W

Foreign Trade Development of China in Intra-product Specialization Perspective

On 09/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

With the development of economic globalization, the multi-national corporations extend overseas production network continuously, and intra-product specialization and trade has been an important way for the developing countries to involve in international specialization and trade. China seizes this chance and involves in intra-product specialization and trade by comparative advantage of low-cost labor, resources and other production factors. Since the1990s, processing trade and foreign trade of China have increased dramatically. In promoting the development of foreign trade, intra-product specialization has also brought some questions to China. It is an important and immediate task what are the effects of intra-product specialization to foreign trade and how to solve the existent problems of foreign trade within intra-product specialization that confronts China.This paper introduces the definition, characteristics, process impetus and formation mechanism of intra-product specialization, and study the reasons why China involves in intra-product specialization. Then it reviews the history and analyses the current situation China involves in international specialization. Afterwards, it explores the effects of intra-product specialization on foreign trade commodity structure, geography feature, and trade avails in China, and analyses the influence over the value of import and export and foreign trade disequilibrium by econometrics models. Finally, it discusses the strategies to develop foreign trade of China in intra-product specialization perspective.

W

Research on Environmental Impact of Foreign Trade of Chinese Cement Products

On 04/10/2014, in Management, by rain

Based on foreign trade and the ecological environment at home and abroad and their relationship, this paper analyses the current situation of environmental impact in foreign trade of cement products in our country, and studies the Granger causality test method to determine the causal relationships between oreign trade of cement products in our country and the ecological environment. Based on the theory of foreign trade, ecological environment and their relationship,”three effect” on environmental impact of the foreign trade of Chinese cement products has been analyzed by CGE model empirically, and the effects of import and export trade on the ecological environment and the net effect are separately calculated. Then, data of both cement products production and trade at home and abroad as the foundation, the life cycle assessment method determines the research purpose, scope and environmental impact factor of ecological environment effect of the foreign trade of Chinese cement products, and accordingly life cycle inventory analysis. Life cycle inventory analysis results are characterized and standardized from nonrenewable resources consumption, global warming, photochemical ozone generating, acidification, eutrophication and human health damage, using AHP to weight every environment impact assessment type. Finally, AGP method determines the exponent value and the corresponding proportion of the resources consumption coefficients and the environmental impact load. This paper established a index system of environmental impact of the foreign trade of cement product, which could be applied to other products. The conclusion drawn in this paper has important practical significance in the formulation of cement industry regulations and standards, cement products import and export structure adjustment and improvement of equipment and process.

W

The Empirical Research of Impact on Port Logistics into Foreign Trade

On 02/10/2014, in Transportation, by rain

With the development of global economy and international trade,resource andfactors of production are flowing internationally more frequently, which means higherrequirements of transportation scale and efficiency. As crucial junctures in thelogistics process in the all–around transportation net,all ports are taking use of theiradvantages to develop port logistic,enlarge functions and promote competitive powerto supply all-around high quality services to customers in the tide of shipping beinglarger and using of containers.In the meanwhile,port logistic has great influence inthe develop of Foreign Trade.Therefore,it becomes gradually a focus to discuss aboutport logistics and Foreign Trade.Article took the relationship between Chinese port logistics and foreign trade forthe study. In the part of theoretical analysis, based on economic theory to explore theimpact mechanism of port logistics and foreign trade, being different from theprevious one, the article established the evaluation system of the port logistics, fromboth supply and demand of port logistics to consider the influence on foreign trade. Inthe empirical part, different from the past, a single or a few major ports in the studysample, the article selected Chinese five port groups as research sample; five portgroups include nationally representative ports of all waters, making the study morerepresentative. Article did not choose to use econometric methods but to build astructural equation model; chose the data of1995-2009, the results showed that thelogistics input and output had positive impacts on existence of foreign trade, the inputhad positive impact on the output, and the impact of input is bigger. Port coastlinelength, number of ports and berths of more than10,000tons are important influencefactors. Indicators measuring the port output capabilities including port cargothroughput, foreign trade port container throughput and throughput of the port trade.Finally, based on theoretical analysis and empirical results of the analysis, Article putforward the healthy policy of Chinese port logistics.

W

Research on the Foreign Trade Sustainable Development of Lvliang City Based on Low-carbon Economy Condition

On 25/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

As the world economic development has been relying on industrilization, the global environmental and ecological system is heavily damaged. Low-carbon economy is surely to be good choice. Shanxi, a province in central China, is rich in energy. She has been constantly providing coal energy to the whole country, which made her ecological system badly damaged. Lvliang, a city in Shanxi province, holds a great reserve of coal. For that, coal products, iron and steel products and chemical products comprise the three main outputs of her industry. This kind of industrial structure forms a similar foreign trade structure. As the time goes, the local environmental and ecological system worsened tremendously. The fluctuation of her economic and foreign trade development is another consequence. During the year2008-2009, the fluctuation was more obviously, the GDP development ratio dropped from15.5%to2.5%, while the development ratio of her foreign trade declined to-76.9%from82.2%, as the result of the global financial crisis. It is commonly agreed that this kind of development pattern is unsustainable for the requirement of low-carbon economy. What makes the importance that the necessity of deep research on the foreign trade sustainable development paths for Lvliang based on the low-carbon economy condition.At present, domestic and foreign scholars’study on the development of low carbon economy and foreign trade-related issues focused on the ecological environment and foreign trade and foreign trade, eco-efficiency measurements. Foreign scholars mainly focused on the Foreign Trade and sustainable Development Strategies study. However, the combination of Lvliang foreign trade development can be found, but Lvliang’s foreign trade and similar issues are relatively less involved in the existing literature, this study of Lvliang;s development has great reference value.This article uses a literature analysis, case studies, comparative analysis, quantitative and qualitative analysis, combining Lvliang’s Foreign Trade in the low-carbon ecomy and Sustainable Development. In the course of the study, Lvliang’s industrial structure and development of foreign trade structure is a “Tree high and One low” structure. The problems of Lvliang’s foreign trade continued development are discussed. Her feasibility of achieving a low carbon economy and foreign trade for sustainable development is analyzed in multiple dimensions. And finally, the author gives multiple suggestions for Lvliang’s foreign trade sustainable development under the condition of low-carbon economy. The innovative method of this paper is the combination of the low-carbon economy and sustainable development, and put forward countermeasures and suggestions for her sustainable development of the foreign trade under the condition of low-carbon economy. However, for the limited time and my inadequate skills, this article is still far from perfection. I will work more hard to make it more scientific and more feasible.

W

The Comparative Analysis of the Foreign Trade between Yanbian and Honghe

On 25/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture was bordered the North Korea and Russian Far East, and the regional advantage of border trade is obvious. After30years of reform and opening-up, the Yanbian region has made remarkable achievements. Opening-up efforts have been strengthened further on the economic construction, to lay a solid foundation for the well-off society.The paper topic is “The Comparative Analysis of The Foreign Trade between Yanbian and Honghe”. So it mainly discussed the development of foreign trade in Yanbian area, there was similar development demand of the Red River and Yanbian border trade. This article compares the trade status of Yanbian with Honghe, and listed the characteristics of Yanbian foreign trade at first. Such as the volume of trade, the level of trade dependence, balance of the trade, foreign trade commodity structure, trade partners of import and export, and trade methods. By comparing, it pointed out the problems of Yanbian in foreign trade. First,Second, level of opening up of Yanbian area is low. Third, the commodity structure of import and export was relatively single. Fourth, the infrastructure constructions were not perfect. Fifth, the regional investment was lack, and the interaction effect of cross-border investment was poor. And the ways of trade development was insufficient. And the construction of trading partner platform was still very inadequate. And the region was the lack of economic and trade expertise, etc.Finally put forward the countermeasures of foreign trade, first, promote the Tumen River Area economic and trade cooperation actively. Second, strengthen the construction of cross-border export commodity base. Third, play the lead role of local government actively. Fourth, form the investment interaction gradually. Fifth, cultivate area the foreign trade personnel actively. Sixth, develop the diversification of regional trade.

Tagged with:  
W

Research on Foreign Trade in Yanbian

On 25/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

Along with the Jilin province opening to the outside world gradually, the Yanbian foreign trade continued to expand in size, which not only promoted the rapid development of Yanbian economy, but also to promote the Yanbian region of investment, the introduction of advanced technology and the development of tourism. The Yanbian region occupies a be richly endowed by nature geographical advantage, with Russia and North Korea intensive resource complementary trend, as the border trade development created good condition. As a logistics base in Yanbian area expands gradually, the soft and hard infrastructure is also in constant improvement and development, however, by the end of2011Yanbian international dependence is only18.83%, far regions of China the average degree of dependence on foreign trade. Therefore, by the previous research achievements on Yanbian area trade development undertook thorough analysis, analysis of the Yanbian area of foreign trade advantage and inferior position, through the analysis of Yanbian region and the main trade countries of the trade data, find out Yanbian foreign trade block trade development bottleneck.Through the analysis of Yanbian regional trade development features of foreign trade in Yanbian area, although and trade at the beginning of the90time photograph had great progress, but there are still many problems, mainly summarized as follows:one is the Tumen River international logistics corridor construction lags behind; the two is the scale of foreign trade of small; three is the trade and market single, lagging behind the development of processing trade; the four is the lack of professional trade talent and a serious brain drain phenomenon.Finally, put forward to promote Yanbian area of foreign trade development countermeasure proposal, think Yanbian should give full play to the geographic advantage, develop modern logistics base, strengthen channel construction investment, and edge country build platform of economic and trade cooperation and trade mechanisms, secondly should take full advantage of the unique resources, the introduction of foreign capital and technology for deep processing, optimize the structure of import and export trade. Finally we should increase the main trade investment, vigorously develop the processing trade, and actively carry out cooperation in education and cultivate and use of foreign trade of high-quality personnel, to prevent the brain drain, strain every nerve and constantly promote the development of foreign trade in Yanbian area.

W

Strategic Research on China Tobacco Yunnan Import and Export Co.,Ltd under Strategic Vision of “Going Global”

On 21/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

As a state-owned enterprise, China tobacco has made outstanding contributions to national and local economy. Its import and export businesses also have been carried out for many years. Although it has obtained some achievements, the extent of participation in international market competition is still at a low level. Yunnan provides great amount of raw material for China tobacco, as well as more than40%tobacco raw materials for national tobacco industry. Yunnan tobacco export accounts for half of the national tobacco export. It is an important strategy to implement “going global” development strategy from our party and state. In Seventeenth Party Congress Report in2007, it was made clear to support enterprises develop international operations in research, production and sales, accelerate cultivating China’s multinational corporations and international famous brands and implement “going global” strategy. In July2009, after investigating Yunnan President Hu Jintao put forward “to develop Yunnan as the bridgehead for southwest-oriented open”. This is the strategic positioning done by state in the new historical period, as well as the very rare countries historical opportunity to accelerate development. This paper is closely around the company directly under China Tobacco Yunnan Province Corporation—“China Tobacco Yunnan Import and Export Co., Ltd”(referred to “C” Company), which is a professional foreign trade enterprise in China tobacco monopoly system. By studying change process of country’s structure of foreign trade and specific monopoly environment, standing under the “going global” strategic vision and being based on the implementation of “bridgehead” strategy, this paper explores how “C” company to actively respond to international smoking control environment and raises the problems and countermeasures faced by “C” company. In addition, this paper takes combination of industrial enterprises and commercial enterprises to accomplish “going international” development strategy and “C” country’s internationalization.

Tagged with:  
W

The Empirical Study on the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment to Economic in Shanxi Province

On 20/09/2013, in Finance, by rain

Foreign direct investment (FDI) as the product of one of China’s reform andopening up has made a significant contribution for the last three decades of economicdevelopment in China. In theory, FDI not only has to make up for insufficient funds,and FDI from developed countries plays an important role in technology transfer,enhancing human capital, promoting institutional change, improving managementskills and other aspects. With the overall expansion of FDI in China, Shanxi Provincein the central region has gradually attracted the entry of FDI with its traditional heavyadvantage. The role of FDI in the economy of Shanxi determines Shanxi’s foreignpolicy in the future.This paper analyzes the impact of FDI to GDP growth, three industrial structure,foreign trade, the regional capital formation, technology spillovers and employmentempirically according to the FDI status in Shanxi Province, and then based on theempirical results makes clear Shanxi’s attitude to FDI and proposes the correspondingstrategies.Firstly, this paper describes the FDI status from the scale, the form, origin,industry distribution and the use of foreign areas of FDI in Shanxi Province, andanalyzes the main factors of attracting FDI in Shanxi Province by gray relationalmodel; Second, proves that FDI has a positive impact on the economy from GDPgrowth, three industrial structure, foreign trade, capital formation, technologicalspillovers and jobs of Shanxi province by empirical study; Finally, based on FDI’spositive effects to the economics of Shanxi Province and the actual situation, thispaper proposes countermeasures,such as improving the investment environment,expanding financing channels and guiding FDI distribution in Shanxi Province,toachieve the further introduction and the effective use of FDI, so that FDI helps theeconomy development from the capital, technology, personnel and management inShanxi Province.

Tagged with:  
W

The Research about the Development of Foreign Trade in the Underdeveloped Areas in China

On 19/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

Reform and opening up for more than30years, our country’s economic construction has made great achievements, but appears the problems of imbalance in the development of the regional economy at the same time.To solve the problem of the widening gap between less developed areas and developed areas,in resent years,Our country Vigorously implements the coordinated development strategy about the region economy.National”125″ plan and this year’s two sessions have put the strategic place a more prominent position and further advance the development of the western region and the rise of the central region.At the same time,all provinces including the eastern developed coastal provinces and cities take all aspects of policy measures to promote the development of the underdeveloped areas within their jurisdiction t, to narrow the gap.The development course of the developed areas in China proves that to speed up the opening up,to develop international market, and to develop foreign trade, is a Important way and Powerful dynamic to ensure sound and rapid economic development. And the practice of the less developed areas also prove, to speed up the development of foreign trade is a inevitable choice to accelerate the economic development.Now due to unfavorable factors such as geography, history, environment, talent, there are big gasp between less developed areas and developed areas in foreign trade development status which is alike in economic development.Developed areas have these aspects of the relative advantages, and make full use of the advantages to promote the foreign trade and the entire economic takeoff. But less developed areas also have their own advantages such as in resources and in traditional industries,they can make full use of the comparative advantages to produce late advantages and overcome the disadvantage factors and at last to realize the foreign trade and economic great-leap-forward development.In the background where our country promotes the coordinated development of regional economy, This paper focuses on the development of foreign trade in the less developed areas.The paper Comprehensively uses many methods such as research methods, the literature methodology, the quantitative and qualitative analysis method. I take my hometown XingHua in jiangsu province for an example, and compare xinghua with kunshan city in jiangsu province, to make the research of necessity, the research of restricting factors, the research of favorable conditions and countermeasures study about the development of foreign trade in less developed areas.The first part of this paper emphatically introduces the related theoretical research results at home and abroad, these results prove that foreign trade plays important roles in the development of economy from different angles, which is also indirect evidence that the practical significance of the development of foreign trade in the developed area in our country. Through the typical data and facts,the second part analyses the basic present situation and common features of foreign trade in the less developed areas in China. The less developed areas in our country have quickened the development of foreign trade,but there is still a big gap beween the developed areas and the less developed areas. The less developed areas have some common features such as the small scale of foreign trade, the low degree of dependence on foreign trade.Through the establishment of the model about the relationship between foreign trade and economic growth,the third part researches the the necessity of the development of foreign trade.Based on the result of the model,the part qualitatively analyse the relationship between foreign trade and economic growth and quantitative evaluation bring qualitative analysis conclusion that the trade development and the economic development can have close contact and promote mutually and develop together. In part4and part5, we analyse the general confinement factors and favorable factors of less developed regions in the development of the international trade, including geography, history, environment, personnel, resources and industry, which will provides a basis for the next decision. Based on this, in part6, we give the developing regions suggestion about how to develop their international trade. It’s mainly about optimizing the infrastructure, vigorously introducing all kinds of talents, accelerating the building of information networks, undertaking economic influence and industry transfer from developed region, expanding the international market of traditional industries, deepening the industrial structural adjustment and innovation of development model for the international trade.

W

Research on the Supporting Role of Foreign Trade for the County Economy’s Development

On 19/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

The world is an organic whole, interrelated and influence each other. The county economy as the basic elements of the national economy, its development must also be closely related with the international market.34years since reform and opening up,foreign trade as an important content of opening up has made a contribution to the development of county economy. In order to accelerate the pace of urbanization, change the existing dual economic structure and promote the development of county economy in China, we take Huaining County of Anhui Province as an example, to make empirical research, and discuss the important role of the development of foreign trade of the county economy. This paper summarizes characteristics of the county whose foreign trade are developing well as following:Firstly, lay a solid industrial basis and possess a large total economy. The root element in the development of foreign trade is the remainder of the product, and therefore a regional level of economic development to a large extent will be the foreign trade promoted. Industrialization, urbanization and industrialization of agriculture and the development of foreign trade is a two-way causality. Secondly, the geographical advantage. Among Hundred Counties where foreign trade developed well are mostly districted in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai,Guangdong and other coastal area. Thirdly, the development of the county depends on its comparative advantage. In a variety of external trade patterns, some aggregation of the labor force, and some need the knowledge gathered, some aggregation of the capital, some aggregation of resources. In order to achieve the rapid development of foreign trade, counties must have their own comparative advantage. Fourthly, the courage to reform and the courage to innovate.Sunan,walked in the forefront of the reform and not tied to the traditional economic system, has achieved rapid development of foreign trade. The development of Sunan mainly owe to township enterprises, private enterprises and other non-public enterprises, and international market-oriented, constantly changing strategy.In accordance with the theoretical exploration-Analysis-issues-strategy ideas to come. First, to analyze foreign trade support county economic development basis from a theoretical point of view, which mainly describes the development of trade theory of Marx, the theory of international division of labor, trade is the engine of economic growth theory, regional output theory; Second, it analyzes the mechanism of foreign trade on economic development from five aspects of the division of labor, factor accumulation, technological progress, industrial upgrading, and Institutional Change; Again, the empirical analysis of Foreign Trade and Economic Development in Huning of Anhui Province. Use a SWOT analysis, the Foreign Trade Multiplier, Dependence on Foreign Trade, Foreign Trade Contribution Rate and other data, to fully Foreign Trade and contribution to the economic development of the region; And then, through the example of the National Hundred Counties and Tianchang, Huaining can get some successful experience; Finally, the recommendation of the county development of foreign trade. Fully demonstrated in the article:first, through the export of high-tech products, new materials, new technologies foreign trade can drive the upgrading of industrial structure, while imports of machinery and equipment, technology and patents can effectively improve the industrial level. Second, the export of labor-intensive products can solve the labor force transfer in China’s urbanization, the process of agricultural modernization. Third, the export of agricultural products or agricultural sideline products can promote agricultural modernization and the new rural construction. Fourth, the foreign trade can increase the per capita income in the county within, according to the theory of “learning by doing” process involved in foreign trade can improve professionalism, increase the value of human resources.