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Legislative Research on Public Participation of the Local Food Safety Standards

On 04/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Food safety standards are very important for each one of us the life and Health. How to make scientific and reasonable food safety standards, not only need the raising of standards, also need the process open and transparent on setting standard and the public participate in the standard setting. This article analysis the necessity of the public participation in local food safety standards, and explains present situation of the public participation in local food safety standards in formulating legislation. At the same time, this article presents the main problems. For example, the main body is not clearly defined, the information disclosure is not in place, the public participation mode is single, and the feedback mechanism is not perfect. To solve these problems, this article from defining the subject of public participation, perfecting information disclosure procedures, broadening public participation, and sounding feedback mechanism, puts forward the countermeasures to perfect the local food safety standards of public participation in formulating.

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The Research of the Collection、the Use and the Countermeasures of the Social Compensation Fee in the Rural Community under the Perspective of Resource Fairness

On 31/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Family planning is a long-term Basic state policy of China. In order to maintain this Basic state policy, protect citizen’s legitimate rights and interests and realize the coordinated development of the population, the economical, the Social, the resources, the environment, State collects the Social compensation fee on the citizen not in conformity with the legal provisions. Taking “S” County in Anhui Province as an example, through the full and accurate data, this article has first unfolded the present situation of the collection and the use of the social compensation fee in the rural community:The disbursement rate of the collection is low and the use distribution is unreasonable; Then based on the investigation in the interview, it discusses the existing problems in the collection and the use of the social compensation fee in the rural community. The collection problems mainly include:Policy advocacy is not in place; There are “three difficulties” about the illegal action of birth—-that is difficult to find, to obtain evidence and to execute; The collection team quality is not high. And the use problems mainly stem from the type of distribution of the social compensation fee— “raises little returns much”; Finally from the perspective of rectifying the resource fairness, this article proposes the countermeasures of the collection problems:To strengthen policy propaganda, to make the citizens realize the necessity to collect the social compensation fee from the perspective of intra-generational equity and inter-generational equity of resource fairness, to change the unreasonable type of distribution of the social compensation fee; And also it puts forward to three main ways of using the social compensation fee:social security for family planning, Investment in Education and Investment in Medical, so that the social compensation is worthy of the name and return to the correct purposes.

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The Study on Problem and Suggestion on the Practice of Civil Servants with Duties

On 29/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Since the 20th century, since the 90’s to train exercise testing exercise of the civil service system for rapid development of civil legal system has become an important part of the process. In this process, the civil service testing and tempering the work in practice has made remarkable achievements, greatly promoted the new recruitment of civil servants and growth of young cadres, and became the government human resource development is an important way. However, testing exercise of civil servants in the implementation process is also found in some parts of letter to be improved. Since the implementation of civil law from around the civil service recruitment, training and examination system of many,The AC system in research testing exercise has involved little. Testing exercise of our civil service is of great theoretical significance and practical significance.As a unique form of training and training civil servants, sending civil servants in order to speed up the training, the establishment of a progressive thinking, wide vision, concept art, high capacity prominent national civil service, improve the civil service governance, reduce administrative different regions Management is an important gap between the implementation of the system. At present, training of cadres has been sending high-quality cadres and form an effective means for the different parts of China’s cadre system and the development has brought vigor and vitality. In this study, the majority of provinces and cities across the country part of the testing exercise of civil servants based on interviews and surveys,Found that the system of cadres in the practice of sending many of the disadvantages and problems exposed, making cadres attachment system aliasing distortion. Explore why, explore leading cadres sending aliasing and distortion of the root causes, which proposed by strengthening ideological Education, merit selection, enhanced training, strengthening supervision, supply systems and other means of sending the system to further improve the civil service to ensure that the civil service testing and tempering effective personnel work to deepen the reform of the innovations can be.In this paper, the legal rules and regulations, testing and tempering sending unit, sending units, and sending personnel to receive training in these areas of knowledge testing exercise of practical problems, through the analysis of these issues, identify appropriate countermeasures.

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The Current Situation、Problem and Countermeasures Research of Community Health Services in the City of Xiangtan

On 28/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Urban community Health services are an important part of Health work. Urban public Health and Basic Medical service system basis.Is to achieve universal access to primary health care goals for the link, but also promote Social equity, maintaining Social stability and an important content of building a harmonious society. Great efforts to develop community health services, build community-based health services, community health services and preventive health care institutions and Medical services division of labor is reasonable, in close collaboration with a new urban health service system, for the implementation of prevention first, combining prevention with control approach, optimization of health service structure, and facilitate the people’s health care, reduce the cost burden to establish a harmonious relationship between doctors and patients to alleviate the medical care difficult and expensive issues are of great significance.Xiangtan City Community Health Services After nearly a decade of development, has made great progress, in order to improve people’s health played an important role. But the community health service functions is not fully developed, community health services in urban health work in the “net at the end of role has not really materialized.The main purpose of this study:summary analysis of Xiangtan City,2005-2009 health reform and urban community health services to carry out the status quo, the actual results and problems to explore the urban community health services to carry out the feasibility of carrying out the process to identify the constraints that exist in,combined with a new round of health care reform goals and the current medical insurance system to explore the effective promotion of community health services in Xiangtan City, the healthy development of countermeasures.This study used cluster sampling and purposive sampling method of combining of Xiangtan City,18 community health service centers, three community health service stations, 50 health service centers (stations) staff,697 local residents and 15 community health service Management personnel research. Data collection, qualitative data and quantitative data using a combination of methods, quantitative data analysis is mainly used descriptive statistical methods for processing.The study found:Xiangtan City, community health service network has basically taken shape; community health service institutions an obvious improvement in the infrastructure; the training of community health service personnel have achieved good results;community health service institutions in the service mode and service content has basically achieved from the traditional medical model to change the way community health services; preventive health care and public health services has also been made to carry out major breakthrough. However, the launching of community health services, there are some problems:an integrated community health service agencies service capacity is not strong, with six large gap between the requirements of integration; community health service coverage is low; the service technical level is not high, the residents recognized low; practitioners low quality of personnel; the service function and practice of the need to be further improved and standardized; scientific performance appraisal system and incentive mechanisms are not yet established. Because of these problems:The absence of public health Management functions;community health service system standards are not perfect; service quality is low, general shortage of medical personnel; the community’s first diagnosis and two-way referral system were not implemented.Suggestion:Stick to the government-led, promoting community health service system; optimize the operating mechanism, to improve service efficiency, build service networks;to raise funds to expand community health service channels, improve the compensation mechanisms; improve two-way referral and counterpart support work to improve health resources utilization efficiency; to strengthen community health service team building; to strengthen supervision and management of community health services;improve the medical insurance system; universal access to information management, improve the health files; improve performance evaluation index system.

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Studies on the Problems and Actions of the Relationship between the Party and the Masses in New Period and New Stage

On 25/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The relationship between the Chinese Communist Party and the masses is always a Basic political issue for the Party’s construction , which is vital to the rise and fall , life and death of the Party’ s business . The Chinese Communist Party has always paid high attention to the relationship since her establishment. Totally , the development of the relationship is fundamentally good, but along with the trend of the continuous enhancement of the world multi-polarlization, Economic globalization , and the deepening of the reformation of the political and the Economic system , the convertion of the Social strata has caused the unceasing adjustment of the relation among all kinds of benefits , the conflicts existing in politics , economy, the Social life and the thought field gradually complicated and diverse ,all the above affecting the relationship, especially more new circumstance, new problems have appeared under the new situation. Accordingly,in this thesis I mainly study three aspects : the key problems , their causes and the actions for resolving them which existing in the relationship between the Chinese Communist Party and the masses in new period and new stage .This thesis is divided into three parts :Part One:in this part I analyze the key problems respectively from the politics, economy, social life and thought field in the new period and the new stage .Part Two:in this part I analyze the main causes of the problems in the new period , respectively from the social variety of construction stratum , the weaking of the inclusiveness and flexibility of the Party’ s ideology , the declining of the identity and the degree of belief to the Party, the lacking policies of the political participation and interestexpression , the influencing of the Party’ s work-style and the corruption .Part Three : Aiming at the problems, in this part I put forward the following suggestions : the persistence in the mass line and the mass views , establishing freely and effective mechanism of the political participation and interest expression ; building and perfecting the responsibility system . The setting up the perfect society insuring system ; Strongly developing the productivity continuously and increasing the people’ s living level ; Enhancing the style of the Party and bringing up a corrupt conflict ; Building a party for the interests of the people;Assuming power for the people and always keeping the Party’ s flesh and blood with the masses ; continuously increasing the Party’ s governing ability etc.This thesis has explored the new actions for keeping the close relationship between the Party and the masses , and it’ s important for the Party to carry through the spirit of the Fourth session of the 16th CCPC , to increase the Party’s monitoring ability, to keep the Party’s advance, to consolidate the governing foundation and position .

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The Problems and Solutions of the Party Organization at the Rural Level Construction in the New Period

On 13/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The Party’s 16 session of five CCP plenary conferences through “the Central Committee of the CCP about Formulates National economy and Society Develops 11th Five Year Plan Suggestion”, and also in No.1 Official Document of the year 2006 of Central Committee, proposed the goal of building a new socialist countryside, which constitutes the new background for the construction of the Party organizations at rural level. The Party organizations at rural level act as bridge and link in the course of the Party contacting with the masses, is a fighting force of Party rural grassroots organizations, only by the Party organizations at the rural level,the work of the Party in the rural areas can be implemented totally. The socialism new rural construction sets the new request for the Party organizations at rural level, facing these newly requests, the Party organization at rural level also exists the disconformity. This needs to strengthen the Party organizations at the rural level to construct. Well, under the background of the new rural construction, how the Party organizations at the rural level to build and reform on earth. On this subject, according to the principium that Marxism in China and the latest theoretical results of CPC, this dissertation will discuss it through the method that mixed with theoretical and practical application.The purpose of my study is to analyze problem existent and cause of the Party organizations at the rural level in the socialism new rural construction ,and to form the thoughts towards the Construction of the Party organizations at the rural level,so that to promote the development of the socialism new rural construction. This paper is divided into three parts:The first Part, the importance and the necessity of strengthening the building of the Party organization at rural level in the socialism new rural construction.The main manifestations,the necessary requirement to consolidate the party in power in the rural areas based on, the necessary requirement to improve the party’s governing capability, the necessary requirement to maintain and develop the Party’s advanced nature, provide a strong organizational guarantee for the building of new socialist rural areas. The second Part, new socialist countryside construction of the Party organizations at rural level reflect the existing problems and to explore the reasons. The main problem, the ideological construction of rural level party organizations is weak. The organization construction of rural level party organizations is lagging behind; the work style construction of rural level Party organizations needs to be strengthened. The institutional construction of rural level Party organizations have not yet sound system, The anti-corruption campaign construction. of rural level Party organizations are not yet perfect.These problems arise for many reasons, ideological reasons; Economic reasons political reasons.The third Part talks some thoughts of strengthening the building of the Party organization at rural level. Includes the following five major areas, firstly, enhance ideology construction to improve the quality of thinking and the level of governance about Party members and cadres in rural areas. Secondly, enhance organization construction to strengthen the vitality and creativity of the Party organization at rural level. Thirdly, enhance work style construction to strengthen the cohesion and appeal of the Party organization at rural level. Fourthly, enhance systematic construction to improve the leadership system and working mechanism of the Party organization at rural level. Fifthly, enhance anti-corruption campaign to strengthen the credibility of the Party organization at rural level. This is the purpose of writing this article and the ultimate but also the core of this article.Based on the large collection of documents and the results from previous studies, a more innovative approach is put forward to strengthen the Party organizations at the rural level to construct.These practices are mainly concentrated in , organizations in the building through the development of rural collective Economic organizations at the village level in order to consolidate the material foundation for the work of the Party organizations at the rural level, the most important to policy building is to implement in systematic construction of the Party organizations at the rural level. For punishing and preventing corruption, we must insist on both Education and supervision. Education is the basis, and supervision is the key, the two promote each other and jointly play a role in a tight system.

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The Study of Responsibility of Township Government Problems and Its Countermeasures in China

On 09/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Political science can’t avoid the issue of state power. The research on state power isfocus on power allocation and the legitimacy of political rights. Government responsibility ishelpful for answering the legitimacy of governmental rights, and promoting the developmentof governance-theory. On the background of Economic globalization and politicaldemocratization, the issue of governmental responsibility is concerned by peoples andgovernments.Currently, with the emergence of township government legitimacy crisis, the voices ofreforming and abrogating the system of township government continually grow, and townshipgovernment legitimacy is widely queried.This dissertation attempts to find out the problems and analyze the reason from theaspect of township government legitimacy. This dissertation reveals that townshipgovernment legitimacy has its limitations, and it can be divided into two types named PositiveLegitimacy and Negative Legitimacy. Besides, this dissertation reveals that there’re fourproblems existing in township government: the Asymmetry problem of Power andResponsibility; negative administration; lack of Responsibility Consciousness; violation ofcivil right. And the dissertation also analyzes specific reason for each problem.Then, this dissertation proposes the countermeasures to realize the construction oftownship government legitimacy. In brief, the approach is realizing the rational replacementof the township governments’ function, and identifying the optimum point on townshipgovernments’ power and responsibility. In detail, positive legitimacy in the aspects ofeconomic development, Social Management and public service should be strengthened, andgovernment power should be restrained as well. This requires perfecting the People CongressSuperior System, establishing “sunlight government” and cultivating civil society. In otherwords, it is necessary to use all the strength of inside-system and beyond-system to standardthe running of township governments’ power. In a word, the purpose of this dissertation is to find out an effective way of perfecting thetownship government system and promoting rural development, by constructing townshipgovernment legitimacy.

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Research on the Problems and Countermeasures of the Local Government’s Housing Security Construction

On 04/10/2014, in Management, by rain

With the rapid development of our economy and the city changes a course accelerate, urban agglomeration population continued to rise, the rigid housing demand. Since the annual amount of housing construction can not meet the demand, coupled with the lack of land market, real estate market speculation and other factors, over rising prices, low-income persons gradually excluded from the purchase of the column, how to solve the housing problem becomes Social all circles to pay close attention to very hot topic. Housing security is the major issue connects to people’s livelihood, In order to realize the goal “Everyone has the right to adequate housing” Our Country attaches great importance to housing security problem and vigorously promote affordable comfortable housing project. But, in reality circumstance, there still are some out-standing questions in affordable housing construction, so as slow progress, poor Management, and etc.This article take local governments affordable housing construction as the breakthrough point, take Zhejiang Yuhuan as the example, analysis the measures and the problems faced in the push out of the construction of affordable housing. In recent years, the county based on its own reality, hierarchical classification promote the protection of housing construction, construction of urban and rural housing security system, which the urban construction of affordable housing in accordance with the Basic national policy of steady progress, at the same time according to the migrant workers, rural housing difficult characteristics, and vigorously promote the migrant workers, migrant, mountain Residence housing reconstruction Engineering, step-by-step solutions to the county and outside the housing problems of low-income groups. Due to the county’s land resources are scarce, the more tense, in the large-scale construction of housing security still has some restrictive factors, combined with the lack of housing on the basis of survey information, so that the need of security housing security groups incomputable, in how to put an end to support deficient and excessive safeguard measure is not much.In addition, this article also unifies the domestic and foreign successful experience in the protection of housing construction, based on the present situation, to explore how to break the local government housing guarantee dilemma. The first is to handle properly the relationship between three aspects, namely the control of commercial housing and catch the indemnificatory housing relations, the protection of housing construction and housing subsidies currency relations, improve and encourage rental housing owned rate relationship; The second is to explore a variety of forms of Social security housing, such as the limited property rights housing, housing price, storage market on the idle housing; The third is to break the land and capital bottleneck to restrict; The fourth is to improve from the distribution mechanism, exit mechanism and enhance the Management level proceed with, build perfect Social security housing management operation mechanism.

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Research on Huaihua Food Safety Supervision and Counter Measures

On 04/10/2014, in Management, by rain

Food safety is increasingly becoming a global problem, and it is not only relatedto the physical and mental Health of every family, also related to the whole countryand national developing prospects. So research on the post-development area how toregulate food safety problems has very important practical significance.Based on the food safety regulatory issues in huaihua as research object, takingthe principal-agent theory, risk Management theory, control theory as the theoreticalbasis, and analyzes the food safety regulatory issues of huaihua city present situation,the paper explores the post-development area how to construct the food safetysupervision system as soon as possible. In this paper, the public Management,Economics, politics, law and related theory, take the theoretical analysis and empiricalanalysis, case analysis and comparative analysis, the literature research andinvestigation research methods.This paper takes typical food safety case for example,points out that huaihua city food security situation, analyzes the present situation ofthe food safety monitoring. According to the existing main problems of food safetyregulation: supervision behind the idea, the supervision of the subject in a single,legal system is not perfect, the food inspection detection technology behind,supervision and regulation slack coexist excessive and so on, this paper furtheranalysis think, regulators set not science, regulatory power is weak, the supervisionmechanism is not sound,are lead to food safety monitoring of the main causes of theproblems.In this paper, the experience of the developed countries governmentsupervision of food safety is introduced,the characteristic of huaihua city food safetycontrol mode is designed.This paper put forward the suggestions and countermeasuresof food safety supervision: building the food safety supervision group control system,further improve the regulation of food safety law and policy, to improve food safetymonitoring technology, innovation food safety supervision mechanism.The innovation of this paper is in the further investigation of food safetymonitoring based on the status of the food safety problems, explores how toeffectively carry out post-development area of food safety supervision.This articletakes the main contradiction problem, based on the objective conditions, discusses ofpolicy measures, puts forward corresponding and operability opinion in how to improvethe government Management ability, and innovative supervision mechanism.

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The Study in Farmers’ Old Age Pension of Jiaxing

On 25/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Located in Hangjiahu Plain, the central area in the Yangtze riverdelta, Jiaxing, known as “the land of fish and rice” and “the silkmansion”, has a rich Economic basis, and a small income gap betweenurban and rural area. As a comprehensive supplementary reformsexperimental area in Zhejiang, Jiaxing has conducted an activeexploration and bold innovation focusing on negotiating urban and ruraldevelopment, equality on public service and so on. Jiaxing has alsoestablished the old-age pension system of urban and rural areas,especially in the farmers’ old-age pension, which has accumulatedsuccessful experience. Thanks to the ageing population, the economicand Social development, and the constant emerging of the new situationand the new problem, the concrete measures and practices of theexisting farmers’ old-age pension system still has problems, for examplefarmers endowment treatment on the low side, resource configuration isnot reasonable, endowment insurance fund supervision system is notperfect, and so on. Learning from domestic and foreign policy andpractice experience, only by taking farmers’ fundamental interests as the starting point and the foothold, protecting farmers’ legal rights frombeing compromised, and improving farmers’ old-age pension system,can we solve the farmers’ old-age pension problems properly.

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