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The Characteristic Study of Deng Xiaoping Theory

On 10/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

In the new historical period, led by Deng Xiaoping, the Chinese Communists put forward the question “what is socialism and how to build socialism” and made a brilliant reply. Deng Xiaoping Theory, the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics hence came into being. This theory sticks to the Basic principles of Marxism; it also reflects distinctive Chinese characteristics.Deng Xiaoping Theory has developed in the course of Chinese revolution, construction and reform. It has a special background as well as rich implications; it not only adheres to the Basic principles of Marxism, but also embodies the distinctive with Chinese characteristics and the characteristics of the times. It is a milestone in the Chinese Communists’ understanding of Marxism, which is of great significance for both the reform and opening up and the popularization of Marxism in China.In this paper, based on the existent research, the author analyses the characteristics of Deng Xiaoping Theory in terms of its epochal character, language, theoretical foundation, strategic layout and the target model. These characteristics of Deng Xiaoping come from the perfect combination of theory and present practices.

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The Research of Promoting City Competitiveness of Linyi City,Shandong Province

On 30/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Linyi city-as the eastern bridgehead of the New Eurasian Continental Bridge,with the increasingly frequent foreign exchange,the level of every socal undertakings has achieved rapid development since the reform and opening up. In recent years, in the environment of domestic and foreign competition global Economic integration and changes has deepened and always in the dynamic state, these all has put forward higher requirements for development of Linyi in recent years.Especially in major cities of the Shandong Peninsula Blue Economic Zone and Lunan Economic Zone,the level of its urban comprehensive strength is an important factor of its ability to obtain the winning construction,while the city’s comprenhensive competitiveness and potential competitiveness,decided the citystaying power,potential and prospects of development in the context of world economic trends,sustainable developmeng,knowledge-based economy requires more and more high potentia city competitiveness is the decisive factor for sustainable development of the impact of urban economic and Social undertakings. In such circumstances,the research of Linyi’s potential city competitiveness is very necessary and urgent.Therefore,I hope through the research to understand the status of the potential urban competitiveness of Linyi city,then recognizing its strengths,weaknesses,opportunities and challenges.Accordingly,search a scientific,reasonable and feasible strategy to enhance the potential competitieness.This essay mainly takes quantitative method,and sometimes uses qualitative method instead.On the basis of the research of domestic and foreign scholars,the paper constructs the evaluation index system of city competitiveness,and selects10comparison cities,with the help of the method of comprehensive evaluation.Through data analysis and SWOT analysis,we put forward the policy recommendations to enhance Linyi’s city competitiveness,leading by the Twelveth Five Year Plan of national and Linyi City.

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University Student’ Party Branch Construction in the New Times

On 28/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

As the basis organization. of the Communist Party of China, university students’party branch should be build further. At the same time, the party members of university students’party branch also should be educated deeper. We need to realize the functions of university students’ party branch. We need to develop the party spirit training of student party members. We need to innovate the constructions methods of university students’party branch. In this way, we can foster the excellent builders for building socialism with Chinese characteristics; as well we can train the outstanding successors for the Communist Party of China.Recently, there are some achievements for university students’party branch. According to the ask of The central committee of the communist party, the party committee of universities pay lots of attention on the construction of ideological system making, organisation development and regulation system making. University students’party branches have promoted the development of choosing and training the activists of party application and the formal party members. At the same time, we also have completed the Management and Education for the university students’party branch. Through the constructions, we can improve the functions of university students’party branch and students’party members. According to the development of society, economy, and universities, in fact there are also some problems and challenges, which needed to be solved. The reasons for these problems include the huge changes of university students worldview, view of live, and values. The problems and challenges involve the setting up problems of university students’ party branch, building the cadre team construction, realizing the functions of university students” party branch, enhancing the party spirit training, realizing the regulation system of university students’party branch, building the regulation system for continued Management and Education of college student party member,etc.In our report, we studied the problems, reasons, and solving methods for university students’party branch construction. Firstly, through the research, and analysis, we realize the problems for university students’party branch construction, as well the reasons for these problems. Then, we conclude five working methods and models for university students’ party branch construction. They are:Setting up methods for university students’party branch installations; The optimizing working methods of ideological system making, organisation development and regulation system making; The newest methods of improving the functions of the university students’party branch and student party members; The methods for choosing and training the activists of party application; The regulation system for continued Management and Education of university students’party members.

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Book typhoid miscellaneous disease theory in book form in the easter…

On 28/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Book typhoid miscellaneous disease theory in book form in the eastern ha the author of the famous doctor zhang zhongjing. The book written shortly aft but still stored. By later generations know collection, become the spread treatise on febrile disease and synopsis “two works, among them, the treati on febrile disease is extremely important in the development of Chine traditional medicine, the effect of the later study, play, replenish i ideological content of the acknowledgement and academic writings emerge endlessly. Purpose of treatise on febrile disease of books in recent30yea research materials found in treatise on febrile disease category research main concentrated in the bibliography, the lack of books in a wide range of conte and document number of further research. At the same time, there is the overa condition of all previous dynasties typhoid readings origin comprehensi research and development. Based on this, this article through access to medic books to take an examination of,”song Medical books before exam”,”Chine ancient books catalogue of traditional Chinese medicine”,”Medical boo chronologies dynasties of song, yuan, Ming and qing” Medical directory, su as books, preliminary sorting out during the eastern han dynasty to the republ of China, there are620species, the domestic existing typhoid readings to t bibliography of the title, author, the edition, the, items such as the conten the collection and textual research, and lists a relatively complete existi treatise on febrile disease category listing. At the same time, this artic also to later ages doctor evaluation after finishing the predecessors works fr new were studied. Found between different titles with inner academic thoug tradition, from a certain extent, can understand the change and development the school “typhoid fever”.At first, this paper collected the treatise on febrile disease of boo for the concept definition and standard of dividing. Treatise on febrile disea class bibliography refers to a book in the study of treatise on febrile disea theory. According to the actual circumstances of the typhoid fever theo research, the research in the book “treatise on febrile diseases”, which shou include the specialized work, the study of treatise on febrile disease a synopsis, co-author of the special work above, the research of generaliz typhoid specialized work, the research of “treatise on febrile disease catego list” specialized books and some books, from books, encyclopedias, etc. Cla list at the same time, this article included in the “treatise on febrile diseases” which is the eastern han dynasty dynasty to the period of the republic of China (that is, the theory of typhoid miscellaneous disease came to1949years before the founding of the people), the area is within the territory of the People’s Republic of China (not including Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan area), the original author for the Chinese existing bibliography.Test in this article refer to the medical books, medical books before the song dynasty test “,”the past dynasties of typhoid bibliography, the Chinese province of medical books, the disordered bibliographic description of medical books remit, typhoid academic history, on version of, medical books chronologies dynasties of song, yuan, Ming and qing, the Chinese ancient books catalogue of traditional Chinese medicine” and other books of treatise on febrile disease category summarized, sort out the complete list of620kinds of books, the book title, author, the edition, the, content and so on has carried on the textual criticism and correction.Based on620kinds of bibliography listing, in this paper, the domestic existing before1949the purpose of treatise on febrile disease of book content characteristics of the analysis and summary. Eastern han dynasty is the period of the theory of typhoid miscellaneous diseases, in the period of song, jing treatise on febrile disease has become the important guiding bibliographies of TCM theory and clinical practice, the government’s emphasis on typhoid fever theory influenced the civil subject, all kinds of books from the theory of typhoid six-channel differentiation, diagnosis and treatment principle, many aspects, such as compatibility with the formulas, the treatise on febrile disease and annotate the original play, expand the scope of academic treatise on febrile disease. Class bibliography in the Ming dynasty “treatise on febrile diseases”, which pay more attention to clinical application, the application of theory of typhoid disease and carried on the thorough research and development, more late because of the rise of science of seasonal febrile diseases said that many physicians began to study typhoid, warm disease, and generalized the relationship and difference of typhoid. The study of treatise on febrile disease significantly in the qing dynasty to the diversified development of treatise on febrile disease class library also appeared a variety of forms, including comments, delete order reweave the original song, the party applications, including rhyme formulas, charts, comprehensive treatment and so on. The original provisions in the “treatise on febrile diseases”, which appeared on the textual research of book “beginning” and “to maintain the old theory” two opposing ideas and tend to the class on clinical application, theory and practice of treatise on febrile disease got further development. During the period of the republic of China with the idea of “chinese-style westernization” into the medical field, the theory of “huitong sent” Chinese and western medicine physicians and concept, comprehensive multidisciplinary research to combine traditional Chinese and western medicine, Chinese medicine has opened up a new road.”Beginning to restructure” and “to maintain the old theory” is one of the two opposite schools in typhoid fever appear on the academic history, the debate over each other in the Ming and qing dynasties, played a promoting role in the academic schools of thought contend of the doctrine of typhoid fever. Two are to be sent on the acknowledgement and theory, put forward the theory of “three cardinal guides tripartite confrontation” and “six-channel gasification for disease”, has a certain guiding significance for clinical practice.Since the han and the period of the republic of China one thousand years’ time, all previous dynasties the acknowledgement of treatise on febrile disease ongoing research and development, write the number of treatise on febrile disease class bibliography. That there is no lack of among them later physicians to previous work to supplement and correction, inherit and carry forward the academic thoughts. This article selects some representative medical works in combing research, between different titles in order to find the internal academic thought, from a certain extent, can understand the change and development of the school “typhoid fever”.

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Research on Several Questions Related to Inner Democracy of CCP

On 09/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

To develop inner-Party democracy, we must give it a clear definition. On doing that, we must emphasize the scientific unity between popularity and particularity, between aims and means, between the rights of party members and the system of the whole organization, between political science and party construction.We must investigate the whole development of the inner- Party democracy. It can be divided into three common periods. The first is the appearance and primary development of the inner-Party democracy in the new-democratic revolution. The second is about the continuous development of the inner-Party and frustration, from the foundation of PRC to the reform and opening up to the outside world. The third is the new development of it since the new period. We can draw some lessons and their forms, some theories from the retrospect and analysis of the inner-Party democracy.We must recognize the functions of the inner-Party democracy. Firstly, it can attract and culture persons of talent, which is the basis and ensure about the policy of talents. Secondly, it can confine power, by democracy procedure, democracy supervisor and democracy Education. Thirdly, it can keep vitality, which is the basis of creativity, cohesion and initiative. The last, it can unite organization, which is the factor and ensuring of the unity of thought, profits and organization.We must enhance the ideology of inner-Party democracy which has historical inheritance, comparative independence, initiative and peculiarity. It includes the mentality, thought, recognition, feelings and evaluation of the inner-Party democracy. It can be divided into personal and Social ideology of the inner-Party democracy, the ideology of the inner-Party democracy of common party member and the leader, the ideology of the inner-Party democracy of reason obedience and passive obedience and resisting. To cultivate and improve the ideology, we must enhance democracy ideology of the main part by Education and propaganda. We must also strengthen the construction of socialist market economy and political civilization.We must enhance construction of the system of the inner-Party democracy. The first is about the innovation about operating mechanism of the inner-Party democracy,which includes representative conference, rights protection, etc. The second is about the form of procedure of the inner-Party democracy, which includes conference, election and supervisor. The third is to carry out the principle rules of the inner-Party democracy. To do it, we should protect authority of them, set up responsibility rules, perfect the institutional functions.We must develop the inner-Party democracy of our Basic organizations, which are the demands of changing its present situation, accelerating autonomy development, developing inner-Party democracy in the senior levels of the Party. Hence, we should enhance its construction, on the basis of changing the members and work style, strengthening the basis, developing the democracy increasingly. The main means are to protect democratic rights of party members, to change elective methods, to improve qualities of political life and to perfect decision of the leaders, to enhance inner-Party supervision.

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The Mongolian native literature review is a new phenomenon of modern…

On 05/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The Mongolian native literature review is a new phenomenon of modern Mongolian literature review. In the80s, with the pursuit of local literature consciousness, a new phenomenon of literature review came into being gradually according to rules, which took Horqin local literature as a starting point.The thesis consists of several parts such as introduction, text, conclusion, references, and appendix and so on. The text consists of three chapters. The first chapter introduces the occurrence and development of Mongolian local literature in detail. The Mongolian local literature review formed along with the development of local literature and gradually became an indispensable part of Mongolian literature review. The second chapter mainly analyzes the content of Mongolian native literature comment. Mongolian local literature review is mainly composed of characteristic expression of local literature characters, features of language, embodiment of custom and culture, and consciousness appearing in the review. In addition, there appeared some ideologies such as tragic consciousness, outstanding consciousness, and modern consciousness. The third chapter summarizes the characteristics of local literature. In the process of thirty-year-development, the literature review gradually develops and becomes strong and forms its own unique characteristics. Its features are mainly reflected on the digging into the essence, correct penetrating into the development, cultural thinking research, aesthetics research and so on.

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The Improvement of China’s Real Estate Tax

On 04/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The real estate market healthy or not, about the global economy, price level is more about the interests of the people. In order to promote healthy and orderly development of the real estate market, the central government has repeatedly stressed to strengthen regulation of real estate, non-rational housing prices rose, and the continuous introduction of a number of policies to control, April17,2010, the State Council issued “part of the State Council on resolutely curb notice of urban housing prices”(referred to as the “new country”), specifically asked for” the use of tax policy on real estate income housing consumption regulation.”National September29re-introduction of the real estate control policy, calling for” adjustment of housing transactions part of the deed and the personal income tax preferential policies Land tax collection to strengthen supervision and inspection, focusing on the pricing significantly more than the price level of the surrounding real estate development projects and land value-added tax audit settlement. Speeding up property tax reform, and gradually spread across the country” The successful experience of advanced countries shows that a well-structured, well-functioning real estate market without a market economy can be consistent with, and penetration of national macroeconomic policies in the efficiency of markets a complete and efficient real estate tax system, housing effective operation of the property tax system for the promotion of healthy development of the real estate industry, thus contributing to the effective adjustment of Economic structure, to ensure the sustained, rapid and healthy development, rationally regulate income distribution of society have a very active role. China’s real estate market, tax system is rooted in the formation of the old Economic system, as China’s new Economic system, the establishment and operation of the existing property tax system and collection mode can not meet the Social and economic development; In recent years, China’s government to curb real estate speculation and control of the target rate of housing prices, a series of real estate tax and administration model changes, but these reforms are mostly concentrated in the areas of real estate transfer and collection light levels, the effect of reform far from ideal. Design by Chinese and foreign real estate tax collection patterns and more, to learn nutrition, gain experience in close connection with China’s national conditions, set up by taxes on the tax levy to maintain links, the creation of idle land tax; further clean-up transfer of part of the taxes, bound deficiencies in the system of double taxation; In real estate development, acquisition, retention, transfer of part of the unreasonable ban illegal charges, reducing the transfer of part of property tax burden; innovation in collection mode to further improve the property registration and evaluation system, establish and improve the real estate registration system improve the assessment system, the real estate market, the establishment of closely related with the tax assessment system; in the collection of the levy on strengthening the Management of rental housing; real estate tax information collection and Management technologies, will help improve the collection efficiency and reduce tax costs. Through a multi-pronged initiatives to further improve our current tax system and administration mode.

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The Research on PPP Financing Model of Freeway

On 04/10/2014, in Transportation, by rain

In this paper, first of all, it has got a brief summary about the freeway construction and financing system during the implementation of the approach taken in different countries. Then full and detailed understand and analysis the financing systems, especially for the PPP model. It proposed how to study the actual situation of our China freeway PPP financing model. Finally, to verify the YW freeway as an exampleThe PPP model used in freeway construction financing options, it can not only effectively alleviate the shortage of freeway construction funds, the government issues such as low efficiency of a single Investment, meanwhile, it can achieve the goal of all parties win with the PPP model involved. For private capital, it can found a higher equity Investment side and have a stable return on Investment to protect the freeway project; for the public sector, it can build more and better freeways to meet the Social and public needs. PPP financing model is a better way to achieve the both goals.Freeway construction funds is an obstacle in Social and Economic reforms and development in China, the most significant problem is the freeway construction can not be able to match the capacity development, and supply does not match with the transport. The main reason resulting in the both cases is the required freeway construction funds can not arrived in time. Therefore, relying on only one certain kind of financing or financing the study is not thorough, the use of inappropriate, which will effect the construction of the freeway adversely, thereby, affecting the rapid development of various undertakings. How to make up for lack of funds, and how to adopt the proper financing model to improve the local development is an urgent problem, which is a background of the paper topic. This paper attempts to research highway infrastructure financing phases of development, then how to solve the problem of China’s freeway construction funds, according to analysis the actual situation of PPP financing model in detail. According to describe the definition and characteristics of PPP, we analysis the practical application and operation of the PPP, and research on the advantages and disadvantages of PPP financing models. On this basis, I combined with H Province YW actual situation during highway construction and elaborated YW freeway Basis and background, the necessity and feasibility to Implement YW freeway PPP model, and PPP mode operation of the program, estimated investment and financing, then evaluate on the Economic. Combined with the actual situation of YW freeway, it got a brief analyze about the effects. Make an objective discussion of how to create economically underdeveloped areas to adapt to its effective mode of financing freeway construction. To discuss how to create proper and effective model of freeway financing in undeveloped areas objectively.

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A Research of Property Companies’ Current Situation in Taiyuan on the Basis of Value Chain

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

With the rapid development of our national economy, property Management as an emerging role in the tertiary industry has become a very important part in the industry system of our country. Time saw the property companies in Taiyuan showing up and becoming stronger and stronger. But at the same time, as a new one in our industry, Taiyuan’s property companies face many problems when they are developing.In this paper, from the theory of the value chain, the author analyzed the problems of the property companies’current situation in the way of both positive and normative methods. In the processing of property Management, the enterprises and the proprietors have their own responsibilities to promote the development of the trade. The value chain of the property Management enlightens us a lot on Enterprise management and helps us make the right choices when we are making the decisions. In the end of the paper, it is concluded that the property companies should control the costs and tap the potential value deeply from the view of value chain and more important is to straighten the relationships with other enterprises and the market. The conclusion also points out that the proprietors should understand the concerning legislations and carry out their rights in a reasonable way. Only in those methods can the property companies develop in a sustainable and rapid way.

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The Research of Provincial Bank of Chihli in Republic of China

On 25/09/2013, in Finance, by rain

The late Qing Dynasty official money of the nature of the local banks, after theRevolution of1911with the collapse of local government, a small number of thereorganization of the Provincial Bank, Chihli Provincial Bank by the late Qing Dynastyofficial money evolved.Period of the Northern Government, the Bank of Chihli Province the warlords cashier themoney of private libraries, the bank reserves to be emptied, money issued without restraint,managers, and marketing bonds. Become financing warlords and military spending, theexploitation of the tools of the people, Chihli Provincial Bank and mastery of the commonfate of their warlords, once the warlords lose power, the Bank of collapse. The other hand, theProvincial Bank of Chihli the rules of survival of the modern banking, widely absorbed socialhot money, and actively invest in modern industry, secured loans, to support industrialdevelopment. Based on the municipalities pay the stop against the wave of the1921pay runson a wave of financial disorder in Chihli areas to its own financial strength to eliminate the1916crack down on local and private votes, to maintain local financial order. However, as thetransition from the old official money of a financial institution, the Chihli Provincial Bank hasstrong political overtones, this limitation has resulted in the survival period of the ChihliProvincial Bank will not last long.Republic of China as the center, conducted a preliminary study on the development andchanges of this stage in Chihli Province Bank. The full text divided into seven parts.The first part is the introduction, description of article topics origin, combing through therelevant academic history, the overall direction, the choice of the data and the related need toexplain the problem.The second part is the first chapter of the body, mainly on the Chihli Provincial BankHistory.The third part is the body of the second chapter, this chapter described the condition ofthe assets of the Bank of Chihli Province, to clarify that the operating funds of the bank’scapital is not a bank, the banks in order to obtain the guarantee of public trust funds. The amount of bank profitability depends on the level of deposits.The fourth part is the third chapter of the text, this chapter analyzes the businesscomposition of the Chihli Provincial Bank. Chihli Provincial Bank deposits, loans andinvestments, distribution bonds, issue of banknotes and other business analysis to examine theeconomic foundation of the survival of Chihli Provincial Bank.The fifth part is the body of the fourth chapter, first defined the concept of junk in thischapter, Chihli Provincial Bank issued banknotes in nature is the coupon, it requires a strictreserve, such a distribution system in the Economic The school belongs to the shackles ofstandard system, which differs from the later paper money standard. Understand this to a deepunderstanding of the banknote crisis in the province to implement to maintain the policy.Part VI is the fifth chapter of the text, of the reasons for the failure of Chihli ProvincialBank to maintain political support is the main driving force to maintain its warlords refused tobecome fundamental to maintain the failed wedding dress for others.Part VII is a brief conclusion, the Chihli Provincial Bank to evaluate the thinking ofgovernment and Economic relations.