Industrial structure andare both important parts ofnational economy. The coordinating development between and is essential to the healthy development of national economy.Many scholars at home and abroad research on the theory about and by theoretical analysis and statistical analysis, therefore acomprehensive theory system forms. Industrial structure and employment structureinteract with each other. On the one hand, industrial structure as a significant basisdecides the size and development direction of employment structure; on the otherhand, employment structure promotes or obstructs the development of industrialstructure conversely. The rapid development of the national economy asks forcoordinating development between industrial structure and employment structure. But,the development of industrial structure priors to that of employment structure inreality, and employment structure gradually adapts to the development of industrialstructure. The synchronism between industrial structure and employment structurecauses a certain incompatibility between them. This paper mainly researches on therelationship between industrial structure and employment structure of Jilin provinceby empirical analysis, draws conclusions and presents relevant policy recommendations. This paper mainly carries out research in the following two areas:The first one, the evolution and current situation about Jilin’s industrial structureand employment structure can be reflected by data, and the problems between themcan be found through comparative analysis. On the whole, the pattern of industrialstructure transfers from “secondary industry, primary industry, tertiary industry” to”secondary industry, tertiary industry, and primary industry”; while the pattern ofemployment structure transfers from “primary industry, secondary industry, tertiaryindustry” to “primary industry, tertiary industry, secondary industry”. The tertiaryindustry develops rapidly and has advantage and huge potentiality in admitting laboremployment. The secondary industry as the pillar industry has great contribution tothe national economy but has limited ability to promoting employment. The quantityof employment in primary industry is huge. Therefore manpower surplus exits andneeds to be transferred. From the internal structure perspective, large-scale industrydominates the secondary industry; tertiary industry still is based on the traditionalservice industry and the emerging service industry needs to be developed.The second part of this paper applies indicators such as employment elasticity、comparative labor productivity and coordination coefficient to reflect the empiricalrelationship and coordination degree between the industrial structure and employment structure in Jilin province. Data shows that the comparative labor productivity indexof the primary industry is low, the promotion of employment structure to industrialstructure is faint, and manpower surplus exits. The employment elasticity index of thesecondary industry is low but the comparative labor productivity index is relativelyhigh. This shows that the action of industrial structure to employment structure is faint;therefore, the ability of secondary industry to promoting employment is low. Becausetwo indicators of the tertiary industry are moderate, the coordination degree is goodfor tertiary industry. However, the coordination degree of the primary and secondaryindustry is poor.To the characteristic of Jilin province, this paper presents the following policyrecommendations: reform the household register system to realize the free movementof labor; accelerate the pace of further optimization to secondary industry in order topromote employment; vigorously develop the tertiary industry to create moreemployment opportunities; establish the mechanism that the allocation of laborresources relies on the market and cultivate societal utility talents.
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