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The Reform Study of County Public Hospital Administration System

On 12/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

In China’s new round of Medical and Health system reform program, as the Medical service terminal, the county public hospital undertakes the responsibilities of medical service and public Health service. With the continuous development of the medical and health system reform, the weakness of the existing public hospital system becomes more and more obvious. This to some extent makes the county public hospital system reform become the hottest point of the China’s Social reforms, as well as the emphasis and difficulty. So the in-depth research for the reform of the county public hospital Management system will provide the impetus to create the conditions for the establishment of a modern hospital Management system; provide decision-making reference for the county public hospital Management system reform, and provide the policy basis so as to achieve the harmonious development of society.Using documentary research, example analysis and other methods, based on the the theory of public finance,the new public service theory and regulations in accountability, public hospital reform in Puyang city of HeNan province as an example and combining domestic and foreign public hospital reform experience, According to the public hospital reform remaining problems, exploring reform of the management system of public hospitals countermeasuresThis article is divided into the four components:The first part introduction described the research background and significance of the paper, analysis of current research in the field of domestic and foreign scholars, and introduced research methods and frame structure and innovations.The second part expounds the meaning of county public hospital reform of the management system, requirements and basis.The third part takes Henan Puyang city public hospital reform as an example further to analyze county public hospital reform remaining problemsThe forth part discusses the measures for our county public hospitals and administrative reform, put the value orientation and objectives of the reform of county public hospitals as well as the measures as the starting point, puts forward to measures to reform the county public hospitals so as to adapt to the socialist market Economic system and China’s national conditions:The innovation of this paper lies in puyang city at or above the county level public hospital reform of the management system as an example, through case analysis method to study county public hospital management system reform, puts forward the county public hospital management system reform countermeasures and Suggestions. This paper puts forward countermeasures displays in four aspects:the first, perfect the public hospital compensation mechanism, adhere to the principle of public service; Second, the establishment of Basic hospital security system; Third, to strengthen the medical service quality and process management; Fourth, strengthen hospital human resource management.

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The disabilities are the cost for the civilization of the society. B…

On 10/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The disabilities are the cost for the civilization of the society. Because of their physical and mental disabilities,as well as the discrimination and the unfair treatment to them from the society, they are at the edge of attending the Social affairs and being restricted to enjoy the human rights. The society is paying more attention to the personal rights and Social guarantee for the disabilities .The Social security system for the disabilities is becoming to be an important part of the Chinese market economy system. It is concerned to connect with the country and government’s action to protect personal rights, build and prettify the guarantee system of the socialism, and realizes the fair and justified responsibility in a large scale. And it also relates to the reforming, developing and peaceful environment in our country.The economy’s development has made great progress with the development of the opening policy development, which build a good material foundation for the disabled person. It helps to build a social security insurance system which includes: fairness, participation, and sharing .But the particularity, living condition as well as the social security of the disabilities at the moment reminds us that the problem of the disabled has become to be the outstanding problem in the development of the Economic society. Aiming at exploring the ways to solve the problem of social security in our country, the essay analyzes the problem in the social security system for the disabilities in our country and the essential problem of the omissions of the social security in our country by comparing the living condition of the disabled person, including the need for self-development of the disabilities with the action of foreign social security for the disabilities. Through an analysis of the Basic condition of the disabled children from zero to six in Quzhou, the essay predicts the development and needs in the future, and explores the ways on how to deal with the tendency and problem during the process of development. At the same time, it seeks the idea of how to perfect the social security for the social security system through the combination of theory and case analysis, to build the”human-oriented”socialism security system, providing some helpful exploring for improving the living condition of the disabled person in our country.The essay pays emphasis on the practical significance of perfecting the social security system from the improving of the subject duty, the system construction, and the organization scale of the social security system. It puts forward the suggestion of enforcing the subject duty of the government by revising the security legislation to construct the frame of system, encourages the non-profit organization to enlarge the scale the disabilities social security, and meanwhile it brings about the strategies of perfecting the system of recovering, employment, and Education system for the disabilities. Through the practical research, the essay tries provide a reference to the protecting of the disabilities and the construction of the”human-oriented”socialism security system, therefore, it will bring to the improvement of the living conditions of the disabilities and other aspects, which is an beneficial try to construct the well-off society and the socialism harmonious society in all-round way.

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Along with the speed-up of the restructuring of the political and ec…

On 06/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Along with the speed-up of the restructuring of the political and Economic systems, the Sixteenth National Congress proposed the goal of construction of Socialist New Countryside, whose implementation actually includes the population development. Therefore, effective implementation of population and family planning policy in the countryside is not only a key factor in ensuring Social stability and the Economic development there, but also one of the important guarantees of balanced urban and rural development and building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. However, many problems urgent to be solved exist in some rural areas in carrying out the family planning policy. Based on the problems in executing the family planning policy, this paper analyzes the reasons, and proposes some feasible suggestions in improving the effectiveness of policy implementation.The present paper, based on the new situation of work of family planning in the countryside, along with the author’s on-the-spot research, personal experience from work, and investigation, through analysis of a lot of literatures and data, taken town D of District C as an example, reviews the past measures and methods in carrying out the family planning policy and investigates the present measures and working methods as well. The author holds that the causes accounting for the difficulty of executing the family planning policy in D lie in the top-bottom administrative system, unreasonable interest mechanism, imperfect legal system and backward thoughts of some peasants. Aiming at these problems, based on building a balanced system, the paper proposes the suggestions of breaking system bottleneck, improving executive power of towns, perfecting the legal system in the countryside, and strengthening family planning publicity. Meanwhile, the paper thinks that the measures in improving the family planning work in the countryside are mutually related and restricted and only integrated planning and effective implementation can produce expected results.

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The Policy Research of the Medical Security System of Qingdao

On 02/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Medical security system, as an important part of Social security system, isdirectly related to the vital interests of the people, and also directly affects theconstruction of the harmonious society. A perfect Medical security system can notonly effectively safeguard Social stability and Economic development, moreimportantly, it is an important means to promote Social fairness and maintain the basicrights of citizens. Therefore, establishing a perfect Medical security system is theimportant content of constructing harmonious society, and it is also the importantstrategic initiatives of embodying the people-oriented thought of our party andgovernment.This article investigates the status of Qingdao’s medical security system.According to the insured personnel, Qingdao’s medical security system includesWorkers’ medical security, urban residents’ medical security and students’ medicalsecurity. Workers’ medical security is an important component of medical securitysystem. Workers’ medical security has an important role in preserving social stabilityand safeguarding the normal social life and production. Urban residents’ medicalsecurity and students’ medical security is the important way to reflect social fairness.How to improve the turban residents’ and students’ medical security is one ofimportant content of medical reform. In the enviroment of New Medical Reform,research how to safeguard rural residents’s rights and interests has importantsignificance.In this paper,there are three specific research methods:firstly, by the method ofliterature research, through access to relevant documents to obtain information,through reading the national, Shandong Province, Qingdao city various documents, acomprehensive understanding of related medical insurance policy, policy; Secondly,using interview to understand the current people’s medical security view, and the presence of the deep-seated reason of the problem; Thirdly, by using the method ofcomparative analysis, in view of the different city healthcare policy difference forcomparison, exploration Qingdao City medical insurance policy characteristics, todevelop better medical security system for reference.The article is divided into four parts: The first part introduces the researchbackground, theoretical basis and the research plan; The second part is mainly on theinvestigation results of description and analysis, the present status of outcome; Thethird part of the current Qingdao City medical security system existing problems arereviewed; The fourth part of the problems and proposed solutions andrecommendations.

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Research on the “Down to the Countryside and Mountainous Areas” and the Urbanization Process of Fujian

On 29/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

This article is concerned with the process of urbanization in Fujian during the time of “Down to the Countryside and mountainous areas”in China(from the mid-50s to early 80s ) and combines the Basic theory of urbanization to study the problem of the characteristic of the floating population during this time,the problem of the characteristic of industrial and Agricultural development,and the problem of the urban infrastructural constructions which has a significant impact on the process of urbanization. Then further analysing the reasons of these changese, pointing out the periodical impact of “Down to the Countryside Movement” on the process of urbanization in Fujian.After analyzing a lot of literatures and datas,the paper points out that the impact of this movement on the province’s urbanization is highlighted in the the excessive intervention of government functions behind the phenomenon of population migration, and even until today ,some policies which formed to restrict population migration still affects the healthy development of Fujian’s urbanization process.The paper also points out that certain measures which formed that time are significative on the process of rural urbanization in Fujian. Such as the development of the rural teachers and the development of barefoot doctors.Finally, considering the geographical and historical characteristics during the process of urbanization in Fujian, we should recognize that in the current historical conditions, the development characteristics of Fujian’s economy, a scientific population policy should be used as guidance. We should adjust the policies and the regulations,propel the healthy development of urbanization of our province step by step.

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Study on the Hu Jintao’s Scientific Thinking System

On 28/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Since the party’s National Congress,with Hu Jintao as general secretary of the CPC Central Committee,Deng Xiaoping Theory and the “three represents” important thinking of the great banner of the party and the state focused on the development of the overall situation,based on changes in the development of the situation at home and abroad,and when both into and constantly bring forth theoretical innovation,and put forward a series of major strategic ideas,which constitute its Social scientific thinking,including the concept of scientific development,including building a harmonious socialist society of the strategic thinking of building an innovation-oriented country’s strategic thinking and building a socialist new strategic thinking in rural areas and establish a socialist concept of honor strategic thinking,to strengthen the party’s advanced nature and governance capacity-building of strategic thinking,and follow the road of peaceful development and building a harmonious world,such as strategic thinking.Deng Xiaoping Theory and “Three Represents” Marxism in China is an important achievement,and Social science thinking Hu put forward a number of major strategic ideas of Marxism in China is the latest achievement.With the latest achievements of the Deng Xiaoping Theory and “Three Represents” important thought,not only the same strain,but also with the times,rich in many ways the development of the Deng Xiaoping Theory and “Three Represents” and further expansion of the Marxist theory of a new realm.Hu Jintao of Social scientific thinking has important theoretical and practical significance.It is to uphold and enrich the Deng Xiaoping Theory and “Three Represents”;to improve the party’s guiding ideology of the development;further deepen the Communist Party of the laws,the laws of socialist construction,human understanding of the law of social development;to ensure that our party is always in the forefront of the times;the pattern of international relations as a whole will have a positive impact;for comprehensively building a well-off society and open up new prospects for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics has great significance.In this paper,the sciences from the Hu Jintao era of ideological background in which to examine the specific content of the social sciences,which are analyzed and major historical significance.

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Study on the Performance Evaluation Index System for the First-line Departments of One Tertiary General Hospital in Chongqing

On 22/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Accompaning with the wave of the reform to our Medical and Health System, hospital performance evaluation has been an important role in the hospital Management and operations, and also has played an important role in improving service quality, enhancing service efficiency, boosting reactivity, reducing service costs and so on. It is vital for the hospital to establish a set of scientific and practical performance evaluation index system, which can evaluate a hospital’s overall performance levels objectively and impartially, and promote healthy and stable development of the hospital. At present, our National Health Administration has not yet developed a unified performance evaluation index system, which is applicable to different levels and types of hospitals. Particular attention should be paid is that there was very little domestic and foreign to study systematically the hospital performance evaluation for the first-line departments, almost a blank in the research.In this study, we aimed at changing the current status of hospital, that the present Management by Objectives in effect takes completing phase mission as the main target, the work flaw inspection as the primary content, the nature indices are many, the quantity indices are insufficient, assessment was not implemented, the combination of examination results and financial allocation was not enough, the Economic distribution of the first-line departments was still income-oriented. So this research implemented performance evaluation to the hospital first-line departments. This research took the Balanced Score Card (BSC) Basic theory as a guide, Combined with the actual development of one tertiary general hospital in Chongqing, comprehensive used a variety of research methods to determine the performance evaluation indicators of the hospital first-line departments and their weights, such as Literature Study, Telephone Interviews, in-depth Interviews, Expert Discussion Method, Cluster Analysis Method, Delphi Method (Expert Advisory Method) and Two-dimensional Quantitative Indicators Method, then used TOPSIS Method to comprehensive evaluation of the performance situation of the series of first-line departments, so to establish a scientific, rational and practical performance evaluation index system for the first-line departments of one tertiary general hospital in Chongqing. This index system will provide a reference for self-appraisal to the first-line departments, also urge the first-line departments improving their service unceasingly and enhancing their core competitiveness. Meanwhile, this index system will provide the reference for the hospital leaders to appraise and inspect the first-line departments, so as to realize real-time grasping of the operation of the first-line departments, then we can ensure the overall goals of the hospital and the hospital’s sustainable development.This research includes the following five sections:The first section, determined the indicators and indicator weights, standardized the index value, established a comprehensive evaluation model and selected the TOPSIS method to evaluate the final results, so shape index system.The second section, we have measured the collected datum with the index system twice in 2007 and 2008. Combined with the hospital’s overall objective, we has revised and adjusted the index system continuously with the help of the problems what we have found from the measurement. The third section, soliciting opinions twice were been large-scale organized in the hospital four series of Internal Medicine, Surgery, Out-patient and Medical Technology Platform, the index system was been improved gradually after full discussion and communication.The fourth section, the index system has been experimented one year in the series of this hospital first-line departments, and has been continuously improved and refined.The fifth section, the one tertiary general hospital in Chongqing has established performance evaluation index system in Internal Medicine, Surgery, Out-patient and Medical Technology Platform. This index system includes internal processes, financial, customer, learning and growth 4 dimensions, and 5 first-level indicators, and 13, 14, 9, 11 second-level indicators respectively of the series of Internal Medicine, Surgery, Out-patient and Medical Technology Platform.The index system is conducive for the hospital first-line departments to find their shortcomings, and lessons learned for future management to meet the shortfall. At the same time, the performance evaluation of the first-line departments was a reference template, with the value of promotion.

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Social Transformation of China’s Political and Moral Construction

On 22/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

At present,China’s political and moral construction of research, with the deepening of the struggle against corruption and the strengthening of political and moral construction of increasingly urgent requirement has become a widespread concern. Political morality and political ethics, political science, a branch of applied ethics is one. The author believes that political morality is the political actors (including government, political parties, political organizations, government regulators and private citizens) must have the value of property is based on a certain political ideal and political order and maintain a certain need, in the political the formation of political practice ethical values, moral standards and ethics of political actors combined. China is undergoing Social transition, strengthen the building of socialist political ethics is of great theoretical and practical significance. Political morality is not only to ensure Social stability and the need to reverse the social atmosphere, but also the further development of socialist market economy, improve the socialist democracy and building socialist spiritual civilization and realize full well, building a socialist harmonious society, the fundamental security.This article is from the academic analysis of political ethics proceeding focuses on the social transformation of our political morality building. The first part of the article, the political and moral overview of the Basic theory and analysis, understanding the meaning of the political ethics and political morality in our country’s Basic meaning; the second part of the Transition Period in China described the construction of political and moral importance and necessity; Article No. 3 describes the social transformation of our political and moral construction of the current situation, in affirming the results should also see the construction of China’s political and moral anomie, and then analyzes the reasons for its formation; fourth part of the social transition, and then come to our political and moral construction ways: First, to establish a socialist political and moral values are the core of political and moral construction, and secondly, to improve the moral training of leading cadres is the key to building political morality, again, strengthen the public power of effective supervision and restriction of political and moral construction of system protection, and finally, push forward the political ethics of the legal system, expand the orderly participation in politics are the legitimate political and moral construction of the legal basis and mass basis.

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Ideological and Moral Education of Children Left Behind in Rural Areas

On 09/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

From the 80s of last century, China’s modernization process gradually accelerated, more and more farmers left the land survival, into the city, with sweat and their families maintain the right to life itself. However, due to various constraints, they can not afford to send their children close at hand, had no choice but to stay in the rural areas by the grandparents or other relatives took care of. As a result, the emergence of a huge number of rural children left behind.The choice of long-term passive parent (mother) separated tens of millions of rural children left behind in the growth experience of special significance. On the one hand, parents working outside to earn money, to improve material living standards of children left behind; parents from the countryside, expand their horizons, is conducive to growth of children left behind must be given guidance and help; away from under their parents left behind to cultivate better Children’s independence skills. However, we should see the parent (mother) is not around long term, growth is not a complete living environment, children left behind lack the necessary Education and family care home; Education and moral education institutions and schools for the education of rural children left behind is still the content and methods Imperfect; at all levels of government and society’s concern for rural children left behind insufficient attention to the growth of favorable external environment for children left to be further formed. All this is reflected in the ideological and moral aspects of rural children left behind, there have been some cause for concern, the urgent need to address the problem. For example, some rural children left behind vague moral understanding, values distorted; lack of psychological care, emotional dysplasia; moral will is weak, the behavior deviation, and so on. Moral of rural children left behind to face in these issues, the profound insight into their motivation to re-shape the rural children left behind from the ideological and moral education of the family environment, and enhance the relevance of moral education school effectiveness, and actively create a healthy growth of children left behind in rural areas of good The external environment, the path to explore problems, healthy development for the achievement of this group, to strengthen and improve ideological and moral construction of Training for the future builders and successors, is of great practical significance.

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The Research to Assess Training Effect of Workforce Training Programs of the China Disease Prevention Project Financed by the World Bank (Immunization Planning Part)

On 09/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Objective The China Disease Prevention Project financed by the World Bank (Immunization Planning Part) started in 1996, and is planned to finish in 2003. Yunnan, Guizhou, Henan, Hebei, Shanxi, Guangxi, Gansu, Xinjiang, Shanxi, Hubei, are the ten project provinces. The goal of the project is to reduce infant mortality rate and disability rate through strengthening, development of immunization planning capacity and professional skills of staff responsible for Health promotion in ten poor provinces, The project (immunization program part) is divided into four parts, i.e. cold chain system, workforce training, administration and surveillance, and Health propaganda and mobilization. Among them, workforce training is the core part. Its aim is: through the establishment of work study training system, to improve their professional technical skill and practical operation abilities for the immunization program staffs, especially the staff at grass level, and also strengthen the practical ability in organizing the training programs in provinces, regions and counties, as well as establish the sustainable local capacity to deliver in-service training in each province by project. In order to summarize the experiences and lessons in workforce training programs in the project thoroughly, and to evaluate the effectiveness objectively, and to meet project stakeholders’ requests, we conducted evaluation to assess impact of workforce training. 1 from Oct 1st to Oct 25th. The evaluation questions are to:1) Assess to what extent the project objectives have been achieved;2) Evaluate the changes in quality, quantities, contents and performancecontributed by workforce training;3) Summarize the experiences gained from workforce training;4) Summarize the lessons from workforce training, and identify their main causes.Subjects The subjects of this study were the trainees and project managers from this program who are eligible to be sampled from ten provinces including YunNan, GuiZhou, HeNan, HeBei, ShanXi, Guang Xi, GanSu, Xinjiang, ShanXi, HuBei. This study investigated trainees and took back effective questionnaires. The reply rate is 94.8%.Methods The research methods include both quantitative research and qualitative research (Focus Group). In quantitative research, according to the Social Economic development level, which is good middle and poor, three counties in each province were selected, and then three villages selected in each township. Consequently, the samples are 270 villages, 90 townships, and 30 counties in 10 project provinces. Questionnaire was administrated among the above samples. Furthermore two counties in Shanxi, and Hebei were sampled respectively. And then in each of the two counties, a township was selected, contents of research focused on (1) implementation of training program (2) impact of project training (3) The impact of the training program on workers’ performance (4) Evaluation of effects of project personnel training ? (5) The contribution of personnel training to the project objectives (a comparison: Before and after the implementation of the project). For those collected quantity data, first, we checked and verified the reliability and completeness of the data, then we used EPI 6.12 software to enter the data twice by designated persons, and finally used SAS software for data Management and analysis. For qualitative data, we assign the designated persons to conduct data processing, and analyzing the data.Results According to the questionnaires from four province, and qualitative investigation in Hebei and Shanxi, we got the results as following. Until Oct, 2002,the accumulated number of immunization program staff who completed training at various levels was 397492 person weeks, accumulated training expenditure was 63243585 Yunnan, basically implemented the training plans in the four provinces. During the project, there were total 8282 training courses (workshops) were held in four provinces, among them the provincial level held 56 training courses (workshops) reg

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