Study on the Current Situation of Private Education in Anyang

On 17/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Since China introduced reform and opening policies, especially after Private Education Promotion Law and its implementing regulation were promulgated and implemented, private Education has made remarkable progress and becomes the new polar of increasing in local education development, which plays an active role in making up for the insufficiency in state educational appropriations and meeting people’s needs of receiving education. After years of developing, an educational provision system has been formed with the public education as the main stay provider and the participation of various Property rights, as well as the coexistence of state-run and non-state-run schools. However, as compared with the socioal and Economic development, needs of the general public for education and the education in developed regions, private education in Anyang lags fairly far behind.On the basis of a study with open-mind on the fruits of scholars’ research, the writer make a further systematic study on the severe challenges and main problems confronted by Anyang’s private Basic education. This article gives a profound analysis of the problems and reasons in Anyang’ provate Basic education through statistical analysis method, comparison method, survey method, literature method and nduction etc., which shows that the main reasons for the lag of private Basic education in Anyang are ideas, policies and legislation, internal Management and external environment which cause the problems of inferior in number, small extent, low quality, disorderly development, serious lack of school running funds, low standards of internal Management, instability of teachers, low quality of teaching, non-standardization of running school and administration absence of competent department etc. At the same time, this article gives niche suggestions on how to greatly expand Anyang’s private basic education, expecting to provide a basis to the formation of policies of basic education in Anyang.


A Study on the Interest Conflict and Coordination of Stakeholder in Wulingyuan Scenic Spot: from the Perspective of Ecotourism

On 15/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

In the field of ecotourism,the origin of Stakeholder Model dates back to thechange of protection concept in1960s. Kenya is the first country that applied the”Stakeholder Model” theory to solving the relationship issues among the CentralGovernment,the protection of the local government and the local communities indistributing interest. In the end of1980s, along with the development of ecotourism, thetheory of Stakeholder Model has been widely used in the area of Southeast Asia andother areas; furthermore, other stakeholders relative to the ecotourism were alsoincluded in the development of ecotourism. Guiding the Tourist destinationmanagement department pay attention to the interest demands of the stakeholders, andbalancing their conflict of interest, the “Stakeholder Model” theory undertakes the muchwider Social obligation and responsibility beyond Economic goals. Thus, in order toachieve a most comprehensive cooperation and promote the sustainable development ofecotourism in scenic spots, how to balance the interest demands of the stakeholders,resolve their conflict of interest and improve their relations by applying the theory ofStakeholder Model to ecotourism, become the vital research points at home and abroad.The Zhangjiajie Wulingyuan scenic spot, located in the northwest Hunan, is rich intourism resources. However, the specific characteristics of Wulingyuan scenic spotdetermine that several stakeholders must be related to its tourism exploitation andmanagement. This paper, based on the theory of stakeholder mode, analyzes the interestdemands of the key stakeholders of Wulingyuan scenic spot in the development ofecotourism, discovering their difference in interest demands and their conflicts ininterests, which will provide some guidance on the Management of achieving thesustainable development of scenic spots.This paper divides into five parts: The first part of this article expatiates on thebackground and significance of the proposed thesis topic, literature review, anddefinitions of concepts, theoretical basis, technical line, research methodology andinnovations. The second part, from the perspective of ecotourism theory, analyzes thesuperiority of developing ecotourism, protecting situation and ecotourism stakeholdermapping of Wulingyuan scenic spot. The third part, through questionary, analyzes thekey interest demands of Wulingyuan scenic spot by the method of descriptive statistic.The key stakeholders’ conflict of interest and the causes of conflict of interest arediscussed in the fourth part. The fifth part is the countermeasure study of balancing thekey stakeholders of Wulingyuan ecotourism, with the hope of improving themanagement idea and Management mode, and finally realizing the sustainabledevelopment of ecological tourism. The last part is the conclusion and prospects whichsums up the relative conclusion of this research and prospects for further research.


Analysis of Eco-agricultural Sustainable Development

On 10/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

This paper focuses on the analysis of Agricultural problems and dilemmaon the sustainable development and the discussion on corresponding strategyand solution. In author’ s opinion, our scattered, single and unreasonableagricultural structure and simple and extensive cultivation hoe not stillthoroughly changed. There are many serious problems such as resourcesweste,Environmental damage,poor product quality, low profit and so on. Inaddition, a series of contradictions increasingly become obvious betweensmall-scale production and large market, and between developing productionand destroying productive condition and ect. So, the paper proposes to set up acharaeteristic, productive, high-quality, efficient and low-cost ecologicalagriculture mode, which can solve different kinds of problems andcontradictions and accomplish sustainable developments.Eco-agriculture is an integrated, coordinated, circulating and regeneratedagricultural intensive fanning system. It may reasonably ultilize resources, andprotect environment, and adjust structure, and change farming methods andeconomic increasing methods,and improve modernized standard and marketcompetition. The approach to constructing ecological agriculture is to plan anddesign the mode scientifically and to select innovating mode, and to greatlyimplement and spead ecological project according to sustainable developmentgoal and eco-agriculture theory and principle. At the same time, measurementsare way to guaranteeits smooth development such as change of agriculturaldevelopment idea, enforcement of scientific research, application anddissemination, construction of stable and perfect policy and law system,controlling population increase and improving population quality.The paper further explores its objective recessity and detailed technologybased on the cases of Daxing Liuming Camp in Beijing, Fenghua TengtouVillage and Hangzhou Fushan Village in zhejiang Province. Eco-agriculturalsuccessful practice in some areas in the reality achieres remarkable Economic,Social and biological benefit as well as represent Agricultural sustainabledevelopment.


Analysis of Structure and Function of Agriculture Eco-economic System on Akesu Oasis Based on Emergy Theoretics

On 09/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The oasis agriculture eco-Economic system of Akesu region is the typical represent of oasis, which is adjoined desert arid zone. The condition of the system is the mainly factory that affect the Economic growth. Therefore, it is concerned about the development prospective that researching the construct and function of the system.Akesu is one of the main cotton production yields of Xinjiang, which also has developing a good tendency on forest horticulture. For developing agriculture economic and raising the income of farmers, Akesu speed up the steps of high yield cotton and formidable forest horticulture. However, there is some phenomenon that forest transplantion took up on some planting area. Will it has some negative effects on the cotton production base or even food security, which is worth thinking.This paper analyzed Aksu region oasis system applying emergy theoretics, concluded that if it has a good structure and function, and analyzed the emergy indexes of the region, which the purpose is that want to develop production capability. At last, we tried to use the couple correlation between crop system and stockbreeding system to enhance the production capability applying of coupling degree. The conclusions are as follows:⑴The total input and output are both on the rise in the past 6 years, which implied the mainly development level has been rising too. Nonrenewable industrial subsidiary energy contributed the most part of the total input during the 6 years, approached above 85.9%. This implied that Nonrenewable industrial subsidiary energy is the crucial factor of agriculture development.⑵The planting structure is changed from based on the principal of food crop to cotton. The forest emergy output has been developing fast, which has been increasing average 76.03% every year. This region has become a important production base of forest horticulture. The forest horticulture has not effect on cotton production negatively.⑶Akesu region has been undertaken a intense Environmental pressure applying of emergy indicators. The economic input did not fully play a role, and the system degree of dominance could be more improved. The nature resources have been lower utilization efficiency.⑷Crop farming system and stockbreeding system had a good condition of coupling. The two systems structure tended to be reasonable, the transformation from crop production to husbandry production raised, which is implied that the oasis subsystem relationships develop better.⑸Protection of cultivated-land resource, balance the input of the farm machine, fertilizer and organic fertilizer; Taking full advantage of renewable Environmental resource, raising the efficiency; depending on technology to develop the agriculture; expand the opening degree and outside communication, and so forth are all the effective approaches to realize the sustainable development.


Reseach on Evaluation of Agricultural Sustainable Development Ability and Countermeasure in Shaanxi Province

On 07/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

As a new kind of strategy, Agricultural sustainable development arouses extensively attentions of different levels of governments and various academic fields.In the past 20 years, domestic and international scholars have done a lot of work to study sustainable development, and have formed a series of systematic theory and method. But the study about this field was started late in China, and the achievements made so far has been very limited compared to that in developed countries. This thesis, bases on the research results achieved by frontiers, taking Shaanxi Province as an example, founds the evaluation model of Agricultural sustainable development, evalutes the agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi, analyses the mian factors which limits agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi, and discusses some suggestions which could improve agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi. The research results may be of important theoritic significance not only to the appraisal method of regional agricultural sustainable development, but also to the making and implementation of realistic agricultural sustainable development strategies. The result as follow:1. The evaluation of agricultural sustainable development ability during different time in Shaanxi province.(1) The agricultural sustainable development ability is rising year by year in Shaanxi province.but has hidden danger. The score of agricultural sustainable development ability is increasing in Shaanxi province, it states that it is sustainable in the past 10 years. The result of the principal components analysis indicates that each principal components score has frequent change in F1, F2 and F3, It indicates that agricultural sustainable development has many hidden dangers in Shaanxi.(2) Agricultural system and each subsystem development condition exists difference. The population system, the economical system and the Social system and agricultural sustainable development are the same, are growing continually. But the resources system and the environment system is dropping. It states that Shanxi Province’s resources consumption and the ecological environment destroy quite seriously in 20 century’s end.(3) The agriculture system has the closely correlated with various subsystems. The agricultural system and the population system, the economical system and the Social system achieve extremely remarkable level, and the correlation coefficient respectively is 0.9609, 0.9603, 0.9866. This indicated that the agriculture system, the population system, the economical system and the Social system development are closely link. The agriculture system and the resources system, the environment system had also achieved the extremely remarkable level, but they present inverse correlation, the correlation coefficient respectively is -0.882,-0.898,-0.919. It state that the pattern of agriculturae system which are consumeing the natural resource and sacrificing ecological environment unceasingly.(4) Agricultural system and various subsystems are at uncoordinated condition in Shaanxi. The coordination change process of agriculture system is: The harmony coefficient is rising from 1995 to 2001, The harmony coefficient is dropping from 2001 to 2004. The harmony coefficient continuously is lower than 0.6. It state that Agricultural system is at uncoordinated condition. The harmony coefficient change of various subsystems is very.2. The evaluation of agricultural sustainable development ability in various areas in Shaanxi province.(1) The comparition of agricultural sustainable development ability of various areas in Shaanxi. The area whose agricultural sustainable development ability is higher than the average including Xi’an, Baoji, Xianyang and Weinan.Xi’an>Xianyang>Weinan>Baoji.The area whose agricultural sustainable development ability is higher than the average including Tongchuan,Yenan, Hanzhong, Yulin, Ankang and Shangluo.Hanzhong >Yenan >Tongchuan>Ankang >Shangluo>Yulin>Yenan.(2) The comparition of agricultural sustainable development ability of various areas agricultural subsystem. The population system: Weinan > Xianyang > Shangluor > Ankang > Yulin > Hanzhong > Baoji > Yenan > Tongchuan > Xi’an,The economical system: Yenan > Hanzhong > Ankang > Shangluo> Baoji > Xi’an > Weinan > Yulin > Tongchuan > Xianyang,The social system: Tongchuan > Xi’an > Xianyang > Weinan > Ankang > Baoji > Shangluo > Hanzhong > Yenan > Yulin,The resources system: Hanzhong > Xi’an > Shangluo > Ankang > Xianyang > Weinan > Baoji > Tongchuan > Yenan > Yulin,The environment system: Xi’an > Xianyang > Weinan > Tongchuan > Hanzhong > Baoji > Shangluo> Ankang > Yenan > Yulin.(3) Agricultural development region is divided in Shaanxi. When the cluster scale is 4.95, it may divides 3 kinds of region: the first kand of region includes Xi’an, Tongchuan, Xianyang, Weinan;the second of region includes Baoji, Hanzhong, Ankang, Shangluo;the third of region includes Yenan, Yulin.(4) The coordination condition various areas agriculture system exists difference. The harmony coefficient of various areas is lower than 0.5, it Indicates various areas agriculture system all are uncoordinated condition. The harmony coefficient of Baoji and Weinan area is the highest, indicate that the agricultural system interior essential factor development of the two areas are balanced compares to other area.(5) The coordination condition of various areas exist difference in subsystem. the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in Baoji, Xianyang and Weinan In the population subsystem, the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in Xi’an, Baoji and Hanzhong In the economical subsystem, the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in Baoji and Hanzhong In the social subsystem, the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in Tongchuan, Baoji, Xianyang In the resource subsystem,the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in the environment subsystem,they state that they are at coordinated condition. 3. The limit factors of agricultural sustainable development ablity and countermeasure in Shaanxi province.(1) Agricultural sustainable development has some limit factors in Shaanxi province. Agriculture sustainable development has many limit factors in Shaanxi, These factors may divide into three kinds of factor according to its intensity and difficulty, including long, medium, short time interval. Long time limit factors include: the soil erosion is serious, the village labor force culture quality is low, the water resources lack. The medium time limit factors include: the effective irrigated area rate is low, the Environmental pollution serious. The short time limit factors include: agricultural population proportion oversized, the agricultural science and technology level is low, average per person farming resources reduction scope big.(2) The countermeasure of improving agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi province. In view of the limit factor, Unifies agricultural development comparison superiority,the auther propose countermeasure of promoting agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi.these countermeasures include: Enhancing agriculture ecological environment protection; Enlarging environment government dynamics, controlling Environmental pollution, Protecting agriculture ecological security, The developing Education, improveing the human quality; Impelling agriculture advance ; Enhancing the saving water benefit, developing saving water agriculture; reasonablely developing land resource; Perfecting social security systems and so on.


Study on the Sustainable Development of Forest Ecological-economic System in Changhua River Basin

On 30/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Forest ecological and Economic systems are the main study object of forest eco-Economic system, and how to configure the ecological, Economic and Social resources is the focus study of the forest ecological and economic sustainable development. Watershed forest ecological and economic sustainable development evaluation is base on the theory of sustainable development, ecology, regional Economics and Management science, and analysis of the status of forest resources, economic conditions and Social development in the watered, and establish the goal of sustainable development of the watershed forest ecological and economic systems and sustainable development criteria. On this basis, it can build a sustainable development index system and evaluation methods in accordance with the principles of ecological, economic and Social development. This paper carry out three aspects for the Changhua River Basin forest ecological and economic status quo, business models and existing problems. The sustainable development of the evaluation index system establishment and evaluation methods research of Changhua River Basin, analysis of eco-economic disparities Changhua River basin, and the dynamic analysis of Changhua River Basin sustainable development. The results show that:Firstly, establish the system of indicators for sustainable development of the Changhua River Basin. According to economic studies of forest ecosystems at home and abroad, combined with the Changhua River basin characteristics, propose three of the ecological, economic and social support subsystem,16individual indicators of the index system. Select entropy method in determining the weights, to amend the results to eliminate the bias caused by subjective factors. Accordingly, research on the Changhua River basin forest eco-economic system, the results shows that:Economic subsystem for building and sustainable development of ecological economic system has made a significant contribution to the weights as high as0.5164. Followed by the social subsystem, the weight value is0.2629, In contrast, the ecological subsystem Changhua River basin eco-economic development cause obstruction, only0.2206of the weight values; According to the analysis of the indicator layer, make the greatest contribution to the ecological and economic development indicators of index of GDP in the economic subsystem, the weight is0.0925. the forest coverage rate of the Valley Economic Development, the weight is0.0871. Social subsystem of Education index weight values in the index layer of the middle reaches, and that Education has become an important factor of economic development. On the contrary, forestry output value of weight is the lowest, only0.0402, the convection within the eco-economic development hindered, shows that the role of forestry in the development of the basin does not have good guidance; its function has not been exploited.Secondly,The paper introduces the concept of convection within the eco-economic development of the spatial differences the current situation analysis. Study because of the impact basin on the middle and lower reaches of the differences of the ecological economic development on the Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development. According to the value of comprehensive evaluation of the Changhua River Basin to determine the spatial difference of values that Changhua River watershed ecological spatial pattern of economic development is high, the upstream, midstream second son, downstream of the lowest. Ecological and economic development gap between the level on the middle and lower reaches of the watershed. Spatial differences within the watershed were negatively correlated with the ecological subsystem, economic subsystem, social subsystem was positively correlated, and Subsystem of the economy played an important guiding role in the comprehensive evaluation. Using GIS technology to study the difference of the Changhua River watershed ecological and economic space is one of the trends in the field of regional economic research, Using GIS technology can visual representation of the spatial differences within the watershed.Thirdly,2006-2010, Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development coefficient showing an increasing trend, an upward trend in volatility. According to the data dynamic analysis, Sustainable development coefficient of the upstream region is the highest; the downstream region is the lowest. From the changes of the three subsystems, Changhua River watershed ecological and economic effectiveness of the system significantly, and supportive of the ecological environment, stable economic development have good sustainability, increasing year by year. Dynamic analysis showed that the Changhua River basin sustainable development situation is gradually improving, Embodies the Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development Policy in the gradual implementation of the watershed Neisen ecological and economic system gradually become coordinated development.Fourthly, by analogy, This article has made new progress in the top of the Changhua River Basin forest ecological and economic sustainable development of the evaluation index system and evaluation method, Combined with the analysis of spatial differences on the watershed, provide a theoretical basis and data facts for Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development policy-making in the future, and make great significance for watershed development in future.


Jiangmen City Energy Saving Policy Implementation Exists Question and Countermeasure Research

On 12/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Along with the concept of sustainable development of communications,energy saving hasbecome a global Economic and Social development in a effect of current and long-termtask.”11th Five-Year Plan”period, Jiangmen city, the unit GDP energy consumption by0.88tons of standard coal/million in2005,dropped to0.715tons of standard coal/million in2010,decreased rate of18%, the successful completion of the Guangdong Province on the river ‘smarketing energy-saving target assessment. With Jiangmen to speed up the process ofindustrialization and consumptive structure to upgrade continuously, the energy demand showsrigid growth, the restriction of resource and environment increasingly aggrandizement,”12thFive-Year Plan”period of energy-saving situation is more grim. In order to be in the”11thFive-Year Plan” energy saving achievement foundation, make whole town”11th Five-YearPlan”energy-saving job further, drive Jiangmen city into an energy-saving, efficientdevelopment atmosphere, make energy-saving policy better and more comprehensive work,become the”12th Five-Year Plan”energy-saving work most important task.This paper will use the method of literature review, comparative analysis and interviewmethod, combined with the Jiangmen city conservation tasks as well as to2010in finished state,scientific analysis of Jiangmen energy saving policy fulfil a circumstance. Has completed thedata field of industry and analysis of energy saving effect, especially the highenergy-consuming industry, energy consumption,the county-level city and administrativedistrict of energy-saving work of the present situation and characteristics, analysis of policyimplementing effect,discover energy-saving policies in the implementation process of thedeviations and deficiencies, explore energy-saving policy problems in the implementation ofCity Hall, as well “12th Five-Year Plan” energy-saving work, make corresponding industrialpolicy and policy for energy saving to offer countermeasure proposal. This paper is to study itas the main line.This paper analyzes the Jiangmen city energy resources utilization status quo of totalenergy consumption, energy demand continues to increase, low efficiency of energy use, energyconsumption structure not harmonious phenomenon. Combined energy-saving work of theomnibus, diversity, regional and systemic characteristics, put forward Jiangmen city policydistortion, functions of Management Management is not smooth, the energy-saving specialfunds late follow-up work is weak, energy consumption statistics method loopholes, the slowdevelopment of energy-saving technology services unit the implementation of specific issues arising in the course. Put forward to perfect the countermeasure proposal of Jiangmen energyconservation policy. One is to improve the energy saving mechanism of rewards andpunishments, pay equal attention to,improve the appraisal,strengthen coordination,improvesevice,imcrease innovation; two is to strengthen the energy conservation supervision. Establishenergy conservation monitoring system,improve the monitoring team; three is to set up ascientific and rational energy saving target;four through trade associationgs to guide andstandardize the Enterprise independent energy saving;five is take measures to promote energyconservation.


A Research on the Sustainable Development of Health Resources

On 04/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

In all times, Health is an aim mankind pursue diligently and also an eternal topic of human society. With the development of economy and the advance of technology, mankind increases their requirement for Health and deepens their understanding of it. Health refers to the intactness of a person in his physiology, mental state and ability to adapt to society, rather than having no disease or not weak. This concept has been widely accepted by international communities. Humans are exploring the reasons of illness and the maintenance of health from the perspectives of physiology, mental state and adaptation to society. Under this condition, the development of the health resources increasingly becomes the focus man pay attention to.The health resources refer to the total factors and conditions that can promote the intactness of a person’s physiology, mental state and adaptation to society. According to their property and function on humans, the health resources can be divided into the health environment resources, health service resources and the health Social resources. Health environment resources refer to the whole organism consisting of atmosphere, water, soil, mineral, living creature, which comes from nature and constitutes the essential material foundation for human existence. Health service resources refer to the Medical treatment resources including persons, capital, equipments, information, technique, Education, etc. It is the product when human society develops to a certain stage, and also the crystallization of human intelligence which takes shape in the process of exploiting natural resources and human resources. The health Social resources refer to the Social factors such as the social system, law, economy, culture, Education, the population, race, occupation, etc. It is the macro social context for human’s prevention of disease and maintenance of health. These three resources are closely related to each other and interact with each other.Humans have been exploiting health resources since time immemorial and the main manifestation is on the development of health environment resources. During the process of human civilization, people all over the world have accumulated plenty of theoretical and practical knowledge about how to make use of health resources to prevent disease and keep in good health. These experience and methods, tested by modern technology, have played a guiding role in exploiting modern human resources. On the basis of this, humans have developed more health resources. The increase of health service resources in quantity and quality becomes the main factors of the sound development of humans. At the same time, as the harm done to human mental health by social pressures becomes more and more prominent, the exploitation of health social resources has become the topic increasingly stressed by all the countries.Along with the change of the natural environment and the social advance, the pedigree of human disease and death reasons are changing constantly. Human’s need for health resources are infinitely increasing, however, influenced by natural and human factors, the scarcity of health resources becomes prominent. The serious unbalance between the need and the supply of the health resources causes the lack of it, at the same time the health resources wastes greatly due to the human’s unawareness. The lack and wastes of the health resources bring a big difference of the health level among different districts and communities. Restricted by human cognition, the technique and the economy, humans have polluted health resources in the process of developing it These problems limited the satisfying of human health resources and also the sustainable development of human health.In order to break the limitations and satisfy needs of human for health resources, we must implement the strategy of sustainable development of health resources. It demands that we develop and employ the three kinds of health resources reasonably and effectively on the basis of guarantying the fairness between different regions in the g


The Design Study of Modern Package in the Horizon of Constant Development

On 26/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Objective: This report is an exploratory attempt to study and practice sustainable development in the package design research. The purpose is that use both of points and method of sustainable development to explore new space for packaging design research, in addition, provide resources of theory and ways of thinking to packaging design.Main content: This report discusses related research topics in four chapters: Chapter 1, which explores the origins of packaging design and the status quo of sustainability issues at home and abroad, specific analysis and research background, values, methods and purpose. Chapter 2 uses relevant areas of outstanding theoretical achievements to indicate the analysis and explanation with concepts, content, features and principles on the necessity of sustainable development of modern packaging. Chapter 3, by the analysis of discovery of the implementation of eco-packaging materials and innovation under socio-Economic competitive environment, supplemented by a representative of the design work to analyze the modern packaging practices of sustainable development and effective way, then to propose to establish and enhance people’s Environmental awareness and innovative ideas in packaging design. Chapter 4, the development and prospects for sustainable research of packaging design.Conclusion: Generalize the sustainability of packaging design with a theoretical value and practical significance of thinking and the real needs of society. This report presents the theoretical exploration of the views and reasonable and feasible methods and ways. The development of sustainable packaging design mainly depends on four aspects: First, the enforceability of Packaging design service costs and benefits. Second, the invention and development for eco-materials of packaging design. Third, establish the national consumer awareness of Environmental protection. The last, designers should enhance their eco-design idea. One of these four aspects has a negative or stagnant, would delay the whole development of sustainable packaging design.New ideas: Based on the academics both home and abroad about the packaging pollution, waste of resources and other perspectives and problems, summarized the essence of sustainable development for modern packaging. And extends that the responsibility of an eco-designer is that use and handle of goods scientific, and change the concept of eco-Environmental protection, instead of creating product packaging regardless of natural resources, human Health, environmental protection. Furthermore, it explores how to develop eco-packaging in effective way, and indicates several Basic principles for modern sustainable design. Principle 1: Combine the geographical characteristics, cultural environment, cultural characteristics and different resources, to carry out sustainable development activities in packaging design. Principle 2: Follow the specific characteristics of natural resource endowment, development law and human resources to implement the sustainability of packaging design. Principle 3: Use the product features, style, consumption patterns to achieve sustainable value in practice. Principle 4: Make sure the sustainability of the packaging and decoration. Principle 5: Explore the transformation from traditional packaging industry to a new eco-packaging service-oriented industry. Principle 6: Promote the ethical responsibilities of eco-packaging design, and improve the functions of spiritual values.


Scientific Concept of Development from a Philosophical Perspective

On 20/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Development is the main theme of the modern world, as well as that of China. The theory of scientific development invented by Chinese Communist Party is precious treasure in theories of the world. It is the creative essence expanded from the Basic ideas of Marxism, and it also has the sense of Dialectical materialism and Historical materialism. It surveys the scientific development from the philosophical point of view. In addition, it reveals the Marxist theory basis and has significant meaning both in theory and in reality.The invention of the Theory of Scientific Development is the interior request of our new stage of the economy development, as well as the urgent need of offering a solution to the contradiction in the Social development procedure. It is the inevitable choice to face the international competition. Development takes the No.1 priority in the Theory of Scientific Development; people-oriented principle is the core of the idea; comprehension, coordination, and sustainment are the Basic requests; integration is the key approach.Theory of Scientific Development holds the principle of people-oriented, and it inherited the basic ideas of Social history ideas in the Historical Materialism, which has also been enriched. It confirmed the importance of the people’s subject; it also stimulated the subjectivity of the people and revealed the pursuit for the all aspects development of people. The idea of people-oriented offered a new prospective for enhancement of the Historical Materialism, and it is a new stage of Social history ideas in the Historical Materialism in China.Theory of Scientific Development lays an emphasis on all- aspects and coordinated development, which expressed important views of the social organism in Historical Materialism. It enriched the Marxist idea about “the society is an integration of politics, economy and culture”. The idea of the social organism in Historical Materialism profoundly revealed that the human society is an integration formed by politics, economy and culture on the basis of practice. Its interior elements have impacts onto each other, and this reveals the nature of practice, integration and system of the social organism in the process of development. It offered important theory clue in keeping and practicing theory of Scientific Development.Theory of Scientific Development lays an emphasis on sustainable development, harmony between people and nature, and coordination between resource and environment. It revealed the idea about human’s dependence on nature and sustainment of the social history in Historical Materialism. Sustainable development is important content of Theory of Scientific Development, and it keeps up with the harmony between people and nature, and coordination among environment, population, resources and Economic development. It grants the sustainable development of the human society and it is legacy and development of the idea about people and nature in Historical Materialism.Theory of Scientific Development has the aims of “to fulfill the all aspects development” and “to improve the development of Economic society”, and it makes a great effort on improving the all aspects development of the Economic society and people. It has kept up with the integration of the development of the productivity and human all respects development and revealed the integration of the measurement of social productivity development and the measurement of human development in Marxism. It inherited and developed the theory of evaluation on social progress in Historical Materialism.