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The Impact of Industrial Structure Upgrade on Employment Structure in Qingdao

On 27/05/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

In recent years, with the rapid development of the economy, the speed of conversion of industrial structure of Qingdao has been accelerating, Three industry’s proportion is changed dramatically,the primary industry’s proportion has been declined, the secondary industry’s proportion is relatively stable, the tertiary industry developed rapidly,its GDP share has substantial increased, it become the backbone for Economic growth. Escalation of the industrial structure of Qingdao caused the shift of employment structure: on the one hand, with the rise of new industries, the demand for high-quality talent substantial increased, on the other hand, since the adjustment of traditional industries, a large number of low-quality labor were marginalized. Qingdao faces a severe test as a result of above problems, so it has practical significance on Economic development and Social stability of Qingdao by looking for employment structure which suitable to upgrading of the industrial structure, speeding up the conversion of the employment structure, optimizing the structure of employment and promoting employment.Qingdao, as a city specifically designated in the state plan, is one of the coastal cities which economy is relatively developed, and its total economic output ranks first among the same city in the country, the ways and means of industrial structure upgrade has a certain degree of representative and typicality, it can provide reference for analysis of nationwide employment structure changes.Based on the above background, this paper made an in-depth study on the impact to the employment structure by upgrading of the industrial structure. Correlation analysis of Qingdao on industrial structure and employment structure can deepen the mechanism of interaction of industrial structure and employment structure,the degree of deviation、relative labor productivity study on industrial structure and employment structure and employment elasticity can open up new paths of employment expansion ,it also can determine whether the changes of the employment structure is stable, provide typical cases for labor Economics, provide reference for analysis of nationwide employment structure changes and make targeted policy recommendations.This thesis consists of six parts, which are briefly highlighted below:Part I points out the practical significance of the studies on the basis of the rapid economic development in Qingdao and the significant change of the industrial structure and employment structure; defines the research methods, the Basic ideas and the Basic framework of the thesis; collects and summarizes the domestic and foreign scholars’studies on the industrial structure and employment structures.Part II summarizes the existing theory and research synthesis, including the industrial structure and employment structures existing research, and the theory of the impact of industrial upgrade on the employment structure.Part III introduces and compares a number of empirical analysis methods about industrial structure and employment structure and selects a few methods for empirical analysis.Part IV studies on correlation analysis between industrial structure and employment structure、the relative labor productivity of the industrial structure、the degree of deviation and employment elasticity. Make an empirical analysis to the impact to the employment structure by upgrading of the industrial structure and explain the result.Part V, according to the above studies, analyzes characteristics and the reasons of the impact to the employment structure by upgrading of the industrial structure and provide the basis to the corresponding countermeasures.Part VI, according to the above conclusion, puts forward policy recommendations to the impact to the employment structure by upgrading of the industrial structure in Qingdao.Part VII sums up the contents of the article and makes a prospect to the next step work.

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Research on the Relationship between Industrial Structure and Employment Structure of Jilin Province Based on Empirical Analysis

On 18/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Industrial structure and employment structure are both important parts ofnational economy. The coordinating development between industrial structure andemployment structure is essential to the healthy development of national economy.Many scholars at home and abroad research on the theory about industrial structureand employment structure by theoretical analysis and statistical analysis, therefore acomprehensive theory system forms. Industrial structure and employment structureinteract with each other. On the one hand, industrial structure as a significant basisdecides the size and development direction of employment structure; on the otherhand, employment structure promotes or obstructs the development of industrialstructure conversely. The rapid development of the national economy asks forcoordinating development between industrial structure and employment structure. But,the development of industrial structure priors to that of employment structure inreality, and employment structure gradually adapts to the development of industrialstructure. The synchronism between industrial structure and employment structurecauses a certain incompatibility between them. This paper mainly researches on therelationship between industrial structure and employment structure of Jilin provinceby empirical analysis, draws conclusions and presents relevant policy recommendations. This paper mainly carries out research in the following two areas:The first one, the evolution and current situation about Jilin’s industrial structureand employment structure can be reflected by data, and the problems between themcan be found through comparative analysis. On the whole, the pattern of industrialstructure transfers from “secondary industry, primary industry, tertiary industry” to”secondary industry, tertiary industry, and primary industry”; while the pattern ofemployment structure transfers from “primary industry, secondary industry, tertiaryindustry” to “primary industry, tertiary industry, secondary industry”. The tertiaryindustry develops rapidly and has advantage and huge potentiality in admitting laboremployment. The secondary industry as the pillar industry has great contribution tothe national economy but has limited ability to promoting employment. The quantityof employment in primary industry is huge. Therefore manpower surplus exits andneeds to be transferred. From the internal structure perspective, large-scale industrydominates the secondary industry; tertiary industry still is based on the traditionalservice industry and the emerging service industry needs to be developed.The second part of this paper applies indicators such as employment elasticity、comparative labor productivity and coordination coefficient to reflect the empiricalrelationship and coordination degree between the industrial structure and employment structure in Jilin province. Data shows that the comparative labor productivity indexof the primary industry is low, the promotion of employment structure to industrialstructure is faint, and manpower surplus exits. The employment elasticity index of thesecondary industry is low but the comparative labor productivity index is relativelyhigh. This shows that the action of industrial structure to employment structure is faint;therefore, the ability of secondary industry to promoting employment is low. Becausetwo indicators of the tertiary industry are moderate, the coordination degree is goodfor tertiary industry. However, the coordination degree of the primary and secondaryindustry is poor.To the characteristic of Jilin province, this paper presents the following policyrecommendations: reform the household register system to realize the free movementof labor; accelerate the pace of further optimization to secondary industry in order topromote employment; vigorously develop the tertiary industry to create moreemployment opportunities; establish the mechanism that the allocation of laborresources relies on the market and cultivate societal utility talents.

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The Correlation Analysis of Wanjiang Industry Structure and Employment Structure

On 22/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The constantly development of Social economy inevitable require industrial structure constantly adjustment, however the changing of industrial structure lead to the changing of employment structure, industrial structure and employment structure is a pair of contradictory entity. The change of industrial structure determines the change of employment structure, the change of emloyment structure restricts the further optimization of the industrial structure, studies the coordinated development relations between the two have vital practical significance.Wanjiang industrial transfer demonstration area planning is a national demonstration area.to the target of promoting regional Economic development and industrial development. Researching the relation between industry structure and employment structure of Wanjiang has important significance for the development of the economy development. With the combination of theoretical analysis and empirical analysis in this paper, we studied industry structure and employment structure evolution law, the relevant relations, so as to determine suitable coordination development policies for industry structure and employment structure and to ensure the Economic development of Wanjiang region.Based on the review of domestic and foreign related literature, firstly analysis the development process of industry structure and employment structure in wanjiang region, then using the relevant regression analysis to analyze the correlation between the two, and then through the structure deviation degree analysis, comparison labor productivity analysis and employment elastic analysis to evaluate the coordinated development of both the current situation. Through the above analysis, draws the following conclusions:(1)Wanjiang industry structure evolution tendency is consistent with industry evolution rule; (2)Wanjiang industry structure and employment structure evolution tendency is consistent, but employment structure lags the industry structure at present; (3)Wanjiang industry structure and employment structure has the close correlation dependence, the two is a pair of contradictory, mutual influence and advancement; (4)there is still some certain deviation between Wanjiang industry structure and employment structure, the coordinated degree was still low, need to be further coordinated development. At last, in the above analysis’s foundation, founding the imbalance reasons of their evolution development, and puts forward the coordinated development countermeasure proposal from the industrial policy and employment policy two aspects.

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Research on the Change of Industry Structure Promote Employment Structure in Xinzhou City

On 09/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Employment is basis of people’s livelihood; it is closely related to the nationaleconomic development, the Social stabilization and the political stability. Promotingthe growth of employment and to realize full employment is the priority target ineconomic development and Social development on Xinzhou12th Five-Year Plan.While maintaining the rate of Economic growth, we have to ensure the coordination ofindustrial structure and employment structure, thus make the transfer of labor shouldbe consistent with the industry structure.This paper did the analysis regarding the industry development on the increase ofthe employment in Xinzhou city. First of all, the paper describes the situation of theXinzhou natural conditions and socio-Economic status. Second, this paper combinedwith the data to explore the development trends and characteristics of Xinzhou’s threeindustrial structure and employment structure; Third, the article combines thestructural degree of deviation index to analyzed the match degree of XinZhou’sindustrial structure and employment structure. Based on these researches, the paperanalyzed the problems and causes in the development of Economic growth and labordistribution of the Xinzhou three major industries. At last, the paper provides somepertinent countermeasures and suggestions.On the existing basis, Xinzhou should give full play to the potential andemployment absorptive capacity of the tertiary industry, to consolidate the position ofthe pillars of the secondary industry, and to maintain a sustainable development byimproving the structure. By accelerating the upgrade of the agricultureindustrialization and rural infrastructure and other measures to adjust and improve theprimary industry of the weak industries. In this process, Xinzhou should also increaseinvestment, improve Education and training institutions to enhance their own qualityof the workforce, thereby contributing to Xinzhou’s employment structure andindustrial structure to adapt, and promote the better employment of labor.The purpose of this paper is to provide a theoretical basis and data to support themacro-control of the government departments through these analysis and calculation. The paper hopes to provide a way to ease the employment pressure and to protect thepeople’s livelihood of this region. Also the paper did the analyses to provide ascientific reference to the government to reasonable adjust its employment policy.Eventually realize the purpose of promote people’s wellbeing and expand employment,and promote the harmonious and stable development of our country.

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Empirical Study of Industrial Structure Upgrading and Employment Effect

On 18/12/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The classic Economic theory and development of various countries have proved the positive correlation between Economic growth and changes in industrial structure and the positive correlation between economic growth and changes in employment structure. The advance of industrial structure and employment structure will promote economic growth. Meanwhile, the industrial structure and employment structure are also among the mutual restraint, mutual promotion. The coordinated development of industrial structure and employment structure can provide a tremendous force for the development of the economy. However, due to policies, population, Education, and other factors, the coordinated development of the two may not be able to realized. When large deviation between the two occurs, problems such as unemployment lagged industrial upgrading and slow economic growth will emerge. Since the policy of reform and opening up, China has experienced three decades of rapid growth, the adjustment of industrial structure and employment structure has provide a strong driving force for China’s sustained rapid economic growth. Practice has proved that industrial structure and employment structure in the process of evolution remained essentially in the same direction with big deviations in some aspects. In particular, in recent years, given the increasing pressure of adjustment of industrial structure from both inside and outside and the increasing employment pressure, the study of both problems and causes of deviations will have great guiding significance for our future industrial upgrading and formulation of job-promoting policy. Guangdong Province is the forward positions of China’s reform and opening up, whose evolution of employment structure and industrial upgrading is very representative in the country. The in-depth analysis of the history and reality of Guangdong Province can provide a model for the country’s industrial policy and employment policies.A detailed analysis of the evolution process of industrial structure and employment structure in Guangdong Province is given at first, and then the international and domestic comparative analysis Guangdong Province is concluded by means of comparative analysis, which comes to the conclusion that the evolution of industrial structure and employment structure in Guangdong Province is still lags behind international standards though faster than the national average level. On top of that, and the internal structure of the secondary industry needs to be optimized and the traditional service industry is too high in the tertiary industries which is at a low level as an whole in the national economy. In the main part of this paper, empirical analysis is conducted from multiple point of view. In order to validate the coordination between employment structural and the industrial structure in Guangdong Province, models and indicators such as the employment structure effects models, structural deviation coefficient, coefficient matrix and employment elasticity are used for the in-depth analysis of employment structural. Then the conclusion that there exists a certain deviation between Guangdong’s industrial structure and employment structure which impacts the increase of the employment. This deviation was mainly reflected by high proportion of secondary industry, the slow development of tertiary industry, the absence of the ability to absorb employment. But in the long run, the productivity gaps among the three industries are still relatively large, leaving room for adjustment.Lastly, in response to the problems highlighted in this paper, policy recommendations are provided to promote the desirable interaction between the industrial structure and employment structure.

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Effects on the Employment to RMB Exchange Rate Adjustment

On 26/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

With the constant improvement of the market mechanism in China,continuous innovation and development of the financial system,exchange rate adjustment changes on the structure of the marketeconomy became increasingly evident. Adjust and optimize thestructure of employment is the driving force for sustained economicgrowth, and the outstanding problems in China’s employment structureis the capability of independent innovation in the industry, lack ofresources and energy consumption high, although the services sectorhas developed rapidly, but significantly behind. To accelerate theoptimization of the structure of employment facing many challenges,such as the rise in the cost structure optimization, thecontradiction between increased employment pressure, open theadjustment space narrowing. Thus a simple adjustment of the structureof employment is very difficult, but in the new Economic situation,the rapid appreciation of the RMB exchange rate to the employmentstructure to speed up the pace to promote the optimization andupgrading of the industry.In this paper, the impact of exchange rate changes on theemployment structure of the main line, is divided into six parts. Thefirst part of the purpose and significance of this study, as well asthe methods used; The second part of China since the founding ofexchange rate system, this option is divided into the planned economy,transition economies, market economy and the transformation of fourperiods of the economy, and explain the four-period exchange ratechoose the impact on employment; The third part discusses thetheoretical overview of exchange rate adjustment on the employmentstructure from the micro, me so and macro point of view of domesticand foreign organized analysis. Maximize the benefits and theconsumer’s utility maximization in the microscopic two starting mesoto illustrate the impact of exchange rate adjustment on employment from the industry point of view and transmission channels, and on thechoice of exchange rate regime, external shocks, such as classifiedas macroscopic point of view.Domestic and international research in this field, due to thesimilarity of the Economic development path of Japan and South Koreaand China, this paper special study of the exchange rate regimebetween the two countries to adjust their employment, with on thisbasis for our to certain experiences; fifth part is the empiricalpart, a variety of research methods, the advantages and disadvantagesof a comparative analysis demonstrated a variety of empirical methods,select the VAR vector auto regression model, followed by thetheoretical assumptions of the model equation describes theestablished econometric model, the third is to select the data,descriptive and correlation analysis, and give a variable an externalshock pulse to reflect, in order to explain the changes of theexternal exchange rate movements on total employment obtained finalconclusions; last part is a summary of the full text, as well as theoutlook for the employment prospects in China.

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A Study of the Impact of Labor Reallocation on Economic Growth

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

Nowadays, there is seirous deviation between employment structure and output structure in China and the deviation would inevitably lead to inequality between the marginal outputs of different sectors. So the reallocation of labor resources could increase output without adding any input. It is significant to study the impact of labor reallocation on Economic growth in China, the quantification of the labor market disequilibrium and the viscosity of labor market.This paper dynamically research the contribution of labor shifts among various industries, especially the shifts of surplus Agricultural labor to Economic growth, and estimate the equilibrium wage rates of various sectors, the labor market viscosity coefficient and the practical wage rates between different sectors at the assumptions of the disequilibrium and the viscosity of labor market. First, we review the related literature about labor reallocation and Economic growth. Second, employment structure and income per capita in China are analyzed at the perspective of time and spatial, and the relationship between employment structure and income per capita income in the whole world is analyzed correspondingly. Third, at the basis of the existing dual economic theory, we construct the two sectors model and the three department model that can be used to analyze the effects on economic growth from changes in labor structure. Fourth, using the provincial data in China from1993to2009, we make empirical analysis using the theoretical model mentioned above, and estimate the contribution of labor shift to economic growth, the wage rate between the various sectors under balanced situation, the viscosity of the labor market and the practical ratio of real wages in different sectors. Finally, we made a brief analysis of Agricultural policy and labor policy in China and put forward corresponding suggestion, concluding the paper and proposing research prospect.The conclusion of this paper are:the contribution of the capital growth per capita to the income growth per capita is between40%and50%; the contribution of the human capital growth per capita to the income growth per capita is from10%to14%; in the two sectors model, the contribution of the structural changes on the income growth per capita is between1.6%and2.3%; and in the three sectors model, the contribution of the structural changes on the income growth per capita is from5%to17.7%; the contribution of the net factor productivity growth on income growth per capita is between30%and37%. Furthermore, in equilibrium, the wage ratio of non-Agricultural labor sector and agricultural labor sector is1.41; the wage ratio of the primary industry and the second industry is0.83; the wage rate of the tertiary industry and the second industry is1.31; the velocity of labor shifts from agriculture sector to non-agricultural sector is2.53; the velocity of labor shifts from the primary industry to the second industry is2.47; the velocity of labor shifts from the second industry to the tertiary industry is96.36. At the general tendency of labor shifts, the wage ratio of non-agricultural sector and agricultural sector is1.65; the wage ratio of the primary industry and the second industry is0.77; the wage rate of the tertiary industry and the second industry is1.32. We believe that, from these data, developing agriculture, adjusting the industrial structure and constructing labor market is the current policy approach to be taken.The innovation of this paper are:in non-balanced condition, we construct the two sectors model and the three department model; estimate the contribution of employment structural changes to the economic growth; estimate the practical wages ratio among various sectors; estimate the viscosity (velocity rate) of the labor market; estimate the equilibrium wage rates in various sectors.

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The Research of Zhejiang Province’s Foreign Direct Investment Influence the Upgrading of the Industrial Structure

On 06/09/2013, in International, by rain

As one of the first provinces opening to foreign, Zhejiang Province’s Investment increased from dozens, millions to present more than1billion, Investment area also started the limitations from southeast Asia into all over the world. the development of Zhejiang Province’s foreign direct investment always go ahead of other provinces in China. At the background of world Economic environment remains weak and ” Promote the upgrading of the industrial structure” policy, the study of Zhejiang Province’s foreign direct investment affect its industrial structure has a special significance. It can not only help us through the typical province to understand the relationship between foreign direct investment and upgrading of the industrial structure in east China area, but also provides specific empirical support for Zhejiang province’s decision-making and policy of foreign direct investmentThis paper utilizes the1986-2010statistics of Zhejiang Province and the techniques of VAR model, impulse response function and variance decomposition, and it divides the forms of expression for upgrading of the industrial structure into import and export structure optimization, the improvement of employment structure and the efficiency of domestic investment increases on the basis of studying the current situation of zhejiang province’s foreign direct investment, foreign direct investment necessity and the transmission mechanism of foreign direct investment influence the upgrading of the industrial structure. With all of these conditions, the paper makes an empirical study that how does the Zhejiang Province’s foreign direct investment influence the upgrading of the industrial structure.Research shows that Zhejiang Province’s foreign direct investment has a significant role in promoting the import and export structure and employment structure, as for the efficiency of domestic investment, foreign direct investment has a negative effect on it in the short-term, but in the long-term, foreign direct investment has a positive and sustainable role in promoting the efficiency of domestic investment. Generally speaking, Zhejiang Province’s foreign direct investment promotes the upgrading of the industrial structure.After concluding that Zhejiang Province’s foreign direct investment promote the upgrading of the industrial structure, this paper puts forward some relevant policy suggestions at the angle of government and enterprises according to current status and difficulties of Zhejiang Procince’s foreign direct investment, and hope that Zhejiang Province’s foreign direct investment gets better and better.

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Research on the Relationship between Industrial Structure and Employment Structure of Jilin Province Based on Empirical Analysis

On 02/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Industrial structure and employment structure are both important parts ofnational economy. The coordinating development between industrial structure andemployment structure is essential to the healthy development of national economy.Many scholars at home and abroad research on the theory about industrial structureand employment structure by theoretical analysis and statistical analysis, therefore acomprehensive theory system forms. Industrial structure and employment structureinteract with each other. On the one hand, industrial structure as a significant basisdecides the size and development direction of employment structure; on the otherhand, employment structure promotes or obstructs the development of industrialstructure conversely. The rapid development of the national economy asks forcoordinating development between industrial structure and employment structure. But,the development of industrial structure priors to that of employment structure inreality, and employment structure gradually adapts to the development of industrialstructure. The synchronism between industrial structure and employment structurecauses a certain incompatibility between them. This paper mainly researches on therelationship between industrial structure and employment structure of Jilin provinceby empirical analysis, draws conclusions and presents relevant policy recommendations. This paper mainly carries out research in the following two areas:The first one, the evolution and current situation about Jilin’s industrial structureand employment structure can be reflected by data, and the problems between themcan be found through comparative analysis. On the whole, the pattern of industrialstructure transfers from “secondary industry, primary industry, tertiary industry” to”secondary industry, tertiary industry, and primary industry”; while the pattern ofemployment structure transfers from “primary industry, secondary industry, tertiaryindustry” to “primary industry, tertiary industry, secondary industry”. The tertiaryindustry develops rapidly and has advantage and huge potentiality in admitting laboremployment. The secondary industry as the pillar industry has great contribution tothe national economy but has limited ability to promoting employment. The quantityof employment in primary industry is huge. Therefore manpower surplus exits andneeds to be transferred. From the internal structure perspective, large-scale industrydominates the secondary industry; tertiary industry still is based on the traditionalservice industry and the emerging service industry needs to be developed.The second part of this paper applies indicators such as employment elasticity、comparative labor productivity and coordination coefficient to reflect the empiricalrelationship and coordination degree between the industrial structure and employment structure in Jilin province. Data shows that the comparative labor productivity indexof the primary industry is low, the promotion of employment structure to industrialstructure is faint, and manpower surplus exits. The employment elasticity index of thesecondary industry is low but the comparative labor productivity index is relativelyhigh. This shows that the action of industrial structure to employment structure is faint;therefore, the ability of secondary industry to promoting employment is low. Becausetwo indicators of the tertiary industry are moderate, the coordination degree is goodfor tertiary industry. However, the coordination degree of the primary and secondaryindustry is poor.To the characteristic of Jilin province, this paper presents the following policyrecommendations: reform the household register system to realize the free movementof labor; accelerate the pace of further optimization to secondary industry in order topromote employment; vigorously develop the tertiary industry to create moreemployment opportunities; establish the mechanism that the allocation of laborresources relies on the market and cultivate societal utility talents.

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Study on Structure of Information Industry of Chongqing

On 14/08/2012, in IT papers, by rain

【Abstract】 Information industry is making great contributions to Economic growth and Social progress, because of its high-penetration, high-appreciation and persistent development. Actually, we can use the development of information industry to measure a country’s international competitiveness. And information industry also becomes a symbol to show whether a country’s industry structure is advanced or not. In order to accelerate the Economic growth of Chongqing, it’s important to research its structure of information industry.We should give a clear definition of what information industry is before study it. This paper states and values some definitions given by other scholars at first, then brings forward a new one based on the essential characters of information industry, such as “profit” and “info activity”. According to the new definition, the paper starts to research the structure of Chongqing’s information industry. This paper uses production value structure and employment structure, the two most important factors of industry structure, as the paper’s analysis objects.Firstly, Chongqing’s information industry has no competitive advantage on the whole. Its production value structure and employment structure are still stay on the lowest level in the four municipalities. Secondly, although it’s no good on the whole, Chongqing’s information industry has its own advantage. Its intellectual coefficient and its productivity of high-appreciation sub-industry are higher than other municipalities. Thirdly, the increase of information industry highly relates to GDP. One million increase of information industry will cause eight million’s increase of GDP. Fourthly, Chongqing’s information industry has not show its power for upgrading the traditional industry yet. The productivities of agriculture and industry are still low.So, the thesis advises that: carry out on a large scale to develop high-tech industry; exert the power of information industry to upgrade the traditional industries; put the Chongqing’s industry on a right place; propel the course of urbanization; correctly deal with barriers to entry and to exit; and the government should take a good part in the development of information industry.