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Tod and Urban Sustainable Development Research

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

Urban sustainable development as a relatively new ideas and measurement system is getting to be developed more perfect. Urban sustainable development is a very popular subject all over the world and the people in every country and every region are actively taking the corresponding researches based on the urban sustainable development to try to use the theory of urban sustainable development to guide his urban build and development.Transit-Oriented urban development patterns is the ideal model of urban sustainable development. The feature of TOD is to change a single function of land use to a more flexible, mixed-function of the land development model. It’s mixed-use includes the work, residential, commercial, cultural, Education and entertainment, etc. Whether urban planning, new development land, or redevelopment land and filling of land can be built to use the concept of TOD.This paper uses qualitative research methods, use the knowledge of regional Economics, development Economics, urban economics and urban Management to analysis this problem. Transit-Oriented Development and Urban Sustainable Development involve many factors. This paper focuses on the Basic theory of TOD and urban sustainable development, the main problems of urban sustainable development, the superiority of TOD and the transit-oriented development role for the urban sustainable development. By learning the lessons at home and abroad, proposed the policy recommendations of urban sustainable development under the TOD model.

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The Real Estate Industry Sustainable Development of Xi’an City

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

Since China’s housing system reform in1998, the real estate industry has been therapid development, Economic development, improvement of people housing conditionhas made tremendous contributions. After more than20years of development, the realestate industry in the national economy has occupied the position of play a decisive role.However, as the city changes a process to be accelerated increasingly, the real estateindustry extensive development and disordered development and total, structuralunbalance when there exists, so that the sustainable development of real estate industry isfacing severe challenges. Because the real estate industry is highly integrated andrelevance, its development not only relates to the healthy development of the nationaleconomy, but also to the improvement of people’s living standard, national developmentand Social stability degree. Therefore, the real estate industry Health, steady developmentof Economic and Social development is of great significance. At present, the sustainabledevelopment has become a national economic and Social development of the overallstrategy guidance, the real estate industry how to keep healthy, sustainable developmenthas become China’s real estate industry core issue to be settled urgently.Sustainable development of real estate industry is a complicated system problem,involves population, resource, zoology and environment, the interaction among thefactors. Based on the data of economic census data and related statistical data as the basis,combined with China’s real estate industry development situation, choice of Xi’an Cityreal estate industry as study object. In the discussion process, based on the perspective ofsustainable development, using theoretical analysis, comparative analysis and empiricalanalysis methods, and the sustainable development of real estate industry characteristicsorganically fuses in together, the combination of domestic and foreign related real estatesustainable development theory, analysis on the sustainable development of real estateindustry and its the principles to be followed and related theories, based on thebackground of international metropolis of Xi’an real estate situation and existingproblems of the analysis pointed out the Xi’an City real estate industry sustainable development problems, on how to realize the Xi’an City real estate sustainabledevelopment to put forward own proposal, in the macro-control policy for governmentscience is decision-making provide effective theoretical guidance.Through analysis,we have some conclusions as follows:1, the government shouldbe scientific and reasonable to establish perfect stimulative real estate sustainabledevelopment policies;2, to achieve the sustainable development of real estate industry,we must strengthen the Xi’an city economy construction, enhance dweller purchasingpower and consumption.3, achieve the development of ecology and residentialindustrialization is the real estate industry strategic choice of sustainable development.4,healthy, civilized consumption idea and behavior is the sustainable development of thereal estate industry is important prop up, be advocated energetically in whole societyright consumptive idea, accelerate system innovation, carry out the regulation of housingconsumption guide, catch good demonstration, perfect economic incentive policy system.

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Research on Low-Carbon City Evaluation Index System and Method Based on Sustainable Development

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

Research and practice at home and abroad has shown that, regional development and resource use, and human transformation of nature should be maintained within environment carrying capacity. Especially with the growth of China macroeconomic aggregates, how to deal with resource conflicts of development and Environmental is becoming more and more important. Sustainable development is the key to resolve resource conflicts of development and Environmental. Development of sustainability is efficiency or high efficiency relative to the development of Environmental costs. Choosing to create a low carbon economy is achieve more Economic output and create higher living standards and better life quality through less natural resources consumption and environmental pollution. It has important significance to achieve Economic and Social sustainable development. China has established five provinces and eight cities as low-carbon pilot cities, e.g. Shanghai, Baoding. The demonstration effect of low-carbon is more apparent. So, it has great significance to research effective evaluation of low-carbon city and construction Scientific and rational low-carbon indicators.This paper builds a low-carbon city evaluation index system based on indicators of sustainable development and low-carbon meaning, and conducts an empirical analysis. First, it proposes contents framework based on background and significance analysis and current situation low-carbon urban development research analysis and summarizes. Second, analyze the low-carbon sustainable development indicator system and domestic and foreign research and status and characteristic of low-carbon city development. Thirdly, builds sustainable low-carbon-based evaluation system, including low-carbon economy, low-carbon society, low-carbon environment and low-carbon mechanisms. Then, introduces triangular fuzzy AHP and coordination degree model, builds a triangular fuzzy hierarchical coordination degree model for evaluation of low-carbon city. Finally, take Shanghai as an example, application triangular fuzzy hierarchical coordination degree model for empirical analysis. The result shows that Shanghai degree of low-carbon urban development coordination is reasonable, and makes low-carbon urban construction recommendations. The paper research based on evaluation of sustainable low-carbon city development index system and methods provide a scientific evaluation and further decision-making criteria for low-carbon city. It has important theoretical value and practical significance.

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The Study of the Green Building Assessment System

On 25/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Two major challenges facing humanity in the21st century are the resource crisis andclimate change. The building played an important role in these two challenges; it is a resourceguzzler and the largest manufacturer of greenhouse gases. Therefore, to develop the greenbuilding is an important of the green economy and low-carbon economy. It is in line with ourenergy conservation and protection of the environment policy needs. Carrying out study ongreen building rating system has the practical guidance-significance.Firstly, the paper collates and reviews the research status of domestic and internationalgreen building rating system. It analyses the problem “what is green building” as the startingpoint, and comes out the meaning of green building. The analysis derived the sevencharacteristics of the green building and laid the theoretical foundation for the establishmentof evaluation index system. And it analyzes the existing problems in China’s green buildingdevelopment, and lays the cortical foundation behind the establishment of indicator of body. Itfocuses on five inadequacies of the previous evaluation system: ignore the Economic factors;not consider green building standard of timeliness, that is to achieve the standards but notmeet user’s requirements; lack of integrity; one-sided emphasis on a single technologyapplication; ignore the importance of building requirements and preferment’s; ignore thedesign of energy-saving. It determines the idea of conservation goals to protect the body, andbuilds a series of targeted assessment of indicators to measure the construction of theecological, Economic, and Social and functional, as will as the evaluation of the technicalquality of the process of achieving these goals and process quality, to ensure “green quality”which of the entire building construction from design to operation and Management. The articuses the level point’s system analysis evaluation method, and selects the cases to analyze andevaluate, and gives a few suggestions for the establishment and improvement of China’s greenbuilding rating system.

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Research on the Foreign Trade Sustainable Development of Lvliang City Based on Low-carbon Economy Condition

On 25/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

As the world Economic development has been relying on industrilization, the global Environmental and ecological system is heavily damaged. Low-carbon economy is surely to be good choice. Shanxi, a province in central China, is rich in energy. She has been constantly providing coal energy to the whole country, which made her ecological system badly damaged. Lvliang, a city in Shanxi province, holds a great reserve of coal. For that, coal products, iron and steel products and chemical products comprise the three main outputs of her industry. This kind of industrial structure forms a similar foreign trade structure. As the time goes, the local Environmental and ecological system worsened tremendously. The fluctuation of her Economic and foreign trade development is another consequence. During the year2008-2009, the fluctuation was more obviously, the GDP development ratio dropped from15.5%to2.5%, while the development ratio of her foreign trade declined to-76.9%from82.2%, as the result of the global financial crisis. It is commonly agreed that this kind of development pattern is unsustainable for the requirement of low-carbon economy. What makes the importance that the necessity of deep research on the foreign trade sustainable development paths for Lvliang based on the low-carbon economy condition.At present, domestic and foreign scholars’study on the development of low carbon economy and foreign trade-related issues focused on the ecological environment and foreign trade and foreign trade, eco-efficiency measurements. Foreign scholars mainly focused on the Foreign Trade and sustainable Development Strategies study. However, the combination of Lvliang foreign trade development can be found, but Lvliang’s foreign trade and similar issues are relatively less involved in the existing literature, this study of Lvliang;s development has great reference value.This article uses a literature analysis, case studies, comparative analysis, quantitative and qualitative analysis, combining Lvliang’s Foreign Trade in the low-carbon ecomy and Sustainable Development. In the course of the study, Lvliang’s industrial structure and development of foreign trade structure is a “Tree high and One low” structure. The problems of Lvliang’s foreign trade continued development are discussed. Her feasibility of achieving a low carbon economy and foreign trade for sustainable development is analyzed in multiple dimensions. And finally, the author gives multiple suggestions for Lvliang’s foreign trade sustainable development under the condition of low-carbon economy. The innovative method of this paper is the combination of the low-carbon economy and sustainable development, and put forward countermeasures and suggestions for her sustainable development of the foreign trade under the condition of low-carbon economy. However, for the limited time and my inadequate skills, this article is still far from perfection. I will work more hard to make it more scientific and more feasible.

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Research on Development of Papermaking Industrial Clusters Based on Circular Economy

On 25/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Papermaking industry of our country faces some detailed problems, such asbig raw materials gap, not reasonable scale, arduous pollution-control task, highresource consumption and low level of technological innovation. Only takingcircular economy as the basis, does the paper-making industry break bottleneckand realize sustainable development. Resources are conserved and environmentis protected, while maximizing Economic benefits as minimal resourceconsumption and as small Environmental costs as possible to make socialbenefits, ecological benefits and Economic benefits develop coordinately.Papermaking industry has strong correlativity and large market capacity, and thedevelopment model of papermaking industrial cluster is inevitable trend ofupgrading industrial structure. China’s paper industry has preliminarily formedthree clusters, namely the Pearl River Delta cluster, Yangtze River Delta clusterand Around Bohai cluster. Paper industry has become the pillar industry of someprovinces such as Zhejiang, Guangdong, Shandong and so on. The developmentof paper industry clusters improves industrial competitiveness and innovation,eases employment pressure and plays benefits of scaled economies. Thedevelopment study of papermaking industry clusters based on recyclingeconomy is beneficial to the way of sustainable developing.Based on theory study of industrial cluster and circular economy, the paperanalyzes environment and development model of the cluster. Taking practicalinvestigation situation and data as basis, the paper makes empirical study aboutthe relationship of cluster scale to resource consumption and givescountermeasure and suggestion of papermaking industry cluster development,and reached conclusion. Definitely, the main purposes are as follows.First, this paper explores the inner mechanism of development andevolution of papermaking industry cluster, revealing formation reasons and process of the papermaking industry cluster’s competitive advantages andinnovation superiority.Second, through going circular economy road, changing the bad impressionthat the papermaking industry has high pollution, gradually removing status ofkey supervision industry to national Environmental protection, this paper providefeasible theoretical basis.Third, the paper solves the main challenges during the sustainabledevelopment of papermaking industry clusters:(1)Who is the subject ofimplementing circular economy.(2)How to coordinate papermaking industryclusters and circular economy each other.(3)Explore the relationship betweencluster scale and resource consumption,thus afford suggestion of papermakingindustry cluster development based on circular economy.(4)Explore how tointeract for all kinds of enterprises within the cluster and how to constitute”Competition and cooperation relationship”.Fourth, according to the actual development of papermaking industry athome and abroad, plan out the circular economy development mode. On thebasis of empirical research, afford feasible countermeasures and suggestions ofcluster’s ecological development.This paper uses literature analysis method with SWOT analysis method tomake qualitative analysis and determine the cluster scale and resourceconsumption indicators. According to Environmental economy metric model,draw multiple curves that reflect environment changes. Through the scatterdistribution map of resource consumption and cluster scale makes quantitativeanalysis and build regression model. That verifies whether the relationship ofresource consumption and cluster scale is a fixed pattern so that make effectivereference for cluster development.

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Sustainable Development Assessment Based on Improved Ecological Footprint Model of Zoucheng City

On 25/09/2013, in Economics papers, by rain

As a new development theory and model,sustainable development has beenalready accepted by many countries and of which the quantitative analysis hasbecome a hot topic.Ecological footprint is one of important methods to analyze andstudy sustainable development by estimating the ecological producing area ofconsumption and absorption of waste in certain region,and comparing with ecologicalproducing area provided by that region to measure the regional Economic sustainablesituation.This thesis uses both traditional ecological footprint and Emergy theory to studythe sustainable development of Zoucheng city.Through analyzing ecological footprintand ecological carrying capacity from 2006 to 2010 of Zoucheng,the author presentsthe sustainable development situation of Zoucheng and takes advise about thecomments to the future policy.The result of traditional ecological footprint shows that the Zoucheng’secological footprint per capita seriously exceeds the ecological capacity.The largestecological deficit is in 2010,7.3575 hm2/cap.In the year 2006 to 2008 ,the ecologicaldeficit is constantly decreasing and from 2008 to 2010, the ecological deficit increase.So in 2008 the ecological deficit is the smallest of 6.5763 hm2/cap.In2006,Zoucheng’s ecological footprint per capita was 7.0379 hm2/cap, the per capitaecological carrying capacity is 0.4616hm2/ cap, in 2010 the ecological footprint percapita is 7.8278 hm2/cap, the ecological carrying capacity per capita is 0.4703hm2/cap. From 2006 to 2010, Zoucheng’s ecological deficit per capita trend first decreasesand then increases.On the other hand, the improved ecological footprint based on Emergy theoryshows that Zoucheng is sustaining to be ecological deficit, from 17.2927 hm2/cap in2006 reducing to15.9650 hm2/cap in 2008, and increasing to 17.7708 hm2/ cap in2010.In this five years, the ecological deficit is the largest in 2008 and minimum in2010.Zoucheng’s average per capita ecological is carrying capacity in fluctuation from2006 to 2010.In 2007 and 2010 average ecological carrying capacity is relatively high,mainly because of the 2007 and 2010 pre cipitation is more and makes renewableresources always the value of relatively large. Except for a slight fluctuation in 2007,Zoucheng’s ecological carrying capacity per capita is increasing.The trends of ecological footprint and ecological footprint based on Emergytheory are the same.Zoucheng’s average ecological footprint seriously overpasses theaverage carrying capacity which prove that from 2006 to 2010,Zoucheng’s ecological situation is unsustainable. Combining two theories, we can see a comprehensivepicture of the ecological situation of research region.At the end, the author takes some advise of the analysis and prediction based onZoucheng’s 2006 to 2010 ecological situation and provides the valuable suggestionson how to keep the sustainable development within research region.

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The Research of Comparision of Strategy Oritation as to Opened Marine Zones-Shandong, Zhejiang, Guangdong

On 25/09/2013, in International, by rain

Twentyfirst Century is the century of ocean. With the development of economyand the growth of population, the loading rate to the Economic increment that landresources can handle is more and more small,and the cost of maintaining economicdevelopment through the exploitation of ground-launched resources is more and morebig. Develop and utilize Marine resources, to speed up the Economic development hasbecome the key to solve problems that human beings are facing such as the resourcesshortage and ecological environment deterioration. In2003, China promulgated the”national Marine economic development plan outline”, then coastal cities–shandong,zhejiang and guangdong, put the Marine economy as the new economic growth pointin the new century, and gradually into the strategy of state. Although Shandong,zhejiang and guangdong are all coastal cities and marine development and utilizationof all aspects are advanced, but different regions have different advantages andcharacteristics, each area in the development process have formed Marine economiczones with their own local characteristics.Shandong Zhejiang and Guangdong’s local ocean economic development plan,only to describe the positioning of the three marine economic zones but moregenerally. This paper, based on the foreign Marine development experiences andrelevent theories, domestic “the twelfth five-year” planning and separate local oceaneconomic development plans, compares the three sea economic zones on the strategicpositioning more specific and detailed. In this paper, the main research method is usedto include method of combining the theory with practice、method of interdisciplinaryresearch and method of using comparative analysis.This essay firstly defines some relevant definitions and summarizes thetheoretical foundation of the open economic marine zone. Through the specific anddetail data of shandong, zhejiang and guangdong, compares the separate strategicpositioning, mainly including Basic situation, the level of opening up, marine industry as well as strategic position and etc. Based on this reaches a conclusion: Thethree large Marine economic zones’ strategic positioning have both differences andconvergences. Differences embodied in economic base and the industrial developmentof the different emphasis. In the economic basis, guangdong’s economic level is thehighest, followed by shandong and zhejiang the last. In the development of theindustry emphasis, shandong put great emphasis on the development of high-techindustries and zhejiang on port economic primarily. As guangdong’s develop isrelatively more balance, it stresses on comprehensive development. Convergence isthe long-term development trend and the main Marine ecological industry consistency.From the development trend, the economic level of the three areas is constantlyimproving, the economic situation continues to rise. In the Marine ecological aspects,it is the way to realize sustainable development of Marine economy, and the threeareas reaches an agreement in this respect, so they put great attention to the Marineecosystem and the development of the Marine clean energy. After analysis, accordingto the mature experience of the international Marine economic development, we putforward the specific countermeasures which suitable to China’s ocean economicdevelopment, combined with China’s actual situation.

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Research on the Sustainable Development of Tourist Industry in the Government Perspective

On 24/09/2013, in Tourism, by rain

This paper studies and discusses the sustainable development of Gulou tourist industry in the governmental perspective and with the guidance of document spirits, such as “the State Council’s recommendation on speeding up tourist industry development” and “recommendations of the State Council’s supporting Fujian speeding up the construction of Economic Zone of the West Straits” and meet the requests of12th Five-Year Development Plan of Fujian tourist industry. This paper explores the problems existing in tourist industry and its reasons through defining and analyzing relative concepts and theory on tourist industry development, basing on Gulou tourist industry development status, and by adopting the literature, analysis and investigation methods. There are several reasons responsible for the slow development of tourist industry in Gulou district such as out-dated Management mechanism, deficiency of policy support, lack of tourist talents, tourist Environmental disruption and challenges from boundary areas. Some specific ideas and corresponding strategies are coming up with in promoting the sustainable development of Gulou tourist industry. Firstly:innovating Management mechanism. It’s carried out through improving organization system, enhancing marketing Management and perfecting the industry system. Secondly:strengthening the policy support. Deliver beneficiary policies for tourist Investment and policy backup for tourist industry. Thirdly:enhancing marketing. Adopt government marketing, event marketing, medium marketing, price marketing etc. Fourthly:cultivating tourist talents. It will be realized through lifting up the overall abilities of tourist managers and improving the quality of tourist service talents, and combining local training and introducing outside talents together. Fifthly:protecting tourist environment. It will be carried out through implementation of tourist environment management system, innovating Economic policies for environment protection and building up risk management mechanism for tourist environment. Sixthly:Regional coordinated development, mainly adopt the measures of coordinated development with boundary areas, tourist industry cooperation with Taiwan district and joint development with relative industries. In brief, various tourist resources are integrated so as to shape “core region” brand and propel the Gulou tourist industry in the leading position of Fujian province.

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Study on the Sustainable Development Ability of Wanzai County Jiangxi Province

On 24/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Sustainable development, global Environmental change and biodiversity are three important fields of ecological research in the contemporary era. Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), sustainable development has been recognized by more and more countries who consider that it is a common strategy for each country to deal with the relationship among populations, resources, environment, economy and society in the21th century and is the only way for human survival and development. Soon after the UNCED.Waizai County is one of key forestry-based counties in Jiangxi. Sustainable Development of Forestry is47.22. To achieve sustainable development of phase transition. But the forest quality is not high,Combined effectiveness is low, Forestry science and technology content is not high, Development of forestry industry is lagging behind, Lack of forestry Investment in infrastructure, Become the bottleneck for the sustainable development of the forestry.The paper uses the summarized method, Combining normative analysis with positive analysis, Combination of borrowing and targeted research, At the same time, according to the domestic and foreign research on forestry sustainable development present situation, this paper studies the advantages of Waizai’s forestry, the current situation and shortages of sustainable forestry development, and establishes an index system of evaluating the county’s sustainable forestry development ability. Finally, it puts forward an argument that the county’s forestry construction should be based on the combination of ecological benefits, Social benefits and Economic benefits. Meantime, it expounds the measures and methods to achieve sustainable forestry development in Waizai. That is to say, the forestry development should strike a balance among ecological benefits, Social benefits and Economic benefits, put classification Management of forest into practice, enhance the construction of commercial forest bases, deepen the forest tenure system reform and intensify the technical services. The modern forestry should be developed as per “highlighting one focus, grasping two key points, expanding three industries and enhancing four services”