In an era of knowledge economy, enterprises’knowledge is one of the important forces to improve competitiveness and to develop sustainability for modern companies, which can also be converted to a vital resource for economic wealth benefits and reforming. The mankind has entered an era of taking knowledge and technology as a core resource to possess, product and distribute other resources. When social sector and the academics are asked to answer how reasonable to manage knowledge in enterprises, how to reform and make low-cost system to transfer and share knowledge to the needs of everyone, it arises their attention and hope that there would have some impressive new solutions. This paper focuses on knowledge sharing form the perspective of game theory.First of all, to externalize the tacit knowledge of employees is one of basic conditions for modern companies to build an internal knowledge base. However, there is such a problem that Prisoner’s Dilemma exists when privates supply public goods. In this paper, we develop a complete information static game model on this problem and analyze the strategic behavior of the risk adverse participators to find out the four solutions of Nash equilibrium. Further, the supply of tacit knowledge on condition of Nash equilibrium is discussed from perspective of individual employees. Simultaneously, the supply of knowledge under Pareto optimality is researched from perspective of overall interest of employees. In these two conditions comparing the individual contribution reaches some kind of relationship.Secondly, we develop a complete information dynamic game model and analyze the strategic behavior of the risk adverse participators to find out the sub game perfect Nash equilibrium from perspective of individual employees. We also offer some managerial recommendations on how to balance individual interest and collective interests in modern companies.Thirdly, this article starts with the knowledge transferring process of establishing knowledge base of industrial alliance members. Under the condition of complete information and oligopolistic market, we have considered the knowledge has the characteristics of substitute, so we use reaction function in economic field and the method of iterated elimination of strictly dominated strategies to find out the solution of Nash equilibrium and the method of game theory to discuss several issues about the corporation and competition of oligarch alliance members. In conclusion, we present a series of related management apocalypses according to our analysis.This paper studied extensive literatures to find the above problems. On the basis of qualitative and quantitative research methods(game theory, economics ect.), some impact of factors in the process of knowledge sharing are clarified. We hope to enrich the study of knowledge management and provide theoretical basis for the decision-makers.
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