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The New Trend of Economic Cooperation in Northeast Asia and the Strategic Choice of China in Post-crisis Period

On 15/09/2013, in International, by rain

With increasingly close Economic connection among countries, Economic globalization and regional economic integration has become an important feature in current world economic development. However, the WTO multilateral trading system of cooperation subjected to coordination difficulties renders the policy of countries turned to focus on participation in regional economic cooperation. Northeast Asian countries have followed and suited to establish various forms of regional economic cooperation mechanisms in various ways, conforming to the trend of regional economic integration. U.S. financial crisis in2008has been sweeping the globe. At the end of2009, the EU member states have confronted sovereign debt crisis. To date, with the further impact of the crisis in Europe and America, the Northeast Asian countries are subjected to different degrees. The financial crisis of this means both challenges and opportunities for Northeast Asia. On the one hand, the Northeast Asian economic structural adjustment and foreign economic policy changes may hinder the cooperation process of regional economic system. On the other hand, countries will improve the understanding of the importance of regional economic cooperation, and actively expand the process of regional economic integration in trade, Investment, finance and in other fields. In this study, through defining the relative concept with respect to connotation of Northeast Asia, post period of financial crisis, regional economic cooperation and sub-regional economic cooperation as well as functional, transitional, and institutional regional cooperation, the literatures are systematically reviewed. Afterwards, based on the features in terms of trade, industrial complementarily degree of resource endowments and Investment and financing point of view in Northeast Asia, Japan, Russia, South Korea, North Korea, Mongolia and other countries economic cooperation, the new trend of economic cooperation in Northeast Asia after the financial crisis is summarized, and the Northeast Asia Economic Cooperation and Development path of post-crisis period are discussed in detail, involving vigorously promoting the Free Trade Area of the Northeast Asian region, using the Northeast Asia sub-regional cooperation as an important breakthrough, undertaking the international transfer to innovate Northeast Asia division, boosting the Northeast Asia Economic Cooperation based on the project regarding to energy and transport logistics, strengthening the Northeast Asian financial cooperation. Based on the analysis of above problems, this study further demonstrates how our government shows the Northeast Asian regional advantage, and how to strengthen cooperation with Northeast Asian countries and regions of strategic options to promote China’s economic growth and economic development paradigm shift.

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The Research on Dynamical Mechanism of Regional Ecomomic Cooperation between Prefecture and County

On 09/06/2012, in International, by rain

【Abstract】 In regional Economic research, the Economic development problem of the under-developing regions has always received much concern among government and scholar. The present core issue is how to narrow regional gaps, and further the development of under-developing region to form an open and catch-up ecnomic development. Based on applying ” prefecture or county “standard to divide region, this paper stands for new system Economics’views that pay attention to analyse system, and emphasize system factor has already become the primary obstacle of starting under-developing regional economic development; and advocates that combining interior and exterior resources in the region ,by way of promoting regional economic cooperation, to lead the region to harmonious development of the mutual benefit and reciprocity. This paper is on the basis of commenting relevant theories and activities at home and abroad, from two respects of the theory frame and demonstration , and analyses that dynamical mechanism of regional ecomomic cooperation between prefecture and county, then draw relevant conclusions and enlightenment.. First part ,Theory analysis At first, this paper provides a theory frame: selects the overall economic strategy of catch-up ecnomic development as the logic starting point; and starts with narrowing regional gaps to seek the primary obstacle and the first motive force at initial stage of regional economic development. In the following, this is divided into two clues down: one is analysing under-developing disadvantage and obstacle ;the other is arguing motive force and behavior subject; then draws the preliminary conclusion –System is primary obstacle, local government is the first motive force. In view of the above ,this paper propose a thread of analysing dynamical mechanism : makes up the behavior subject of the motive force and regards benefits as the core and tie , then starts under-developing regional economic development. According to the analysis frame, this part plans dynamical mechanism of regional ecomomic cooperation between prefecture and county : “University -government-Enterprise”dynamical mechanism. First thing is finding out its theoretical foundation : Innovation –new combination of dynamical mechanism behavior subject of motive force; System design –acting on system consciously in the proper opportunity .Then it comb the logic thread and point out the root of innovating –Seek a way of impelling the formal institution and informal institution become compatible; And then analyses separately the three respects of behavior subjects”University”、”government”、”Enterprise”,including theoretical support , the reality , behavioral definition; In the hope of “University”should make a contribution to system ,it draws lessons from mutual mode among regional innovation sujects and plan the operational mechanism of “University-government-Enterprise dynamical mechanism”. Second part, demonstration analysis Based on the above, this paper elects the triangle area in Chongqing Three-gorge Reservoir ,including yunyang county, kaixian county and wanzhou prefecture,and does demonstration analysis. The information feedbacked in practice embodies a concentrated reflection of the enormous function when the local government acts as the first motive force in the first stage. Meanwhile,the question appears—The government’s impetus hasn’t influence on regional economy thoroughly , which is still comes from officers’ idea issue ,and the analysis on planning dynamical mechanism prove to be rational and deep. If the formal institution and informal institution isn’t compatible, dynamical mechanism will not really be effective to produce continable motive force. In fact, the current cooperation only refer to two behavior subjects –”university”and “government”,and lacks the participation of “enterprise”,so the dynamical mechanism does not help to release the potential from market. Conclusion part This paper points out that it is need to deepen two respects ‘understanding:benefits and behavior subjects’orientation,and to think over the evolutionary direction of this dynamical mechanism; What’s more, it gets a enlightenment that it shoud be thinking incentive measurement closely related to dynamical mechanism itself from concept of value .

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Regional Economic Cooperation and Current Situation or Suggestion about Introducing Domestic-investment in Yanbian

On 05/06/2012, in International, by rain

【Abstract】 In recent years, with the policy about development of western regions and the industrial construction of base of the Northeast, the economy of Yanbian has quickenned the steps of developing, the dynamics of Investment is being strengthened constantly, the total supply and demand increases progressively too. But the area of Yanbian is a low developed area of ethnic minority, compare with other areas, there is much disparity. According to the comparative theory, we should give full play to regional resource, workforce, advantage of border area position to attract Investment of developed area, introduce their fund, technology, advanced experience of Management, etc. It will play an important role in rapid development of Yanbian’s economy in future. The ” two-win ” result brought in cooperation of the western and eastern of China fully proves that regional development needs cooperate at present, especially the fund that those low developed areas introduced from the developed area has solved the shortage problem of the fund for the Economic development of this area, and promoting Economic development of this area effectively .It is worthful to study the successful experience.First of all, According to the theory of Regional economic cooperation,the thesis provide the important function of introducing the domestic-Investment in regional development, analyse and describe Yanbian’s introducing domestic-investment of current situation and the function, analyse the successful experience of Enterprise by introducing domestic-investment in Yanbian. Secondly, though the government in Yanbian begins to pay attention to introducing the domestic-investment question at present, strengthen the work of promoting trade and investment to make some achievement, there are some problem remained to solve. While saying definite achievement in the course of introducing domestic-investment find out some existing problems for example, the scale of the introducing the domestic-investment and invest industrial structure. Finally, put forward relevant solutions to these problems.

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Research on Economic Cooperation Model and Strategies of Pan-pearl River Delta: in the Framework of CEPA

On 01/06/2012, in International, by rain

【Abstract】 This study is on the basis of combing the main views of regional Economic cooperation theories, believes that regional Economic cooperation is to strengthen the connection between areas through system innovation, policies and measures. Then in the comparison of domestic and international regional economic cooperation experiences, it pays much more attention to the effects of system innovation in the regional cooperation, regards this as the Pan-PRD regional economic cooperation mode’s starting point. It bases on the summarizing of forefathers’ research results and the cooperative result since the signing of CEPA, believes that the trade of service will be the key fields of future cooperation between Hong Kong, Macro and the Inland. It indicates that the trade influences far greater than Investment between Guangdong and Hongkong in the economic development of Guangdong by positive research. After synthesizing the above two aspects, the cooperation between Guangdong and Hongkong should mainly concentrates on the trade of service. It analyzes Pan-PRD current situation, its existing problem of cooperation and gives Pan-PRD goal mode and tactics of economic cooperation. It is a course of uniting market that the regional economic cooperation of Pan- PRD. The Pan- PRD cooperative mode is one form between the free trade area and common market, and different from the customs union. It depends on changing the government’s function and standardizing the government’s behavior to put forward the regional cooperation of Pan- PRD finally. Therefore the cooperative law of the and executive body must be strengthened. It analyzes Jiangxi’s incorporating Pan- PRD as a case at last.

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The Limited Factors of Japan Participating in the Regional Economic Cooperation of Northeastern Asia

On 31/05/2012, in International, by rain

【Abstract】 The paper, beginning with the definitions of Northeastern Asia and regional economiccooperation, gives a brief description on the present situation of regional economiccooperation in Northeastern Asia and makes an analysis on some of its Basic features.Reviewing the participation course, it analyses some main factor by which Japan islimited. In the regional Economic cooperation of Northeastern Asia, the internal factorsare Economic, political and military safety factors, while the external factors are historyproblems, territorial dispute, UA-Japan alliance, Sino-Japan relationship. Based on theabove analysis, some reasons are found why Japan accomplish nothing in the regionaleconomic cooperation in Northeastern Asia and why the regional Economic cooperation inNortheastern Asia proceeds much slower than other areas in the world. Finally, the papermakers a discussion about the future pattern in which Japan participates in the regionaleconomic cooperation in Northeastern Asia , to understand the trend for Japanparticipating in the regional economic cooperation of Northeastern Asia.

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A Study of Yunnan’s Participation in Greater Mekong Sub-region Economic Cooperation

On 30/05/2012, in International, by rain

【Abstract】 The content of this paper includes two aspects: the first is the study of Economic cooperation in Great Mekong Sub-region(GMS); the second is the study of Yunnan’s participation in GMS Economic cooperation.Firstly, based on related Regional Economics theories, this paper formulates the theory framework of international region Economic cooperation. The study of the basis, the dynamic mechanism, the organization and the contents is the main task of regional economic cooperation. Hence is the formulation of theory frame of regional economic cooperation. Based on this theoretical direction, this paper analyzes the regional economic cooperation in GMS. The author divides the development history of the regional economic cooperation in GMS into three stages and analyzes the basis and the important role that trade and Investment play in the regional economic cooperation in GMS. However, the author thinks that it is necessary for the Asia Development Bank to dominate the economic cooperation in GMS, because the overall infrastructure in this region lags behind. As loose cooperation between countries, the economic cooperation in GMS confronts flinty strategic and practical challenges.Confronting the existing difficulties in GMS, this paper puts forward the countermeasures of how Yunnan Province takes part in and promotes the economic cooperation. The article also put forwards that the point of Strategic Interest is the Basic direction for the Yunnan Province to join the cooperation in this region, and is also the basis for other countries in GMS to participate and promote the economic cooperation successfully. Though the analysis of Yunnan’s location advantage, the author thinks that the greatest advantage of Yunnan Province is international grand passageway advantage as a bi-directional bridgehead. Using this advantage, it is practical choice for Yunnan Province to turn its regional comparative advantage into regional competitive advantage. On one hand, it is the transform from regional comparative advantage to regional competitive advantage. On the other hand, it is the transform from low-cost primary competitive advantage to high-productivity regional competitive advantage. The viewpoints of this paper include that the trade efficiency is the key which affects the turn from regional comparative advantage to regional competitive advantage and that through the construction of infrastructure, the development of provincial trade and the implement of “go abroad” Enterprise strategy for Yunnan Province to achieve the change from regional comparative advantage into regional competitive advantage. The article states that sustainable innovation is the key, which obtains through externality of industrial agglomeration to realize high-productivity competitive advantage. On one hand, we need formulate the special structure of industrial agglomeration. On the other hand, we can get the externality benefits of industrial agglomeration by industrial direction Investment policy, attracting international and national Investment and non-state-owned investment. The last, the paper points out that the government of Yunnan Province should offer effective institutional arrangement to realize the Two-Turn competitive advantage and play role in regional innovation as navigation lights.

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A Study about Regional Economic Cooperation of Tianjin Province

On 30/05/2012, in International, by rain

【Abstract】 With rapid development of Economic globalization and consistent advancement ofscience and technology, the regional Economic cooperation has become an important way fora district or a city to incorporate itself into a larger scope of development and share thebenefits. It also becomes the sure trend of word economy. Therefore, how to seize thestrategic opportunity of Economic development in the first two decades of the new centuryand meet the challenges of economic globalization and technical development poses acentral issue to the central government and all the departments. Considering the currentsituation and the latest achievements of regional cooperation in economy, the paper has madea thorough analysis and summarization in such aspects as present conditions, challengingproblems and coming opportunities. Having reviewed the development of economy andsociety home and abroad which may have important influence over the regional economicalcooperation in Tiangjin, it applies the method of SWOT analysis, often used by enterprises,to the study and evaluation of the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats in thedevelopment of regional economic cooperation in Tianjin. Then, by using AnalyticalHierarchy Process, the paper makes an attempting judgment in deciding the optimumdirection to develop our competitiveness and render it a key field of carrying out the regionaleconomic cooperation, and work out the guidelines and countermeasures in the next stage ofregional economic cooperation in Tianjin. It is proposed in the paper that Tianjin shouldmake good use of the current foundation and advantages, aiming at developed regions andimportant enterprises and taking decisive and dynamic measures to enlarge the scale ofattracting outside traders and Investment;enhancing the regional economic cooperation inpan-Bohai area, especially the key cities of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei province;consolidating the cooperation between Tianjin and economical hinterland, playing an activerole in the development of the west and the northeast industrial base, expanding theeconomic scope and enlarging the economic scale, promoting the economic level, upgradingthe economic standards, and eventually initiating a new phase of the all-round regionaleconomic cooperation.

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A Study about Regional Economic Cooperation of Tianjin Province

On 30/05/2012, in International, by rain

【Abstract】 With rapid development of Economic globalization and consistent advancement ofscience and technology, the regional Economic cooperation has become an important way fora district or a city to incorporate itself into a larger scope of development and share thebenefits. It also becomes the sure trend of word economy. Therefore, how to seize thestrategic opportunity of economic development in the first two decades of the new centuryand meet the challenges of economic globalization and technical development poses acentral issue to the central government and all the departments. Considering the currentsituation and the latest achievements of regional cooperation in economy, the paper has madea thorough analysis and summarization in such aspects as present conditions, challengingproblems and coming opportunities. Having reviewed the development of economy andsociety home and abroad which may have important influence over the regional economicalcooperation in Tiangjin, it applies the method of SWOT analysis, often used by enterprises,to the study and evaluation of the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats in thedevelopment of regional economic cooperation in Tianjin. Then, by using AnalyticalHierarchy Process, the paper makes an attempting judgment in deciding the optimumdirection to develop our competitiveness and render it a key field of carrying out the regionaleconomic cooperation, and work out the guidelines and countermeasures in the next stage ofregional economic cooperation in Tianjin. It is proposed in the paper that Tianjin shouldmake good use of the current foundation and advantages, aiming at developed regions andimportant enterprises and taking decisive and dynamic measures to enlarge the scale ofattracting outside traders and Investment;enhancing the regional economic cooperation inpan-Bohai area, especially the key cities of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei province;consolidating the cooperation between Tianjin and economical hinterland, playing an activerole in the development of the west and the northeast industrial base, expanding theeconomic scope and enlarging the economic scale, promoting the economic level, upgradingthe economic standards, and eventually initiating a new phase of the all-round regionaleconomic cooperation.

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A Study about Regional Economic Cooperation of Tianjin Province

On 30/05/2012, in International, by rain

【Abstract】 With rapid development of Economic globalization and consistent advancement ofscience and technology, the regional Economic cooperation has become an important way fora district or a city to incorporate itself into a larger scope of development and share thebenefits. It also becomes the sure trend of word economy. Therefore, how to seize thestrategic opportunity of Economic development in the first two decades of the new centuryand meet the challenges of economic globalization and technical development poses acentral issue to the central government and all the departments. Considering the currentsituation and the latest achievements of regional cooperation in economy, the paper has madea thorough analysis and summarization in such aspects as present conditions, challengingproblems and coming opportunities. Having reviewed the development of economy andsociety home and abroad which may have important influence over the regional economicalcooperation in Tiangjin, it applies the method of SWOT analysis, often used by enterprises,to the study and evaluation of the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats in thedevelopment of regional economic cooperation in Tianjin. Then, by using AnalyticalHierarchy Process, the paper makes an attempting judgment in deciding the optimumdirection to develop our competitiveness and render it a key field of carrying out the regionaleconomic cooperation, and work out the guidelines and countermeasures in the next stage ofregional economic cooperation in Tianjin. It is proposed in the paper that Tianjin shouldmake good use of the current foundation and advantages, aiming at developed regions andimportant enterprises and taking decisive and dynamic measures to enlarge the scale ofattracting outside traders and Investment;enhancing the regional economic cooperation inpan-Bohai area, especially the key cities of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei province;consolidating the cooperation between Tianjin and economical hinterland, playing an activerole in the development of the west and the northeast industrial base, expanding theeconomic scope and enlarging the economic scale, promoting the economic level, upgradingthe economic standards, and eventually initiating a new phase of the all-round regionaleconomic cooperation.

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The Strategic Research of Dalian Taking Part in the Regional Economic Cooperation in Northeast Asia

On 13/05/2012, in International, by rain

【Abstract】 In the 21st Century, it is an unpreventable developing trend for Economic globalization and Economic regionalization. For the countries and local governments in the Northeast Region, within the new trend, it has been a popular question regarding how to take part in the regional economic cooperation deeper and wider internationally, how to find out and build up the new mode for the economic cooperation in Northeast Asia, and how to give full play the location strategy and the economic advantages complementarities. It is a common expectation to deepen the economic cooperation in Northeast Asia. In this thesis, it will explore focally the economic cooperation among Japan, China and South Korea in Northeast Asia.Locating in the center of Northeast Asia, Dalian is the nearest point connecting the region including Bohai Sea Rim and Liaodong Peninsula with the rest of the world. It is an issue worth of thinking seriously at the time being on how to establish the leading position of Dalian by setting up the international shipping center with Dalian at the core, and take part in the regional economic cooperation in Northeast Asia. With the deepening development of the economic globalization and the regional economic integration in the world, it has become a common expectation to see that how Dalian can grasp the dual opportunities of the strategy “Revitalizing Northeast Old Industrial Base” and the policy “Opening up the Coastline Cities”, how to undertake the new-round international industrial transfer proactively in a larger scale, a wider scope and a higher level, how to speed up the internationalization and modernization of the economy in Dalian, how to step on the road of regional economic integration, and how to realize the strategic objectives of “Greater Dalian” and “the Important International Shipping Center in Northeast Asia”.In this thesis, the author will discuss how to take part in and set up a suitable strategy bearing the new mode for the economic cooperation in Northeast Asia so as to speed up the stable and healthy development of Dalian economy through the discussion of the Basic theories such as the concept and characteristics of the regional economic cooperation in Northeast Asia, the regional economic cooperation, the economic integration, the analysis of the advantages of Dalian in the economic cooperation of Northeast Asia, and the analysis of the mode for Dalian participating in the economic cooperation of Northeast Asia with the government taking the lead.