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The Research of Provincial Bank of Chihli in Republic of China

On 25/09/2013, in Finance, by rain

The late Qing Dynasty official money of the nature of the local banks, after theRevolution of1911with the collapse of local government, a small number of thereorganization of the Provincial Bank, Chihli Provincial Bank by the late Qing Dynastyofficial money evolved.Period of the Northern Government, the Bank of Chihli Province the warlords cashier themoney of private libraries, the bank reserves to be emptied, money issued without restraint,managers, and marketing bonds. Become financing warlords and military spending, theexploitation of the tools of the people, Chihli Provincial Bank and mastery of the commonfate of their warlords, once the warlords lose power, the Bank of collapse. The other hand, theProvincial Bank of Chihli the rules of survival of the modern banking, widely absorbed socialhot money, and actively invest in modern industry, secured loans, to support industrialdevelopment. Based on the municipalities pay the stop against the wave of the1921pay runson a wave of financial disorder in Chihli areas to its own financial strength to eliminate the1916crack down on local and private votes, to maintain local financial order. However, as thetransition from the old official money of a financial institution, the Chihli Provincial Bank hasstrong political overtones, this limitation has resulted in the survival period of the ChihliProvincial Bank will not last long.Republic of China as the center, conducted a preliminary study on the development andchanges of this stage in Chihli Province Bank. The full text divided into seven parts.The first part is the introduction, description of article topics origin, combing through therelevant academic history, the overall direction, the choice of the data and the related need toexplain the problem.The second part is the first chapter of the body, mainly on the Chihli Provincial BankHistory.The third part is the body of the second chapter, this chapter described the condition ofthe assets of the Bank of Chihli Province, to clarify that the operating funds of the bank’scapital is not a bank, the banks in order to obtain the guarantee of public trust funds. The amount of bank profitability depends on the level of deposits.The fourth part is the third chapter of the text, this chapter analyzes the businesscomposition of the Chihli Provincial Bank. Chihli Provincial Bank deposits, loans andinvestments, distribution bonds, issue of banknotes and other business analysis to examine theeconomic foundation of the survival of Chihli Provincial Bank.The fifth part is the body of the fourth chapter, first defined the concept of junk in thischapter, Chihli Provincial Bank issued banknotes in nature is the coupon, it requires a strictreserve, such a distribution system in the Economic The school belongs to the shackles ofstandard system, which differs from the later paper money standard. Understand this to a deepunderstanding of the banknote crisis in the province to implement to maintain the policy.Part VI is the fifth chapter of the text, of the reasons for the failure of Chihli ProvincialBank to maintain political support is the main driving force to maintain its warlords refused tobecome fundamental to maintain the failed wedding dress for others.Part VII is a brief conclusion, the Chihli Provincial Bank to evaluate the thinking ofgovernment and Economic relations.

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Research on the Denelopment of Logistics Industry in Yanbian Area

On 25/09/2013, in Management, by rain

The material is the first necessity of man, this needs in Social and Economic activities in the various items in the use of multiple channels to demand their hands, so logistics occupies in the modern Economic activity in the important position. China’s real appearance of modern logistics for shorter periods of time, both in the academic profession in the Social relations of production, still be in budding phase. Compared with developed countries, China’s logistics industry because of the international logistics needs, always in a passive position.With the rapid development of economy, the modern logistics industry in the Economic development of the elements and industrial process link plays an irreplaceable role in the service, its degree of development can be a measure of a country and an important indicator of the level of regional development. Enter since twenty-first Century, central to speed up the development of modern logistics industry pays close attention to very much, the central economic and Trade Ministry of transport, the Ministry of foreign trade, the General Administration of Civil Aviation Department, put forward to accelerate the development of modern logistics in China eight opinions. In09years the State Council issued” the logistics industry restructuring and revitalization plan”, and puts forward the development of modern logistics industry overall demand, recently, the Jilin provincial government has issued a series of measures and development planning, for logistics industry development offerred favorable ambient conditions. Tumen River regional economic development planning and the actual construction process, Yanbian is located in the irreplaceable location, Yanbian logistics to the regional economy development the important role.Based on the development of logistics in Yanbian actual, promote the development of thought appropriate, to logistics development planning for a long time to guide the city logistics development. In this paper, in the course of the study mainly by the method of literature research, quantitative research methods, survey research methods. First of all, by the method of literature research, the meaning and function of logistics, modern logistics industry and the definition of content, as well as domestic and international logistics industry development status and role are described; then using quantitative research methods and research methods on the development of logistics industry in Yanbian status are analyzed, according to the recent years Yanbian logistics infrastructure, policy environment, commerce and trade circulation industry logistics present situation analysis, transportation, telecommunications, consumer goods, foreign trade transportation, Agricultural logistics carrier development changes, were collected, and these data are preliminary qualitative analysis, it pointed out that the current state of Yanbian logistics industry development and the problems and difficulties; and, also take the macro and micro research, qualitative research and quantitative research of comprehensive research method combining, pointed out that the optimization of manufacturing Enterprise logistics operation mode, third party logistics development, and vigorously promote the logistics distribution business, accelerate the development of international logistics and bonded logistics, speeding up service industry logistics system construction, improve Agricultural logistics system construction and other effective measures, strive for in the Basic situation and materials Bank on the basis of carding, extracted with some theoretical analysis conclusion.

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The Research of Tourism Culture of the Tajik in Xinjiang

On 24/09/2013, in Tourism, by rain

Tourism is a kind of cultural life, is the development of human society to acertain stage of found a way of life. Historical and cultural heritage, and satisfy thetourists visiting Cuba nostalgia, enrich their knowledge, broaden the horizons ofpsychological needs, natural scenery, exotic and can satisfy the people relaxationthought, restore energy,novelty seeking emotional needs. Tourism culture is thepeople in the tourism activities in the process of the accumulation of culture,specifically speaking, is a tourist and tourism practitioners in tourism line, live, travel,food, entertainment and other common activities of the accumulation of materialculture and spiritual culture. Oue country is the life in the Pamir mountains inXinjiang, its unique geographical location, rich in tourism resources, folk customculture have a style of one’s own, the advantage in favor of Taxkorgan TajikAutonomous County Tourism and cultural development.In this paper the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County as an example ofXinjiang ethnic cultural tourism were analyzed and discussed, he full text is dividedinto four chapters.The paper first is the introduction, mainly introduces the subjectresearch, elaborated the paper research methods, writing ideas and researchsignificance.The first chapter mainly elaborated the Taxkorgan Tajik AutonomousCounty tower county and the profile of tourism resources.The second chapter throughthe SWOT method on the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County Ethnis TourismCulture of the internal environment of the opportunities and threats for detailedanalysis and discussion.The third chapter of the Tajik Autonomous County CulturalTourism Development and put forward some proposals and countermeasures,including strategic goal, development mode, the circuit design and developmentcountermeasure.The fourth chapter discusses the Taxkorgan Tajik AutonomousCounty tourism development and cultural meaning. The county tourism and culturedevelopment, not only promote the local Economic development, but also help to promote the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County Industrial Structure Optimizationand upgrading.

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Zhoushan City to Enhance the Capability of Independent Innovation Talent Supports Problem Research

On 24/09/2013, in Economics papers, by rain

Into the twenty-first century, innovation has become the world’s researchproblems related to an area the future of a country’s development. Independentinnovation is refers to innovative subjects through their own study and research at thecutting edge of technology up mendelevium technical problems, developed withindependent property rights in science and technology, promoting science andtechnology quickly into the process of market goods, the innovation center is ahigh-tech, high-tech access to technical talent to support, therefore, personnel supportsystem in many ways to explore the special features to enhance the capability ofindependent innovation.Zhoushan City, less competitive, the capability of independent innovation, formany reasons, one of the most core personnel supporting force is not strong on theeconomy, talent development with low efficiency, these factors largely restrictedZhoushan Island New construction. Major breakthrough in independent innovation,the current research to enhance capability of independent innovation talent support,personnel support system enhance the capability of independent innovation methodsand measures presented in Zhoushan City, has some practical significance..The article around Zhoushan city to enhance the capability of independentinnovation and talent support problem this one center, to independent innovation,talent and talent to prop up the connotation and related Economic attributes systemanalysis; on the development of domestic and international main experience wassummarized and reviewed; the ability of independent innovation in Zhoushan, talentknowledge quantity and quality as well as human capital quantitative assessment ofthe stock, and then to the Zhoushan city and whole nation and develop area owninnovation and human resources to carry on the comparative analysis; analysis of theindependent innovation of Zhoushan city and current situation of human resources;talent from the quantity and structure of the two aspects of Zhoushan city to dopoineering work independently to talented person’s demand forecast; on the regionalinnovation capability and human capital correlations were analyzed; put forward compose to build Zhoushan City independent innovation talent support system vision,goals, ideas and strategic route, from the culture, the introduction, managementmechanism, service, incentive, market and so on to build talent support system policymeasures.Studies on biodiversity status of fishery community in lower reaehes of YangtzeRiver were carried out, and Primary evaluations of the Spring Closed effect on fisheryeommunity in the sections of Chongming, Changshu and Anqing were also done.

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Research on Guilin Tourism Development Financing Strategy

On 23/09/2013, in Tourism, by rain

With China’s rapid Economic growth, per capita disposable income rise quickly, since entering twenty-first Century, China’s tourism industry has entered the fast track of development. As the tourism industry to pull consumption of urban and rural dweller, drive relevant industry and population and employment growth has apparent stimulative effect, therefore the development of the tourism industry is increasingly subject to national attention. The State Council on2009and2010issued” on accelerating the development of tourism industry,” comments” about advancing the construction of Hainan international tourism island development certain opinions”, and in” on further promoting Economic and Social development in Guangxi in several opinions” put forward to want to build Guilin national tourism comprehensive reform experimental zone. Guilin as the national tourism industry opening one of the first regions, will mark the two time the historical opportunity of development. To grasp the opportunity of development, solve the long-term problems of Guilin tourism development capital shortage problem is we have to face.In this paper, using scientific analysis method, studies the Guilin tourism industry and the development of city financing ability correlation, and selecting the currently used extensively both at home and abroad several financing modes:BOT, TOT, PPP, PFI, ABS were introduced. This article unifies the author in Guilin tourism industry practitioners practice experience of Guilin tourism industry, the development level and characteristics of the analysis, according to industry characteristics and the actual situation, using the scientific evaluation method selection for Guilin tourism development the financing mode, and promote the development of the tourism industry the financing strategy to put forward a reasonable proposal. The author hopes that this paper can provide Guilin tourism development decision-making provide reference or reference, and promote the development of the industry and progress of Guilin.

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Study on China Mobile Corporate Culture Construction

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

With the world Economic and cultural patterns are constantly changing, the trend towards globalization not only put impact on the structure of would economy but impulse corporate development. In the most important Economic organization in Chinese market economy system, the company has become a main subject in the market economy, Marx Richard socialist cultural theory has basically evolved into a unique frame of reference and Basic trend of its own, for example, the scientific socialism theory, socialist Enterprise culture theory etc. Under the theory of Marx Richard socialist culture, Chinese corporate meets the requirement of the development of Socialist Market Economy, it is the power for the corporate to develop Enterprise characteristics of culture, which will building a harmonious society.China Mobile, a developing group company, has been working hard to build corporate culture system which stands for Chinese civilization culture since2005. Corporate culture promotes the achievement of enterprises. The main power of forward development masters spirit forces of the company. Mobile employees know that a Enterprise culture system will guide developing trend, therefore, study on corporate culture construction is necessary. However, in the period of development, there are still problems to be solved, such as, slogan-ism, short-term-ism, distortion-ism, impatient-ism. In the crucial historical juncture, China Mobile is obliged to explore measurements to build corporate culture.Corporate culture theories are introduced based on Marx Richard socialist cultural theory. China Mobile enterprise general information, its cultural characteristics and the process are presented. The reasons for the existing problems are picked up. Finally, suggestions are put forward according to the target and principle of corporate cultural development. China Mobile enterprise culture is constructing with core competition strengthened, which owns theoretical and realistic significance.

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The Analysis of China’s Rare Earth Resources Development Policy

On 23/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

The national economy development is inseparable from the resources. Resourcesare the conditions of contemporary Social development. For the rare earth in China,its reserves is large, it is also highly sophisticated military, aviation, agriculture, newenergy and other areas indispensable mineral, How to make better on the rare earthmining export planning, how to develop the country’s domestic rare earth enterprisehas become a very meaningful thing. At present, the quantity of the China’s rare earthextraction and export is large, while the production technology and price levels arerelatively low. Our country cannot control the right of the foreign price of rare earth.Macro-policy development in China is relatively homogeneous, and unable to adaptto the Economic development of rare earth Therefore, in the era of today’s economy isgrowing so rapidly, how to create the rare earth core competitiveness of enterprises, toobtain and maintain a sustainable competitive advantage has become the importantmission of the rare-earth practical and theoretical workers.In this paper, starting from a macroeconomic policy, Summary and analysis ofrare earth policy is to discuss China’s rare earth policy deficiencies and missingMeanwhile, in order to making better the development of rare-earth policy, conduciveto the development of rare earth enterprises in China,Then start from the microscopic,Taking Baotou Steel Rare Earth Group as the representative of China rare earthenterprises, through the analytic hierarchy process for competitive analysis, such asthe Rare-Earth core competitiveness of enterprises to develop, enhance and maintainthe in-depth discussion. Followed by comparative analysis to study the macro-policyexperience of Middle East oil and iron ore production in Australia, and with its owncharacteristics, in the background at home and abroad, to give advice on the overalldevelopment of China’s rare earth industry. And macro policies on taxes and quotas,in order to achieve the sustainable development of the rare earth industry.

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Research on Fiscal and Tax Policy to Bridge the Gap between the Supply and Demand of Affordable Housing in Our Country at This Stage

On 23/09/2013, in Finance, by rain

House price has become the main problems for modern city of China in recent years.The price of the house is increasingly rising while the disposable income of low-incomeresidents in urban cities is declining because of the inflation and other factors. Thelower-middle class residents in urban cities need not only to cope with the problem ofinflation, but also bear the burden of increasing mortgage. This undoubtedly makes thecontradictions between the income and housing prices be more acuter. So, China hasintroduced a number of related policies to solve the problems of rising prices includingthe introduction of guidance on the construction and Management of affordable housingprojects, improving the financial input, land supply, credit support, tax reduction andexemption policies, improving the Engineering quality level of the planning andconstruction, formulating the allocation of affordable housing, the Management, and exitsystems. However, there has been a lot of controversy since the Social security systemimplemented. There have been a lot of problems in the implementation process of thesystem, including narrow fund-raising channels. The huge funding gap is a majorproblem. The real estate market is an incomplete market and so it need for governmentmacro-control. Due to the particularity and importance of the affordable housing, allcountries see the housing problem as the major link of livelihood issues. The real estatemarket is an incomplete market and thus it needs for government macro-control. China’ssocial security system need to be further improved in some ways. So this article inintended to analyze the current system of affordable housing though the implementation,the problems, the gap forecast of affordable housing.Here Social security housing is the main object of this thesis. This thesis mainlyfocuses on the status of the affordable housing and the existing gap between supply anddemand. Based on the above analysis, combined with the policies of developed countries,the thesis gives some policy recommendations to provide some comment and referencefor the government to strengthen social security housing.This thesis is divided into seven parts. The first part mainly introduces the background and the significance of the study. The second part analyzes the features andfunctions of the affordable housing using of the theory of market failure and public goods.The third part describes the current situation of China’s social security housing from bothsupply and demand aspect respectively and gives a detailed empirical analysis andforecast the gap between supply and demand of affordable housing. In the fourth part, theunderlying cause of the affordable housing shortfall is analyzed. The fifth part introducesthe foreign advanced experience of the social security housing. The sixth part putsforward some fiscal policy to solve the affordable housing gap on the basis of foreignsuccessful experience. The seventh part, also the last part of the article, put forward thesupporting measures to solve the problem of the affordable house.

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Research on Wacun Hydropower Project Financing Strateg

On 23/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

China is a country with high power consumption, and the hydropower industry ranks first in the world。With abundant water resource, the development of large hydropower station is optimistic, and the scale of Investment and financing for that are relatively large. However, in recent years。financing condition for China’s hydropower industry is not that optimistic。Therefore, to solve the capital problem of hydropower enterprises in order to accelerate the development of hydropower industry, is one of the main factors。In this paper, on the basis of the theory of financing, analyzing the hydropower industry financing problems and needs for financing, pointing out that the features for the industry are large Investment。long term, high equipment cost, but stable income,, so the use of direct financing(equity, bond) and indirect financing(loan, trust) and other financing method(BOT, PPP, lease, ABS) could be utilized.With the WaChun hydropower Enterprise as an example, the paper raises some suggestions in the process of financing problems, including finding the right financing way。 using different financing methods in different phases of the project, strengthening the Management of financing to maximize the effectiveness of capital to realize the sustainable development of Enterprise。Lastly, the paper summarizes the investment and financing strategy, figuring out that in the process of highly development of China’s economy, the reform of hydropower system is carried forward as well,。the financing approaches are diversified. With the effective financing method, the development of hydropower industry will be accelerated。

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Studies on Employees Career Management of Nan’Jing Tanker Corporation

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Career Management is an important part of the field of human resourcemanagement. In this paper, Nanjing tanker corporation as the object of study, aimed atthe Enterprise and the whole industry to provide operational staff career managementprogram to achieve the goal of the Enterprise and its employees a win-win.This study used analysis method, the inductive method and research method, toidentify the existing problems through analysis of Nanjing tanker corporation careermanagement, the use of the career development of Sabo, Schein’s career anchor, careerin Holland The classical theory of personality, combined with the actual proposed toimprove the career Management program.This article studies have shown that Nanjing tanker corporation should be based ontheir own characteristics, and first to enhance staff career development paths. The crew,opening up the technology and operating two channels, respectively, as a technical boatdry and ordinary crew career development path. Member of the other side, inaccordance with the “long house simultaneously,” the management ideas, additionalprofessional duties channels for all interested in the development of staff to build thestage of growth.In this paper, Nanjing tanker corporation employees career management program.First, research staff career management program, clear staff should self-analysis andevaluation to determine the career development opportunities, identify career goals,develop an action plan and evaluation, to amend the five aspects of career planning toenhance personal career management. Secondly, the research enterprise employees’career management program, a clear responsibility for the enterprise role should beborne in career management activities proposed human resource management activitiesinto the principle of human resource planning, job analysis, quality assessment, training and development, selection, appointment, performance appraisal, remuneration policyand the career stage management to carry out employees’ career management. Finally,drawing on the Balanced Scorecard management thinking, from financial, customer,operational, and development of four latitude to establish the index system of evaluatingemployees’ career management effectiveness.Through the establishment and implementation of the instance of Nanjing tankercorporation business career development and incentive systems that use the results ofthis study, Nanjing tanker corporation carry out employees’ career management isentirely feasible, the effect is very evident. Professional development to broaden thechannel settings and human resources activities systematic career management solutionsto corporate and employee recognition, can achieve the objectives of the business andthe employees win-win.