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China’s Industry Association Performance Evaluation

On 21/09/2013, in Management, by rain

With the continuing social and economic development of China, the NGO has, especially after the Chinese accession in WTO in 2001, played a very important role in field of politics、economy、culture and society. As a vital part of the NGO, the industry associations, in terms of quantity or scale, are growing rapidly. In some eastern coastal areas, the industry associations have become a key reference for the government in making policies. It is a link of communication for the governments、^ the enterprises and the markets,which for one hand it is a coordination in the distribution of benefits between the different bodies and for the other hand it is an organizer of the others. As a result, NGO can provide a way of unifying management and fair competition. However, because of our industry association having a special developing process, so there exist the phenomena of: “administrative dependence, confusion of market positioning, absence of management functions and management inefficiency”. Due to that, our industry association can not be the role of bridges and links in real. In order to study the performance evaluation of industry associations, this thesis is divided into five parts.The first chapter introduces the research background, research significance, the current research status quo from overseas and at home, the main research methods, research ideas, research contents and innovative points. The second chapter talks about the theories on performance evaluation of industry associations. In this chapter, some basic concepts are told, such as:”industry association, performance evaluation, performance evaluation of industry association”. The aim of these concepts is to bed for the following texts.The third chapter is about the current status quo of the performance evaluation of industry associations. In it, the running status quo of some evaluation performance in some cities and the specific operation of some industry associations evaluations are both discussed. Through that, the problems and the causes in our industry association performance evaluations are found.The fourth chapter is of the experience on the industry association performance evaluations form abroad. This chapter discusses the countries of USA、Japan、Germany. From the discussion, some good experience is found and can be used to lead us.The fifth chapter is about the construction of the industry association performance evaluation system. As the problem-solving part, four aspects are told, they are:”body construction of the industry association performance evaluation, goal setting of the industry association performance evaluation, index system construction of industry association performance evaluation, the feedbacks of industry association performance evaluation”. The four measures are to build up a sustainable development for the industry association performance evaluation.

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Intensive Assessment of the Land-Use in Development Area

On 21/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

The thought of sustainable development is has already become the most populartopic. And sustainable development of the most essential problem is the intensive useof land resources. As the natural ecological resources the pillars of the land resources,plays a very important role. For the sustainable land utilization, the global scholarsmade a lot of analysis and research, reached a lot of valuable experience, to guide usin sustainable research on the road constantly rising.In the paper,for example hightech Development Zone of Changzhi city,it is Changzhi city hall to accelerate regionaldevelopment established in1992Changzhi city’s new economy point of growth. Afternearly twenty years of development history, Technological Development ZoneChangzhi city economic benefits, social security, the ecological environment of thebuilding has been significantly improved, park city to change level promotesceaselessly. As the economic development of Changzhi leader, park land resourcessustainable utilization not only for the high-tech development zone and thesustainable development of Changzhi city is extremely important role. But this park isstill in the weak sustainable utilization status, sustainable land use is imminent tosolve a problem.According to the theme of the thesis sets out, and here I from three aspects in thispaper:In the first part, I list some at home and abroad on the sustainable land utilizationresearch and method, can spread out on my thesis some guidance and reference.In the second part, elaborated the high tech Development Zone of Changzhi cityland utilization present situation and construction condition. At the same time, in thearea of land use system on the basis of thorough analysis, construction of theChangzhi high-tech zone sustainable land use evaluation index system, and cited theAHP and fuzzy mathematics method of combining the sustainable land utilizationlevel is evaluated.In the third part, the high tech Development Zone of Changzhi city landevaluation results, which then and started relatively early in the development zone forcomparison, comprehensive analysis on the Development Zone land sustainableutilization level finally, the park land natural resources uses the current situation to putforward the feasible countermeasure proposal.

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Study on Evaluation of Science and Technology Human Resource in High-tech Enterprise

On 19/09/2013, in Management, by rain

In the knowledge economy times, high-tech enterprise is more and more important toeconomy development. As the carrier of knowledge and the main part of technology innovation,science and technology human resource plays a critical role in high-tech enterprise developmentand the emergence of competitive advantages. So it is very important to enhance the level ofhuman resource of high-tech enterprise to realize the strategy and long-term development. Theway to enhance the level of human resource in high-tech enterprise is the evaluation of scienceand technology human resource, in order to find the present advantages of science andtechnology human resource and do jobs aimed at human resource training, planning andselection.This thesis structures a set of evaluation indexes system based on the study of relevantliterature, theory and characteristics of science and technology human resource in high-techenterprise. The evaluation indexes system includes physical qualities, psychological qualities,knowledge and skills, the level of ability and performance. Then, this thesis gives a clearexplanation of the meaning and formula mode to acquire the score.Based on the study of present human resource evaluation methods, this thesis fixes themethod of combination of AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) and BP neural network. First,summary the method of AHP and BP neural network. Second, put forward the process ofcomputing the weight of indexes and screening of important indexes. At last, evaluate humanresource using BP neural network based on screening result, test the performance of networkusing testing samples after the training of BP neural network. Simulation proof is that thecombination of AHP and BP neural network is effective. For one thing, it takes advantage ofexperts information to screen important indexes and simplify decision, for another, evaluates thetarget using the advantage of BP neural network, such as its objectivity and superiority of dealingwith complex data. It is a good way to suck up two methods advantage to simplify decision andheighten the efficiency and precision.Through the study on evaluation of science and technology human resource in high-techenterprise, the thesis aims at providing scientific evaluation tools of science and technology human resource, so as to form a more objective and scientific understanding of science andtechnology human resource in high-tech enterprise, in order to provide a basis for humanresource development and strategy formulation of high-tech enterprise. The contribution of thisthesis is the set of evaluation indexes system of science and technology human resource inhigh-tech enterprise based on the study of relevant literature and theory, and the evaluation ofscience and technology human resource by AHP and BP neural network to test thescientificalness of the indexes system and the method.

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Research on Enterprise Informationization Level Based on ANN

On 19/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Modern enterprise is the main force to promote modern economic and technological progress. Business management effectiveness significantly influences productivity of enterprise and determines the competitiveness ability to survive. Infomationization is an important means of modern enterprise management. Whether the enterprise advanced or not can look at the level of development of infomationization. There are two disadvantages in traditional evaluation methods. First the index system is very complex second calculating skills are out of date. Very large amount of statistics and artifical factors make it difficult to guarantee the authenticity of results.This study is to look for a better path to do this kind of research. Artificial neural network (ANN) is simplicity and simulation of human thinking. ANN is good at simulating and used in every subjects very widely. For the level of infomationization I selected some representative high-tech enterprises in hefei high-tech zone as the research subjects. I evaluated these by ANN. In the work I select BP neural network. BP neural network is one of the artificial neural networks with simple operation and good generalization used very popularly. I reduce the traditional indexes system less to two parts including12indexes to make it more operational, more simple and effective. Then work by artificial neural network. I designed the neural network by toolbox in MATLAB software. First take20learning samples for training and the actual error of results controled between0.01and0.1. Second test the left30samples data into the trained network in order to get the final evaluation results.This paper is divided into the following five sections:First introduced background and significance of this research project. The literature review and summary of my own research methods and ideas.This part is the overall context of the full paper and all the work steps. First of all started from the definition of infomationization then sort out the domestic and foreign literature on the evaluation of the infomationization level especially domestic research results in the area. Make my own methods and ideas to synthesize the full text contents to outline things overall for the full paper.Second review of the definition of artificial neural networks including the definition of ANN, emergence and development history. Focused on the applications and features of the neural network and placed the simple three-layer BP neural network highlight to explain various ANN functions and operations of algorithm. By BP network we found some advantages in this method combined with this study.Third research and excavation of index system. Described the three principles: comprehensiveness, operational and scientific. By studying the common index system pointed out its deficiencies in practice and proposed my own set of practical indicators system. Then used scientific ways to weigh every index. A questionnaire used in this study designed on the basis in order to get reliable and complete data for study.Fourth the key part for this paper starting from the introduction of Hefei High-tech zone. And gradual transition to infomationization level evaluation of some enterprises in Hefei High-tech zone. Collect relevant data for each indicator by the evaluation index system designed.20representative enterprises data selected as the network learning samples for BP network evaluation conclusion practical. The remaining30enterprises data as the final test samples achieved final results by using the trained network tested.The last conclusions and outlook. Summarized and analyzed the results obtained in this study and pointed out that the results of research. Planed the future work and put up something need to improve and supplement for the detailed study.

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The Evaluation and Promotion Strategy of Organizational Learning Capability in New Venture Based on LOWA Operator

On 19/09/2013, in Management, by rain

The organizational learning theory that is put forward by Argyris and Schon in1970s is considered to be a great revolution in management theory and arouses strongresponse in western management field. New ventures lake resources and capabilitythanks to liability of newness (Vanden Vrande et al.,2009) so that these enterprisescan not create enough conditions to carry out business operations and can not buildmarket share. New Venture needs to have organizational learning capacity to obtainenough resources and capabilities from outside. With the development of newventures, these enterprises will encounter many kinds of challenges in managementprocess that need enough organizational learning capacity to deal with. Therefore, invarious growth stages of new venture, acquisitive learning capacity to acquireresources such as information and knowledge through the external relations andexperimental learning capacity to exploit existing knowledge is important to newventure. Based on the background, this paper combines with the specific Chineseenvironment and the technology innovation characters of software developmentindustry to select suitable index system for organization learning ability evaluation inguide of the organizational learning theory. On this basis, this paper takes A softwaredevelopment company in Changchun as the example and makes thorough research onthe evaluation matrix to organizational learning capacity status of A company basedon LOWA operator so as to analyses its organizational learning capacity status andpropose the optimization scheme of organizational learning capacity fit for Acompany.The evaluation indexes of organizational learning capacity in this paper arederived from the research by previous scholars. Experimental learning capacityincludes three secondary indexes as internal communication, exploitation ofknowledge resources and experience accumulated through learning-by-doingaccording to the different ways of organizational learning capacity (Easterby-Smith,1997). Acquisitive learning capacity includes two secondary indexes as businessnetwork and government network according to the different knowledge sources ofAcquisitive learning (Lee&Pennings,2001; Yli-Renko, Autio&Sapienza,2001).The evaluation method of organizational learning capacity in this paper is the ordered weighted average operator concentrate on the language decision informationshortened to LOWA operator. The LOWA operator is concentrate on the evaluationinformation of fuzzy language or language preference information, and sorts thelinguistic assessment information entrusted to the position weighted vectoraccordingly. Through data processing to evaluation matrix of organizational learningcapacity in A company based on LOWA operator, we know that the evaluation resultsof acquisitive learning capacity and experimental learning capacity in A company areboth M and the evaluation result of overall organizational learning capacity is M too.The evaluation results mean that the organizational learning capacity of A companyneeds to be strengthened.Through the summary of the previous literature, we find that learning orientationis helpful to build good organizational learning environment encouraging innovationand learning and to get up on the right learning attitude and to improve the learningenthusiasm of staff that has positive influence to the improvement of experimentallearning capacity. Therefore, the entrepreneurs and managers of A company can buildthe learning atmosphere suitable for the improvement of experimental learningcapacity from three aspects as management commitment, systems perspective,Openness and experimentation.Through the summary of the previous literature, we find that learning orientationis helpful to build good organizational learning environment encouraging innovationand learning and to get up on the right learning attitude and to improve the learningenthusiasm of staff that has positive influence to the improvement of experimentallearning capacity. Therefore, the entrepreneurs and managers of A company can buildthe learning atmosphere suitable for the improvement of experimental learningcapacity from three aspects as management commitment, systems perspective,Openness and experimentation.Through the summary of the previous literature, we find that relation networkhas emotional and instrumental characteristics. Market network and governmentnetwork is equally important to the acquisitive learning capacity of new venture in thetransitional economy of China. To build good market network and governmentnetwork, the rational relationship quality and relationship strength is necessary.Therefore, the entrepreneurs and managers of A company can build market networkand government network with rational relationship quality and relationship strength tooptimize acquisitive learning capacity of A company.

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Evaluation of the Competitiveness of China’s B2C E-commerce Website

On 19/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

While Electronic Commerce is changing consumer habits in the age of the Internet, it has a great effect on traditional enterprises. Traditional enterprises begin to develop electronic commerce in a large scale, and participate in the competition of B2C market. In China B2C e-commerce develops rapidly and the competition is getting tougher recently. On the one hand, the comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the competition of B2C e-commerce websites can help them to find more accurate position in this market, adjust and improve their service according to the changing market, make effective competitive strategies and improving their own competitiveness. On the other hand, it helps consumers and investors to have a more rational choice on domestic B2C e-commerce website.Based on the summary of evaluation on domestic and foreign e-commerce, this paper describes the theoretical basis of the research on B2C e-commerce website competitiveness, analyzes the characteristics of domestic B2C e-commerce websites, and classifies domestic B2C e-commerce websites, which led to the research scope of this paper. Then by using the Comprehensive Analysis Method, this paper analyzes the influences of the domestic B2C e-commerce websites competitiveness after summarizing previous research. In order to be more objective and accurate, this paper draws a conclusion that the marketing capability, the website operating capability, the brand management capability, the merchandise category management capability, the information quality, technology capability and customer service capability are the six crucial factors effecting domestic B2C e-commerce competitiveness.On the basis of the theory of information science, enterprise management and economics, this paper adopts methods of webmetrics, analytic hierarchy process, website traffic statistics, fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, expert evaluation and questionnaire survey. With a combination of theory and practice, qualitative and quantitative, this paper analyzes B2C e-commerce website competitive factors. This paper builds a domestic B2C e-commerce website evaluation system on the principles of entirely, operatively, scientifically and comparably. The system contains6first-grade indexes,24second-grade indexes and49third-grade indexes which was built from perspectives of website operator, consumers, investors and competitors. Moreover, this paper ranks domestic B2C e-commerce website comprehensively and classifiedly. At last, this paper analyzes the experience of yougou.com, diagnoses its development, and proposes measures for enhancing its competitiveness. Key words:B2C e-commerce, evaluation of website competitiveness, evaluation index system, analytic hierarchy process

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Construction of Internal Control Evaluation System

On 19/09/2013, in Management, by rain

This paper referenced the research of internal control evaluation at home andabroad,based on this,combined with the current situation and needs of ourcountry’s enterprise about internal control evaluation,analyzed and discussed therelated theory of enterprise internal control evaluation. This paper made theconstruction of internal control evaluation system as the main line,at first,introduced the development history,contents,functionsof internal controlevaluation; then constructed the framework of internal control evaluation,theframework included the principle,target,subject,object and program of internalcontrol evaluation; at last,designed the evaluation index from the two aspects ofdesign effectiveness and operation effectiveness. In order to used the theoreticalresearch to the actual enterprise internal control evaluation successfully,this paperselected the A company as a case for practical analysis,according to the theoryframework which builded up at the first part of the paper,an internal controlevaluation platform is set up for A company,and then used hierarchical analysis andefficacy coefficient method,evaluated the internal control of A company from thetwo aspects of design effectiveness and operation effectiveness. Compared theevaluate results to the actual evaluate results of A company,they were consistent.View from practice,with A company as an example,descripted the internal controlevaluation process in detail,is the complement and detailing for this paper,it is morejoint actual and has more practical meaning.

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Migrant Workers Return Home Entrepreneurial Environment Comparative Study of Shanxi and Sichun

On 15/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Any entrepreneurial activity revises out in a certain environment. Excellententrepreneurial environment can promote entrepreneurial activity; on the contrary, hinder theprocess of entrepreneurial activities. In recent years, a large number of migrant workers returnhome, because of the support of the western building, and industrial structure from coastalareas to inland. From the urban-rural dual economic structure to the structure of the modernsocial and economic transformation process, the problem of migrant workers is a majorstrategic issue in our country. Solving the problem of rural migrant workers, not only directlyrelated to a fundamental solution to the problems of agriculture, rural areas and farmers, butalso to the healthy development of industrialization, urbanization and the whole modern,related to the overall situation of reform, development and stability. Therefore, theentrepreneurial environment in the western about region of China’s industrial restructuring,speed up the pace of urbanization and promote the employment of migrant workers returnhome has major practical meaning. In this paper, the west return of migrant workersentrepreneurial environment for the study, summed up the entrepreneurial environment of thereturn of migrant workers in the western region. On this basis, we study the entrepreneurialenvironment in the western region and the situation of migrant workers, and use the analytichierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation to assess the return of migrant workersentrepreneurial environment in the western region. According to the results of the assessment,we summary the major factors in the return of migrant workers entrepreneurial environment,and promote the return of migrant entrepreneurship policy recommendations for these factors.The article is divided into six chapters:Chapter1, Introduction. Discusses the research background, purpose and significance,reviews the relevant model of the entrepreneurial environment, entrepreneurial environmentevaluation system, as well as regional entrepreneurial environment, describes the ideas andmethods of the paper, and paper the possibility of innovation.Chapter2, entrepreneurial environment-related theories and concepts defined.Thissection is mainly entrepreneurial relevant scholars, migrant workers returning home, theconcept of migrant workers start sorting, and define the relevant theoretical concepts of theentrepreneurial environment; described the combination of elements model, GEM (GlobalEntrepreneurship Monitor) and other major venture environmental theory. Chapter3, migrant workers return home entrepreneurial environment analysis.According to the Statistical Yearbook and field survey data, the western region of the return ofmigrant workers entrepreneurial analyzed to explain the characteristics of migrant workersreturn home entrepreneurship, basic entrepreneurship as well as the reason for the existenceand comparison of the three regions entrepreneurial environment.Chapter4, build the western migrant workers returning home business environmentalassessment index system. Several chapters of theoretical studies based on the papers beforethe building of migrant workers return home for the western region characteristic of theentrepreneurial environment evaluation index system, divided into nine factors, includingeconomic environment, financing, environment, government services, environment,government policies, environment, education and training environment, market environment,infrastructure, social environment and the natural environment; and elaborated principles:scientific, entrepreneurial environment index system built measurable, targeted andmulti-angle to consider principles, and key indicators to interpret.Chapter5, Entrepreneurial environment assessment of Shaanxi and Sichuan migrantworkers return home. Shaanxi Province and Sichuan Province, the entrepreneurialenvironment in the evaluation of the empirical analysis, using the analytic hierarchy processto determine the individual indicators a weight, and then fuzzy comprehensive evaluation tocalculate the score of each level indicators of the entrepreneurial environment of eachprovince and the use of field research data entrepreneurial environment score, summed up themain factors of the impact of western migrant workers return home entrepreneurialenvironment and based on evaluation results.Chapter6, proposals to optimize the measures of the entrepreneurial environment inShaanxi and Sichuan. According to the analysis results of the fifth chapter, the paper putforward the following suggestions: First, vigorously promote the entrepreneurial spirit, andstrive to form a strong social atmosphere of everyone entrepreneurship; to actively implementthe policies of the relevant entrepreneurial efforts to create a favorable entrepreneurialenvironment; vigorously develop the rural banks, new financial organizations, to solve thedifficult problem of migrant workers return of venture capital financing; invest heavily intraining, improve the training courses.

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Evaluation on the Overall Efficiency of the Modes of Recycling Development in Xixiang County’s Agriculture

On 15/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

The sustainable and stable development of agriculture, the protection of rural ecologicalenvironment and the maintenance of ecological balance of agriculture have became thecurrent important problem of agriculture development, rural construction and ruralenvironmental protection in our country. Therefore, exploring the developing modes ofcircular agriculture is effective to solve the contradiction between the economic and socialdevelopment and the agricultural resources and environment, and is also an important way torealize the sustainable development, especially, it has the great significance and value forstudy to the areas in southern shaanxi.which pursuit the economic development and theprotection of environment.Xixiang county is the representative of the traditional agricultural county in southernshaanxi, its agricultural population is87%, it is the typical structure of urban and rural areas.it sets the features of hills, mountains and landforms at a suit, and, it has abundant naturalresources and superior climate condition. In recent years, the economy of the county alreadyenters the benign development stage. The environmental and ecological status and economicbasis determine it to develop the circular economy. So far, the annually sowing area of grainhas reached about33333hectares, the sowing area of oil is about11333hectares,pig-producing breaks1.2million head, the new thoroughbred tea garden is6200acres,awning vegetables is1200acres, and,3000ZhaoQiChi which is new. According to thenew situation of the development of rural industry, the country based on the tea, pig, blackfungus and green leading industries combined with actual situation to try to explore the pointsand begin to innovation, and set a certain foundation on the development of live pig and teaindustry. According to the regionally specific natural condition, resources, social conditionsand so on, it makes use of the advantages of resources and chooses suited developing modes.At present, the common modes of agricultural circulation in xixiang is “the pig+marshy+food ” and “pig+marshy+vegetables”.”pig+marshy+DaPengCai “,”pig+marshy+tea “and “pig+marshy+tea+sightseeing agriculture” are still in a local pilot stage. Therefore, studying on the relationship between the various subsystems and interactive mechanism, andevaluating economic, ecological and social benefits, then,to learn which is better is of greatsignificance to adjusting measures to local conditions for popularization anddecision-making.the starting point of this paper is that the development of Circular Agriculture canpromote the efficient use of agricultural resources, rural incomes and environmentalprotection,in this paper, theoretical analysis and empirical research methods are combined,and AHP and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation methods are applied to evaluate the economic,social and ecological benefits of the four main modes of circular agriculture (“the pig+marshy+food “,”pig+marshy+DaPengCai “,”pig+marshy+tea ” and “pig+marshy+tea+sightseeing agriculture”)in Xixiang, in order to provide the appropriate references forthe development of circular agriculture.

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The Study on Investment Efficiency Evaluation and Influencing Factors of the Real Estate Company

On 15/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Company value depends fundamentally on their investment behavior, whether theinvestment behavior has efficiency or not directly affect maximization of company value.With the development of the real estate industry, real estate listed company become more andmore, industry competition is intense with each passing day. The real estate companies has toface the changing market and the macro-control policies, so they must improve theirinvestment efficiency. Evaluate of the real estate listed company’s investment efficiency andanalysis the factors which affect the level of investment efficiency is good for companydecision makers find their market position and improve company’s investment efficiency, inaddition, that is good for promoting the real estate industry sustained, stable and healthydevelopment.Based on the papers what research company efficiency and companies’ investmentefficiency input and output indicators, from both static and dynamic evaluate the investmentefficiency of listed real estate company. The paper sort the effective listed real estate company,while revealing companies’ investment degree of relaxation. On the basis of above analysis,the paper find the factors what affect the listed real estate company investment efficiency, andquantitative analysis the influencing factors’ significant level. Finally, the paper proposes thesuggestions to elevate the investment efficiency of list real estate company.The paper has six chapters. The contents are as follows:The first chapter is introduction, which includes: background, purpose and meaning,review home and abroad, method and innovation of the paper.The second chapter is investment efficiency and measure method, which introduce theconcept of efficiency and investment efficiency. This chapter describe and compare thetheories and measure methods of investment efficiency in order to laying the theoreticalfoundation for quantitative analysis.The third chapter is static investment evaluation of the listed real estate company. Thischapter build real estate investment efficiency evaluation index system and select the netlong-term investment, total fixed assets, intangible assets, net short-term operating costs andemployee benefits payable as input indicators, the total revenue and net profit for the outputindicators. This chapter use BBC-DEA model to measuring the investment efficiency of real estate company and use super-efficiency DEA model to sorting the effective listed real estatecompanies.The forth chapter is dynamic investment evaluation of the listed real estate company. Thischapter describe the necessity for dynamic evaluation of real estate investment efficiency anduse Malmquist index measuring real estate companies’ dynamic investment efficiency. Finally,this chapter use TFP to partial decomposition the efficiency changes of every company.The fifth chapter is efficiency influencing factors analysis. The chapter evaluate theinvestment efficiency of listed real estate company. On the basis of above analysis, thischapter select the main influencing factors from the ownership structure, the assets of thecompany and the external characteristics to analysis the affecting degree with TOBIT model.The sixth chapter is conclusion and suggestion. This chapter introduce the conclusion ofthe paper and put forward the policies and suggestions about how to improve companies’investment efficiency.