The classictheory and development of various countries have proved the positive correlation between growth and changes in and the positive correlation between growth and changes in . The advance of and will promote economic growth. Meanwhile, the industrial structure and employment structure are also among the mutual restraint, mutual promotion. The coordinated development of industrial structure and employment structure can provide a tremendous force for the development of the economy. However, due to policies, population, , and other factors, the coordinated development of the two may not be able to realized. When large deviation between the two occurs, problems such as unemployment lagged industrial upgrading and slow economic growth will emerge. Since the policy of reform and opening up, China has experienced three decades of rapid growth, the adjustment of industrial structure and employment structure has provide a strong driving force for China’s sustained rapid economic growth. Practice has proved that industrial structure and employment structure in the process of evolution remained essentially in the same direction with big deviations in some aspects. In particular, in recent years, given the increasing pressure of adjustment of industrial structure from both inside and outside and the increasing employment pressure, the study of both problems and causes of deviations will have great guiding significance for our future industrial upgrading and formulation of job-promoting policy. Guangdong Province is the forward positions of China’s reform and opening up, whose evolution of employment structure and industrial upgrading is very representative in the country. The in-depth analysis of the history and reality of Guangdong Province can provide a model for the country’s industrial policy and employment policies.A detailed analysis of the evolution process of industrial structure and employment structure in Guangdong Province is given at first, and then the international and domestic comparative analysis Guangdong Province is concluded by means of comparative analysis, which comes to the conclusion that the evolution of industrial structure and employment structure in Guangdong Province is still lags behind international standards though faster than the national average level. On top of that, and the internal structure of the secondary industry needs to be optimized and the traditional service industry is too high in the tertiary industries which is at a low level as an whole in the national economy. In the main part of this paper, empirical analysis is conducted from multiple point of view. In order to validate the coordination between employment structural and the industrial structure in Guangdong Province, models and indicators such as the models, structural deviation coefficient, coefficient matrix and employment elasticity are used for the in-depth analysis of employment structural. Then the conclusion that there exists a certain deviation between Guangdong’s industrial structure and employment structure which impacts the increase of the employment. This deviation was mainly reflected by high proportion of secondary industry, the slow development of tertiary industry, the absence of the ability to absorb employment. But in the long run, the productivity gaps among the three industries are still relatively large, leaving room for adjustment.Lastly, in response to the problems highlighted in this paper, policy recommendations are provided to promote the desirable interaction between the industrial structure and employment structure.
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