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Research on Teaching Reflection from the Perspective of Knowledge Management

On 18/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Teaching reflection, a way of self-renewal and self-improvement for teachers, is considered as an important and effective way to promote the professional development of teachers. However, in reality, teaching reflection shows a kind of phenomenon of passive reflection, superficial similarity and low quality. In terms of current issues, this text uses the theory of knowledge management to evaluate if teachers reflect on the teaching. By the investigation of teachers’reflection in a number of schools,we would like to found out the existing problems and the causes, try to help teachers manage personal knowledge better from the perspective of knowledge management, improve the quality of teaching reflection and promote professional development of teachers.In this paper, firstly we sort out the literature of teaching reflection, knowledge management and relevant content. At the same time, in order to give teachers and schools some promoting recommendations, we analyzed the reflection of teaching problems and the reasons by researching into the theory of knowledge management of teachers and combining with questionnaires, interviews and case studies.In the part of practice research, the author in-depth analyzed the current status of teaching reflection through interviews, surveys, case studies and other methods. The author had the in-depth analysis on the existing problems of teaching reflection by having the questionnaire of 4 schools in District Q, including interviews with a school administrator, two heads of the teaching and researching group and two teachers, the problems are as below:Thin Knowledge management consciousness, Unconscious teaching reflection behavior;Lacking of knowledge management theory, Teaching reflection cannot achieve the desired effect,Superficial knowledge exchange and sharing.Teaching reflection stays low level, Fragmentation of knowledge management.And it’s difficult to guarantee the implementation of teaching reflection. Based on those problems, the author analyzed the reasons from individual teachers, schools culture and the teaching system.For the main reasons, the author proposed to raise the standard of teaching reflection, to build a knowledge management system, to improve teachers’reflective consciousness; to enhance the level of teacher reflection by the guide of knowledge management; to build knowledge-sharing platform purposed to enhance communication among teachers; to improve the reflection management system to ensure promote the teaching reflection better.

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The Research on Teachers’ Situational Knowledge

On 09/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

In our life, people always say that: knowledge changes destiny. Of course this sentence was proved bymany people’s experience. But people are not born with knowledge, this means that knowledge needs tocarry on, the teacher is worthy of the name of “knowledge disseminator”. What kind of knowledge structureshould teachers have? This is a requirement for teachers, the teacher’s situational knowledge is animportant component of teachers’ knowledge structures.Contextual knowledge of the teachers came into being under the influence of postmodernism, in thecontext of the rise of personal knowledge concept and teachers’ professional development aspirations. Inthis context, people have changed their understanding of the concept of traditional knowledge, andrethought the constructions of the teachers’ knowledge. Affected by this background, situational knowledgeof teachers believe that knowledge is not objective and immutable, but generating from interacting withcontexts, influenced by the contexts and through teachers’ discovery, understanding and reflection, it issituational, reticent, personal and uncertainty. It is constituted by the knowledge of the school environment,team of teachers, classroom environment, student characteristics and classroom management etc. Thisstudy described the background of the teachers’ situational knowledge, and interpreted teachers situationalknowledge with the help of relevant information, and analyzed the characteristics, composition andconstruction, so that we have a clearer understanding of this knowledge; to further clarify teacherssituational knowledge on the value of teachers’ professional development. On this basis, this study exploredteachers’ situational knowledge generation and management approach from the teachers’ individual andschool level.This study used the literature analysis method and consulted the past research information to interpret the background and content of teachers’ contextual knowledge; and used the method of classroomobservation and interviews in a middle school lectures, observed the classroom environment, studentsperformance, the creation of the teaching situation, the use of knowledge etc, recorded the contents of theclassroom observation and interviewed the teachers after school, tried to understand their understanding ofthe contextual knowledge generating process and management approaches.

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Research of the Government Investment Project Post-evaluation Improvement Based on Knowledge Management

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

Along with the theory development and experience accumulation of project management,post-evaluation affects more and more attention. Because of the government investment project’management main body flaw and the one-time project management and so on, the projectknowledge is very difficult to accumulate effectively which makes it hard to dopost-evaluation and give fully plays to the role of improving investment decision-makingquality and project management quality for the government investment project. Byanalysing the present of the government investment projects post-evaluation, and usingpost-evaluation of foreign experience, this paper puts forward the ideas of using knowledgemanagement to improve the government project post-evaluation, and constructs the governmentinvestment project post-evaluation basic framework which is based on knowledge management.This frame fully considers three basic factors of the government investment projectpost-evaluation: project information, post-evaluation process and implementation environmentof post-evaluation. It said the government investment project post-evaluation must break thetraditional time limit, combine the post-evaluation process with the project managementprocess and proposed the project information processing plan, improved has appraised the flow,and discuss a series of implementation measures for improved process: post-evaluationmanagement organization, government project network alliance, management informationsystem, post-evaluation information system. Finally, through the case analysis, discussed thepossibility of improvement measures.

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Study on Repeatable Maintenance Resource Management of Equipment Maintenance Alliance

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

With constantly increased intellectualization and complication of the equipment,traditional maintenance model can no longer meet the needs of enterprise maintainingthe equipment and then the new models like intelligent maintenance and cooperativemaintenance followed. As a new model, the cooperative maintenance model couldbring together superior maintenance resources in the society, improve maintenanceefficiency and reduce maintenance cost. Cooperative maintenance refers to thatdifferent parties like equipment manufacturers, users, maintainers and experts form thealliance to cooperate in work. The alliance cooperation and management level ofmaintaining resources could have direct effect in the maintenance service efficiencyand quality. This thesis employs the cooperation maintenance model as the basictheory and studies the resource maintenance management of the alliance from thefollowing aspects:①The organization structure and operation process of the cooperativemaintenance alliance are analyzed. On the basis of this, the maintenance resources areclassified, laying the foundation for the following resource management studies. Whatis more, the problems in the resource management in the maintenance alliance aresummarized.②Based on the maintenance resource classification, in view of the conflictproblem in the physical resources of repeatable maintenance resources, the resourceallocation optimization method based on price negotiation is proposed and the pricenegotiation model is built. Furthermore, heuristic algorithms of price negotiation andresource scheduling are combined and accordingly the solving process based on theTabu search algorithm model is designed.③It summarizes the maintenance structure and knowledge characteristics,analyzes the factors influencing the maintenance alliance knowledge sharing andproposes corresponding knowledge sharing mechanism; on the basis of complicatedequipment structure knowledge, fault diagnosis knowledge and maintenance case, theknowledge representation method is studied; this study also builds the maintenancealliance knowledge growth model and the structure framework and function model ofthe knowledge management system.

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Research on the Knowledge Maps of Power Supply Enterprise Customer Knowledge Management System

On 19/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

With the growing concern of knowledge management, more and more enterprises pay attentions to knowledge map as a knowledge management tool. As a knowledge management tool, knowledge map can retrieval knowledge, information integration, and access to knowledge. At the same time, it can help managers to make knowledge management effective, and then to make appropriate decisions.This study is based on the project “Xiangyang Power Company Customer knowledge Management (CKM) System”, and expert to supply a designing concept of the knowledge map system which is suitable for power supply enterprises CKM system, through a systematic analysis. The one hand, it can provide a platform that can quickly access to and retried knowledge for the different levels of knowledge demanders within the power supply enterprise, on the other hand, it can improve staff efficiency in the use of the CKM system. In addition, by the classification and associate of knowledge, and the description of types of knowledge within the power supply enterprise, it can reveal the status of knowledge resources in the power supply enterprise, and provide managers with a clear list of knowledge resources.This article details the theory of knowledge map, introduces the key technologies that can be used in the knowledge map system, then combined with the power supply enterprise CKM system instance, classified the knowledge within the power supply enterprise. And then, it analyzes the representation of knowledge which based on semantic web, the audit of knowledge which based on VSM vector, as well as the cluster of knowledge which based on fast clustering method, how to classify the simple explore, and it discusses how to build the indexing between nodes, and how to classify the expert.Secondly, this research proposes a frame structure of knowledge atlas which combines different types of knowledge map in power supply enterprise. This frame structure design a three-tier system: data layer, business layer, and presentation layer. And design build by these three aspects, the first is to design a data storage structure of the knowledge map system; the second is to divide the functional modules of the knowledge map to six parts:the system management module, the expert knowledge navigation features modules, the customer knowledge navigation function modules, the expert knowledge navigation function modules, the knowledge atlas functional modules, as well as the management of knowledge atlas function module; the third is to design briefly screen for the presentation layer of the system.Finally, this paper introduces the security design and some basic pre-code design.This study can improve the efficiency of customer knowledge management for the power supply enterprise, and provide a clear understanding of the knowledge resources within the enterprise and guide how to use these knowledge resources, and also provide a certain reference value for the knowledge map system of other industries.

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Strategic Human Resource Management Study of YJ Company Based on Knowledge Management

On 19/09/2013, in Management, by rain

With the development of economy and technology, society is enter into era of knowledge management today, the life of material are replacing of knowledge. The economy of knowledge produce productivity which is taken human as the intellectual core of productive forces, it has the characteristics of human resource obviously. In the process of human resource management, under the guidance of knowledge management, with the dynamic integration of knowledge management and human resource management, through the interaction of practice and theory, human resource management will rise to the height of the strategic level. Because the knowledge management and the strategic human resource management have a lot of interactive relationship, knowledge management with a guiding role put forward several new requirements to strategic human resource management. The strategic human resource management is the core of knowledge management, which is the embodiment of theory and practice, the strategic human resource management will become the fountainhead and soil of knowledge management.This paper is based on the knowledge management, to launch the discussion and study of strategic human resource management. Respectively expound knowledge management, human resource management and strategic human resource management based on knowledge management of the research situation at home and abroad, this paper establish the contents and methods. Elaborate the intrinsic relationship from the aspects of knowledge management and strategic human resource management theory, the strategic human resource management and knowledge management influence each other mutual promotion, that could be improve knowledge skill of employee, promote core competitiveness of the enterprise in common. All this laid a theoretical foundation for further studies. Use the empirical research, combine with the actual situation of the YJ Company, analyze the problems of strategic human resource management based on knowledge management of YJ Company, put forward the implementation system frame of YJ Company. This article is divided into six parts, each section could summarized as follow:The first chapter is an introduction. This paper mainly expounds the background and significance, research ideas, research methods, innovation points and the domestic and foreign scholars relevant research literatures were reviewed in this article.The second chapter expounds the related theory of strategic human resource management based on knowledge management. First introduce the basic knowledge of knowledge management and strategic human resource management. And then analyze the interactive relationship of knowledge management and strategic human resource management. Discuss the mechanism about strategic human resource management based on knowledge management.The third chapter is the related research of YJ Company. Mainly introduce the basic condition and employee of YJ Company, put forward several problems about knowledge management and strategic human resource management of YJ Company.Chapter4constructs the implementation system of strategic human resource management for YJ Company, which is based on knowledge management. According to the actual situation of YJ Company and the modular work system of human resource management, put forward the implementation system for YJ Company.Chapter5is about the conclusion and prospect. Summarize the study of this paper, put forward the study of future direction.

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Study on the Relationship among OCB,Knowledge Management and Innovation Performance in High-tech Enterprises

On 19/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Recently, thanks to restriction of limited resources and direction of sustainabledevelopment strategy, the global economy is turning from the elements-drivendevelopment mode to the innovation-driven model development mode. As coresubject in the development model transformation, High-tech enterprises’development issue has become concerned in many fields. Renewal cycle of the hightechnology products and services is short and they upgrade quickly, so theenterprises need to conduct independent research and development and innovationconstantly. In addition to the external factors, such as policy environment, marketsystem, competitors, the internal factors from the organization are supposed to paymore close attention. Nowadays, the research on Organization Citizenship Behavior(OCB) is becoming a new hotspot. Most scholars, including Organ hold that OCB isemployees voluntary behavior in the individual level, which is not regulated in thesalary system and labor contract, but is good for the effective operation of theorganization and eventually promotes the performance of the enterprises. On theother hand, faced with complex dynamic changeable environment, growingknowledge both inside and outside of organization are growing at an unprecedentedrate. High-tech enterprises regard knowledge innovation as competitive advantage,so their members have to perceive, absorb, then share, put the new knowledge intouse in order to increase enterprise innovation output.Based on the above analysis, this paper studies on the relationship among OCB,knowledge management and innovation performance in high-tech enterprises, and puts forward some suggestions to promote the enterprise innovation process and enhance innovation ability.First, this paper expounds the theory related OCB,knowledge management and innovation performance, definite the definition, dimension, role and other aspects of the research variables.Combining with characteristics of high-tech enterprise and its employees,the author confirms several points that job dedication, interpersonal promotion and organization responsibility of OCB can promote knowledge management activities and innovative performance.Moreover, the knowledge management activities can improve the level of innovation performance.Then, this article takes high-tech enterprises for investigation object and conduct a empirical research with questionnaire and structural equation method (SEM).Research conclusions are as follows:(1)The standardized regression weights between job dedication, interpersonal promotion, organization responsibility of OCB and knowledge management are0.312,0.348and0.246,and they all reach the level of significance.High-tech enterprises can promote their knowledge management activities by supporting, encouraging the reasonable employees OCB.(2) The standardized regression weights between job dedication, interpersonal promotion, organization responsibility of OCB and innovation performance are-0.039,0.247and0.120, and only interpersonal promotion reaches the level of significance.Possible explanation is that job dedication of employees affects the performance of productivity significantly,instead of innovation performance.The other possible explanation is that sample quantity deficiency causes some error. And the benefits of organization responsibility reflected directly in more conservation of resources and reputation ascension than innovation.(3)The standardized regression weights between knowledge management and innovation performance is0.393,and reaches the level of significance.This means that high-tech enterprises can pay attention to acquire,share and apply knowledge. As result the technology of products or services can update and innovation performance can be improved constantly.At last, according to the empirical research findings,the author suggests that high-tech enterprise innovation performance improvement can be promoted by encouraging reasonable OCB and formulating knowledge management strategy. On one hand, high-enterprises can establish common enterprise culture, create the knowledge innovation atmosphere, create the good R&D condition, improve communication and cooperation consciousness,pay attention to utilize humanized management and incentive performance evaluation method. On the other hand, the enterprises can strengthen the innovation investment, strengthen protection of intellectual property, establish enterprise knowledge base and improve the use efficiency of knowledge resources.

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Building E-learning Training System Based on Knowledge Management in Enterprise

On 19/09/2013, in Management, by rain

This paper is based on existing research at home and abroad, and uses the method ofsystem analysis questionnaire, interviews and other research methods, This article isfrom the perspective of knowledge management, and base on intellectual capital theory,theories of knowledge and organizational behavior theory, This article is fusion of theidea of constructivism, and uses In-depth study of corporate E-Learning training systemconstructed in this topic, system framework to build a learning model of E-Learning, byanalyzing individual and organizational How to obtain reserves, diffusion, sharing andcreating knowledge, and in accordance with current enterprise implementation ofE-Learning.The main content of the paper is as follows:1.An overview of the development of E-Learning. Based on the definition andcharacteristics of the starting of the E-Learning, Described the system architecture ofE-Learning, And discusses the application of E-Learning in enterprise training, Pointedout that in the era of knowledge economy, Enterprise training and application ofE-Learning is the history is inevitable, The integration of knowledge management andcorporate training is the trend.2.The foundation of enterprise E-Learning training system based on the knowledgemanagement. Introduced the E-Learning environment learning theory ‘s basic principleand the characteristic, and analyzes various theories of learning guidance.3. The system architecture of promoting enterprise training performance evaluation.Based on the analysis of the framework of E-Learning system, Combined with theconcept of knowledge management, this essay puts forward the learning framework topromote enterprise training performance, and describes the subsystem of learningmanagement subsystem resource management, teaching management subsystem andmanagement of evaluation subsystem in detail.4.The paper described the implementation suggestion of the business enterpriseE-Learning training system based on the knowledge management: Learning content management convert to learning activities management, a single mode to the mode ofintegration, the course learning to the adaptive learning, independent study to collaborativelearning and E-Learning combined with traditional teaching.

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The Evaluation of the Enterprise Competitive Advantage Based on Knowledge Management

On 19/09/2013, in Management, by rain

How to improve the competitiveness of the enterprise in the market, to maintain the company’s core competitive advantage is the important issue of enterprises of all countries, the fate of bankruptcy of numerous enterprises in the market attracting the attention of many scholars.How companies can jump out of the short-term fate, how companies can achieve steady progress,when companies pay more attention to the external environment,they pay more attention to the education of themselves, enhancing corporate knowledge and learning ability is the current top priority for enterprises,and is also the key issues of the sustained development of the enterprises.On the basis of the analysis and evaluation of the theory of competitive advantage, from the perspective of the knowledge management to evaluate the competitive advantage. Detailed analysis of the key factors to affect the competitive advantage, using based on AHP gray cluster analysis on the competitive advantage, analysis and evaluation research, providing a more favorable regulatory help in formulating strategic decisions and corporate operations for managers, and develop healthy decision-making for the development of enterprises.Evaluation of competitive advantage, innovation of this paper is:First proposed a conceptual model of knowledge management, transfer and sharing of knowledge in favor of acquisition and absorption of knowledge, acquisition and absorption of knowledge promotes knowledge application, the application of knowledge is the basis of the knowledge innovation, knowledge innovation has become the source of the transfer and sharing of knowledge, The effective operating of the knowledge circulation improves enterprise’s learning ability, The learning ability of the enterprises contributes to the performance of ascension, Enterprise improved performance then forms the enterprise competitive advantage; Second,from the viewpoint of knowledge management put forward the competitive advantages of enterprises evaluation index system, providing the theoretical basis for evaluation for competitive advantages of enterprises,analyzing competitive advantage of the enterprise based on the AHP grey clustering analysis, objective evaluation the affecting factors of the competitive advantage.

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Application Research on the Performance Evaluation of Project-oriented Enterprises Knowledge Management

On 17/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Since the beginning of the21st century, with the development of scientific andtechnological progress and productivity, competition is increasing among enterpriseswhich engaged in a fierce market and scramble for resources worldwide. In order todeal with complex and competitive market environment, improve the competitivenessof enterprises, knowledge has been concerned in enterprise as a scarce resource. Howto tap and make use of knowledge effectively in the enterprise has becoming importantissues of knowledge management.Thus the implementation of knowledgemanagement within the enterprise becomes an inevitable trend.With the more concern of science and technology, knowledge-intensiveenterprises have emerged, and project-oriented enterprises appear also more and more,such as for the project-oriented enterprise defined in this paper. The representatives ofsuch enterprises are high-tech manufacturing enterprises which is generated underconditions of the new knowledge and technologies. And the organization and operationof these enterprises are also driven around the project. The changes of organizationalstructure and operation mode also brought a corresponding change in knowledgemanagement. In this paper, we study the knowledge management in high-techenterprises, belonging to the project-oriented enterprises, and choose a means ofevaluating performance of knowledge management,in order to attain the research aimof promoting knowledge management and its effective application in such enterprises.First, we analyse the reality necessity of the knowledge management research inproject-oriented enterprise research,which is based on the former literature ondomestic and foreign enterprises. As a following, we make a detailed analysis of theprocess of knowledge managementa and arise the project-driven approach of thosebusinesses in this kind of high-tech manufacturing, and study the operating mechanismand processes of knowledge management used commonly in the way of project-drivenapproach, and discuss the specific implementation of knowledge management from the organizational level, technical level and system level. Then, in order to promote, aswell as guidance and supervision,the implementation of enterprise knowledgemanagement, we build a three classes index system of knowledge management inproject-oriented enterprise,which is based on the implementation of knowledgemanagement process analysis, and make a comprehensive evaluation of theimplementation effect of knowledge management by selection of multi-level fuzzyfynthetic evaluation method and formulate the evaluation step. Finally, we haveverified the theoretical framework of this articlein on the basis of the case of theknowledge management implementation and performance evaluation of HGCompany–a high-tech enterprises in Wuhan, and make the research conclusions andprospects.