The Research on the Construction of Changsha CBD

On 09/06/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Competition between cities lies on the city’s Economic competitive power. CBD is a modemstic symbol of a city. A logical CBD which with perfect functions can improve the city’s competitive power and prosper the industry, radiate the surrounding cities, and impulse regional development. Also it can lead the city playing vital effect on the stage of economy and politics in the region, or even in the wrold .Conceptions of CBD were brought up in the United States on the early days of last century, but now it has been an important symbol of a city both for competitive power and external economy.This paper firstly discussed the function and construction of CBD from the theories level. Then put great emphasis on the introduciton for main research of the domestic and international typical CBD.According to the city’s construction and economy, this paper analysis the qualifications for Changsha CBD’s comstrcution which based on the present conditions, such as the city’s population and administration, useable business ground , business facilities , public service facilities , history culture and transportation system. Also this paper suggested that how and where to choose the core area of CBD in a city, and to confirm what is the strategy and function. Lastly, this paper support some advice on how to accelerate the construction of Changsha CBD.This paper thinks Changsha is better to be built in the old city area to rely on the current resources and enhance programming and construction of Changsha CBD.After analysised the functions between the main districts, this paper figured out the core area of Changsha CBD is about 7km~2 large, which include Wuyi Road, Furong Road, Renming Road and Huangxing Road. As a business center of Hunan province, vice-business center of the central part of China, Changsha CBD also can be set up as company’s center, produce and service center and culture center. This paper gives some suggestions like the following:Firslty, government should make effort on improving business environment for development, so as to build a compound terrace of many functions. By the way of organism renewal and functions dislpacement, and science programming, government can validately solute antinomies of spsce lack.Secondly, government and the society should make effort on built soft environment for development, and arouse the core competition power of Changsha CBD. Establish an authoritative and powerful organization so that can provide efficient Management and service. Make a point to construct a freedon culture of CBD, which is bentfite for development. Make a point to grow the CBD property.

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A Research on the Quality Evaluation and Influence Factors of Low Carbon Agricultural Development in Jiangxi

On 05/06/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Since the 20th century, the topic on climate change and carbon emissions reduction has warmed increasingly in the global, low carbon agriculture has become a one of hot focus on low carbon economy. Since 2006, In China, energy saving and emission reduction, as the important action of Economic structural adjustment and Economic development pattern, has made a great progress. In 2009, our country puts forward target that carbon emissions per unit of GDP will decrease 40%~45% than 2005. As the organic component of low carbon economy, low carbon agriculture is a important proposition of conforming to the times. This paper takes Jiangxi province as a case to study the quality of low carbon Agricultural development. The starting point is that, under the complex international background and special circumstances, how to reduce carbon emissions of Agricultural production, and reduce the Agricultural energy consumption? How to improve the quality of agricultural development?To further explore and study development quality of low carbon agricultural, on the basis of the research, the author designed a set of scientific and reasonable index system to evaluate low carbon agricultural development quality, and made a analysis of data (2000-2009) by the AHP and comprehensive evaluation method in Jiangxi province. Then, the author analyzed the main influences on enhancement of the quality of low carbon agricultural development by the STIRPAT model, and look for obstacle. So it’ll provide certain reference value for policy makers to evaluate low carbon agricultural development quality effectively and make develop strategies specifically. Conclusions:Firstly, In Jiangxi, low carbon agricultural development quality increased year by year, but overall level was low, and presented characteristics of stage, namely:slow down; shot up; slow rise; continue rising steadily; Secondly, the effect of per capita GDP and population is the greatest, the next is chemical fertilizer intensity and carbon intensity, thirdly energy intensity, while urbanization and agriculture mechanization have no significant effect. Thirdly, farmer’s behavior and government policy, to a certain extent, hinder the development of low carbon agriculture. Finally, this study proposed suggestions and measures of low carbon agricultural development quality.


The Structure of Low Carbon Economy Audit System in China

On 01/06/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Recent years,as the global situation of Environmental problem became worse andworse, low carbon economy has become the hot point as a new economy developmentpattern to solve the climate problem. Low carbon economy development pattern is toarrange Economic activities with low carbon economy theory, based on low cost, lowpollution, low emission and high efficiency and high benefit, with a method of energysaving and emission reduction. Not only energy Industry, but also building trade, chemicalengineering and manufacturing business hand for green economy development of lowcarbon or carbon-free. Facing up the reality needs of the country economy development,our government brought up the target of17.3%reduction of unit GDP in “the twelfth fiveyears planning”. As the supervisor, audit should play a significant role in the developmentof low carbon economy and the realization of the energy saving and emission reductiontarget, and low carbon economy audit is very significant.This article researches on low carbon economy audit in China, which uses normativeresearch and case study. It takes examples of America, Denmark, Britain and Hong Kongin China, according that, we discusses the frame work of low carbon economy audit inChina. And also, we take the example of cement industry as a case study. Finally, weanalyses the current situation of low carbon economy audit in China and the difficulties wefaced, and also gives some suggestion in hope to offer some helps.


A Study on the Performance-Related-Pay Policy of Chinese Compulsory Education

On 31/05/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

2009 is the year when performance related salary has been known and understood as well as formulated and implemented. The status and income of teachers are concerns and hot topics of both educational circle and the whole society, as they are related not only to the vital interests of teachers but also to the future of the educational causes and the nation. The educational system holds welcoming attitudes towards the reform of performance related salary. However, due to the difficulty of practical Management, disputes emerged and paces in different places differed. It worth thinking about and discussing the issue on smooth implementation of the reform of performance related salary for compulsory Educations.This paper targeted on the policy of performance related salary for primary and secondary Educations in Chongqing. This paper has reached a comprehensive understanding and analyzing about the influences of the reform on educational practice and participants (teachers and students), and it has gained a thorough interpretation of the significance, in terms of Management and Education, for the implementation of this reform in primary and secondary educations. Based on the real situation and current problems of this reform, this paper also proposed practical suggestions for improving the policy of performance related salary.Firstly, the paper made a comparative analysis of the background, contents and progress of formulating the policy of performance related salary by different administrative levels. Secondly, through questionnaires and discussions, the paper has obtained materials to make analysis and learned the real effects of the policy on policy makers, administers and teaching staff. Finally, after re-arrangement in the logical order of the contents and materials for the research, the paper proposed suggestions on policy improvement and scientific implementation.Main suggestions on policy: emphasis on the policy optimization,the school Management and the teachers’level.


Study on the Sustainable Development of Forest Ecological-economic System in Changhua River Basin

On 30/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Forest ecological and Economic systems are the main study object of forest eco-Economic system, and how to configure the ecological, Economic and Social resources is the focus study of the forest ecological and economic sustainable development. Watershed forest ecological and economic sustainable development evaluation is base on the theory of sustainable development, ecology, regional Economics and Management science, and analysis of the status of forest resources, economic conditions and Social development in the watered, and establish the goal of sustainable development of the watershed forest ecological and economic systems and sustainable development criteria. On this basis, it can build a sustainable development index system and evaluation methods in accordance with the principles of ecological, economic and social development. This paper carry out three aspects for the Changhua River Basin forest ecological and economic status quo, business models and existing problems. The sustainable development of the evaluation index system establishment and evaluation methods research of Changhua River Basin, analysis of eco-economic disparities Changhua River basin, and the dynamic analysis of Changhua River Basin sustainable development. The results show that:Firstly, establish the system of indicators for sustainable development of the Changhua River Basin. According to economic studies of forest ecosystems at home and abroad, combined with the Changhua River basin characteristics, propose three of the ecological, economic and social support subsystem,16individual indicators of the index system. Select entropy method in determining the weights, to amend the results to eliminate the bias caused by subjective factors. Accordingly, research on the Changhua River basin forest eco-economic system, the results shows that:Economic subsystem for building and sustainable development of ecological economic system has made a significant contribution to the weights as high as0.5164. Followed by the social subsystem, the weight value is0.2629, In contrast, the ecological subsystem Changhua River basin eco-economic development cause obstruction, only0.2206of the weight values; According to the analysis of the indicator layer, make the greatest contribution to the ecological and economic development indicators of index of GDP in the economic subsystem, the weight is0.0925. the forest coverage rate of the Valley Economic Development, the weight is0.0871. Social subsystem of Education index weight values in the index layer of the middle reaches, and that Education has become an important factor of economic development. On the contrary, forestry output value of weight is the lowest, only0.0402, the convection within the eco-economic development hindered, shows that the role of forestry in the development of the basin does not have good guidance; its function has not been exploited.Secondly,The paper introduces the concept of convection within the eco-economic development of the spatial differences the current situation analysis. Study because of the impact basin on the middle and lower reaches of the differences of the ecological economic development on the Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development. According to the value of comprehensive evaluation of the Changhua River Basin to determine the spatial difference of values that Changhua River watershed ecological spatial pattern of economic development is high, the upstream, midstream second son, downstream of the lowest. Ecological and economic development gap between the level on the middle and lower reaches of the watershed. Spatial differences within the watershed were negatively correlated with the ecological subsystem, economic subsystem, social subsystem was positively correlated, and Subsystem of the economy played an important guiding role in the comprehensive evaluation. Using GIS technology to study the difference of the Changhua River watershed ecological and economic space is one of the trends in the field of regional economic research, Using GIS technology can visual representation of the spatial differences within the watershed.Thirdly,2006-2010, Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development coefficient showing an increasing trend, an upward trend in volatility. According to the data dynamic analysis, Sustainable development coefficient of the upstream region is the highest; the downstream region is the lowest. From the changes of the three subsystems, Changhua River watershed ecological and economic effectiveness of the system significantly, and supportive of the ecological environment, stable economic development have good sustainability, increasing year by year. Dynamic analysis showed that the Changhua River basin sustainable development situation is gradually improving, Embodies the Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development Policy in the gradual implementation of the watershed Neisen ecological and economic system gradually become coordinated development.Fourthly, by analogy, This article has made new progress in the top of the Changhua River Basin forest ecological and economic sustainable development of the evaluation index system and evaluation method, Combined with the analysis of spatial differences on the watershed, provide a theoretical basis and data facts for Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development policy-making in the future, and make great significance for watershed development in future.


Deep Research in City’s Social Work and the Construction of Talents Team

On 22/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The Social work talent is an important part in Social Management and public service. It plays a very important role in the coordination of social relations, norms of social behavior, social problems, resolving social conflicts, promoting social equity and justice, and maintaining social stability. At present, our country is in a crucial stage of reform and development, so, various social contradictions highlight and interest pattern is adjusted deeply. In order to solve these problems, not only should we use the administrative, Economic, and legal means, but also social work talent should be made full use of. To strengthen the construction of social work talent has become an important and pressing task all over the country must face.In this paper, I take Baotou as an example. Using the way of document research, survey research, and combine theory with practice, carry out a deep research in Baotou’s social work and the construction of talents team, analyze the deep-seated problems and cause which is influencing and restricting its development, and put forward some measures and suggestions to solve the problems, hoping to provide some reference to the social work talent team construction in Baotou city.This paper is made up of four parts. The first part is the introduction, which mainly tells the background of the research, the significance of it, the research status at home and abroad as well as the means of the research. The second part is about the concept of the social work and social work talent and the research on the development of social work in China, and on this basis, point out the importance to strengthen the construction of social work talent. The third part mainly introduces the achievements and problems in Baotou social work talent team construction, then analyze the reasons. The fourth part puts forward some suggestions on how to enhance the construction of social work talent in Baotou, including strengthening the organization of leadership, strengthening the propaganda and guidance, strengthening the system construction, strengthening Education and training, and strengthening post planning and so on.


Research on Current Situation and Problems of Foreign M&A in the Mechanical Manufacturing Industry of China

On 19/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

With the development of Economic globalization, a kind of new trendy of international capital flow emerges — foreign M&A. Nowadays foreign M&A has become the main way of FDI. In the recent years, foreign capital has entered many important Economic fields of China, such as retail trade, automobile industry, banking, logistics industry, etc. From the year of 2004, Mechanical manufacturing industry began to involved in the M&A, and become more and more intense in the year 2006.The absorption of foreign capital in Mechanical manufacturing industry has two sides influence. On one hand, it can help improve the development of this industry; on the other hand, it brings some negative impacts. On the base of general theory of foreign M&A, the author firstly analyzed the motives, ways and conditions of the foreign capital’s entering, then combining with many classical cases of foreign M&A in the mechanical industry of China, gave the analysis of the current situation of the foreign M&A in the industry and found out many problems, such as the loss of the controlling right of Enterprise, the loss of own brand and the self-ability of researching and development, etc. All the problems show the mechanical manufacturing industry safety should be drawn increasing concern of China. Thereafter author analyzed the international conventions for legal and institution arrangement related foreign capital M&A, taking USA as an example, followed the shortage of the current law and institution of foreign M&A of China. Based on all the analysis and facing the situation that is not optimistic, the author finally gave the suggestion on related policy arrangement and strategies coping with.


Study on Ecological Compensation Standard of Public Forest in Fujian Province

On 15/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Construction and Management and protection of the ecological forest requires alot of inputs, and the government banned logging forest that foresters can’t get salesrevenue of Timber. Fujian Province has provided financial compensation fornon-commercial forest which is banned on logging now, but the compensationstandard is much less than the Economic loss of the owner of non-commercial forest.At the current situation, improving compensation standard is a trend, but how todetermine a reasonable compensation standard becomes a difficult issue.This study takes Natural Fundation in Fujian “Research on EcologicalCompensation Standard of Non-commercial Forest in Fujian Province ” as the support.First of all, this paper discusses the relevant theories of ecological compensationstandard, such as the externality theory, opportunity cost theory, landtax theory andhalf the market theory; Second, investigating and analyzing the current situation andexisting problems of non-commercial forest ecological compensation in FujianProvince; Third, through combining qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis asthe method, constructing measurement model and system of non-commercial foresteco-compensation standard; Finally, according to the quantitative research results andthe problems found in the questionnaire survey and visiting process, putting forwardsome suggestions which provides reference for the government to establish reasonablecompensation standard.On the research, this article draws the following conclusion:(i) Through the investigation and analysis, having understood that the existingecological compensation of non-commercial forest in Fujian Province has thefollowing problems: low compensation standards, single compensation fund sources,simple compensation mode, beneficiaries not taking corresponding compensation,compensation policy and implementation mechanism lack of flexibility, etc.(ii) Applying multiple regression model to empirically analyze the relationshipbetween compensation standard and five independent variables, level of protection ofpublic welfare, the log price of each species, volume, woodland input and per capita disposable income, and the empirical analysis shows that the forest land input andcompensation standard is not significant, per capita disposable income, stock volume,each tree species price, protection level and log compensation standard existremarkable linear relationship.(iii) Carrying out classification compensation in accordance with the level ofprotection, the log price of each species, volume, per capita disposable income tobuild non-commercial forest compensation standard system. Per capita disposableincome whose unit is yuan is divided into (2000,5000)(5000,8000),(8000,11000),(11000,+∞), and four types of compensation standards are43.59yuan/acres,48.18yuan/acres,50.90yuan/acres and69.75yuan/acres; volume whose unit is cubic meteris divided into (2,5),(5,8),(8,11),(11,+∞) into four categories, and the standards ofcompensation are41.58yuan/acres,48.75yuan/acres,57.45yuan/acres and65.58yuan/acres; species is divided into broadleaf, Masson pine and fir, and three types ofcompensation standards44.39yuan/acre,50.65yuan/acre and54.55yuan/acre; levelof protection is divided into one, two and three, and the standards of compensation are63.04yuan/acres,49.46yuan/acres and38.64yuan/acres.(iv) According to problems found in the previous survey and assessment results,putting forward the following suggestions: first, promoting the “classificationcompensation” steadly; the second is to make great efforts to expand the sources ofcompensation funds; third, further improving the incentive and guarantee mechanismcountermeasures.


On China’s Politics Participation of the Privy Management Entrepreneur Stratum

On 04/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The privy Management entrepreneur stratum, as a newborn stratum with a huge Economic strength, its participation in China’s politics is still a new topic. Undoubtedly it has exerted a great and far-reaching effect to our country’s political living. This thesis will analyze the privy Management entrepreneur stratum and the status quo of its politics participation; infer the ways and features of its participation; answer why and on what the stratum enter politics, and make relative study and present my own opinions and suggestions on the positive effects and problems of its participation.The article believes that it is rational, incompetent and inevitable for the privy management entrepreneur stratum to perform its participation. Yet its politics participation has not gotten in line with its Economic strength. Its participation will play an important part in China’s economic construction, political development, and Social stability. We should hold a rational and objective attitude to the problems in its participation and strengthen political guidance and Education to these entrepreneurs, widen systemized sources for its participation, create a culture details of modern political participation, develop harmonious relationships among country, government and society, to make its participation legal and orderly, realize joint fair participation from various stratums, and achieve harmony between its political participation and Social development.


Deifned, Classify and Teaching Research of Chinese Practical Chunk

On 22/12/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Language chunks theory is the crystallization in the English teaching. It can not only be applied to English teaching, but also used for all language teaching, especially for teaching Chinese as a foreign language. However, domestic Chinese language chunks theory is still in the initial stage. The theories which can be used for foreign language teaching are even rare.This article through summarizing the domestic and foreign language chunks theory, on the basis of the service of teaching Chinese as a foreign language, puts forward the concept of practical Chinese language chunks and gives the definition of it, and takes the solidification degree of lexical chunks as a standard of sorting principles. It is sorted into three kinds that are fixed structure, half fixed structure and free structure. It is further detailed divided into six small kinds that are fixed language, parenthesis, word level frame structure, sentence frame structure and high frequency collocation.According to the definition and classification standard of the practical Chinese languagechunks, it takes frequent used characters and words in Chinese Character1234and Chinese Level Vocabulary and Chinese Characters Grade Outline as the screening object, constructs frequent used Language chunks into3big kinds, and6small kinds, with a totally volume of675.For further investigation of the situation for the practice of language chunks theory in teaching Chinese as a foreign language, this paper takes New Expert Chinese in30Days (primary, intermediate, advanced) as the analysis research object, and discovers that the Chinese language chunks theory is not so satisfactory in the application for the teacher, teaching materialsand methodologies.Finally, this paper on the basis of the present situation puts forward some suggestions from the perspective of the teacher, teaching materials and methodologies for the Chinese language chunks theory and teaching practice.