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Research on Development of Papermaking Industrial Clusters Based on Circular Economy

On 25/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Papermaking industry of our country faces some detailed problems, such asbig raw materials gap, not reasonable scale, arduous pollution-control task, highresource consumption and low level of technological innovation. Only takingcircular economy as the basis, does the paper-making industry break bottleneckand realize sustainable development. Resources are conserved and environmentis protected, while maximizing economic benefits as minimal resourceconsumption and as small environmental costs as possible to make socialbenefits, ecological benefits and economic benefits develop coordinately.Papermaking industry has strong correlativity and large market capacity, and thedevelopment model of papermaking industrial cluster is inevitable trend ofupgrading industrial structure. China’s paper industry has preliminarily formedthree clusters, namely the Pearl River Delta cluster, Yangtze River Delta clusterand Around Bohai cluster. Paper industry has become the pillar industry of someprovinces such as Zhejiang, Guangdong, Shandong and so on. The developmentof paper industry clusters improves industrial competitiveness and innovation,eases employment pressure and plays benefits of scaled economies. Thedevelopment study of papermaking industry clusters based on recyclingeconomy is beneficial to the way of sustainable developing.Based on theory study of industrial cluster and circular economy, the paperanalyzes environment and development model of the cluster. Taking practicalinvestigation situation and data as basis, the paper makes empirical study aboutthe relationship of cluster scale to resource consumption and givescountermeasure and suggestion of papermaking industry cluster development,and reached conclusion. Definitely, the main purposes are as follows.First, this paper explores the inner mechanism of development andevolution of papermaking industry cluster, revealing formation reasons and process of the papermaking industry cluster’s competitive advantages andinnovation superiority.Second, through going circular economy road, changing the bad impressionthat the papermaking industry has high pollution, gradually removing status ofkey supervision industry to national environmental protection, this paper providefeasible theoretical basis.Third, the paper solves the main challenges during the sustainabledevelopment of papermaking industry clusters:(1)Who is the subject ofimplementing circular economy.(2)How to coordinate papermaking industryclusters and circular economy each other.(3)Explore the relationship betweencluster scale and resource consumption,thus afford suggestion of papermakingindustry cluster development based on circular economy.(4)Explore how tointeract for all kinds of enterprises within the cluster and how to constitute”Competition and cooperation relationship”.Fourth, according to the actual development of papermaking industry athome and abroad, plan out the circular economy development mode. On thebasis of empirical research, afford feasible countermeasures and suggestions ofcluster’s ecological development.This paper uses literature analysis method with SWOT analysis method tomake qualitative analysis and determine the cluster scale and resourceconsumption indicators. According to environmental economy metric model,draw multiple curves that reflect environment changes. Through the scatterdistribution map of resource consumption and cluster scale makes quantitativeanalysis and build regression model. That verifies whether the relationship ofresource consumption and cluster scale is a fixed pattern so that make effectivereference for cluster development.

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Sustainable Development Assessment Based on Improved Ecological Footprint Model of Zoucheng City

On 25/09/2013, in Economics papers, by rain

As a new development theory and model,sustainable development has beenalready accepted by many countries and of which the quantitative analysis hasbecome a hot topic.Ecological footprint is one of important methods to analyze andstudy sustainable development by estimating the ecological producing area ofconsumption and absorption of waste in certain region,and comparing with ecologicalproducing area provided by that region to measure the regional economic sustainablesituation.This thesis uses both traditional ecological footprint and Emergy theory to studythe sustainable development of Zoucheng city.Through analyzing ecological footprintand ecological carrying capacity from 2006 to 2010 of Zoucheng,the author presentsthe sustainable development situation of Zoucheng and takes advise about thecomments to the future policy.The result of traditional ecological footprint shows that the Zoucheng’secological footprint per capita seriously exceeds the ecological capacity.The largestecological deficit is in 2010,7.3575 hm2/cap.In the year 2006 to 2008 ,the ecologicaldeficit is constantly decreasing and from 2008 to 2010, the ecological deficit increase.So in 2008 the ecological deficit is the smallest of 6.5763 hm2/cap.In2006,Zoucheng’s ecological footprint per capita was 7.0379 hm2/cap, the per capitaecological carrying capacity is 0.4616hm2/ cap, in 2010 the ecological footprint percapita is 7.8278 hm2/cap, the ecological carrying capacity per capita is 0.4703hm2/cap. From 2006 to 2010, Zoucheng’s ecological deficit per capita trend first decreasesand then increases.On the other hand, the improved ecological footprint based on Emergy theoryshows that Zoucheng is sustaining to be ecological deficit, from 17.2927 hm2/cap in2006 reducing to15.9650 hm2/cap in 2008, and increasing to 17.7708 hm2/ cap in2010.In this five years, the ecological deficit is the largest in 2008 and minimum in2010.Zoucheng’s average per capita ecological is carrying capacity in fluctuation from2006 to 2010.In 2007 and 2010 average ecological carrying capacity is relatively high,mainly because of the 2007 and 2010 pre cipitation is more and makes renewableresources always the value of relatively large. Except for a slight fluctuation in 2007,Zoucheng’s ecological carrying capacity per capita is increasing.The trends of ecological footprint and ecological footprint based on Emergytheory are the same.Zoucheng’s average ecological footprint seriously overpasses theaverage carrying capacity which prove that from 2006 to 2010,Zoucheng’s ecological situation is unsustainable. Combining two theories, we can see a comprehensivepicture of the ecological situation of research region.At the end, the author takes some advise of the analysis and prediction based onZoucheng’s 2006 to 2010 ecological situation and provides the valuable suggestionson how to keep the sustainable development within research region.

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The Research of Comparision of Strategy Oritation as to Opened Marine Zones-Shandong, Zhejiang, Guangdong

On 25/09/2013, in International, by rain

Twentyfirst Century is the century of ocean. With the development of economyand the growth of population, the loading rate to the economic increment that landresources can handle is more and more small,and the cost of maintaining economicdevelopment through the exploitation of ground-launched resources is more and morebig. Develop and utilize Marine resources, to speed up the economic development hasbecome the key to solve problems that human beings are facing such as the resourcesshortage and ecological environment deterioration. In2003, China promulgated the”national Marine economic development plan outline”, then coastal cities–shandong,zhejiang and guangdong, put the Marine economy as the new economic growth pointin the new century, and gradually into the strategy of state. Although Shandong,zhejiang and guangdong are all coastal cities and marine development and utilizationof all aspects are advanced, but different regions have different advantages andcharacteristics, each area in the development process have formed Marine economiczones with their own local characteristics.Shandong Zhejiang and Guangdong’s local ocean economic development plan,only to describe the positioning of the three marine economic zones but moregenerally. This paper, based on the foreign Marine development experiences andrelevent theories, domestic “the twelfth five-year” planning and separate local oceaneconomic development plans, compares the three sea economic zones on the strategicpositioning more specific and detailed. In this paper, the main research method is usedto include method of combining the theory with practice、method of interdisciplinaryresearch and method of using comparative analysis.This essay firstly defines some relevant definitions and summarizes thetheoretical foundation of the open economic marine zone. Through the specific anddetail data of shandong, zhejiang and guangdong, compares the separate strategicpositioning, mainly including basic situation, the level of opening up, marine industry as well as strategic position and etc. Based on this reaches a conclusion: Thethree large Marine economic zones’ strategic positioning have both differences andconvergences. Differences embodied in economic base and the industrial developmentof the different emphasis. In the economic basis, guangdong’s economic level is thehighest, followed by shandong and zhejiang the last. In the development of theindustry emphasis, shandong put great emphasis on the development of high-techindustries and zhejiang on port economic primarily. As guangdong’s develop isrelatively more balance, it stresses on comprehensive development. Convergence isthe long-term development trend and the main Marine ecological industry consistency.From the development trend, the economic level of the three areas is constantlyimproving, the economic situation continues to rise. In the Marine ecological aspects,it is the way to realize sustainable development of Marine economy, and the threeareas reaches an agreement in this respect, so they put great attention to the Marineecosystem and the development of the Marine clean energy. After analysis, accordingto the mature experience of the international Marine economic development, we putforward the specific countermeasures which suitable to China’s ocean economicdevelopment, combined with China’s actual situation.

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Research on the Sustainable Development of Tourist Industry in the Government Perspective

On 24/09/2013, in Tourism, by rain

This paper studies and discusses the sustainable development of Gulou tourist industry in the governmental perspective and with the guidance of document spirits, such as “the State Council’s recommendation on speeding up tourist industry development” and “recommendations of the State Council’s supporting Fujian speeding up the construction of Economic Zone of the West Straits” and meet the requests of12th Five-Year Development Plan of Fujian tourist industry. This paper explores the problems existing in tourist industry and its reasons through defining and analyzing relative concepts and theory on tourist industry development, basing on Gulou tourist industry development status, and by adopting the literature, analysis and investigation methods. There are several reasons responsible for the slow development of tourist industry in Gulou district such as out-dated management mechanism, deficiency of policy support, lack of tourist talents, tourist environmental disruption and challenges from boundary areas. Some specific ideas and corresponding strategies are coming up with in promoting the sustainable development of Gulou tourist industry. Firstly:innovating management mechanism. It’s carried out through improving organization system, enhancing marketing management and perfecting the industry system. Secondly:strengthening the policy support. Deliver beneficiary policies for tourist investment and policy backup for tourist industry. Thirdly:enhancing marketing. Adopt government marketing, event marketing, medium marketing, price marketing etc. Fourthly:cultivating tourist talents. It will be realized through lifting up the overall abilities of tourist managers and improving the quality of tourist service talents, and combining local training and introducing outside talents together. Fifthly:protecting tourist environment. It will be carried out through implementation of tourist environment management system, innovating economic policies for environment protection and building up risk management mechanism for tourist environment. Sixthly:Regional coordinated development, mainly adopt the measures of coordinated development with boundary areas, tourist industry cooperation with Taiwan district and joint development with relative industries. In brief, various tourist resources are integrated so as to shape “core region” brand and propel the Gulou tourist industry in the leading position of Fujian province.

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Study on the Sustainable Development Ability of Wanzai County Jiangxi Province

On 24/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Sustainable development, global environmental change and biodiversity are three important fields of ecological research in the contemporary era. Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), sustainable development has been recognized by more and more countries who consider that it is a common strategy for each country to deal with the relationship among populations, resources, environment, economy and society in the21th century and is the only way for human survival and development. Soon after the UNCED.Waizai County is one of key forestry-based counties in Jiangxi. Sustainable Development of Forestry is47.22. To achieve sustainable development of phase transition. But the forest quality is not high,Combined effectiveness is low, Forestry science and technology content is not high, Development of forestry industry is lagging behind, Lack of forestry investment in infrastructure, Become the bottleneck for the sustainable development of the forestry.The paper uses the summarized method, Combining normative analysis with positive analysis, Combination of borrowing and targeted research, At the same time, according to the domestic and foreign research on forestry sustainable development present situation, this paper studies the advantages of Waizai’s forestry, the current situation and shortages of sustainable forestry development, and establishes an index system of evaluating the county’s sustainable forestry development ability. Finally, it puts forward an argument that the county’s forestry construction should be based on the combination of ecological benefits, social benefits and economic benefits. Meantime, it expounds the measures and methods to achieve sustainable forestry development in Waizai. That is to say, the forestry development should strike a balance among ecological benefits, social benefits and economic benefits, put classification management of forest into practice, enhance the construction of commercial forest bases, deepen the forest tenure system reform and intensify the technical services. The modern forestry should be developed as per “highlighting one focus, grasping two key points, expanding three industries and enhancing four services”

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Empirical Research in Sustainable New Rural Development of Qingdao

On 24/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

In2005, the Fifth Plenary Conference of Sixteenth Central Committeeof the CPC in the《Development Plan Outline for Eleventh-five》broughtforward to promote steadily and safely the socialist new ruralconstruction according to the requirements of" the development ofproduction, affluent life, civilization, clean and tidy village anddemocratic management “.It pointed that we should promote comprehensive,coordinated and sustainable development of the new socialist countrysidewith sustainable development as the actions and purpose of building a newsocialist countryside. As the major initiatives for our country toimplement the scientific concept of development, the construction of newsocialist countryside construction has great significance for ensuringthe smooth conduct of China’s modernization, building a moderatelyprosperous society and building a harmonious society. It also hasimportant practical significance for the realization of farmers’ income,agricultural development and rural prosperity, but also is an importantmeans of resolving the “Three Rural Issues” at this stage.Since theconstruction of new socialist countryside has been put forward, thelocalities have actively carried out a series of practice for buildinga new countryside and achieved some success. However, in many areas therehave been some signs of unsustainable development, such as the waste ofresources, serious environmental pollution and other unsustainabledevelopment phenomenon. It is our current urgent to promote new socialistcountryside construction of the period of12th Five-Year on the basis of”Eleventh Five-Year” development.On the basis of the new rural construction and sustainable developmenttheory, this paper understands the connotation of the sustainabledevelopment of a new socialist countryside and designs a set ofsustainable development evaluation index system on new socialistcountryside with the existing research and the actual situation of the new rural construction in Qingdao. Through the method of quantitativeanalysis and qualitative analysis, this paper makes an empiricalassessment on sustainable development of new socialist countryside ofareas of Qingdao in2010and makes specific analysis of each system bySPSS software and the method of principal component analysis and clusteranalysis. In the eight urban areas of Qingdao, the level of sustainabledevelopment of Pingdu, Jiao nan, Jiaozhou and Laoshan is higher than theaverage of sustainable development, but the level of sustainabledevelopment of Laixi,Huangdao,Jimo and Chengyang is below than theaverage of sustainable development. And some reasonable proposals havebeen put forward for the further sustainable development of Qingdao onthe results of assessment, such as develop sustainable agriculture,increase farmers’ income, improve rural infrastructure and ecologicalenvironment, improve rural social security system and the cause of science,education, and so on. With these proposals, the development of production,affluent life, civilization, clean and tidy village and democraticmanagement can be contributed to sustainable development and so that thenew rural construction can be coordinated and sustainable overall.In this paper, there are following aspects. The first part discussesthe research background, significance and domestic and internationalresearch. The second part makes a statement of new socialist countrysideand the sustainable development theory. The third part reviews the processof new socialist countryside construction process and puts forward thesustainable development of new socialist countryside. The fourth partbuilds an evaluation index system and model of sustainable developmentof socialism. The fifth part makes an evaluation analysis of thesustainable development level in Qingdao new socialist countryside. PartVI puts forward the recommendations to promote sustainable developmentof Qingdao anew socialist countryside. Part VII makes a comprehensiveoverview of the research results of the paper, the lack of research ofthe paper and the direction of future efforts.

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Research on Sustainable Development of Resource-based City

On 24/09/2013, in Management, by rain

The resource-based city is established on the basis of resource development andutilization of the resource-based industries of the urban,Mostly established in the plannedeconomy period and has unique laws governing the operation of its economic and social,who has made great contributions for China’s economic. But with the reform of marketeconomy, drawbacks of city has gradually become apparent because of the single industrialstructure and function mode, there has been some unique problems such as resourcerecession and economic development lags behind. In the context of achieving sustainableeconomic and social development, to achieve sustainable development has become urgentfor resource-based cities. In this paper, we will study how the resource-based cityachieving sustainable development by carrying out restructuring.Based on previous experience of resource-based cities, we analysis the developmentstatus and problems of the resource-based cities by using a series of regional economics,sustainable development theory, qualitative, quantitative and empirical. The analysis of thispaper is divided into several parts respectively, which are as follows:In the first part, we analyze the status of resource-based cities. Resource-based citiesare facing a problem of single industrial structure, resource-based cities haveresource-based industries as the leading industry or pillar industries, so other industries hasnot been paid enough attention, which resulting in irrational of industrial structure.Thefragile economic structure can not bear the impact once of the event of failure of economicshocks or mineral resources. In addition, it faced a series of problems of unemployment,population loss and environmental damage. It have to pay the cost of equipmentprecipitation, environmental governance costs, the cost of social security and many othercosts for sustainable development.The second part, propose evaluation framework model of resource-based cities’sustainable development and design sustainable development evaluation system from fouraspects of social, economic, environmental and resource. According to the connotation ofsustainable development, we design the overall objective of sustained development, andthen broken down into several levels, to determine the various sub-goals, a description of each target indicators. Use the Delphi method to construct the criteria layer judgmentmatrix and to determine the weight of each indicator. Finally, get the conclusion from theanalysis of data.The third part, we conduct an empirical analysis of the typical coal-resource-based city—-Jining City and evaluate it’s capacity of sustainable development. Jining City shows abetter capacity of sustainable development in terms of economic, social, environmental andresource indicators in recent years.Finally, achieve some policy measures to support sustainable development from theindustrial transformation, urban space optimization, financial and taxation support. Firstly,different resource-based cities should choose different transition models, which includingthe industrial extension mode, industry update mode and complex mode, base on such asstage of development, resource endowments, geographical environment. Practice hasproved that the mature stage is the best transition period of resource-based cities, andresource development in the yield or maturity, the yield of the resource-based products tomaintain growth or stability, low cost of mining and downstream industries can takeadvantage of this advantage to develop the deep processing of the resource-based products,extend the industrial chain, the implementation of industrial extension mode. Secondly, onthe basis of analyzing the problems of resource-based cities get the way of sustainabledevelopment to achieve resource-based cities structural optimization from the points ofoptimizing the industrial layout, getting industrial agglomeration, integration betweenurban and rural, rehabilitation of urban ecological environment. Thirdly, the formation oflarge energy companies group is able to adjust or control the scale of resource developmentand utilization of mineral resources industry to extend the life of the subject resourceexploitation as much as possible. In particular, we can take advantage of the existingindustrial and business advantage to extend the industrial chain, promote integration andindustrial structure optimization and upgrading of resource-based cities. Fourthly, we needsupports from government in all aspects, especially in various fields of finance, financialsupport to develop the resource-based cities and get enough financial support through taxreform, financial support and other means.

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Analysis of Chinese Enterprises Performance under the Framework of Sustainable Development

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Enterprises performance evaluation is product of the development of the marketeconomy to a certain stage, and scientific methods and effective means to supervise andmanage enterprises in mature market economy countries. Enterprises performanceevaluation has strong guidance function. The more excellent performance of anenterprise, the more excellent performance evaluation system it needs. The moreexcellent performance evaluation system is needed in order to develop potentialsufficiently and guard against the risk effectively of the enterprises. At present, theenterprises performance evaluation system in China is mainly in the direction of financialbenefit, or profit maximization. However, enterprises performance is affected by variousfactors. It is found after research that an important factor influencing enterprisesperformance is sustainable development capability which is more and more concerned byenterprises in recent years. It’s exactly because of this that this paper summarizesperformance evaluation experiences of domestic and foreign enterprises, takes the case ofmanufacturing listed companies, and analyses the factors influencing enterprisesperformance under the framework of sustainable development based on sustainabledevelopment theory and Chinese current economic environment, and discusses therelationship between sustainable development and enterprises performance.This paper includes five chapters, which makes a study of related aspects of thesustainable development and enterprises performance. At first, based on the reviewing,collecting and analyzing a large number of literatures about sustainable development andenterprises performance in China and foreign countries, several performance evaluationmethods are mainly illuminated, the effect of sustainable development theory onperformance evaluation are analyzed and and performance evaluation methods under theframework of sustainable development theory are expounded in this paper. Secondly,combined with actual conditions of Chinese enterprises, Chapter Two analyses thecurrently performance evaluation situation and environmental pressures Chineseenterprises faced. Thirdly, this paper introduces the factors influencing enterprisesperformance under the framework of sustainable development. Fourthly, based on thedata of manufacturing listed companies, this paper proposes empirical research design, models,hypothesis. And then the data collected is analyzed by using descriptive statisticsanalysis, factorial analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis throughSPSS17.0software, and a series of significant conclusions can be gained through theanalyses. Finally, the last chapter summarizes the previous chapters and draws theconclusions, makes the measures and recommendations, and points out some problemsthat may exist in this paper and the prospect of future research.The research on the relationship of sustainable development and enterprisesperformance aimed at analyzing the importance of enterprises sustainable developmentcapability in enterprises business activities, point outside investors to invest excellentsustainable development enterprises. For managers of the enterprises, the comparison ofthe enterprise during industry is used to find advantages and disadvantages, guidepractice activities, and improve the enterprise sustainable development capability andenterprises performance.

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Anshun Urban Sustainable Development Problems Research

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

At present, the urban sustainable development is becoming the upsurge of urbanstudies at home and abroad. Anshun as a typical western underdeveloped area, thecontradiction is very outstanding between city’s own conditions and development. Howto solve these problems, and without sacrificing environment resources under theprecondition of realizing urban development, that is an important topic to many citieswho are facing similar problems.Because of the urban sustainable development involves field too wide, so onlyselect a few important factors for Anshun development to discuss in this paper, strive toget the more thorough explanation. Selected the economic structure and developmentsituation of the industry as index in economic aspect; Selected social reform、population quality and urban spatial structure to describe social; Selected resources andenvironment protection as the index in ecological development. Based on the deepunderstanding of Anshun actual development situation, combined with the sustainabledevelopment theory and urban development strategy theory, analysis and discuess thedevelop conditions of Anshun centre on thses indexs, and put forward correspondingsolutions. Strive to build a practical urban sustainable development strategies, for myhometown anshun and similar little cities’sustainable development provides referentialresearch model.

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Research of Sustainable Development Planning Strategy on Urban Scene

On 23/09/2013, in Tourism, by rain

In the operational mechanisms leaded by market economy of the scenic areas,Scenic area whose core priority is to protect scenic resources is greatly impacted byurbanization, especially urban scenic. As a result, scenic resources protection is out ofcontrol, the conflict between natural environment and artificial environment isincreasingly intensified, building efforts of high-quality regional living environment isfacing significant challenges.In this context, the urban scenic area is facing greatly pressure which is due to theintensified conflict between protection and development. If we do not keep balance toprotection and development, to overall and local interests, we will lead to the protectionof scenic resources frustrated, and scenic is lack of sustainable development momentum.As the basis of taking the protection plight faced by urban scenic as the starting point,analyzing the causes of the protection plight, drawing on relevant theory anddevelopment strategies and similar case’s practical experience, researcher gets thesustainable development planning strategy of urban scenic, takes the Changshou Lakescenic area for example to deepen the implementation of the sustainable developmentstrategy for urban scenic, evaluates performance of planning strategy scientificly andobjectively. And research expect that the study will provides the sustainablydevelopmented strategies and case practice reference for other urban scenic. The thesismainly consists of the following six parts:1.Introduction: describing the background of the thesis writing, domestic andinternational research and the status of implementation of the purpose and significance,the research object, the definition and research framework.2. Analysising the protection plight of the urban scenics under the impact ofurbanization scenic area protection from the the scenic resources system protection andregional living environment building, and in-depth analysis of the formation of fourreasons-the internal driving force, the outward thrust, the planning guidancesystemfailure constraints, internal problem-oriented contradictions. And study takes theproblem as a breakthrough to eliminate the pressure of the Scenic Area betweenprotection and development.3.Collating and summarizing the developed planning theory and strategies ofurban scenic, taking it as the basic theory, analyzing and summaring problem, planning strategies and performance of simiali cases at home and abroad. It is to pave thetheoretical and practical experience way for proposing sustainable development strategyof the scenic area to make.4. Basing on problem analysis and theory strategy and case reference, author getsthe sustainable development strategy of urban scenic from the three dimensions. First,regional spatial morphological reconstruction strategy, which is based on the concept oforganic evacuation; Second, building control and guide strategy between the City andscenic,which is based on the concept of city-scenic inclusive; Third, improving andintegrating public policy system strategies,which is based on the effective protectionconcept.5. Taking the Changshou Lake Scenic for example, analyzing the problems, puttingsustainable development strategy of urban scenic into practice, and taking strategy intospecific “dual-zone development, zoning regulation, the trinity. And ” dual-zone “is toimplement the the development concept and strategy of organice vacuation,”zoningregulation is to implement the development concept and strategy of city-scenicinclusive,” trinity “is to from the specific criteria level to ” dual-zone development “and”zoning regulation ” from planning system, and implement to development concept andstrategy of effective guarantee. The plan also assessed for longevity living environmentof ChangshouLake scenic area from at scenic source protection performance, ease thepressure of urbanization performance and urban-rural coordination performance.6.Summarizing the main conclusions of the study and practice evaluation, andraising the outlook on future research and planning work.