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Pakistan;s Islamic Extremist and the Influence on Other Countries and Areas

On 08/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

This paper studies Islamic extremist in Pakistan and its neighboring countries and region. Pakistan, special geographical location and cultural environment,some Islamic extremist political parties,armed groups of Islamic extremism in Pakistan popular. “9·11″incident,the Islamic extremist in Pakistan created a series of terrorist attacks.More and more people began to believe that Islamic extremist organizations in Pakistan as the main base for activities.Pakistan and China’s Xinjiang Because of the geographic closely linked to its activities in Xinjiang convenient condition.Islamic extremism is endangering the security and stability in Xinjiang, a serious obstacle.The purpose of this question is to the security situation in Xinjiang around more, a deeper understanding, but also to better safeguard China’s Xinjiang region’s security and stability This article discusses the religious extremist forces in Pakistan’s development, the Islamic religious extremism in Pakistan’s development, performance and hazards. In addition Pakistan as unique characteristics of the geopolitical and historical factors, a typical victim of Islamic religious extremism countries,and China, Iran, Afghanistan, Central Asia, and India, Kashmir and parts of neighboring countries such as religious extremists and terrorist forces stimulus effect, a direct threat to China’s western Xinjiang region, especially security. Based on the analysis that the religious extremist forces in Pakistan against the influence of China, China from the international and national levels to strengthen prevention,to safeguard China’s western Xinjiang region of China in particular,security. This article related to history, religion and international politics and other aspects of the content.This method involves taking Basic research induction, the Basic methods of historical analysis.

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A Study on the Tertiary Education Strategy2007-2012in New Zealand

On 04/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Education strategic planning has become an important decision-making and Management tool in different systems, different development levels of countries to coordinate whole Education. At the end of2006, New Zealand introduced the Tertiary Education Strategy2007-2012which continued and developed previous strategy’s core Philosophy. It developed the third tertiary education’s development objectives and priorities to guide the tertiary education development direction.The study included six parts:the background of the Tertiary Education Strategy2007-2012; the main context of the Strategy; the project of the Strategy; the effect of implementation of the Strategy; the whole evaluation of the Strategy and the revelation of the Strategy. The focus of this research is to identify the essential characteristics of the strategy in the deep analysis on concept and practice level. Find the homogeneity of strategy in tertiary education development with different political, Economic and culture environment. Looking for some effective informations and references form our country’s national Long-term Educational Development and Reform Planning2010-2020and the situation of high education.In New Zealand, the Tertiary Education Strategy2007-2012developed with domestic political, Economic, demographic and cultural factors. It’s the results of the international higher education development trend. New Liberalism is the total guiding ideology to guide New Zealand tertiary education development and reform; labor productivity and skill shortages promote strategy introduction; population structure and diversification directly lead strategy; the establishment of a world-class education system of the21st century is the overall goal of New Zealand’s education development. The Strategy2007include the expected contribution of tertiary education, strategy positioning and priorities outcomes for tertiary education. The government implemented a Performance-based Research Fund, Training Opportunities Programme, Gateway, Adult Reading Instruction, Domestic Status for New International Doctoral Research Scholarship Programme and so on to contribute to the tertiary education reform and development. The Strategy2007has achieved a certain degree of effectiveness which guide the tertiary education reform, promote the university research capacity, strength lifelong learning of all people.

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The Factors That Affect the Mental Health of Students and Countermeasures in the Community of College

On 24/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Implementation of the community as a state university after the Socialization of University Logistics special product of the development of the mental Health of college students play an increasingly important role.Through literature review found that the college community culture, university Management, and other factors have on the community mental Health of college students have a certain influence, but most studies are based on documentary research conducted descriptive, speculative elaborations of this study to understand the current studentson the basis of mental health status, will try to use mathematical analysis, to explore more scientific system of University Community Mental Health of the main factors, and put forward proposals of countermeasures.This article is divided into three parts, the first description of the university community on the impact of mental health related aspects of the status quo. Literature shows that community culture, community Management and community relationships and college students these three points is closely related to mental health, including community relationships mainly refers to the quarters within the community relationships. Can be found, the current research is only in theory, from the individual elements of aspects of the university community of students, research is not a systemic lack of quantitative and empirical.Secondly, the study of macro-level comprehensive community mental health university the main factors. The survey found gender, mental health professionals and students there were no significant differences between, and grade and the mental health of college students there were significant differences between the specific point of view, the mental health index sophomore highest mean scores, college The mental health of students the lowest average index score, University of the third and fourth grade students in the mental health index scores mean centered, the results show that the mental health of sophomore problems than the possibility of college, three And fourth grade students, college students mental health problems the possibility of the weakest; from the university community point of view, were extracted from the community environment, community management, community and interpersonal relationships, school life, community culture, community crowded the six Factors, including the community of interpersonal factors, community and cultural factors, community Environmental factors and psychological health was significantly related, according to influence the size of order, community interpersonal factors on mental health the most, followed by the community and cultural factors, and finally the community environment. The new findings, college community environment such objective factors to the mental health of college students in negligible impact, which in previous studies is not to be concerned about, which the university community mental health Education has an important significance.Finally, the study on the basis of empirical study puts forward the countermeasures, which proposed through various channels to improve community interpersonal relationship, strong community culture and optimizing community environment for college students’ psychological health growth escorting.

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The world today witnesses more and more environmental complications …

On 23/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The world today witnesses more and more Environmental complications and more and more paroxysmal events, among which a majority are public Health emergencies. With high population density, frequent personnel exchange, and more and more susceptible people, cities in China are becoming high risk areas where public Health emergencies are increasingly possible to burst out. Therefore, it is a no-time-to-delay priority to work out effective strategy to deal with these public health emergencies.Based on analysis of the characteristics and status quo of recent public health emergencies and reference to experiences in other developed countries, this paper puts forward a set of tactics to consummate a public health emergency handling system with application of Computer integration Management. This paper consists of 5 parts. The first part analyses the background and significance of the topic; the second part defines some concepts of the public health emergency, including public health and public health emergency, and brings forward some guidelines and principles; the third part analyses the status quo in China, including characteristics and classifications of public health emergencies; the fourth part compares the emergency tactics in USA, UK and Japan, and points out some referential experiences to China; and the fifth part advances some strategies for public health emergencies in China, and proposes to consummate the Computer integrated system for public health emergencies, and educe the anticipatory effect.

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Study on the Strategy of Increasing the First Dose Coverage Rate Timely of Hepatitis B Vaccine in Poor Areas

On 17/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Objective1. To investigate and know the situation and main influence factors of the first dose coverage rate timely for Hepatitis B vaccine of neonatus in poor areas;2. To evaluate the efficacy of the strategy for increasing the coverage rates and the first dose coverage rate timely of hepatitis B vaccine.3. To analyze the possibility of the strategy for increasing the first dose coverage rate timely of hepatitis B vaccine in poor areas.4. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of UnijectTM by observing the effect of coverage rate,side effects and serological immunization.Methods1. Choose two rural districts from National Level Poor Countries of Ethnic Areas as the trial spot, use the vaccine of UnijectTM and routine HBV vaccine, inoculat according to the”0、1、6″national immune schedule.2. Each investigated country is divided into four groups: UnijectTM 1 group (inside cold chain), UnijectTM group (out of cold chain ),Hbv1 group and Hbv2 group; 3. The storage,transportation and usage of the vaccine of UnijectTM 1 group,Hbv1 group and Hbv2 group was complied by the storage temperature; The storage、transportation and usage of the vaccine of UnijectTM 2 group was under the common temperature, as soon as it was delivered to the immunization spot from the country and without the cold chain(such as icebox、refrigerator ). The storage time is within one month,and the usage should be comply to the change of colour of the VVM label.4. The first dose coverage of UnijectTM 1 group and HBv1 group is charged by the township doctors; and the first dose coverage of UnijectTM 2 group and HBv2 group is charged by the rural doctors.5. The method of observing the side effects of innoculation: observe the side effect of innoculation of the subjects at 24h、48h and 72h after innoculation, there will be 50 subjects in each trial group of every country,and 400 subjects in all in the 8 research groups of the two countries.6. The method of evaluating the coverage rate: the random cluster sampling method was used (Probability Proportionate to Size, PPS),make a comparative analysis on the coverage rate and the first dose coverage rate timely between the research groups and the control group.7. The method of evaluating the serological effect: each research country investigates 150 subjects from UnijectTM 1? Hbv1 and Hbv2, 25 subjects per group. Collect 3ml venous blood and separate the serum, the radio-immunity method was applied to detect. the HbsAg and HbsAb.Results1. Investigated the coverage rate and the rate timely for HBv of 780 research objects, among which 198 children were observed the level of anti-body and were detected the HBsAg. Meanwhile, investigated the coverage rate of HBV of 326 children from the control group, then contrastive analysis was made.2. After taking the preventional strategy, the first dose coverage rate timely had reached to 79.5%,increasing 42% than before,and 21% higher as to the control group. The first dose coverage rate timely of the research group was noticeable higher than the control group, there was significant difference(χ2= 50.28, P<0.01).The first dose coverage rate timely of UnijectTM group was higher than HBV group,but there was no significant difference (χ2= 3.61, P<0.05).3. After taking the preventional strategy, the first dose coverage rate timely for HBV of the home delivery neonatus had increased 56%, from 7.7% to 63.9%,which was apparently higher than the control group, and there was significant differenc(eχ2= 109.27, P<0.01).the first dose coverage rate timely of group UnijectTM was higher than group Hbv, also there was significant difference(χ2= 6.05, P<0.05).4. After collecting the venous blood of objects from the research areas, the HbsAg and HbsAb using radio-immunity method were detected. The results concluded that the HbsAg positive rate had been dropped down from 4.6% to 2.5%, after three full dose of HBV immunization, the anti-HBs positive conversion rate was 95.5%, and there was no significant difference between research groups. Among the anti-HBs positive conversed children , 92.4% children’s anti-body had achieve the protection level(≥10mIU/ml),the geometric mean titers (GMT) was 1:153.5. The adverse reaction monitoring on all the inoculated children was undertaken through the project,693 children were monitored the adverse reaction,totally 2001 dose rates were monitored,and all the observed children had no adverse reaction.6.The analysis on the influential factors of the coverage rate timely demonstrated that for home delivery neonates whose first dose of hepatitis B vaccine was administered either by village doctors or by township doctors, the coverage timely rate increased from 4.5% to 66.9% (62 percent points enhanced) and from 20.0% to 54.3% (34 percent points enhanced), respectively. And the coverage rate timely for neonates administered by village doctors was significantly higher than that of infants administrated by township doctors (χ2= 4.73, P < 0.05). The main reasons for not administered timely were unaware of the need of vaccination, too far away from the hospital and low birth weight, whose proportions were 58.3%, 10.2% and 5.1%, respectively.Conclusion1. The Implementation of the research Strategies has considerably increased the coverage rate timely for HBV of children in the research areas, and it provides quotable experience to increase the first dose coverage rate timely for HBV in poor rural areas.2. The storage and usage of UnijectTM in the common temperature out of cold chain can effectively ensure the home delivery neonates to cover the first dose of vaccine timely 24 hours after born,and can achieve the motive of increasing the coverage rate and rate timely. The vaccine of UnijectTM and HBV has the same immune effect, it is safe and effective to store and use the UnijectTM in the common temperature out of the cold chain.3. For home delivery neonates in the low hospital delivery areas,the effect of increasing the first dose coverage rate timely is better when the village doctors were in charge of, compared with the case of township doctors; In poor countryside with a low hospital delivery rate, it was an effective strategy to increase the first dose coverage rate timely through training village doctors and encouraging them to propagandize the knowledge to villagers and take charge of the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine administration.4. After the full implementation of free hepatitis B vaccine vaccination, unaware of the need of vaccination and too far away from the hospital were two main impact factors of not receiving hepatitis B vaccine in time for the neonates of poor countryside. This suggested that how to enhance the knowledge of hepatitis B vaccine vaccination of villagers in poor countries and their immunity protection consciousness more effectively was an urgent issue.

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A Study of Drama Translation Strategies from the Perspective of Manipulation Theory

On 16/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

With frequent cultural communications and exchanges in the world, drama translation study also tends to give prominence to a cultural perspective. Just as the translation of novels and poetry, drama translation not only concerns with the transformation from the source language to the target language, but also involves many non-linguistic factors. Lefevere, one of the representatives of the Manipulation School, puts forward that any translation is rewriting of source texts, which is manipulated by ideology, poetics and patronage. Translating activities are constrained by the historical and cultural backgrounds, and filled with clear purposes and Social utility. Due to drama’s dualistic nature of being a performing art and reading literature, the strategies of drama translation are never selected at random and differ from that of other literary works. On the basis of Lefevere’s manipulation theory, this thesis makes an elementary study on its application in the translation of Pygmalion and points out that the translator should make clear the purpose of translation and apply relative strategies while translating dramatic text. Due to the special features of dramatic language, the translator is expected to attach great importance to the characters’individualized characterization, colloquialism and cultural factors. By conducting this research, the author wants to make her own efforts in the somewhat neglected translation field.This thesis consists of five chapters. Chapter One is a brief introduction of the research background, significance of the study, research questions and structure of the thesis. Chapter Two is literature review, providing a general overview of drama translation and researches on it both at home and abroad. The third chapter mainly discusses the manipulation theory, especially the three key elements of the theory, including ideology, poetics and patronage. Chapter Four is a case study based on Yang Xianyi’s translation of Pygmalion, of which the first part gives a profile of the source text and its author, the second part makes an analysis of how manipulation influences drama translation, and the last part is a brief summary of drama translation strategies. The last chapter draws a conclusion of the whole thesis, which also points out the limitations of the present study and drama translation strategies to be further investigated.

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The Study on the Protection and Development of Eco-to Urism Resources of Liaohekou Eco-economic Zone

On 16/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

To keep the ecological tourism resort’s effective functions and the beautiful scenery, it is very important to protect the environment and the eco-tourism resources of ecological tourism resort. It is necessary to apply industrial base and eco-tourism resources of ecological tourism resort of Liao He estuary to modest development, play ecological advantages, taking into account the protection and construction, for it is the key to protection and development of eco-tourism resources of Liao He estuary.With the development of economy,”ecotourism” has become a hot development around the world, ecological tourism resort has been the main tourism way. However, eco-tourism area is very fragile ecological environment, and correctly grasp the degree of protection and development to avoid inappropriate exploitation to impaction and destruction of the resources and ecological environment.So the conservation and development of eco-tourism resources are the emphasis in the construct of ecological tourism resort. The thesis take the measure of the system integrity、 nature-based、local conditions characteristic development, special protection appropriate and integrated the principles of efficiency, the use of district planning and district protection, etc. to well protect and develop eco-tourism resources and put forward to concrete measures of the conservation and development of eco-tourism resources monomer of ecological tourism resort of Liao He estuary.The first part of the thesis introduces the Basic attitude of the ecological tourism resort and the development process and the development experience, summarize and analysis the problem of the ecological tourism resort. The second part of the thesis introduces the theory of conservation and development. The third part of thesis brings forward Strategy, according to the case of conservation and development of tourism resources, we can comparative analysis and characteristics of the summary for reference, leads to outcome. The fourth part of the thesis introduces study on classification of ecological resources and tourism resources to obtain the classification and characteristic of eco-tourism resources. The fifth part of the thesis is the focus of the study the article. Through the analysis to Liao He estuary ecological-tourism resort, the thesis probe into protraction of eco-development on the proposed strategy. From the point of eco-tourism resources’conservation and the development, the use of district planning and protection, put forward concrete measures of the conservation and development of eco-tourism resources monomer of ecological tourism resort of Liao He estuary. The ecological tourism resort should make the favorable ecology environment. The last part is the summary of conservation and development of ecological tourism resort of Liao He estuary.

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The Strategic Study on Public Diplomacy for Multinational Corporations

On 15/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

With the third wave of globalization, multinational corporations are playingforceful roles in the arena of international politics and economy. To a great extent,multinational corporations change human society`s production and exchange modesand fortune`s creation and distribution structure. They also transform the structure andexercise mechanism of power during international and domestic political developmenteven though every citizen`s way of living and consumption.The rapid development of information technology causes the failure oftraditional inter-governmental diplomacy to meet the demand of new situation.Therefore Public Diplomacy, the imperative supplement of inter-governmentaldiplomacy, is rising on the stage of international relation.The development of public diplomacy breaks the pattern that governmentmonopolizes diplomacy. The more close interaction between governments andnon-government organizations introduces multiple subjects into the diplomatic realm.This study aims to solve two issues as follows. Firstly, what are the roles ofmultinational corporations during public diplomacy? Secondly, how do influentialmultinational corporations function during public diplomacy?Through method of literature reading and case analysis, this study combinestheoretical research and practical research. The literature review was based on theresearch of multinational corporations and public diplomacy in International RelationsTheory. After that, approaches of multinational corporations to function in publicdiplomacy was elaborated from the aspect of their influence on both mother and hostcountries. These approaches include political cooperation, political lobbying, politicaldonation, information communication, political negotiation and value communication.Then the public diplomacy case between Japanese businesses and the United Stateswas analyzed in this study. The case displayed that the roads for one country to take advantage of its multinational corporations to conduct public diplomacy. Also the caseof McDonald`s, the biggest fast food company in the world, was discussed to showthe way and effect of multinational corporations to convey mother country`s value topeople of host country.Based on the discussion of public diplomacy`s theoretical and practical analysis,suggestions and reflections were worked out in this study including integration ofmultinational corporations as subjects during public diplomacy, development oforientations which are tailor-made for Chinese senior corporate executives inmultinational corporations, improvement of research on multinational corporationsand foreign countries adopting investments of China`s enterprises, establishment ofdepartment dealing with public diplomacy in multinational corporations andmultinational corporations`active participation in charity and community program ofhost countries. Eventually, deficiency and outlook of the study was figured out.

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Resource Sharing Strategy of”Three Rural”Distance Education in Shandong Province

On 14/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Driven by continuously building a moderately prosperous society,”three rural”issue(issues of agriculture, farmer and rural area) has been the major concern of the society. WhileShandong Province is a major Agricultural province, it is the top priority to solve the”threerural”issues. Distance Education, is a new teaching mode which is quick, cost effective,widely-covered, and free from time and space. Thus, it has become the main way to solve the”three rural”issues. However, due to various kinds of reasons, there is no effective utilizationand sharing of the existing resources of distance Education within and between projects ofdistance education of”three rural”issues, which potentially has reduced the efficiency ofutilization and the overall Social benefits of it. Faced with this problem, how to promote thesharing of resources of the”three rural”distance education has become the key to solve the”three rural”issues in Shandong Province. Therefore, it is of important theoretical andpractical significance to study the resource sharing strategy of”three rural”distance educationin Shandong Province.This thesis has adopted the approach of network survey, documentary research,questionnaires, interviews, comparative analysis, system analysis, field investigation andtheoretical analysis. And the author researches this project in four aspects as follows:(1)Define the related concept of”three rural”,”three rural”distance education andresource sharing of”three rural”distance education. Moreover, it also elaborated on theresource types of”three rural”distance education and the realistic basis to realize the resourcesharing of”three rural”distance education.(2)First of all, elaborated on the purpose, subjects, method and main contents of thequestionnaire. Then, the author has made an analysis of the reclaimed questionnaire based oncategories of Basic education and adult education. Based on these two categories, the authorhas analyzed the situation in progress, hardware and software building, human resources and resource sharing building of both sides.(3)Focused on the factors hindering the resource sharing of the”three rural”distanceeducation in Shandong Province, including objective factor, awareness factor, financial factor ,resource factor and sharing factor.(4) Proposed the strategy of promoting the resource sharing of the”three rural”distanceeducation in Shandong Province. From macroscopic view, we should strengthen thelegislation and the construction of administrative agent. Also, we should complete theevaluation system, incorporate farming institutions and achieve comprehensive resourcesharing through network and adopt a diversified sharing mode. At the middle level, this thesishas put forward the strategies of software and hardware resource sharing and human resourcesharing. From microscopic view, this thesis has brought up the financial strategy, softwareresource building strategy, hardware resource building strategy and human resource buildingstrategy.Through a series of research works, the major findings of this research can besummarized as follows:First, this thesis has defined the concept of”three rural”distance education and resourcesharing of”three rural”distance education.Second, based on the investigation and research, this thesis has explored the factors thataffect the resource sharing of the”three rural”distance education.Third, about the restricted factors on the resource sharing of”three rural”distanceeducation, this thesis has put forward detailed strategies of promoting resource sharing of”three rural”distance education in Shandong Province.

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December 25,2008, ARATS and SEF signed the three agreements on cross…

On 13/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

December 25,2008, ARATS and SEF signed the three agreements on cross-strait direct shipping, air transportation, direct mail entered into force and became a reality. The realization of “Three Direct Links” is a very important turning point in the cross-strait relations, It not only provides a more convenient between the two sides’Economic and trade exchanges, More importantly, it will have a crucial impact on the overall development of cross-strait relations.This paper based on the cross-straits exchanges in respect of political, Economic, cultural and military since “Three Direct Links” became a reality, and then analyzes the current problems between the two sides. Finally, provides a comments on the the future development of cross-strait relations. The paper concludes four parts.The first part discusses the new background of the development between the two sides, the reason and significance of “Three Direct Links” became a reality. The second part, through combine the major events of cross-strait relations between 2008 to 2010 to summarize some of the rules and characteristics. It mainly from four aspects of political, economic, cultural and military. The third part, point out the major issues during the development of cross-strait relations, including the differences between the two sides, political changes in Taiwan and external factors. The fourth part, based on the analyzed and summarized in the first three parts, puts forward countermeasures for the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, continue to increase the political mutual trust, consolidate the basis of economic exchange, increase the strength of cultural exchange, maintenance the peace and development environment.