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Ideological and Moral Education of Children Left Behind in Rural Areas

On 09/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

From the 80s of last century, China’s modernization process gradually accelerated, more and more farmers left the land survival, into the city, with sweat and their families maintain the right to life itself. However, due to various constraints, they can not afford to send their children close at hand, had no choice but to stay in the rural areas by the grandparents or other relatives took care of. As a result, the emergence of a huge number of rural children left behind.The choice of long-term passive parent (mother) separated tens of millions of rural children left behind in the growth experience of special significance. On the one hand, parents working outside to earn money, to improve material living standards of children left behind; parents from the countryside, expand their horizons, is conducive to growth of children left behind must be given guidance and help; away from under their parents left behind to cultivate better Children’s independence skills. However, we should see the parent (mother) is not around long term, growth is not a complete living environment, children left behind lack the necessary Education and family care home; Education and moral education institutions and schools for the education of rural children left behind is still the content and methods Imperfect; at all levels of government and society’s concern for rural children left behind insufficient attention to the growth of favorable external environment for children left to be further formed. All this is reflected in the ideological and moral aspects of rural children left behind, there have been some cause for concern, the urgent need to address the problem. For example, some rural children left behind vague moral understanding, values distorted; lack of psychological care, emotional dysplasia; moral will is weak, the behavior deviation, and so on. Moral of rural children left behind to face in these issues, the profound insight into their motivation to re-shape the rural children left behind from the ideological and moral education of the family environment, and enhance the relevance of moral education school effectiveness, and actively create a healthy growth of children left behind in rural areas of good The external environment, the path to explore problems, healthy development for the achievement of this group, to strengthen and improve ideological and moral construction of Training for the future builders and successors, is of great practical significance.

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The Research to Assess Training Effect of Workforce Training Programs of the China Disease Prevention Project Financed by the World Bank (Immunization Planning Part)

On 09/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Objective The China Disease Prevention Project financed by the World Bank (Immunization Planning Part) started in 1996, and is planned to finish in 2003. Yunnan, Guizhou, Henan, Hebei, Shanxi, Guangxi, Gansu, Xinjiang, Shanxi, Hubei, are the ten project provinces. The goal of the project is to reduce infant mortality rate and disability rate through strengthening, development of immunization planning capacity and professional skills of staff responsible for Health promotion in ten poor provinces, The project (immunization program part) is divided into four parts, i.e. cold chain system, workforce training, administration and surveillance, and Health propaganda and mobilization. Among them, workforce training is the core part. Its aim is: through the establishment of work study training system, to improve their professional technical skill and practical operation abilities for the immunization program staffs, especially the staff at grass level, and also strengthen the practical ability in organizing the training programs in provinces, regions and counties, as well as establish the sustainable local capacity to deliver in-service training in each province by project. In order to summarize the experiences and lessons in workforce training programs in the project thoroughly, and to evaluate the effectiveness objectively, and to meet project stakeholders’ requests, we conducted evaluation to assess impact of workforce training. 1 from Oct 1st to Oct 25th. The evaluation questions are to:1) Assess to what extent the project objectives have been achieved;2) Evaluate the changes in quality, quantities, contents and performancecontributed by workforce training;3) Summarize the experiences gained from workforce training;4) Summarize the lessons from workforce training, and identify their main causes.Subjects The subjects of this study were the trainees and project managers from this program who are eligible to be sampled from ten provinces including YunNan, GuiZhou, HeNan, HeBei, ShanXi, Guang Xi, GanSu, Xinjiang, ShanXi, HuBei. This study investigated trainees and took back effective questionnaires. The reply rate is 94.8%.Methods The research methods include both quantitative research and qualitative research (Focus Group). In quantitative research, according to the Social Economic development level, which is good middle and poor, three counties in each province were selected, and then three villages selected in each township. Consequently, the samples are 270 villages, 90 townships, and 30 counties in 10 project provinces. Questionnaire was administrated among the above samples. Furthermore two counties in Shanxi, and Hebei were sampled respectively. And then in each of the two counties, a township was selected, contents of research focused on (1) implementation of training program (2) impact of project training (3) The impact of the training program on workers’ performance (4) Evaluation of effects of project personnel training ? (5) The contribution of personnel training to the project objectives (a comparison: Before and after the implementation of the project). For those collected quantity data, first, we checked and verified the reliability and completeness of the data, then we used EPI 6.12 software to enter the data twice by designated persons, and finally used SAS software for data Management and analysis. For qualitative data, we assign the designated persons to conduct data processing, and analyzing the data.Results According to the questionnaires from four province, and qualitative investigation in Hebei and Shanxi, we got the results as following. Until Oct, 2002,the accumulated number of immunization program staff who completed training at various levels was 397492 person weeks, accumulated training expenditure was 63243585 Yunnan, basically implemented the training plans in the four provinces. During the project, there were total 8282 training courses (workshops) were held in four provinces, among them the provincial level held 56 training courses (workshops) reg

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Research on Developing Aged-care at Home in Rural Areas of China

On 09/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

With the rapid development of Social economy, China’s aging population is more and more serious situation, and present “urban and rural the cart before the horse” the characteristics of this to the level of Economic development in rural areas is comparatively backward brings a great challenge.Our country rural traditional family endowment function is weakening, land security decreasing ability, together with the rural Social security system is not perfect, make the rural pension problem highlights. Under this background, this paper put forward to develop the rural old-age pension is home in the realistic choice.This paper focus on “family endowment” topic selection, using Social security to learn, sociology, public of Management science theory, this paper analyses the existing main endowment in rural areas in China and the challenges facing the way, and put forward the concept of family endowment service system, and explains the meaning of family endowment services, content and advantage, and the feasibility of rural development of family endowment. For details about the rural family endowment to the practical needs of service, the status in shandong province on the spot investigation, and through the questionnaire survey and depth interview way, investigation and analyses the rural family endowment to the practical needs of service and its characteristic, and in reference on the basis of experience at home and abroad, this paper puts forward the development of the rural family endowment service strategy, mainly including:The development of rural family endowment should adhere to the principles, pinpoint the foothold, should establish multi-tiered family endowment service support system, establish service evaluation mechanism, establish a professional service team, establish and perfect the relevant supporting system, and so on.

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Research on Rights Protection of Workers Dispatched

On 01/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

As a kind of atypical labor form, the appearance of the labor dispatch system has its own subjective and objective application. Labor dispatch not only plays a positive role, but also has negative effects. In China, labor dispatch is not the chief labor form, and there is no concrete law which can regulate it. In the labor dispatch, the relationships among the dispatch institution, the institution be dispatched and the workers is very complex. The absence of law in this field has lead to some correlative law problems and should be administered. Because of the absence, the lawful rights and interests of the workers that is the weakest part among the three parts can hardly get relief through the law when their rights are encroached. In the design of the labor dispatch system, we should make regulations including the establishment and the Management of the dispatch institution, the scope of business in dispatch, the obligation between the dispatch institution and the institution be dispatched, the workers rights of working environment, the Social security rights and the right to form and join in the activity of a trade union. Through this way the workers’ rights can be protected.

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Review of the Research on Chinese Pattern

On 28/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Sentence and sentence pattern are of the utmost importance both in studying andlearning of language. Language is based upon sentence. Sentence pattern is a conceptwhich is put forward along with the study on the classification of sentence. Chinesegrammarians have yielded substantial results as well as many divergences on study ofsentence pattern. First, they have different cognizances of sentence, including it’sstation in grammatical unit as well as it’s grammatical relation. Second, grammaticalcommunity also have different perspectives about some notions such as minorsentence、simple sentence、sub-clause、compound clause and sentence group, as wellas attitude toward them and difference between them. In terms of classificatory criteriaof sentence pattern and class number, grammarians was unable to get together so far. Inthe end, it is about the analysis of sentence structure, the biggest trouble is thediscrimination between simple and complex sentence. Some people insist that theymake no odds, others argue that the opposite is true. Sentence pattern is structuraltypes of sentences that which is associated with syntactic structure is sentence factors,and that which have no bearing on syntactic structure is non-sentence factors.Influenced by the different opinions about syntactic structure and non-structure, peoplehave different awareness on sentence pattern. Immediate Constituent Analysis andPrincipal Component Analysis are two Basic methods about sentence structure analysis,both of them have merits and demerits, some grammarians think that they should becombined to complement each other, but others argue that these two methods could notbe united completely at all. It is generally acknowledged that sentence have sixcomponents: subject、predicate、object、attribute、adverbial and complement, thehierarchy of these six components in the sentence vary from different grammarians. Asfor their syntactic value, it is generally supposed that subject and predicate aresentences factors, but for object、attribute、adverbial and complement, whether or notthey are sentences factors is a matter of opinion.

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Research on Employment Problem of New Generation Peasant Worker

On 24/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

New generation peasant worker is a generation born in 1980s, over 16 years old. living by non-Agricultural employment and growing up under China s Reform and Opening up. New generation peasant worker issues are the extension, expression and development of traditional peasant worker problem in the new stage. New generation peasant worker is a group full of more self-contradiction than the first generation and they have the relatively high educational level, graduating from high school, no farming experience and higher professional Education and training. Compared with the first peasant worker generation, new generation peasant worker has more open consumption, transferring new life goals, demanding higher quality of life, shopping, listening to music to be part of life and strengthening the awareness of protecting workers’ rights. But new generation peasant worker still have many problems.This paper analysis employment quality, employment patterns, employment mode and so on by literature reviewing, and find out the reason affecting new generation peasant worker employment. Using mathematical induction and comparative analysis method to solve their employment problems is of great significance for China’s urbanization and rural modernization.Innovation of this paper is proposed the way to solve the problem of new generation peasant worker through the Basic household registration system making a feasible solution.

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The Status and Commentary of Mobile Learning

On 23/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

In the information era of knowledge explosion, the demand forlearning is growing with each passing day. The traditional educationcan hardly meet the learning needs of people who want to learn atanytime and anywhere. Lifelong learning, lifelong Education hasbecome the mainstream of the world. With the popularity of Web2.0and the rapid development of mobile communication technology, anew mode of learning–mobile Learning has emerged. The wide use ofmobile phones, PDAs and other mobile devices provide strong supportfor the popularity of mobile learning. Mobile learning allows students tolearn with any devices that can be connected to the Internet, such asmobile phones, PDAs, notebook, mixing equipment and so on.Therefore, the development of mobile learning will promote thetransformation of the traditional teaching mode, and has far-reachingsignificance for the popularity of new Education concept. As moderneducational technology researchers, we have an obligation to studyand explore the highlights of educational technology and to track thedirection of its cutting-edge research.The paper refers to a large number of documents, and thenanalyzing and summarizing the mobile learning produce backgroundand the current mobile learning research, and exploring the theoreticalbasis of mobile learning, and analyzing the current problems in mobilelearning and providing some development suggestions, so that toprovide theoretical guidance for the practical research of mobilelearning and to provide greater reference to researchers in this field orbe about to enter this field.

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The Study on Marxism Popularization in Contemporary China

On 22/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

“Take Marxism of contemportary China to the general public”was amentioned firstly in the Report to the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China(CPC).Then,Marxism popularization had become the new task and new requirement of theoretieal and praetieal missions for the Party in new era.But back in the history,the Chinese marxist popularization has started as long as being Introduced into China.The significant historical events such as Yan’an Rectification Movement,”Cultural Revolution”,the Great Debate over the Criteria of Truth,the 16th National Congress and the 17th National Congress are important contexts of rationalizing Chinese Marxism popularization’s historical process.Also,they are the practical foundation of Marxism popularization in contemporary China.Under the guidance of practice,marxist theory itself is also unceasingly developing and improving,and it provides continuously thinking resources for marxism popularization.Meanwhile,other disciplines theories outside marxist theory such as the Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs,Group Theory,System Theory and Spreading Elements Theory all have correspondency with marxism popularization.They are internected closely with each other,and provide marxism popularization with theoretical support.On the new historical conditions,the marxism popularization in contemporary China is confronted with both opportunities and challenges.Opportunities main improve the Chinese characteristic socialism construction achievements,marxist theory the deepening of the research and the rapid development of Internet technology.The challenges mainly embrace Economic globalization,cultural diversity and the influence of Social transformation.Seizing the opportunity and handling the challenge,marxism popularization would to be achieved by systematic,pertinent and effective measures:with improving the livelihoods and strengthening the theory innovation to provide material and theoretical support;adopting different methods to the different groups such as the college teachers and students,teenagers and ordinary people and so on,and enhancing the effectiveness;To establish and ameliorate the policy guarantee systems,organizational safeguard system and resources security system;to strengthen the construction of the talents ranks,to expand the transmission channel and improve methods of artistry which reflect practical characteristics of Marxism Popularization;To keep pace with the times and to promote both Marxism popularization and Marxism sincination and modernization.

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Study on the Strategy of Increasing the First Dose Coverage Rate Timely of Hepatitis B Vaccine in Poor Areas

On 17/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Objective1. To investigate and know the situation and main influence factors of the first dose coverage rate timely for Hepatitis B vaccine of neonatus in poor areas;2. To evaluate the efficacy of the strategy for increasing the coverage rates and the first dose coverage rate timely of hepatitis B vaccine.3. To analyze the possibility of the strategy for increasing the first dose coverage rate timely of hepatitis B vaccine in poor areas.4. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of UnijectTM by observing the effect of coverage rate,side effects and serological immunization.Methods1. Choose two rural districts from National Level Poor Countries of Ethnic Areas as the trial spot, use the vaccine of UnijectTM and routine HBV vaccine, inoculat according to the”0、1、6″national immune schedule.2. Each investigated country is divided into four groups: UnijectTM 1 group (inside cold chain), UnijectTM group (out of cold chain ),Hbv1 group and Hbv2 group; 3. The storage,transportation and usage of the vaccine of UnijectTM 1 group,Hbv1 group and Hbv2 group was complied by the storage temperature; The storage、transportation and usage of the vaccine of UnijectTM 2 group was under the common temperature, as soon as it was delivered to the immunization spot from the country and without the cold chain(such as icebox、refrigerator ). The storage time is within one month,and the usage should be comply to the change of colour of the VVM label.4. The first dose coverage of UnijectTM 1 group and HBv1 group is charged by the township doctors; and the first dose coverage of UnijectTM 2 group and HBv2 group is charged by the rural doctors.5. The method of observing the side effects of innoculation: observe the side effect of innoculation of the subjects at 24h、48h and 72h after innoculation, there will be 50 subjects in each trial group of every country,and 400 subjects in all in the 8 research groups of the two countries.6. The method of evaluating the coverage rate: the random cluster sampling method was used (Probability Proportionate to Size, PPS),make a comparative analysis on the coverage rate and the first dose coverage rate timely between the research groups and the control group.7. The method of evaluating the serological effect: each research country investigates 150 subjects from UnijectTM 1? Hbv1 and Hbv2, 25 subjects per group. Collect 3ml venous blood and separate the serum, the radio-immunity method was applied to detect. the HbsAg and HbsAb.Results1. Investigated the coverage rate and the rate timely for HBv of 780 research objects, among which 198 children were observed the level of anti-body and were detected the HBsAg. Meanwhile, investigated the coverage rate of HBV of 326 children from the control group, then contrastive analysis was made.2. After taking the preventional strategy, the first dose coverage rate timely had reached to 79.5%,increasing 42% than before,and 21% higher as to the control group. The first dose coverage rate timely of the research group was noticeable higher than the control group, there was significant difference(χ2= 50.28, P<0.01).The first dose coverage rate timely of UnijectTM group was higher than HBV group,but there was no significant difference (χ2= 3.61, P<0.05).3. After taking the preventional strategy, the first dose coverage rate timely for HBV of the home delivery neonatus had increased 56%, from 7.7% to 63.9%,which was apparently higher than the control group, and there was significant differenc(eχ2= 109.27, P<0.01).the first dose coverage rate timely of group UnijectTM was higher than group Hbv, also there was significant difference(χ2= 6.05, P<0.05).4. After collecting the venous blood of objects from the research areas, the HbsAg and HbsAb using radio-immunity method were detected. The results concluded that the HbsAg positive rate had been dropped down from 4.6% to 2.5%, after three full dose of HBV immunization, the anti-HBs positive conversion rate was 95.5%, and there was no significant difference between research groups. Among the anti-HBs positive conversed children , 92.4% children’s anti-body had achieve the protection level(≥10mIU/ml),the geometric mean titers (GMT) was 1:153.5. The adverse reaction monitoring on all the inoculated children was undertaken through the project,693 children were monitored the adverse reaction,totally 2001 dose rates were monitored,and all the observed children had no adverse reaction.6.The analysis on the influential factors of the coverage rate timely demonstrated that for home delivery neonates whose first dose of hepatitis B vaccine was administered either by village doctors or by township doctors, the coverage timely rate increased from 4.5% to 66.9% (62 percent points enhanced) and from 20.0% to 54.3% (34 percent points enhanced), respectively. And the coverage rate timely for neonates administered by village doctors was significantly higher than that of infants administrated by township doctors (χ2= 4.73, P < 0.05). The main reasons for not administered timely were unaware of the need of vaccination, too far away from the hospital and low birth weight, whose proportions were 58.3%, 10.2% and 5.1%, respectively.Conclusion1. The Implementation of the research Strategies has considerably increased the coverage rate timely for HBV of children in the research areas, and it provides quotable experience to increase the first dose coverage rate timely for HBV in poor rural areas.2. The storage and usage of UnijectTM in the common temperature out of cold chain can effectively ensure the home delivery neonates to cover the first dose of vaccine timely 24 hours after born,and can achieve the motive of increasing the coverage rate and rate timely. The vaccine of UnijectTM and HBV has the same immune effect, it is safe and effective to store and use the UnijectTM in the common temperature out of the cold chain.3. For home delivery neonates in the low hospital delivery areas,the effect of increasing the first dose coverage rate timely is better when the village doctors were in charge of, compared with the case of township doctors; In poor countryside with a low hospital delivery rate, it was an effective strategy to increase the first dose coverage rate timely through training village doctors and encouraging them to propagandize the knowledge to villagers and take charge of the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine administration.4. After the full implementation of free hepatitis B vaccine vaccination, unaware of the need of vaccination and too far away from the hospital were two main impact factors of not receiving hepatitis B vaccine in time for the neonates of poor countryside. This suggested that how to enhance the knowledge of hepatitis B vaccine vaccination of villagers in poor countries and their immunity protection consciousness more effectively was an urgent issue.

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Investigation and Basic Experience Research on Construction of the Party Cadres for New Times

On 07/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

After the political line is determined, cadres becomes the determining factor. Bring up a good high-quality party cadres that is expert in governing Party, state and army, is the key of comprehensively promoting new great project of the party’s construction, the key of comprehensively promoting the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the organization ensure for implement the scientific concept of development, building a socialist harmonious society, promote sound and fast Economic and Social development, and is the fundamental principles to keep our party and the country’s prosperity and long-term stability as well. So, study the experience of the Party cadres construction has great significance.In this paper, building of the Party cadres historical trajectory was investigated, summarized and elaborated in the new period the ranks of the party’s Basic experience, the Basic framework by the introduction and four parts.Introduction, discusses the construction of the Party cadres of great significance; reviewed academic building of the Party cadres of the status quo; an overview of the main body of the basic framework and main ideas; to illustrate research methods and main innovation.The first part, the party’s Third Plenum of the Eleventh Session of the Thirteenth Party Central Committee during the cadres. During this period the ranks of the party’s major changes are: the ranks of order out of chaos and the cadre system reform started; party cadre system reform during the 12 large contingent of cadres and the construction of new initiatives; the party’s 13 big ten third four- During the plenary session to deepen the reform of the cadre and personnel system. During this period the party cadres to build five prominent characteristics: First, successfully set things right in the ideological construction of cadres; Second, innovation and selection of cadres in the “four modernizations” policy to strengthen the contingent of cadres; Third, the abolition of cadres to strengthen life-long tenure Cadres; four young cadres in the operation and train successors to strengthen the contingent of cadres; five is opened to strengthen the cadre and personnel system reform cadres.The second part, the party Plenary Session of the Thirteenth National Congress during the party cadres. This time the ranks of the party’s main achievements are: efforts to build high-quality cadres; the cadre and personnel system reform has made important progress. This time the party cadres to build four salient features: First, strengthen the ideological Education of cadres to strengthen the contingent of cadres; second is in building high-quality cadres and strengthen the cadre ranks; Third, strengthen the leadership team building strengthen the cadre ranks; four is continuously deepening the reform of the cadre and personnel system, strengthening the cadre ranks.The third part, the party’s 17 National Congress party during the Fourth Plenary Session of the cadres. During this period the ranks of the party an important breakthrough: the first place to ideological and political construction, the party’s innovative theory of armed cadres; the cadre and personnel system reform has been; to strengthen supervision of cadres, establish a sound system for punishing and preventing corruption . During this period the party cadres to build five prominent characteristics: First, pay attention to the armed cadres of the party’s innovative theory of party cadres to strengthen the building; the second is to improve the ruling party to strengthen the capacity building of the contingent of cadres; Third, increase the training of cadres to strengthen the building of the Party cadres; Fourth, the establishment of a sound legal system of cadre Management system to strengthen the party cadres building; five is the establishment of a sound system for punishing and preventing corruption, strengthening the party cadres.The fourth part, the Party’s cadre of basic experience. This paper argues that construction of the Party cadres should adhere to the basic experience of mainly 6: Strengthening the Party cadres, we must build a deep understanding of the extreme importance of the contingent of cadres; to strengthen the party cadres, we must pay attention to the contingent of cadres the ideological construction; to strengthen the party cadres, we must uphold and improve the Party’s principle of democratic centralism; strengthen the party cadres, we must adhere to the fundamental principles of cadres; to strengthen the party cadres, we must adhere in practice Exercise training to improve ability and level cadres; strengthen the party cadres, we must create a good environment for outstanding talent. Ranks of party cadres have made in these experiences is the party of reform and opening up 30 years of hard practice, gradually, is the Marxist theory of innovation, theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics is an important part. These experiences enhance the future development of Party cadres must follow the basic law, must build a new party cadres are upheld in practice and development.In this paper, writing paper used in the literature of interpretation and research methods of integration. Among them, this is mainly the use of the ethics law: through policies and laws of classical literature and the interpretation of a comprehensive outline the Party’s cadre of original history, describes the vertical trajectory of its development. This article discusses the interpretation of the literature is in the start step by step manner, and interpret literature makes the paper more extensive, specific, substantial. In this paper, the main method of integration are: vertical, on the building of the Party cadres to conduct comprehensive analysis of, clearly outlined the ranks of party cadres in the History; horizontal, respectively the Party cadres characteristics of three-phase construction of the analysis, the fourth part in the building of the Party cadres in a more comprehensive analysis of the system profoundly expounded the Party cadres of basic experience.Based on the comprehensive reference on the basis of academic research, and strive to achieve in the following three innovations and breakthroughs: First, the New Party Cadres for a comprehensive, systematic and in-depth study. Compared to the existing academic achievements, this time as the order, the party’s cadre ranks one by one interpret the relevant literature, to seek more comprehensive and specific reproduction ranks of party cadres in the history of track. Second, it is a new cadre of three phases of the characteristics of rational analysis. This paper documents one by one interpretation, based on in-depth content mining literature, summarized, and explore the characteristics of regular contingent of cadres, reveals the various stages of construction characteristics of the contingent of cadres. 3 is a new cadre of the party’s basic experience in a comprehensive summing up and elaborated. This article summarizes the described construction of the Party cadres six basic experience: strengthening the Party cadres, we must build a deep understanding of the extreme importance of the contingent of cadres; must pay attention to the ideological construction of cadres; must uphold and improve the democratic party the principle of centralism; to adhere to the fundamental principles of cadres; must adhere to the training exercise in practice to improve ability and level cadres; must create a good environment for outstanding talent. All of these experiences is the construction of the new Communist Party of China’s precious spiritual wealth of the great works, but also the law of the Party to strengthen self-construction deep revelation should cherish and follow.