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Research on Scale Efficiency and Influence Factors of Rice in Sichuan Province

On 13/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Food is important strategic material and Basic life material, which is related to national interest and people’s livelihood. Food security is directly related to the harmony and stability of society. With gradually unloosening of China’s food market, the influence is gradually increased by the volatility from international food market. The large total amount of imported grain must be inevitable increased degree of dependence import and threaten to food security. Ensuring food self-sufficiency and enhancing the domestic food production ability are the most important and efficient ways to solve food security problem. Chinese government has always great importance to the food production and Agricultural support strength has increased continuously in recent years. The total of agriculture subsidies for grain farmers has reached140.6billion RMB from central finance in2011. As China’s first food crops, rice plays an important part in China’s grain production. The total grain output was570million ton, and the rice is278million ton. Sichuan is rice growing province. It is significant to research on scale efficiency of rice for promoting rural labor transfer, improving yield, promoting the land circulation and carrying out the scale operation.This paper studied rice planting scale efficiency in Sichuan province and its influencing factors which was based on technical efficiency theory, scale economy theory, technology innovation theory and system innovation theory. Firstly, this paper analyzed the rice planting area, the yield and the yield per unit of area in Sichuan from the reform and open and comparing with other provinces. Secondly, it used BCC model of DEA to measure rice scale efficiency by292sample data, and analyzed the changes direction of inefficiency decision making units. Then, this paper transverse compared with the rice scale efficiency of Sichuan, Jiangsu, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan and Yunnan. Finally, it used Tobit model to analyses the influence factors of rice scale efficiency in Sichuan.Through the analysis of the above aspects, this paper concluded that the following conclusions.(1) The rice scale efficiency in Sichuan was high. The mean of scale efficiency has reached above0.94under either the input orientation or output orientation model. But there were some inefficiency decisions making units; the main reason was the indirect input was so much that influenced the efficiency.(2) The technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency in Sichuan were the highest comparing with Fujian, Jiangsu, Hubei, Hunan and Yunnan.(3) The scale efficiency in Sichuan has effected by many kinds of factors. The rice planting area, family engaged in Agricultural labor force had positive effect. And the number of field, proportion of technical guidance and direct costs had negative effect on rice scale efficiency. The five factors are the major influence factors, but it doesn’t mean other factors are not important.In view of the above conclusions, this paper argues the following advises will improve the scale efficiency. The government should promote land circulation vigorously, improve the land circulation system, and scale Management of rice. The local agricultural technology department should carry out technical training actively, encourage farmers to participate in technical training, use a variety of instructional techniques and formats such as television and broadcasting, and improve the range of technology training. The farmers should join technical training actively, learn agricultural technology actively and use agricultural technology to practical production. And the farmers should adjust the rice planting proportion input elements; reduce inputs redundancy to improve the scale efficiency of rice.

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A Study of Eight Devas in Sichuan Province in the Tang Period

On 11/08/2012, in Economics papers, by rain

【Abstract】 The buddist art after experiencing period first time in South and North Dynasty high peak, in Tang Dynasty because the ruler permits concurrently and the religious policy, the buddist art in the further development at the same time, the localization progress is more and more quick. the eight devas of human form in early Tang Dynasty in sichuan.Because those eight devas sculptural works are more widespread than sculptural works in northern, and the research for eight devas benefit to the understanding a relation for mutually affecting of regions in sichuan and northern. the author collected the real object data and historical records of Guangyuan , Bazhong and Chengdu, and with help of methodology-iconography, iconology and development of styles, author think in early Tang period, had a kind of style became popular in Guangyuan, Bazhong and Chengdu . these eight devas sculptural works have much relation in lining up row order, individual characteristic and the details of individual, should belong to a same kind of style or the same model. in prosperous Tang another kind of style starts changing the development, and appear at the same time again in above three regions. after middle Tang period eight devas sculptural works inside for building resembling only and primarily local in Bazhong and Chengdu. Andthere are some else styles in Bazhong, from some records and data, author think this region had some contact with style of northern. and style in Chengdu get little change, there are some unique eight devas sculptural works , and author think it ‘s result of the process of the localization.why eight devas sculptural works only widely accepted by sichuan ?author assort to explain this problem by studying folk religion of Tang Dynasty. The folks in Tang Dynasty have faith of ghost , god , buddism. there is a same point that folks believe in those religion is they want some earn from those ghosts and gods. Then this custom is reason why eight devas sculptural works is such puplor.

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The Study on the Urban Development Stratigies of Sichuan Province

On 10/07/2012, in Management, by rain

【Abstract】 Since reformation and opening,along with industrialization is faster,urban development of Sichuan province is also faster,but the questions are so many,too.By means of observing and analysing the predecessors’ study,with the internal relations between industrialization and urban development is as the theory frame,the author selects three representative factors which affect industrialization: Economic structure upgrade,productivity function change and Economic organization reform,and study the internal relations among three representative factors and three aspects of urban development that are urbanization, spatial dynamics of regional urban development and location pattern, urban organization system deeply.On the base of setting forth the concept of industrialization,from the Basic relation between industrialization and Economic structure upgrade,discusses the internal relation between economic structure upgrade and urbanization. From the Basic relation between industrialization and productivity function change, discusses the internal relation between productivity function change and spatial dynamics of regional urban development and location pattern. From the basic relation between industrialization and economic organization reform, discusses the internal relation between economic organization reform and urban organization system.according to the study above-mentioned,draws three conclusions as listed below: economic structure upgrade is as the source of urbanization, productivity function change is the crucial factor of spatial dynamics of regional urban development and locationpattern, economic organization reform resolves the evolution of urban organization system.On the basis of three above basic relations,deeply studys that each factor concretely affects urban development of Sichuan province.On the base of describing economic structure’s evolution in Sichuan province ,points out the stratigies’ types of economic structure upgrade are fill-up stratigy and catch-up-with stratigy. The author reaches a conclusion: under the background of the global division of labour and co-operation, fill-up stratigy affects economic structure upgrade of Sichuan province that labour dense industry is placed in highlight position, and the contents of technology and capital that are transferred from advanced countries’ manufacturing industry make the second industry of Sichuan province be high-grade shape in some extent; under the Great Western Exploitation background, catch-up-with stratigy affects economic structure upgrade of Sichuan province that newly-emerging industry whose representative is new-high technology industry is placed in outstanding position and the third industry is increasing rapidly, then points out fill-up stratigy and catch-up-with stratigy boost urbanization.On the base of describing the features of productivity function change of Sichuan province, analyses the dominant essential factors’ spatial distribution and that productivity function change produces an effects on patial dynamics of regional urban development and location pattern.Through the model,the author points out: labor force factor contributions to GDP increasing weakly, capital factor contributions to GDP increasing highlier, TFP constributions to GDP increasing highiest.Capital factor affects non-agriculture spatial distribution directly, technology factor not clearly, capital and technology factors act urban development collectively and expand urban scale directly.On the base of describing the features of regional distribution of Sichuan province’s economic organizations, analyses the effects on economic organization reform and urban organization system. The author comes to a conclusion: small towns are important to town-city system of Sichuan province because smallenterprises are developing swiftly and violently; new model economic organization presents a collective character that makes urban regional organization “dule” , that shows urban industry and urban construction level are dule.At last,selects Chengdu city as the case, verifys the

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Reserching on the Way of Urbanization in Sichuan

On 06/07/2012, in Management, by rain

【Abstract】 Urbanization is a decisive problem in the farther development of Sichuan , because the backwardness of the urbanization has seriously blocked the development of economy. At the turn of the new century , sichuan’s urbanization has entered a crucial stage , and accelerating it becomes the only way to advance its economy. The following article , based on the discussions about urbanization and the main views of urbanization ways, drawing lessons from the urbanization development of Sichuan itself, starting with the present situations of Sichuan’ s urbanization. Combining its practical conditions such as the nature , society economy and so on , explores the best way of sichuan’ s urbanization, that is , urbanization development way mainly based on the development of the major cities , meanwhile , in the article .according to the Economic development and some other special aspects , Sichuan has been divided into following 5 regions ;Economic Region of Chengdu plain .Southern Region of Sichuan .Northern Region of Sichuan .Eastern region of Sichuan , Pan zhi hua liangshan Region , and Sichuan-Tibet border Region , at the same time, the article gives different urbanization ways point to concrete circumstance of every region, to accelerate the development of sichuan’ s big cities , the article below gives a series of suggestions.

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Study on the Movement of Agricultural Usage Land in Sichuan

On 05/07/2012, in Agriculture, by rain

【Abstract】 The Transference of Agricultural Usage Land (TAUL) has become a primary problem which propelled the innovation of rural land usage system and land market foundation and improvement. Studying and regulating TAUL not only can efficiently avoid land leaving unused, improve land utilization and optimize the collocation of land resources; but also can accelerate Agricultural framework adjustment, increase peasants’ income and promote rural economy development. Therefore, this paper makes a thorough study on TAUL after an on-the-spot investigation and a wide range of data collection. Firstly, this paper analyzes the essential reason; Secondly, it puts forward a design of TAUL on the basis of present situation and exited problems of TAUL in Sichuan, then makes a thorough study on the principals, conditions and forms of TAUL; thirdly, the owner institution of Nanchong city is analyzed as a form of TAUL, and on the basis of this it thoroughly studies primary Economic problems of TAUL; in the end it puts forward some suggestions and countermeasures for perfecting and strengthening the TAUL in the future.

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Study on Development of Sichuan Vegetable Professional Cooperative

On 05/07/2012, in Agriculture, by rain

【Abstract】 (College of Economy & Management Sichuan Agricultural University Ya’an Sichuan)Planting vegetable is popular in Sichuan province; the sown area of vegetable takes 76.7% in that of cash crops in 2002. Now vegetable industry has been the first choice of adjustment of Agricultural product structure in many areas of Sichuan province. But with the marketplace agriculture springing up, the contradiction between small product and wide market becomes more and more outstanding, and it leads to unstable income of vegetable farmer. As a spontaneous organization to protect self-benefit, vegetable professional cooperative plays an important role in solving the contradiction. However the vegetable professional cooperative in Sichuan province does not play completely. In order to release the potential power of it, this paper tries to find the problems through studying on it, then to search for the means of settlement.First of all, this paper analyzes the specialty of vegetable industry, the main modes of Management of vegetable industry and situations of Sichuan province. I find the flexibility of the vegetable professional cooperative is suitable to Sichuan vegetable industry; it deserves spread widely. Basing on the acquaintance, combined to field survey, this paper analyzes the type, present situation and restricting factor of Sichuan vegetable professional cooperative, and then comparatively analyzes with the vegetable cooperative of USA. Through these researches this paper gets the general acquaintance of Sichuan vegetable professional cooperative, putting forward the countermeasures and suggestions.

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The Study on the Marketing of Sichuan Tourism

On 04/07/2012, in Tourism, by rain

【Abstract】 According to estimate of the United Nation Development PROGRAM (UNDP), the world travel and tourism industry will exceed IT industry and automobile manufacturing industry in 2020,and will become the biggest industry in the world. According to World Tourism Organization, China will become the biggest travel destination nation and the fourth tourism source courtry in the world in 2020.Sichuan province has abundant tourism resource, very long history, various and versatile nation minority culture which are special competition advantages of Sichuan. The government of Sichuan province decided to make the travel and tourism industry to be one of the pillar industry in Sichuan. Although the travel and tourism industry developed very quickly in recent years, there are a lot of problems in this. China entry into WTO will cause huge changes in travel and tourism industry. Therefore, it is necessary to do an investigation to find problems in marketing and to improve them.Chapter one is a brief introduction of tourism and tourism industry and the state of tourism in national economy. Then, a brief introduction of problems of Sichuan tourim. Chapter two is investigating to the resources condition of Sichuan tourism, investigation to the condition of Sichuan tourism market and problems of tourism marketing. Chapter Three analyse tourism product and the way to make tourism product life cycle longer and the ways of developing the tourism products of SichuanChapter four beginning with the current state of Sichuan tourism, Sichuan tourism has to pay more attention to the building of tourism brand to promt Sichuan tourism. Chapter five According the Sichuan tourism character green marketing is suggested. Chapter six to strengthen Sichuan tourism publicity, INTERNET is suggested.

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Investigation on Industrialization of Animal Husbandry and Developmental Pattern in Sichuan

On 25/06/2012, in Agriculture, by rain

【Abstract】 The Objective of this study is to propose the policies,measures and development pattern of the industrialization of animal husbandry in Sichuan province on the base of comparing and analyzing the deference of development experience of Agricultural industrialization and industrialization organization systems between the developed countries and Sichuan province, and learning from the successes and lessons being worth paying attention. Results showed that animal industrialization chain has been formed by market economical competition, and filed leading enterprises became the main part of animal husbandry, and gain profits primarily through international trade in developed countries. In China, the policy of Agricultural industrialization was initially focused on enhancing the ability of market competition of leading enterprises, and organize the farmers to develop and expand the scale of industrialization of animal husbandry through supporting leading enterprises, but the enterprises also share some public responsibility assigned by the government, and so they have to face both the pressures from responsibility of increasing farmer’s income and international business competition. Therefore, Sichuan animal husbandry industrialization should be concentrated on increasing farmer’s family income, developing appropriate scale of raising 50-200 animals annually. If this come true, the aim which the production value of Sichuan animal husbandry reach 100 billion RMB, and the proportion accounts for 50% in total Agricultural production value will be actualized. At the same timeit should be noted that the leading large-scale enterprises exporting the agricultural products need to be supported and developed. Increase of Sichuan animal production value should be relied both on large-scale enterprises with exporting business and the rural cooperatives with flexible business. The policy of animal husbandry industrialization should separate the business of enterprises from the public responsibility, thus enterprises can concentrate their attention on strengthening business competition. Results also suggested that in the process of developing animal husbandry industrialization the government should not put all development funds on supporting leading enterprises, a part of funds should be transferred to train the farmers on the knowledge of animal farming and market competition, enhance farmer’ animal productivity and the efficiency of rural cooperatives, and thus increase the market competition of animal products of Sichuan. Simultaneously, the issue of farmer’s land ownership should be carefully solved, farmer’s interest should be protected, the leading large-scale enterprises should not be relied on excessively.

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Effect Analysis That the Trans-corporation Makes an Investment in Sichuan

On 24/06/2012, in Finance, by rain

【Abstract】 China has already become and absorbed the most developing countries of foreign capitals for 6 years in succession. There are more than 400 that have already entered China and made the Investment in the Companies of 500 tops of the world ranking of Fortune Magazine. Among them 88 come to Sichuan to make the Investment. The trans-corporation centre enters China extensively, bring far-reaching influence to China’s economy. Trans-corporation’s enormous influence power, make it become any strength which can’t be ignored in national Economic development. The relation questions of the trans-corporation and host country Economic development, become an eternal subject. How utilize trans-corporation, develop by cooperating with trans-corporation, make it serve for economic development of host country effectively, it is the policy difficult problem that governments of various countries generally face.This text makes an introduction to the overview that the trans-corporation invests in Sichuan, has analysed the relevant theories of the trans-corporation, invest in capital effect, industrial structure effect, employment effect, technological effect of Sichuan,etc. to analyse to the trans-corporation. Moreover, I use a large number of statistics to prove, use Leshan-Phoenix Semiconductor Company Limited and Metro yet -The concrete conditions of the effect are the real example make an investment in Sichuan. Draw the conclusion from the analysis: the trans-corporation has invested Sichuan and brought the straight effect, has brought certain negative effects too, but the straight effect is greater than negative effects. Finally, I proposed Sichuan introduces trans-corporation’s existing problem and relevant countermeasures measure.

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Research on Development Strategies and Countermeasures for Agricultural Informatization of Sichuan

On 08/06/2012, in Agriculture, by rain

【Abstract】 New scientific discovery and technical revolution are changing the Social mode of production, promoting the development of the Social productivity. Information technique, as the high and new technical representative, has become the national economy foundation technique with high permeating, efficient, intelligence-intensified and sustainable development technique and developed its important function in national economy. Consequently, the national economy informatization has become an inevitable choice of our society, of which Agricultural informatization is an important part. It is an essential move to carry out Agricultural informatization in China, which will be of great benefit to the challenge of the knowledge-based economy and the agriculture technological revolution.Agricultural informatization of the developed countries on the whole experienced three stages. Now, the developed countries have basically stepped into the agricultural informatization, while China began to introduce the concept of informatization in the 1980s. After more than twenty years’ development, the agriculture informatization becomes the important means to promote the development of agricultural economy and enhance its competitive strength.The agricultural informatization of Sichuan has made some progress through the recent years’ development, which has laid the good foundation for the all-around promotion of informatization. However, there are still many problems, and it is far from being well-developed and perfect in many respects. Theagricultural informatization of Sichuan still has a long way to go.After the study of the concerned Basic theories on agricultural informatization, the author analyzes the different facets such as the features of development, the scheme construction, the system and service of the agriculture informatization and the concerned human resource Education in the United States, France, Japan and India. At the same time, the author gives a brief account of the developments of the overall agriculture informatization, those of the developed regions and the western areas and their experience. Then the thesis introduces the Basic status quo of the agriculture in Sichuan, the achievements realized through the informatization and analyzes the factors limiting the development of its agriculture informatization, the principal problems, the necessity and condition of the wider-scale development. On the basis of the analysis, the thesis elaborates on the strategy of the agriculture informatization in Sichuan Province including the strategic goal, the strategic emphasis, the ways of thinking, and the developing phases. Afterwards, the thesis lays out the development plan of the agriculture informatization in Sichuan including the construction of infrastructural facilities, key application system, and the informatization interactive platform. Lastly, the present thesis has learned the advanced experience of the agriculture informatization from domestic and abroad, and puts forward the development strategies and countermeasures for the agricultural informatization in the light of specific conditions of the agricultural economy in Sichuan and the development of the agricultural informatization.It will exert a profound influence on the fast and healthy development of Sichuan agriculture economy to push forward the agriculture informatization comprehensively.