Study on the Sustainable Development of Forest Ecological-economic System in Changhua River Basin

On 30/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Forest ecological and Economic systems are the main study object of forest eco-Economic system, and how to configure the ecological, economic and Social resources is the focus study of the forest ecological and economic sustainable development. Watershed forest ecological and economic sustainable development evaluation is base on the theory of sustainable development, ecology, regional Economics and Management science, and analysis of the status of forest resources, economic conditions and Social development in the watered, and establish the goal of sustainable development of the watershed forest ecological and economic systems and sustainable development criteria. On this basis, it can build a sustainable development index system and evaluation methods in accordance with the principles of ecological, economic and Social development. This paper carry out three aspects for the Changhua River Basin forest ecological and economic status quo, business models and existing problems. The sustainable development of the evaluation index system establishment and evaluation methods research of Changhua River Basin, analysis of eco-economic disparities Changhua River basin, and the dynamic analysis of Changhua River Basin sustainable development. The results show that:Firstly, establish the system of indicators for sustainable development of the Changhua River Basin. According to economic studies of forest ecosystems at home and abroad, combined with the Changhua River basin characteristics, propose three of the ecological, economic and social support subsystem,16individual indicators of the index system. Select entropy method in determining the weights, to amend the results to eliminate the bias caused by subjective factors. Accordingly, research on the Changhua River basin forest eco-economic system, the results shows that:Economic subsystem for building and sustainable development of ecological economic system has made a significant contribution to the weights as high as0.5164. Followed by the social subsystem, the weight value is0.2629, In contrast, the ecological subsystem Changhua River basin eco-economic development cause obstruction, only0.2206of the weight values; According to the analysis of the indicator layer, make the greatest contribution to the ecological and economic development indicators of index of GDP in the economic subsystem, the weight is0.0925. the forest coverage rate of the Valley Economic Development, the weight is0.0871. Social subsystem of Education index weight values in the index layer of the middle reaches, and that Education has become an important factor of economic development. On the contrary, forestry output value of weight is the lowest, only0.0402, the convection within the eco-economic development hindered, shows that the role of forestry in the development of the basin does not have good guidance; its function has not been exploited.Secondly,The paper introduces the concept of convection within the eco-economic development of the spatial differences the current situation analysis. Study because of the impact basin on the middle and lower reaches of the differences of the ecological economic development on the Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development. According to the value of comprehensive evaluation of the Changhua River Basin to determine the spatial difference of values that Changhua River watershed ecological spatial pattern of economic development is high, the upstream, midstream second son, downstream of the lowest. Ecological and economic development gap between the level on the middle and lower reaches of the watershed. Spatial differences within the watershed were negatively correlated with the ecological subsystem, economic subsystem, social subsystem was positively correlated, and Subsystem of the economy played an important guiding role in the comprehensive evaluation. Using GIS technology to study the difference of the Changhua River watershed ecological and economic space is one of the trends in the field of regional economic research, Using GIS technology can visual representation of the spatial differences within the watershed.Thirdly,2006-2010, Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development coefficient showing an increasing trend, an upward trend in volatility. According to the data dynamic analysis, Sustainable development coefficient of the upstream region is the highest; the downstream region is the lowest. From the changes of the three subsystems, Changhua River watershed ecological and economic effectiveness of the system significantly, and supportive of the ecological environment, stable economic development have good sustainability, increasing year by year. Dynamic analysis showed that the Changhua River basin sustainable development situation is gradually improving, Embodies the Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development Policy in the gradual implementation of the watershed Neisen ecological and economic system gradually become coordinated development.Fourthly, by analogy, This article has made new progress in the top of the Changhua River Basin forest ecological and economic sustainable development of the evaluation index system and evaluation method, Combined with the analysis of spatial differences on the watershed, provide a theoretical basis and data facts for Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development policy-making in the future, and make great significance for watershed development in future.


Deep Research in City’s Social Work and the Construction of Talents Team

On 22/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The Social work talent is an important part in Social Management and public service. It plays a very important role in the coordination of Social relations, norms of social behavior, social problems, resolving social conflicts, promoting social equity and justice, and maintaining social stability. At present, our country is in a crucial stage of reform and development, so, various social contradictions highlight and interest pattern is adjusted deeply. In order to solve these problems, not only should we use the administrative, Economic, and legal means, but also social work talent should be made full use of. To strengthen the construction of social work talent has become an important and pressing task all over the country must face.In this paper, I take Baotou as an example. Using the way of document research, survey research, and combine theory with practice, carry out a deep research in Baotou’s social work and the construction of talents team, analyze the deep-seated problems and cause which is influencing and restricting its development, and put forward some measures and suggestions to solve the problems, hoping to provide some reference to the social work talent team construction in Baotou city.This paper is made up of four parts. The first part is the introduction, which mainly tells the background of the research, the significance of it, the research status at home and abroad as well as the means of the research. The second part is about the concept of the social work and social work talent and the research on the development of social work in China, and on this basis, point out the importance to strengthen the construction of social work talent. The third part mainly introduces the achievements and problems in Baotou social work talent team construction, then analyze the reasons. The fourth part puts forward some suggestions on how to enhance the construction of social work talent in Baotou, including strengthening the organization of leadership, strengthening the propaganda and guidance, strengthening the system construction, strengthening Education and training, and strengthening post planning and so on.


Research on Current Situation and Problems of Foreign M&A in the Mechanical Manufacturing Industry of China

On 19/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

With the development of Economic globalization, a kind of new trendy of international capital flow emerges — foreign M&A. Nowadays foreign M&A has become the main way of FDI. In the recent years, foreign capital has entered many important Economic fields of China, such as retail trade, automobile industry, banking, logistics industry, etc. From the year of 2004, Mechanical manufacturing industry began to involved in the M&A, and become more and more intense in the year 2006.The absorption of foreign capital in Mechanical manufacturing industry has two sides influence. On one hand, it can help improve the development of this industry; on the other hand, it brings some negative impacts. On the base of general theory of foreign M&A, the author firstly analyzed the motives, ways and conditions of the foreign capital’s entering, then combining with many classical cases of foreign M&A in the mechanical industry of China, gave the analysis of the current situation of the foreign M&A in the industry and found out many problems, such as the loss of the controlling right of Enterprise, the loss of own brand and the self-ability of researching and development, etc. All the problems show the mechanical manufacturing industry safety should be drawn increasing concern of China. Thereafter author analyzed the international conventions for legal and institution arrangement related foreign capital M&A, taking USA as an example, followed the shortage of the current law and institution of foreign M&A of China. Based on all the analysis and facing the situation that is not optimistic, the author finally gave the suggestion on related policy arrangement and strategies coping with.


Study on Ecological Compensation Standard of Public Forest in Fujian Province

On 15/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Construction and Management and protection of the ecological forest requires alot of inputs, and the government banned logging forest that foresters can’t get salesrevenue of Timber. Fujian Province has provided financial compensation fornon-commercial forest which is banned on logging now, but the compensationstandard is much less than the Economic loss of the owner of non-commercial forest.At the current situation, improving compensation standard is a trend, but how todetermine a reasonable compensation standard becomes a difficult issue.This study takes Natural Fundation in Fujian “Research on EcologicalCompensation Standard of Non-commercial Forest in Fujian Province ” as the support.First of all, this paper discusses the relevant theories of ecological compensationstandard, such as the externality theory, opportunity cost theory, landtax theory andhalf the market theory; Second, investigating and analyzing the current situation andexisting problems of non-commercial forest ecological compensation in FujianProvince; Third, through combining qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis asthe method, constructing measurement model and system of non-commercial foresteco-compensation standard; Finally, according to the quantitative research results andthe problems found in the questionnaire survey and visiting process, putting forwardsome suggestions which provides reference for the government to establish reasonablecompensation standard.On the research, this article draws the following conclusion:(i) Through the investigation and analysis, having understood that the existingecological compensation of non-commercial forest in Fujian Province has thefollowing problems: low compensation standards, single compensation fund sources,simple compensation mode, beneficiaries not taking corresponding compensation,compensation policy and implementation mechanism lack of flexibility, etc.(ii) Applying multiple regression model to empirically analyze the relationshipbetween compensation standard and five independent variables, level of protection ofpublic welfare, the log price of each species, volume, woodland input and per capita disposable income, and the empirical analysis shows that the forest land input andcompensation standard is not significant, per capita disposable income, stock volume,each tree species price, protection level and log compensation standard existremarkable linear relationship.(iii) Carrying out classification compensation in accordance with the level ofprotection, the log price of each species, volume, per capita disposable income tobuild non-commercial forest compensation standard system. Per capita disposableincome whose unit is yuan is divided into (2000,5000)(5000,8000),(8000,11000),(11000,+∞), and four types of compensation standards are43.59yuan/acres,48.18yuan/acres,50.90yuan/acres and69.75yuan/acres; volume whose unit is cubic meteris divided into (2,5),(5,8),(8,11),(11,+∞) into four categories, and the standards ofcompensation are41.58yuan/acres,48.75yuan/acres,57.45yuan/acres and65.58yuan/acres; species is divided into broadleaf, Masson pine and fir, and three types ofcompensation standards44.39yuan/acre,50.65yuan/acre and54.55yuan/acre; levelof protection is divided into one, two and three, and the standards of compensation are63.04yuan/acres,49.46yuan/acres and38.64yuan/acres.(iv) According to problems found in the previous survey and assessment results,putting forward the following suggestions: first, promoting the “classificationcompensation” steadly; the second is to make great efforts to expand the sources ofcompensation funds; third, further improving the incentive and guarantee mechanismcountermeasures.


On China’s Politics Participation of the Privy Management Entrepreneur Stratum

On 04/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The privy Management entrepreneur stratum, as a newborn stratum with a huge Economic strength, its participation in China’s politics is still a new topic. Undoubtedly it has exerted a great and far-reaching effect to our country’s political living. This thesis will analyze the privy Management entrepreneur stratum and the status quo of its politics participation; infer the ways and features of its participation; answer why and on what the stratum enter politics, and make relative study and present my own opinions and suggestions on the positive effects and problems of its participation.The article believes that it is rational, incompetent and inevitable for the privy management entrepreneur stratum to perform its participation. Yet its politics participation has not gotten in line with its Economic strength. Its participation will play an important part in China’s Economic construction, political development, and Social stability. We should hold a rational and objective attitude to the problems in its participation and strengthen political guidance and Education to these entrepreneurs, widen systemized sources for its participation, create a culture details of modern political participation, develop harmonious relationships among country, government and society, to make its participation legal and orderly, realize joint fair participation from various stratums, and achieve harmony between its political participation and Social development.


Deifned, Classify and Teaching Research of Chinese Practical Chunk

On 22/12/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Language chunks theory is the crystallization in the English teaching. It can not only be applied to English teaching, but also used for all language teaching, especially for teaching Chinese as a foreign language. However, domestic Chinese language chunks theory is still in the initial stage. The theories which can be used for foreign language teaching are even rare.This article through summarizing the domestic and foreign language chunks theory, on the basis of the service of teaching Chinese as a foreign language, puts forward the concept of practical Chinese language chunks and gives the definition of it, and takes the solidification degree of lexical chunks as a standard of sorting principles. It is sorted into three kinds that are fixed structure, half fixed structure and free structure. It is further detailed divided into six small kinds that are fixed language, parenthesis, word level frame structure, sentence frame structure and high frequency collocation.According to the definition and classification standard of the practical Chinese languagechunks, it takes frequent used characters and words in Chinese Character1234and Chinese Level Vocabulary and Chinese Characters Grade Outline as the screening object, constructs frequent used Language chunks into3big kinds, and6small kinds, with a totally volume of675.For further investigation of the situation for the practice of language chunks theory in teaching Chinese as a foreign language, this paper takes New Expert Chinese in30Days (primary, intermediate, advanced) as the analysis research object, and discovers that the Chinese language chunks theory is not so satisfactory in the application for the teacher, teaching materialsand methodologies.Finally, this paper on the basis of the present situation puts forward some suggestions from the perspective of the teacher, teaching materials and methodologies for the Chinese language chunks theory and teaching practice.


Related researches indicate that there exists sort of relationship b…

On 22/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Related researches indicate that there exists sort of relationship between the development of capital market and Economic growth. Therefore, in-depth systematic analysis of the intrinsic relationship between them and revealing of mechanism and effectiveness of capital market affects Economic growth is the prerequisite for objective understanding the role of capital market in domestic national economy and further promoting the development of capital markets.Since the 90s of last century, China’s long-term bank credit, stocks and bonds and other financial markets have developed very rapidly and have made considerable progress. Our domestic capital market, whose operation has gradually become standardized and efficiency has also improved greatly after taking shape, has become the significant part of domestic market economy and made considerable contributions to our country’s financial reform and development, resource allocation optimization, economic restructuring and economic development.Based on the existing research results, this paper extends empirical studies on the relationship between capital market development and economic growth, combined with the actual development of China’s capital market and economic development of Hunan Province. We first analyze their relationship theoretically and clarify three major mechanisms that capital market promotes economic growth. Thereafter an overall description of the current situation for Hunan Province’s capital market and its effect on the economic growth is presented, and unit root test, cointegration test and Granger causality test and other mathematical measurement methods are applied in the process. Besides, Hunan Province is taken as an example for a detail empirical study. Finally, the problems in the promotion of capital market to Hunan Province’s economic growth is analyzed and corresponding suggestions are proposed regarding to how to better promote and improve Hunan Province’s economic growth through capital market.

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Independent innovation strategy as a new national development strate…

On 07/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Independent innovation strategy as a new national development strategy, has been widely recognized by the whole society. Recently the independent innovation strategy is mainly in the field of science and technology. On the basis of the research we have got, from the CPC’s history and contemporary history of science and technology, the thesis has done the history of carding for the Party’s independent innovation strategy of thinking since the founding of New China. Then, the thesis emphasizes the current situation and the main problems of China’s independent innovation and gives some practical suggestions.There are four parts of this thesis. The introduction is discussed the definition of independent innovation and the existing study achievements of the current academic community; The first major retrospective of the Communist Party of China’s independent innovation strategy of ideological origin. By reviewing the Party’s three generations of leaders on the important dissertations of independent innovation and in the course of leading scientifical and technological work, explained the strategic thinking of independent innovation is the CPC’ideology that the same strain also advancing with the times; The second part focuses on the establishment of independent innovation strategy process. Since the 16th CPC National Congress, in the face of profound changes about the world situation and the national conditions, Hu Jintao as general secretary of the new central collective leadership, on the basis of succession independent innovationin strategic thinking of the Party’s collective leadership of three generations, determined decisively independent innovation as the 21st century national development strategy. The National Science and Technology Conference held in January 2006 has enhanced the ability of independent innovation and built innovation-oriented country of great call, since then, the independent innovation as a national development strategy to establish the status of official; The third part focuses on the status of the implementation of independent innovation strategy. Comprehensively building a well-off society in the new stage, the implementation of country through science and Education, produced initial results of a national innovation system for China’s independent innovation strategy laid a good foundation. China, however, with regard to the problems about the funds, personnel, legal protection, business innovation, constraining the ability of independent innovation of China’s improvement. The fourth part focused on how best to implement the strategy of independent innovation.


Research on the Application of Fair Value in Financial Instruments

On 25/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Along with the sharply development of the world economy, financial instruments, especiallyderivatives have reached the unprecedented prosperity. There are many new types of derivatives hadbeen created in these years, they are not only fulfilling people’s demand of Investment and avoidrisks, but also made a huge shock on the traditional accounting, such as confirmation, computationand exposure which had result in so many problems need to be resolved in theory and practice.Fair value is created along with the development of financial instruments due to its potentialcorrelation of high level of decision-making. Moreover standard setting bodies had introduced fairvalue into the accounting standard of developed countries and international standard. China’sMinistry of Finance had introduced it into its accounting standard which was issued in February2006. Specially, the extensively implement of financial instruments had made a good foundation ofcomputation of accounting.However, from the point of view of practical application, the application of the fair value offinancial instruments is still facing great difficulties and problems. The global financial crisis whenfull-blown in2008has even already pushed these problems to the front of the world again,sparked agreat discussion about fair value.This article based on the conclusion which is researched by the world’s major institutions andfamous scholars before and after the financial crisis,combined with the situation of the applicationof fair value measurement in financial instruments in our corporation(to the banking sector, forexample), analysis of the fair value of financial instrumentsin the current situation and existingproblems, and how fair value is more reasonable, scienceapplied to financial instruments to makesome suggestions to provide a reference for futureresearch.


Improve China’s Mineral Resources Compensation Levy Legislation

On 24/09/2013, in Economics papers, by rain

China in the1980s has begun to collect compensation for mineral resources with the aim of this specific administrative act administrative levy on the development of mineral resources, mining right to charge a fixed fee to ensure that the interests of the country’s mineral resources, the promotion of mineral resourcesreasonable exploration and development. Mineral resources compensation fees levied from mineral resources compensation fees levied on the basis of theory and China’s legislation on mineral resources compensation fees levied by the status quo of departure, combined with the characteristics of mineral resources compensation fees levied on China’s mineral resources compensation fees leviedlegal issues.Specifically, the paper first defined the concept of China’s mineral resources compensation fees levied combined with different views of scholars to analyze the mineral resources compensation levy, the explicit nature of the mineral resources compensation fees levied. At the same time, through the analysis of the characteristics of mineral resources compensation fees imposed, and further define the mineral resources compensation fees levied connotation. Secondly, to elaborate on the legislative status quo of China’s mineral resources compensation fees levied on the basis of the above theory, analysis of the existing problems. Finally, this paper, the problems of mineral resources compensation fees levied on China’s mineral resources compensation fees collection system from the legislation, a series of proposals, the gradual improvement of the existing mineral resources compensation levy system to ensure national ownership of mineral resourcesfully realized.