The exchange and cooperation based on rights in economic activities，in which it is the first pointthat security is the behavior of the right to maintain and the second point that incentive is thebehavior of the right to expand from security.Exchange and cooperation should be based on the right view of justice, which contains twomeanings: one is a fair allocation of the kernel of rights being protected，another is the processof the formation, the exchange and the cooperation of property rights according with Paretoprinciple. The right view of justice is not only the efficiency standards of a kind of behavior，themore important it can also promote the efficient behavior to occur. Usually, the results of theefficient behavior is objective existence and independent of the right view of justice, But only tomeet the right view of the justice, the results can be realized. And those “efficiency results” thatdeviate from the right view of the justice, often conceal a larger conflict. Without the interestscompensation mechanism and sharing mechanism according with the justice of the right view, wecannot judge the “efficiency results” is true or not.Security as the first point in the exchange and cooperation based on the right view of thejustice, includes three security forms: the security of the kernel of rights, the exchange of rightsand the cooperation of rights. But only the security in accordance with the right view of thejustice is effective, and that deviating from it is inefficient. It shows that the security is effectiveor not depending on whether it comply with the right view of justice or not.Incentive as the second point in the exchange and cooperation is based on the security. Thejustice of incentive reflects in consistency between individual and group goal, and theeffectiveness reflects in the maximization of incentive, the effectiveness is determined by thejustice of incentive. The right view of the justice selects the effective results, and at the same timepromote the maximization. It also shows that the incentive is fundamentally effective or notdepending on whether it comply with the right view of justice or not.”Exchanging land for social security” as an example, we think, only to take the right view ofjustice as the fundamental value orientation, the plan will make the expected effect. The plan isessentially the exchange of rights, but the key is “with what rights” to “for what rights”, which isaccording with the right view of justice or not. And the plan that deviates from the right view ofthe justice, usually changes into an injustice behavior that infringes “the rights of farmers” under”the banner of security”. If urbanization process itself is an efficient behavior, the plan of”Exchanging land for social security” will be a benefits sharing behavior. But in practice, the planwill be faced with substantial legal barriers and related institutional constraints, which shows thatour country’s rights system fundamentally may stray from the right view of justice.Therefore, we have the final conclusion: the right view of justice is the fundamental valueorientation for social and economic development, and the so-called “efficiency” and “fair” shouldbe based on the right view of justice.
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