Reseach on Evaluation of Agricultural Sustainable Development Ability and Countermeasure in Shaanxi Province

On 07/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

As a new kind of strategy, Agricultural sustainable development arouses extensively attentions of different levels of governments and various academic fields.In the past 20 years, domestic and international scholars have done a lot of work to study sustainable development, and have formed a series of systematic theory and method. But the study about this field was started late in China, and the achievements made so far has been very limited compared to that in developed countries. This thesis, bases on the research results achieved by frontiers, taking Shaanxi Province as an example, founds the evaluation model of Agricultural sustainable development, evalutes the Agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi, analyses the mian factors which limits agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi, and discusses some suggestions which could improve agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi. The research results may be of important theoritic significance not only to the appraisal method of regional agricultural sustainable development, but also to the making and implementation of realistic agricultural sustainable development strategies. The result as follow:1. The evaluation of agricultural sustainable development ability during different time in Shaanxi province.(1) The agricultural sustainable development ability is rising year by year in Shaanxi province.but has hidden danger. The score of agricultural sustainable development ability is increasing in Shaanxi province, it states that it is sustainable in the past 10 years. The result of the principal components analysis indicates that each principal components score has frequent change in F1, F2 and F3, It indicates that agricultural sustainable development has many hidden dangers in Shaanxi.(2) Agricultural system and each subsystem development condition exists difference. The population system, the economical system and the Social system and agricultural sustainable development are the same, are growing continually. But the resources system and the environment system is dropping. It states that Shanxi Province’s resources consumption and the ecological environment destroy quite seriously in 20 century’s end.(3) The agriculture system has the closely correlated with various subsystems. The agricultural system and the population system, the economical system and the Social system achieve extremely remarkable level, and the correlation coefficient respectively is 0.9609, 0.9603, 0.9866. This indicated that the agriculture system, the population system, the economical system and the Social system development are closely link. The agriculture system and the resources system, the environment system had also achieved the extremely remarkable level, but they present inverse correlation, the correlation coefficient respectively is -0.882,-0.898,-0.919. It state that the pattern of agriculturae system which are consumeing the natural resource and sacrificing ecological environment unceasingly.(4) Agricultural system and various subsystems are at uncoordinated condition in Shaanxi. The coordination change process of agriculture system is: The harmony coefficient is rising from 1995 to 2001, The harmony coefficient is dropping from 2001 to 2004. The harmony coefficient continuously is lower than 0.6. It state that Agricultural system is at uncoordinated condition. The harmony coefficient change of various subsystems is very.2. The evaluation of agricultural sustainable development ability in various areas in Shaanxi province.(1) The comparition of agricultural sustainable development ability of various areas in Shaanxi. The area whose agricultural sustainable development ability is higher than the average including Xi’an, Baoji, Xianyang and Weinan.Xi’an>Xianyang>Weinan>Baoji.The area whose agricultural sustainable development ability is higher than the average including Tongchuan,Yenan, Hanzhong, Yulin, Ankang and Shangluo.Hanzhong >Yenan >Tongchuan>Ankang >Shangluo>Yulin>Yenan.(2) The comparition of agricultural sustainable development ability of various areas agricultural subsystem. The population system: Weinan > Xianyang > Shangluor > Ankang > Yulin > Hanzhong > Baoji > Yenan > Tongchuan > Xi’an,The economical system: Yenan > Hanzhong > Ankang > Shangluo> Baoji > Xi’an > Weinan > Yulin > Tongchuan > Xianyang,The social system: Tongchuan > Xi’an > Xianyang > Weinan > Ankang > Baoji > Shangluo > Hanzhong > Yenan > Yulin,The resources system: Hanzhong > Xi’an > Shangluo > Ankang > Xianyang > Weinan > Baoji > Tongchuan > Yenan > Yulin,The environment system: Xi’an > Xianyang > Weinan > Tongchuan > Hanzhong > Baoji > Shangluo> Ankang > Yenan > Yulin.(3) Agricultural development region is divided in Shaanxi. When the cluster scale is 4.95, it may divides 3 kinds of region: the first kand of region includes Xi’an, Tongchuan, Xianyang, Weinan;the second of region includes Baoji, Hanzhong, Ankang, Shangluo;the third of region includes Yenan, Yulin.(4) The coordination condition various areas agriculture system exists difference. The harmony coefficient of various areas is lower than 0.5, it Indicates various areas agriculture system all are uncoordinated condition. The harmony coefficient of Baoji and Weinan area is the highest, indicate that the agricultural system interior essential factor development of the two areas are balanced compares to other area.(5) The coordination condition of various areas exist difference in subsystem. the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in Baoji, Xianyang and Weinan In the population subsystem, the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in Xi’an, Baoji and Hanzhong In the economical subsystem, the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in Baoji and Hanzhong In the social subsystem, the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in Tongchuan, Baoji, Xianyang In the resource subsystem,the harmony coefficient are bigger than 0.5 in the environment subsystem,they state that they are at coordinated condition. 3. The limit factors of agricultural sustainable development ablity and countermeasure in Shaanxi province.(1) Agricultural sustainable development has some limit factors in Shaanxi province. Agriculture sustainable development has many limit factors in Shaanxi, These factors may divide into three kinds of factor according to its intensity and difficulty, including long, medium, short time interval. Long time limit factors include: the soil erosion is serious, the village labor force culture quality is low, the water resources lack. The medium time limit factors include: the effective irrigated area rate is low, the Environmental pollution serious. The short time limit factors include: agricultural population proportion oversized, the agricultural science and technology level is low, average per person farming resources reduction scope big.(2) The countermeasure of improving agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi province. In view of the limit factor, Unifies agricultural development comparison superiority,the auther propose countermeasure of promoting agricultural sustainable development ability in Shaanxi.these countermeasures include: Enhancing agriculture ecological environment protection; Enlarging environment government dynamics, controlling Environmental pollution, Protecting agriculture ecological security, The developing Education, improveing the human quality; Impelling agriculture advance ; Enhancing the saving water benefit, developing saving water agriculture; reasonablely developing land resource; Perfecting social security systems and so on.


Study on the Sustainable Development of Forest Ecological-economic System in Changhua River Basin

On 30/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Forest ecological and Economic systems are the main study object of forest eco-Economic system, and how to configure the ecological, economic and Social resources is the focus study of the forest ecological and economic sustainable development. Watershed forest ecological and economic sustainable development evaluation is base on the theory of sustainable development, ecology, regional Economics and Management science, and analysis of the status of forest resources, economic conditions and Social development in the watered, and establish the goal of sustainable development of the watershed forest ecological and economic systems and sustainable development criteria. On this basis, it can build a sustainable development index system and evaluation methods in accordance with the principles of ecological, economic and Social development. This paper carry out three aspects for the Changhua River Basin forest ecological and economic status quo, business models and existing problems. The sustainable development of the evaluation index system establishment and evaluation methods research of Changhua River Basin, analysis of eco-economic disparities Changhua River basin, and the dynamic analysis of Changhua River Basin sustainable development. The results show that:Firstly, establish the system of indicators for sustainable development of the Changhua River Basin. According to economic studies of forest ecosystems at home and abroad, combined with the Changhua River basin characteristics, propose three of the ecological, economic and social support subsystem,16individual indicators of the index system. Select entropy method in determining the weights, to amend the results to eliminate the bias caused by subjective factors. Accordingly, research on the Changhua River basin forest eco-economic system, the results shows that:Economic subsystem for building and sustainable development of ecological economic system has made a significant contribution to the weights as high as0.5164. Followed by the social subsystem, the weight value is0.2629, In contrast, the ecological subsystem Changhua River basin eco-economic development cause obstruction, only0.2206of the weight values; According to the analysis of the indicator layer, make the greatest contribution to the ecological and economic development indicators of index of GDP in the economic subsystem, the weight is0.0925. the forest coverage rate of the Valley Economic Development, the weight is0.0871. Social subsystem of Education index weight values in the index layer of the middle reaches, and that Education has become an important factor of economic development. On the contrary, forestry output value of weight is the lowest, only0.0402, the convection within the eco-economic development hindered, shows that the role of forestry in the development of the basin does not have good guidance; its function has not been exploited.Secondly,The paper introduces the concept of convection within the eco-economic development of the spatial differences the current situation analysis. Study because of the impact basin on the middle and lower reaches of the differences of the ecological economic development on the Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development. According to the value of comprehensive evaluation of the Changhua River Basin to determine the spatial difference of values that Changhua River watershed ecological spatial pattern of economic development is high, the upstream, midstream second son, downstream of the lowest. Ecological and economic development gap between the level on the middle and lower reaches of the watershed. Spatial differences within the watershed were negatively correlated with the ecological subsystem, economic subsystem, social subsystem was positively correlated, and Subsystem of the economy played an important guiding role in the comprehensive evaluation. Using GIS technology to study the difference of the Changhua River watershed ecological and economic space is one of the trends in the field of regional economic research, Using GIS technology can visual representation of the spatial differences within the watershed.Thirdly,2006-2010, Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development coefficient showing an increasing trend, an upward trend in volatility. According to the data dynamic analysis, Sustainable development coefficient of the upstream region is the highest; the downstream region is the lowest. From the changes of the three subsystems, Changhua River watershed ecological and economic effectiveness of the system significantly, and supportive of the ecological environment, stable economic development have good sustainability, increasing year by year. Dynamic analysis showed that the Changhua River basin sustainable development situation is gradually improving, Embodies the Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development Policy in the gradual implementation of the watershed Neisen ecological and economic system gradually become coordinated development.Fourthly, by analogy, This article has made new progress in the top of the Changhua River Basin forest ecological and economic sustainable development of the evaluation index system and evaluation method, Combined with the analysis of spatial differences on the watershed, provide a theoretical basis and data facts for Changhua River Basin Sustainable Development policy-making in the future, and make great significance for watershed development in future.


Jiangmen City Energy Saving Policy Implementation Exists Question and Countermeasure Research

On 12/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Along with the concept of sustainable development of communications,energy saving hasbecome a global Economic and Social development in a effect of current and long-termtask.”11th Five-Year Plan”period, Jiangmen city, the unit GDP energy consumption by0.88tons of standard coal/million in2005,dropped to0.715tons of standard coal/million in2010,decreased rate of18%, the successful completion of the Guangdong Province on the river ‘smarketing energy-saving target assessment. With Jiangmen to speed up the process ofindustrialization and consumptive structure to upgrade continuously, the energy demand showsrigid growth, the restriction of resource and environment increasingly aggrandizement,”12thFive-Year Plan”period of energy-saving situation is more grim. In order to be in the”11thFive-Year Plan” energy saving achievement foundation, make whole town”11th Five-YearPlan”energy-saving job further, drive Jiangmen city into an energy-saving, efficientdevelopment atmosphere, make energy-saving policy better and more comprehensive work,become the”12th Five-Year Plan”energy-saving work most important task.This paper will use the method of literature review, comparative analysis and interviewmethod, combined with the Jiangmen city conservation tasks as well as to2010in finished state,scientific analysis of Jiangmen energy saving policy fulfil a circumstance. Has completed thedata field of industry and analysis of energy saving effect, especially the highenergy-consuming industry, energy consumption,the county-level city and administrativedistrict of energy-saving work of the present situation and characteristics, analysis of policyimplementing effect,discover energy-saving policies in the implementation process of thedeviations and deficiencies, explore energy-saving policy problems in the implementation ofCity Hall, as well “12th Five-Year Plan” energy-saving work, make corresponding industrialpolicy and policy for energy saving to offer countermeasure proposal. This paper is to study itas the main line.This paper analyzes the Jiangmen city energy resources utilization status quo of totalenergy consumption, energy demand continues to increase, low efficiency of energy use, energyconsumption structure not harmonious phenomenon. Combined energy-saving work of theomnibus, diversity, regional and systemic characteristics, put forward Jiangmen city policydistortion, functions of Management Management is not smooth, the energy-saving specialfunds late follow-up work is weak, energy consumption statistics method loopholes, the slowdevelopment of energy-saving technology services unit the implementation of specific issues arising in the course. Put forward to perfect the countermeasure proposal of Jiangmen energyconservation policy. One is to improve the energy saving mechanism of rewards andpunishments, pay equal attention to,improve the appraisal,strengthen coordination,improvesevice,imcrease innovation; two is to strengthen the energy conservation supervision. Establishenergy conservation monitoring system,improve the monitoring team; three is to set up ascientific and rational energy saving target;four through trade associationgs to guide andstandardize the Enterprise independent energy saving;five is take measures to promote energyconservation.


A Research on the Sustainable Development of Health Resources

On 04/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

In all times, Health is an aim mankind pursue diligently and also an eternal topic of human society. With the development of economy and the advance of technology, mankind increases their requirement for Health and deepens their understanding of it. Health refers to the intactness of a person in his physiology, mental state and ability to adapt to society, rather than having no disease or not weak. This concept has been widely accepted by international communities. Humans are exploring the reasons of illness and the maintenance of health from the perspectives of physiology, mental state and adaptation to society. Under this condition, the development of the health resources increasingly becomes the focus man pay attention to.The health resources refer to the total factors and conditions that can promote the intactness of a person’s physiology, mental state and adaptation to society. According to their property and function on humans, the health resources can be divided into the health environment resources, health service resources and the health Social resources. Health environment resources refer to the whole organism consisting of atmosphere, water, soil, mineral, living creature, which comes from nature and constitutes the essential material foundation for human existence. Health service resources refer to the Medical treatment resources including persons, capital, equipments, information, technique, Education, etc. It is the product when human society develops to a certain stage, and also the crystallization of human intelligence which takes shape in the process of exploiting natural resources and human resources. The health Social resources refer to the Social factors such as the social system, law, economy, culture, Education, the population, race, occupation, etc. It is the macro social context for human’s prevention of disease and maintenance of health. These three resources are closely related to each other and interact with each other.Humans have been exploiting health resources since time immemorial and the main manifestation is on the development of health environment resources. During the process of human civilization, people all over the world have accumulated plenty of theoretical and practical knowledge about how to make use of health resources to prevent disease and keep in good health. These experience and methods, tested by modern technology, have played a guiding role in exploiting modern human resources. On the basis of this, humans have developed more health resources. The increase of health service resources in quantity and quality becomes the main factors of the sound development of humans. At the same time, as the harm done to human mental health by social pressures becomes more and more prominent, the exploitation of health social resources has become the topic increasingly stressed by all the countries.Along with the change of the natural environment and the social advance, the pedigree of human disease and death reasons are changing constantly. Human’s need for health resources are infinitely increasing, however, influenced by natural and human factors, the scarcity of health resources becomes prominent. The serious unbalance between the need and the supply of the health resources causes the lack of it, at the same time the health resources wastes greatly due to the human’s unawareness. The lack and wastes of the health resources bring a big difference of the health level among different districts and communities. Restricted by human cognition, the technique and the economy, humans have polluted health resources in the process of developing it These problems limited the satisfying of human health resources and also the sustainable development of human health.In order to break the limitations and satisfy needs of human for health resources, we must implement the strategy of sustainable development of health resources. It demands that we develop and employ the three kinds of health resources reasonably and effectively on the basis of guarantying the fairness between different regions in the g


The Design Study of Modern Package in the Horizon of Constant Development

On 26/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Objective: This report is an exploratory attempt to study and practice sustainable development in the package design research. The purpose is that use both of points and method of sustainable development to explore new space for packaging design research, in addition, provide resources of theory and ways of thinking to packaging design.Main content: This report discusses related research topics in four chapters: Chapter 1, which explores the origins of packaging design and the status quo of sustainability issues at home and abroad, specific analysis and research background, values, methods and purpose. Chapter 2 uses relevant areas of outstanding theoretical achievements to indicate the analysis and explanation with concepts, content, features and principles on the necessity of sustainable development of modern packaging. Chapter 3, by the analysis of discovery of the implementation of eco-packaging materials and innovation under socio-Economic competitive environment, supplemented by a representative of the design work to analyze the modern packaging practices of sustainable development and effective way, then to propose to establish and enhance people’s Environmental awareness and innovative ideas in packaging design. Chapter 4, the development and prospects for sustainable research of packaging design.Conclusion: Generalize the sustainability of packaging design with a theoretical value and practical significance of thinking and the real needs of society. This report presents the theoretical exploration of the views and reasonable and feasible methods and ways. The development of sustainable packaging design mainly depends on four aspects: First, the enforceability of Packaging design service costs and benefits. Second, the invention and development for eco-materials of packaging design. Third, establish the national consumer awareness of Environmental protection. The last, designers should enhance their eco-design idea. One of these four aspects has a negative or stagnant, would delay the whole development of sustainable packaging design.New ideas: Based on the academics both home and abroad about the packaging pollution, waste of resources and other perspectives and problems, summarized the essence of sustainable development for modern packaging. And extends that the responsibility of an eco-designer is that use and handle of goods scientific, and change the concept of eco-Environmental protection, instead of creating product packaging regardless of natural resources, human Health, environmental protection. Furthermore, it explores how to develop eco-packaging in effective way, and indicates several Basic principles for modern sustainable design. Principle 1: Combine the geographical characteristics, cultural environment, cultural characteristics and different resources, to carry out sustainable development activities in packaging design. Principle 2: Follow the specific characteristics of natural resource endowment, development law and human resources to implement the sustainability of packaging design. Principle 3: Use the product features, style, consumption patterns to achieve sustainable value in practice. Principle 4: Make sure the sustainability of the packaging and decoration. Principle 5: Explore the transformation from traditional packaging industry to a new eco-packaging service-oriented industry. Principle 6: Promote the ethical responsibilities of eco-packaging design, and improve the functions of spiritual values.


Scientific Concept of Development from a Philosophical Perspective

On 20/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Development is the main theme of the modern world, as well as that of China. The theory of scientific development invented by Chinese Communist Party is precious treasure in theories of the world. It is the creative essence expanded from the Basic ideas of Marxism, and it also has the sense of Dialectical materialism and Historical materialism. It surveys the scientific development from the philosophical point of view. In addition, it reveals the Marxist theory basis and has significant meaning both in theory and in reality.The invention of the Theory of Scientific Development is the interior request of our new stage of the economy development, as well as the urgent need of offering a solution to the contradiction in the Social development procedure. It is the inevitable choice to face the international competition. Development takes the No.1 priority in the Theory of Scientific Development; people-oriented principle is the core of the idea; comprehension, coordination, and sustainment are the Basic requests; integration is the key approach.Theory of Scientific Development holds the principle of people-oriented, and it inherited the Basic ideas of Social history ideas in the Historical Materialism, which has also been enriched. It confirmed the importance of the people’s subject; it also stimulated the subjectivity of the people and revealed the pursuit for the all aspects development of people. The idea of people-oriented offered a new prospective for enhancement of the Historical Materialism, and it is a new stage of Social history ideas in the Historical Materialism in China.Theory of Scientific Development lays an emphasis on all- aspects and coordinated development, which expressed important views of the social organism in Historical Materialism. It enriched the Marxist idea about “the society is an integration of politics, economy and culture”. The idea of the social organism in Historical Materialism profoundly revealed that the human society is an integration formed by politics, economy and culture on the basis of practice. Its interior elements have impacts onto each other, and this reveals the nature of practice, integration and system of the social organism in the process of development. It offered important theory clue in keeping and practicing theory of Scientific Development.Theory of Scientific Development lays an emphasis on sustainable development, harmony between people and nature, and coordination between resource and environment. It revealed the idea about human’s dependence on nature and sustainment of the social history in Historical Materialism. Sustainable development is important content of Theory of Scientific Development, and it keeps up with the harmony between people and nature, and coordination among environment, population, resources and Economic development. It grants the sustainable development of the human society and it is legacy and development of the idea about people and nature in Historical Materialism.Theory of Scientific Development has the aims of “to fulfill the all aspects development” and “to improve the development of Economic society”, and it makes a great effort on improving the all aspects development of the Economic society and people. It has kept up with the integration of the development of the productivity and human all respects development and revealed the integration of the measurement of social productivity development and the measurement of human development in Marxism. It inherited and developed the theory of evaluation on social progress in Historical Materialism.


The Research on Establishment of the Sustainable Development Pension Security System for Land-expropriated Peasants

On 18/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Urbanization is an important symbol of human civilization as well as the development of society and economy. Since the 1990s, lots of lands have been expropriated and more and more peasants have been losing their dependent lands. Many of them have no lands, nor have jobs and Social security. As a result, a new Social vulnerable group does rise. With the development of economy and the acceleration of urbanization, the scale of the group becomes larger and larger.Losing their lands, land-expropriated peasants face with many risks, especially the risk of old-age. At present, pension security for land-expropriated peasants in our country is still weak and can not meet the needs of land-expropriated peasants. In order to deal with the challenges of population aging, to promote the urbanization process and to build a socialist harmonious society, it is found theoretical and practical meanings to establish a Social system for these land-expropriated peasants.By introducing the real situation of land-expropriated peasants including the number, their problems in life and the lack of pension security for them, the thesis studies the reasons and analyses our current land expropriation system and compensation system. Then it introduces the foreign experiences of expropriation compensation and the practices in arrangement of land-expropriated peasants in our country, evaluates their effects and gets some enlightenment. Based on analyses above, several proposals for establishing our pension security system for land-expropriated peasants are put forward. The thesis consists of four chapters, main contents are as follow:In chapter one, the thesis analyses the status quo of pension security for land-expropriated peasants in our country. With the acceleration of urbanization, many lands have been expropriated. More and more peasants lost their lands and had problems in living and employment. At present, social security system for land-expropriated is not perfect and effective.In chapter two, based on the analysis of current situation of land-expropriated peasants, the thesis goes further to investigate the reasons. It analyses the current land expropriation system and compensation system in our country and finds out their problems respectively. Then it comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to perfect our land expropriation system and compensation system.In chapter three, it firstly introduces the experiences of foreign countries, including land expropriation and compensation systems in America, England and Japan. Then, it introduces the practices of”land exchanging for security”in Jiaxing and Chengdu, evaluates their effects respectively and compares the two patterns to find something in common, then gets some concludes.Chapter four is the core of this thesis, it proposes a tentative framework of pension security for land-expropriated peasants. Firstly, in order to establish a stable, effective and sustainable pension security system for land-expropriated, thesis presents some advices on aspects such as protection level, funding fund, supervision and the urban-rural integration of pension security. Meanwhile, some related measures are needed: to perfect the social security system, to promote the employment of land-expropriated, to maintain the security function of family to peasants, to strengthen Management and services. Furthermore, in order to ensure the effective and stable of pension security system for land-expropriated peasants, it proposes that our land expropriation system and compensation system should be reformed and perfected and suggestions are put forward respectively.The innovations of thesis are as follows:1. Using the sustainable development as the point of cut-in, it proposes a tentative framework of sustainable development pension security system for land-expropriated peasants. To achieve sustainable development, on the one hand, the system itself should be stable and long operated. On the other hand, it should be integrated with the urban social security and coordinated with systems and policies related.2. I believe that the reason why pension security for land-expropriated peasants is lack lies in systems. So it analyzes the land expropriation system and compensation system and summarizes defects in these systems.3. Using case studies method, it analyzes the practices of pension security for land-expropriated peasants in Jiaxing and Chengdu and compares the two patterns, then, comes to the conclusion that key issues on system-design need further research.However, because of the limitations of the information resources, time and my ability, thesis lacks an in-depth analysis of operations of pension security for land-expropriated peasants. Even the theoretical study, especially the research on sustainable development of system, is not deep enough. The problems, conclusions and policy recommendations may not be entirely compliance with China’s different conditions and actualities. In the future, I will make further research on the issue and try my best to find a feasible proposal.


Study on the Sustainable Development Strategy of “Project of Modern Distance Education in Rural”

On 16/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Rural Education is the top priority of Education.Chinese Government carried forward modern distance Education in rural primary and secondary schools in 2005,to improve education quality in rural primary and middle schools through high-quality resources allocation.It is certainly very important for realization of high-quality resource allocation,reducing education differences between cities and rural areas,cities nurturing rural areas,promoting fair education.However,the national Investment to long-distance education for rural primary and middle schools is very precious,it is very crucial for the project’s practical achievement that how to make the most beneficial use of limited funds,and how to allocate the present human resources efficiently.Long-distance education project for rural area is the key task,which is general application of facilities allocation and high-quality resources.The project carries out requirement of “student-orientation,entering the classroom for teaching” to each primary and secondary schools in rural areas.So for a long period,emphasizing the application of long-distance education for rural area,ensuring sustainable development of long-distance education for rural area,will be one of the most important tasks for us.Based on the investigation of Kaifeng County,we study on the status of Henan Province distance education in rural areas,there are three problems:(i) the information literacy of subject teachers is not high(b) the normal operation of the security system is inadequate,Management mode is still in the exploratory phase(c) the rural Engineering resources in teaching the application did not achieve the desired results.For the first question,the reasons summed up as follows:1,the information technology teachers did not think over the concept of IT;2,by Economic conditions,the information technology subject teachers had little chance to access;3,by the application of Environmental,the subject teachers are difficult to use information technology in depth.The second issue for the reasons summed up as follows:1,lack of funds,the operation of the hardware can not work;2,technical teachers is lack the ability to tackle trouble;3,the school leadership did not think on it,so it is difficult to ensure effective rural projects to carry. out.For the third question,the reasons summed up as follows:1,the application of educational resources was implied by the traditional educational concepts;2,the characteristics of resources and applications were introduced and promoted,so the teachers could not use educational resources;3,because of bad training mechanisms,the effect of teacher training was not good.On this basis,I proposed some strategies for sustainable development about the project of Henan Provincea:(i) improve the functioning of the hardware resources to build the security system to ensure the normal operation of the hardware facilities.1,to increase funding to maintain the operation of equipment,sound Management system and resource sharing mechanism 2,the training of technical teachers,the establishment of specialized technical team 3,the provincial departments to regularly organize activities to promote the effective implementation of the project(b) strengthen the software resources building 1,resource development should be service for teacher 2,resource development should be unity with teaching materials 3,strengthen development student’s self-learning resources 4,resource development in rural areas should be consistent with the needs of the curriculum reform 5,and strive to “Resource Library “into” Knowledge Library “6,to enhance the development of resources application platform.(C) strengthen the training of teachers in educational technology to enhance the level of information literacy for teachers(d) setting up a Leaming Community,to ensure that the capacity of teachers to use its resources could be sustainable development。


Studies on Sustainable Development of China’s New Type of Rural Cooperative Medical Care System

On 10/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

China is a large Agricultural country, can solve the majority of rural residents in Health care issues, directly related to the “three rural” issues related to the construction of new socialist countryside process related to China’s rural Economic development and Social stability. China’s rural cooperative Medical system is the solution to Health care for rural residents of the most important ways to its development has also gone through rural cooperative Medical care from the traditional to the new rural cooperative Medical changes. Since 2003, new type of rural cooperative medical care system to the whole country from the pilot work carried out in continuously, and achieved certain results, but also reflects a lot of problems. The new type of rural cooperative medical care system as an innovative medical security system also need to continue to explore in practice and improved. The establishment of the sustainable development of new type of rural cooperative medical care system, and continuously reform and improve the new type of rural cooperative medical care system become an inevitable choice for their development.In this paper, the theory of sustainable development and its systematic, equity, sustainability, common to the four cardinal principles were introduced to the four cardinal principles and sustainable development framework for the relationship between the main buildings. Then the theory of sustainable development to the four cardinal principles:the principle of systematic, sustainability principles, the principle of fairness, common principles based on the new type of rural cooperative medical care system for the development of a theoretical definition of sustainability, namely:to the four cardinal principles as a measure of the new type of rural cooperative medical care system standards, according to the four cardinal principles to reform and improve the new type of rural cooperative medical care system development, the sustainability of its development. Secondly, new type of rural cooperative medical care system in the content of the overview, to introduce a new type of rural cooperative medical care system of the historical background, Basic principles and new farming arrangements put in place the system together. Once again, pointing out that the current new type of rural cooperative medical care system all the main problems, namely:a single cooperative medical insurance system defects exist; new type of rural cooperative medical care system lacks the necessary legal protection; the current lack of financing mechanisms for sustainability; new type of rural cooperative medical care system all system development, lack of fairness; new type of rural cooperative medical care system of moral hazard and adverse selection. Finally, in accordance with the theory of the four cardinal principles of sustainability, the new type of rural cooperative medical care system development sub-issues put forward to solve the problem and improve the new type of rural cooperative medical care system specific countermeasures.In short, the thesis is to through the establishment of a sustainable raise funds, pay attention to fairness, a regional multi-level development of new type of rural cooperative medical care system, adjustment, reform and improve the new type of rural cooperative medical care system operating mechanism in order to reach new type of rural cooperative medical care system sustainable development.


The Sustainable Development Research of Modern Distance Education at the Rural Middle and Primary Schools of South Sichuan

On 08/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

To pursue great-leap-forward development of the Basic Education in the rural areas of the middle and west China, to narrow the gap between the urban and rural areas, the state has invested a large volume of money to launch modern distance Education project (hereinafter referred as MDEP) at the rural middle and primary schools (hereinafter referred as RMPS). With successive completion of the experimental & model projects of the MDEP at the RMPS, the MDEP has been overall developed in the Middle and West China, and is planned to cover the most middle and primary schools this year. With such a background, the sustainable development of the modern distance Education (hereinafter referred as MDE) has been put forward. How to improve the MDE Level and utilization effects, and realize sustainable development, becomes the primary concern that needs more research.In the beginning, this dissertation defines the concepts of sustainable development, sustainable development of Education, the sustainable development of MDE at the RMPS, elaborates the Basic contents and restrictive elements of the sustainable development of the MDE by use of theories. Then, taking the methods of field investigation, interview, informal discussion, questionnaire, index searching, etc., it analyses deeply the restrictive elements of the sustainable development of the MDE in the. South Sichuan Area. The study reveals that education concepts, Management mechanism, money, utilization of teaching methods and teaching modes, construction of teaching resources, technical support, and appraisal mechanism are the main elements which limit the development of sustainable of the MDE at the RMPS. Based on the research, the effective ways and mechanism are proposed to realize the sustainable development of MDE at the countryside of South Sichuan area.