value of more than 480 foreign countries has exceeded real estate investment trust market value of more than 605 billion U.S. dollars. The market value of the 148 American real estate trust is up to$300 billion.The stability and healthy development of real estate plays a key role. At present the real estate’s over-reliance on fund bank loans is not favorite to the development of REITs in China. If we can change the single financing channel the development of REITs is beneficial in China.Since 2008, the country has began to tighten bank credit, increase the down payment, ask the deadline for development, network inventory store room and so on, all above makes the real estate development enterprises begin to the return of funds to ease the plight of the shortage of funds. This year, the central bank has raised interest rates three times already and made macro-control policies and the effect gradually come into truth, it is harder for the real estate developers to obtain loans from banks. In this environment, the securitization of real estate becomes a realistic option.REITs provided a large amount of private capital real estate development in China’s and to some extent it avoided excessive investment risk due to speculative demand. In addition, bank has it changed the single financing model,reduced dependence on bank loans for real estate and optimized the internal structure of the real estate industry, accelerated compete effect by the internal configuration of real estate resources. It also changed Management mechanism in the real estate business. However, in the development of REITs in China there are still some institutional and non institutional barriers. Therefore we should take appropriate measures to address these issues to promote the development of REITs in China.This paper is divided into six chapters. As introduction part, the chapter I includes the background, significance and literature reference both home and aboard. ChapterⅡwrites some Basic principles related to REITs and describes the status t of REITs in three countries:USA, Japan and Singapore. Chapter III describes the significance of the development of the REITs and the favorable factors in China. Chapter IV describes the status of REITs in China mentions the existing obstacles of the development of the REITs in China. Chapter V give some suggestions and strategies for and the barriers, Chapter VI is the conclusions of this paper.The innovation of this paper is to collect the latest development of China’s real estate market data, to collate drawing analysis, the introduction of two typical cases for analysis and evaluation, in the fifth chapter it gives specific measures for the existing barriers and gave some suggestions for the future development of REITs in China.But the article also has some shortcomings. On the one hand, the development of the REITs in China is not mature, it is known as the “similar REITs” in China. It has a large difference from the real REITs products, which brings much difficulty to the evidence analysis of this paper. On the other hand, China’s market environment and legal System are very different from the foreign countries. So defects still exits in studying the operating mechanism and the theory of the REITs.

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The Research on Personnel Services Development in China

On 07/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

This thesis is instructed by Marxist Economic theories, using the relevant theories of western Economics and studying the whole personnel services. Based on the research of the definition, the periodic characteristics, existing problems and their causes of the personnel services, the thesis will draw a practical conclusion for the personnel services’ development in Fujian, Shanghai, and Guangdong provinces, and make a simple comment on the development situation of personnel services in America, Japan, Germany, and in Taiwan as well, so that we can get some lessons as references. ]The development of Chinese personnel services is meeting great opportunities with the nation’s encouragement on a quicker development of modern service industry, an improvement of policy environment, an enlarged foreign Investment, and a promoted relationship between the two sides across the Taiwan strait. Meanwhile, it is also faced with great challenges that global competition becomes fiercer, personnel services seem backward, but customers’ demands are increasing. Under this circumstance, the development of personnel services will take on some new trends. In these new trends, human resources will become socialized, and develop in the direction of professionalized knowledge; mechanisms will develop towards business corporation and active services with high quality; and services will merge among multi-countries and multi-districts.In the end, some approaches and suggestions for promoting a sound development of personnel services will be offered: (1) to get on the professionalized development approach and form a nuclear competency of the service industry; (2) to follow the path of new information development and transform the industry’s development approach to a intensive type; (3) to communicate with the international personnel services, and establish a Social service system characterized by industrialization; (4) to set up a socialized operating mechanism, so as to realize an optimized disposition of human resources; (5) to break the area restrictions and build up a united human resources market; (6) to be clear with the property relations and establish a corporate administration system; (7) to bring the government’s role in personnel services into full play; improve the policies, laws and regulations of the personnel services’ development as soon as possibile; intensify the supervision for personnel services market, and strengthen the talents cultivation and industry training.

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Study on Development of Criticism Education Method in Ideological-political Education

On 03/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Criticism Education method, as a Basic method in ideological -political Education, plays a special and important role in the process of ideological-political Education with its unique function. However, due to the misplay of criticism education method in historical development as well as the change of new education environment, thought of education objects and content of ideological-political education, the development of criticism education method face a severe challenge. So researchers in order to enhance the effectiveness and times of criticism education, have to further study the academic problem of new period theory and functional performance at the same time to recall the traditional criticism education, based on former academic success of criticism education. This is the requirement of development of criticism education itself, as well as the requirements of that theory match to educational condition, and continual enhancement of effect of the ideological- political education in new historical condition. Therefore, this thesis ,based on the real change and development of ideological-political education method, systematically analyzes the development of criticism education method in ideological-political education with the focus of theory and practice and put forward relative strategic consideration. It included four part:Part I: Academic reason and development generalization of criticism education method in ideological-political education. This part mainly explains the academic reason of criticism education method, included definition, characteristic, function and born science evidence of criticism education method. And the major theoretical foundation of the thoughts to the development of criticism education method in this essay is the characteristic and born science evidence. On this basis, it further analyzes and reveals the development generalization of criticism education method in ideological-political education from its significance, motivity and tendency of development. It also provides theoretical support to practical analysis of development of criticism education method in the following parts of this essay.Part II: History of the development of criticism education method in ideological-political education. With reference to the History of Party, this part analyzes the situation of criticism education method in different period from the history origin and Basic thought, establishment, mature development to flectional development, connected with its performance of every period. It is important historic evidence of development of new period criticism education method in this following parts of this essay.Part III: The impetus and state of development of criticism education method in Ideological-Political Education in the new period. This part firstly analyzes the impetus of development of criticism education method with connection to the changed characteristic of new period, in order to provide necessary reality support to the study of development of criticism education method. Secondly it goes to analyze the state of development of criticism education method from fine development and main problem existed. The main problem existed is the main content of this part, and also the main evidence of detailed developing strategy of criticism education method in the following part of this essay.Part IV: Study on strategy of promoting the scientific development of criticism education method in ideological- political education. This part is the focus and ultimate goal of the whole essay. According to the above analysis of experience in historical development and real problem existed of criticism education method, this part puts forward correspondent strategies from this below five sides: setting up scientific criticism concept, creating an favorable environment for development of criticism education method, improving tutors’ comprehensive ability of effectively handle criticism education method, actively exploring and creating the ways of criticism education, and promotion of theoretic study and practical guidance of criticism education method.

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Development and Utilization of Soft International Political Resources in China

On 31/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Soft international political resources is a very important concept in the field of international politics. The research about it will help us understand international politics more deeply. With significant connation, soft international political resources provides a fresh perspective for studying the international politics, either phenomenon or nature. According to the paper, “soft international political resources” means spiritual or non-material resources which are used by international political actors to achieve their own interests, implement their own strategic goals in international arena. It emphasis on its own soft political resources, the spirit of itself and the influence on itself.With regards to the significance of soft international political resources in the international politics, soft international political resources reflects one country’s capacity to use soft resources in a global context. State-owned soft international political resources is the base of power exercise in the international arena. The more soft international political resources a nation possesses and controls, the greater the role in the international arena is. Therefore, there is no doubt about the importance of soft international political resources.Also, the development of China is inseparable from the development and utilization of soft international political resources. Since the founding of New China, China has been committed to establishing a just and rational international political and Economic order, developing and using soft international political resources through the United Nations, World Bank, IMF and other international institutions and international organizations. The development and utilization of soft international political resources is of great significance for China. The development and utilization of soft international political resources enhances China’s status and influence in the international community. China as a “responsible great power” is gradually in popularity. Therefore, we study the relationship between the development of China and soft international political resources in what way we should use, exploit and distribute it which China owns today. The study has been an important subject that we should deal with carefully.

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On the Development of the Right of Labor and People

On 29/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The writing of this thesis, I plan to enter from the combination of two discipline fields of Philosophy , law science, investigate two route from logical analysis and real example , regard human rights as vision .It distinguishes right of labor and relation of people’s development.The article divides into three major parts altogether, the first part: Background and meaning that the question puts forward. ” people oriented “scientific development view is common understanding of the world and trend of the human Social development, it has meaning of the world and era; It is guideline that our country builds socialism and scientific methodology too, it is the primary task of present Party and government to implement , practice the scientific development view which have realistic meanings.The second part: Logic line of reasoning of development of the right of labor and people. It announces right of labor and dialectical relation of people’s development to come from route that logic analyze. Originally divide three altogether partly, section one: Right of labor and law philosophical foundation of people’s development, offer right of labor and theoretical foundation of the relation under development of people; Section two: History of development of the right of labor and people, prove the historical gradual progress course between the development ofthe right of labor and people from the angle with logic history, offer a reference of history; Section three: The interior quality of development of the right of labor and people, it has announced in the course of people’s development, right of labor and people’s development have consistency in essence on purpose value;The third part: The right of labor realizes the realistic view of people’s development. From international and domestic legal aspect it prove how about promote the development of people right of labor to come, realize people’s development value offers the realistic basis for the right of labor . Divide five altogether partly originally, from development five terms that value meet the need of one of people, such as personality independence , free behavior, time guarantees , economy support, the society urges to analyze the facilitation to the development value which realize people’s right of labor .

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Reseaech on the Development of Chinese NPO

On 28/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Chinese NPO is facing unprecedented opportunities to develop as the socialist market Economic system has become more and more completed and the functions of government have transformed further. It is believed in this thesis, that obviously it has both theoretical and realistic values to systematically analyze and deeply research on the issue of the development of NPO.In this thesis, Basic principles of public administration and administrative science, etc, are applied. The development of NPO as the regarding subject is discoursed roundly and deeply by means of canonical and empirical analysis. There are four chapers in this thesis. It introduces the Basic theories, advantages and functions of NPO in chapter one, analyzes the evolution, current status, motives, problems and reasons of the development of Chinese NPO in chapter two, raises the policy choices of Chinese NPO’s development in chapter three, and researches the proposal to improve the development of Chinese NPO in chapter four.The main innovations of this thesis exist in: first, to analyze the motives to Chinese NPO development from the angel of public administration; second, to introduce the theory of learning organization into the solutions; third, to have an unique point of view regarding to establish co-operations between NPO and governments/enterprises.

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The Study on the Developmental and Intellectual Status of Infants with Congenital Heart Disease

On 26/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Objective:1.To detect the development and the intelligence of infants with congenital heart disease.2.To indentify the influencing factors of developmental and mental retardation of infants with congenital heart disease.Methods:1.Infants with congenital heart disease who admitted to the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery in Nanjing children’s hospital from August2010to August2011are taked as the object of the research.2. Detailed anthropometry was performed in354consecutive infants with congenital heart disease and z-scores were calculated. Developmental retardation was defined as weight, height and weight/height z-score<-2. The mental developmental status of125consecutive infants with congenital heart disease were evaluated by Bayley Scales of Infant Development(BSID).Mental retardation was defined as MDI<79, psychomotor retardation was defined as PDI<79.3. Questionnaires were answered by the parents of the cases.The content includes parental occupation and level of Education、pregnancy、maternal childbearing age、birth status、 Education and feeding,etc.4.The data was dealt with univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis using SPSS version13.0.Results:1.Developmental evaluation:354consecutive patients were included. Predictors of malnutrition at presentation are as summarized:weight z-score<-2(30.5%):lower birth weight (OR=3.844, P=0.001), pulmonary hypertention (OR=5.702, P=0.000), pneumonia (OR=2.161, P=0.005); height z-score<-2(17.5%):lower birth weight (OR=4.137, P=0.000), pulmonary hypertention(OR=2.352, P=0.047), pneumonia(OR=3.417, P=0.000); and weight/height z-score<-2(26.8%):pulmonary hypertention (OR=2.747, P=0.001)2.Mental evaluation:125consecutive patients were included.44(35.2%) infants had mental retardation,69(55.2%) infants had psychomotor retardation.Predictors of developmental retardation at presentation are as summarized:MDI<79:cyanosis (OR=3.462,95%CI=1.438-8.334);PDI<79:low birth weight(OR=6.836,95%CI=1.438-32.497);cyanosis(OR=2.498,95%CI=1.008-6.189).Conclusions:1.Developmental retardation is common in infants with CHD. Lower birth weight, pulmonary hypertention, pneumonia can affect significantly the developmental status of infants with CHD at presentation.2.Mental retardation is common in infants with CHD. Cyanosis is an extremely important factor that influence the mental status of these infants at presentation.

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Research on the Pressure-Regulated Device of the Branch Pipeline in the Drip Irrigation Ststem

On 24/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The pressure stable is the premise that it is have high irrigation quality and assuring the drip irrigation system safety, so the Pressure-regulated is necessary. The Pressure-regulated Device is usually set in the Branch Pipeline and the lateral. Because the parameter of uniformity of water distribution is relate to the area which control by the branch pipeline, we are fixed the Pressure-regulated Device in the Branch Pipeline maybe Economic because the numbers of Branch Pipelines and the work of fix and maintenance are less. There have no appropriate product that is fit for the Branch Pipeline so the research has crucial application merit.The paper introduces the three structures, then analyzed theoretically and researches experimentally the adjusters. The experiments were done to test the effects of structure parameters to the hydraulic performance, the structure parameters and elasticity parts affected performance of pressure regulator were studied. The main research results are following: 1、The structure parameters of Pressure-regulated Device of the Branch Pipeline that arebased on the turnover and velocity of flow under setting pressure are different from the lateral Pressure-regulated Device.2、With the pressure dispersion the execute parts compress the spring, so the areas were reduced and r the loss of orifice were enlarge, so the pressure was stable. That may be realized that the pressure and flow still with changeable velocity of flow and the areas.3、In this paper the three adjusters are designed. When the inlet pressure is the0.10~0.35MPa,Outlet pressure is less 0.15 MPa and flow regulated is about 3.4~7 m~3/h. When other things being equal No. 3 adjuster is better than the other two. When the inlet pressure is the0.10~0.35MPa,Outlet pressure is always 0.085~0.144MPa and flow regulated is about 3.4~6.6 m~3/h.The performance is stability of flow especially when the inlet pressure is the0.05~0.20MPa.4、The area of section, length of flow road and the spring characteristics are very important for the Pressure-regulated Device .The data show that the device structure and the spring characteristics were more important to keep the pressure stable than the other factors which the areas and springs length.

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Study on the Multi-Function Device’s Exploitaion and Efficiency Inanaerobic Reactor of Biogas Engineering

On 22/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Construction of biogas project is effective way to solve large-scale livestock farms produce a lot of dung, a scientific and rational use of dung resources to solve the surrounding issues such as Environmental pollution and energy shortages. Anaerobic digestion biogas plant is the core of the whole project. Static fermentation digester running for some time, the fermentation solid to liquid ratio for the problem of raw materials, natural subsidence appears stratified, seriously affected the normal digester gas, reduces the efficiency and effectiveness of animal waste treatments. We summarize the current lack of effective anaerobic fermentation tank mixing, cloth, vaccination and other devices based on the design and installation of a biogas anaerobic reactor, a multifunctional device.Multi-function device body for the ‘people’ chevron wool brick wall structure, wool brick wall on both sides of the wall to set the department has inoculated tubes, inoculated tube inside and outside the body out of the wall, the device ontology enrichment within the microbial proliferation under the bed for the gas, the device body with an external front-end connection with the anti-static blower forced mixing of gas main channel, gas forced mixing head road and set the decice on the body of the pneumatic mixing nozzles connected.The device set pneumatic gas mixing and automatic mixing of biomass as a whole, with baffle, fabric, solid, inoculation, air stirring, broken shells and other functions. ‘people’ device either side of the wall on just the material into the digester liquid from friction and reduce the feed flow rate, liquid level Fangxiang Shun device along the horizontal direction smooth multi-faceted three-dimensional baffle, fabric embedded into the pipe network, Trickle into the rich microbial proliferation bed methane, and methane have full access to microbial strains, inoculated from top to bottom, from inside to outside baffle and fabric. Gas circulating through the anti-static blower pressurized to produce strong air flow, lower sedimentation tanks was blown layer, slurry writhed up and down with the air bubble will break up the upper layer of scum, so that liquid material suspended in the digester in a balanced.This was the device’s pneumatic test mixing method inorder to verify muti-function devices of practical science. Determination of daily digester gas production to non-air mixing digester gas production for the control, select the installation method of the optimum combination of air stirring. Four-level two-factor test, the time interval between the two factors for the stirring and mixing duration, four levels for 12 hours, 24 hours, 36 hours, 48 hours, 6 minutes, 9 minutes, 12 minutes, 15 minutes, a total of 16 treatment trial. The results showed that:1. Mixing interval of 24 hours duration of 15 minutes stirring the combination of the highest gas production, compared with no air stirring daily digester gas production, an increase of 40.70%; Mixing interval of 24 hours duration of 12 minutes stirring combination of gas production times, compared to non-air mixing on digester gas production, an increase of 40.65%; Mixing interval of 48 hours duration of 6 minutes stirring the combination, on the lowest gas production, compared to non-air mixing on digester gas production, an increase of 11.79%; Following the cost-effectiveness principle reached, stirring interval of 24 hours duration of 12 minutes stirring combination of the best.2. Under the same interval in the stirring, mixing of different duration, gas production continued with the stirring time increased; under the same duration in the mixing, stirring interval of 12 hours and 24 hours, with the interval of time, gas production increased; under the same duration in the mixing, stirring interval of 24 hours, 36 hours and 48 hours, with the interval of time, gas production decreased.

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The Guidance of Marxism Ecological Economy to the Development of Low-carbon Economy

On 15/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Climate warming is a ecological environment problem that faced by both indeveloped country and in developing country.It is the first task to transformeconomic structure,suit well Economic development pattern so as to keep economyhealth and sustainable development and reducing the climate warming.As weknow,low-carbon economy is a kind of development pattern,that is low energyconsumption,low let out and low pollution. Nowdays,we need to improve theutilization ratio of energy and set up the structure of cleaning use energy,and it isalso the most important way of the innovation of technology and system.Theecological enviroment of the human living is more and more serious,so scholars athome and abroad are very attation to find way from Marx`s ecological econmicsthought,especially the harmony between man and nature.Marx ecological economicsthought not only solve today`s ecological environment problem in China and all overthe world,because of industrialization,urbanization,but be helpful for Chinesescholars to discuss the development of low-carbon economy as well.At the sametime,it is also the solution to today`s developed and developing countries due tolabor and brings people alienation state disorders and mentality disorders.This paper takes marx ecological economy thought as the breakthrough point.In the first part,it is about the contemporary value of marx ecological economicthought. Takes Marx`s ecological Economic thought as the interview, the disscusionof people,society and nature is the essence of the relationship between economicdevelopment and the protection of ecological enviroment.The second part is aboutthe theoretical guidance of Marx ecological Economic thought to the low-carboneconomy. In the third part,it is about the countermeasures of promoting ourcountry`s low-carbon economy development.