Content:Since the1990s,farmer’s living standard has improved signifi…

On 26/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Content:Since the1990s,farmer’s living standard has improved significantly,but Health care has become a new problem that plagued the majority of farmers.Compared to the rapid growth of Medical costs,farmers’income increase appears to be negligible,farmers’poverty caused by illness is increasingly serious.To solve the difficult and expensive problem of farmers’doctor,our government introduced the policy in2002-the implementation of the new rural cooperative Medical system.The new rural cooperative medical system developed and evolved on the basis of the traditional cooperative medical system,but it is more scientific and reasonable than the traditional cooperative medical system.Its appearance maked up for the vacancy of the rural medical security timely and improved the conditions that the farmers can not afford to eat the medical and see a doctor effectively.This article is made on this basis,through Guanzhong area of rural medical security system development process of sorting out, This paper analyzed the development course in the rural medical security system after the establishment of new China,and objectively evaluated the merits and demerits of right and wrong in the process of the development of the rural medical security system,and explored the lessons that traditional cooperative medical care system to brought us, we affirmed that “Towards the new rural cooperative” is the correct path of China’s rural medical security problem,and promotes the priority is to strengthen the perfect construction and sustainable development of the new rural cooperative.This paper is divided into six chapters.The first chapter is the introduction. It explains the background of the topics, and highlights the importance of the topic. The medical insurance problems of farmers is an important livelihood issue to be solved,it is not only related to the Health status of the farmers own, but also to the development of rural productivity, even more, related to the Social harmony and stability. The research topics not only has a very important theoretical value, more importantly, it can directly guide the development and improvement of the rural medical security system. A lot of results have emerged regarding this aspect through the world, the paper stands on the view of historical development,through a combination method of literature research and survey research, and strive to explore the process of rural medical security changes and the inspiration this process gave us.Chapter Two:From1949to2007, the development process of Sanyuan county medical security system.We specially select the Guanzhong region with a typical representative of Sanyuan County as an example, we objectively presents three stages of development during this period, from the the preliminary health work to the start then to the vacancy of the traditional rural medical security system, people’s experience was from no health insurance to own health insurance then to the lost of health insurance, among which the emergence of cooperative medical care system is the major turning point in the history of the development of rural medical security system, the protect mode it applied by risk-sharing capital brings the development of the medical insurance system for our country or even the other developing counties major inspiration to other developing countries.Chapert3The lessons of the rural medical security systemvicissitude.Traditional cooperative medical care system from begin to end in20years. In large extent it eased the problem of lacking medicine in the less development of rural ecominics.its importance is self-evident through the lessons learned in this chapter, we focused on what the cooperative medical care system brought us,and tried to avoid mistakes in the development of the rural medical security system as much as possible,and play to the superiority of such a system to a greatest degree.Chapter4,Development of new rural cooperative medical system in Sanyuan County since2007.Sanyuan County farmers Participating status of this chapter byco-treatment funding sources and the use of the situation, the parameters co-farmers of the benefit from the situation of the field research, analysis summary of theimplementation of the in Sanyuan County,new Agricultural co-achievement and the existence of the problem,and in this based on the proposed corrections andimprovement suggestions.Chapter Five to promote the sustainable development of the new rural cooperative medical system.This chapter obtains a view that new type of rural cooperative medical care system is best suited to China’s rural medical security system, based on the former few chapters. In view of the lessons of the traditional cooperative medical aborted.we promote some solutions and suggestions in the sustainable development of the new cooperative medical care system.Chapter Six summarizes the paper. Throught the review and summary of the full-text content,we further pointing to strengthen the subject.


Shenyang City Lighting Low Carbon Research

On 21/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

As the Chinese industrial city of Shenyang, the rapid rise to the development of theresulting historical debts problem encountered in the process of industrialization, urbanenvironmental construction. In1998, Shenyang by the United Nations WHO as one of theworld’s ten most polluted cities. It can be said that this kind of historical accumulation,Shenyang modernization has brought tremendous pressure. Pressure potential, the pressure isthe driving force. Since2002, the Shenyang municipal government to lead the city’s7.2million people, adhere to the true believers really understand and use the “Three Represents”,earnestly implement the scientific concept of development, closely focus on revitalizing theold industrial base and building a harmonious Shenyang theme, the implementation of theconstruction of large-scale urban environment, and vigorously promote pollution control,water, green renovation project, accelerate environment-friendly society, promote economicand Social and human and natural coordinated development. A short period of10years hasbeen the day water shortage less green, smoke stacks, heavily polluting old industrial base,into a sky blue, clear water, to green, modern metropolis, the CPC Central Committee andState Council “so that the people drink clean water, fresh air, the goal of better working andliving environment “. Shenyang is not only to allow the Town to achieve these, and also makethe city completely up. Shenyang under the huge improvement in the environment has notstopped, but further in the realization of a better vision of urban low-carbon lighting.In this thesis, through the introduction of Shenyang city lighting, leads to solve theproblem of China’s rapid Economic development of city construction and urban environment.City lighting is not only city life convenient, safe foundation for security, urban economy, theenvironment, advocacy, and other issues important means. City lighting carbon emissions, theseriousness of Environmental pollution, have an urgent request has been “crowned” thecountry of the world’s first energy consuming countries and the first carbon emissions inChina, the main city lighting energy consumption, technical means and direction ofdevelopment to make improvements. City lighting not only related to the development andconstruction of the city, is also closely related to the life of every citizen living in the city. Theauthors look forward interpretation of the subject of urban lighting, so that we can not onlylearn a Chinese city lighting this issue the focus of attention, but also from the article, realized that the urban low-carbon lighting and community can continued development of relations.


Study on Shenzhen “Subway+Property”Business Development Model

On 11/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Along with the development of city urbanization speed, track traffic demand is becoming more and more intense, therefore our country many a second tier city, has accelerated the development of city track traffic to the subway. Although the construction and operation of CRC can greatly alleviate the city traffic pressure, but also brought a subway construction cost of Investment and operation and maintenance funds. Rail transportation facilities construction and operation cost are very high, only by daily ticket income difficult to maintain operations, relying on the government finance subsidy not go on for long, the enterprises should improve its Economic benefits can solve this problem.”Subway+property” business development model is a full use of the subway stations along the upper space, interior space, site, site implementation of surrounding land construction of regional infrastructure business office, affordable housing, commercial housing and other large-scale integrated commercial development, so as to improve theeconomic benefit of the Enterprise, to achieve smooth traffic, commercial development a win-win situation, the practice has proved that it is an effective way to achieve sustainable development of rail transportation.This article from the Shenzhen Metro business development present situation, through on-the-spot investigation, mathematical models and other methods of Shenzhen Metro “Subway+property” commercial sustainability, market environment, advantages and disadvantages, find out problems and causes of Shenzhen subway commercial development. First the paper discusses the relevant concept of “Subway+property” and ideas from the theory, and the “Subway+property” profit model, the application of financing platform and “Subway+property” commercial pattern of development planning and design characteristics of the study. Then the status quo of Shenzhen subway commercial resource development were analyzed, including the business environment, customer resources, business planning, macro economy, real estate market, commercial market prospects; to the underground complex in Shenzhen Metro as an example of the strategy analysis, including the “advantages and disadvantages of Existing Subway+property” business development mode; underground complex planning, service object and content, the subway commercial brand construction. Finally obtained the “Subway+property” business development model can improve the efficiency of land use, ease tight land resources, but also can make the Metro Inc formed hematopoietic system, toward the road of sustainable development.


Perfection and Development of China’s New Rural Cooperative Medical Care System

On 09/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

In the person’s need theory, Marx said that survival was the first need. He also said that when the sickness endangered people’s Health and survival, everyone needs treatment. Disease has propagative and infectious characteristics, thus individuals who has infected may endanger a group and the whole society. So resisting disease and curing diseases have become Social activities which are not just individual’s isolated behaviors before. If this Social activity can not be guaranteed effectively, it will harm Economic development and stability in our society. Meanwhile, in the early 1978 years, World Health Organization also explicit pointed out that “the health is Basic human rights, guaranteeing health is all the governments’ responsibility.”Review the prosperity, decline and reconstruction of process of rural cooperative Medical care system in our country, history has proved that cooperative Medical care system is suitable for China’s national conditions. Historically, there is no a kind of social security system like cooperative Medical system which brings pervasive and far-reaching influence. So the new rural cooperative medical care system should analysis the prosperous reason, disintegration and decline reason of traditional rural cooperative medical care system, then “taking history as a mirror.” Considering to the socialist market economy requirement and the harmonious society needs in new era, therefore, choosing a new rural cooperative medical care system which own Chinese characteristics has became our inevitable choice.This paper which is from the perspective of history to write contains three steps. Firstly, by using literature review and comparison analysis, we summarize traditional rural cooperative medical’s prosperity and decline, then we analysis the detail reason. It has an important significance for us to secure the new rural cooperative medical care system to develop smoothly and sustainably. Secondly, this paper not only puts forward the necessity and the concept, characteristics and summarizes the main performance of the new rural cooperative medical care system, but also by using case analysis to elaborate “Panyu mode” and “Shenmu mode” deeply, which have a guiding significance for the new rural cooperative medical care system to promote successfully and develop completely. Thirdly, with existing problems of the new rural cooperative medical care system and restricting factors which contain demanding for farmers, supplying for medical institutions and government’s system design for perspective, we analysis the factors which influence the sustainable development of the new rural cooperative medical care system, then explore the path of the sustainable development in new rural cooperative medical care system. Finally, we put forward suggestions on policy in order to perfecting the new rural cooperative medical care system and realizing its healthy and sustainable development.


Studying on the Ecological Carrying Capacity of Wuan Based on the Idea of Sustainable Development Perspective

On 01/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Human survival and development must rely on various resources, and eco-environmentis inevitably contaminated by the discharge of wastes from human production and livingactivities. For the limited capacity of resource supply and environment’s capacity to waste andpollution, we must ensure the human activities within the capacity of resource supply andenvironmental endurance, i.e., within the resource carrying capacity (abbreviated as “RCC”)and Environmental carrying capacity (abbreviated as “ECC1″).With RCC and ECC1in thescope of ecological carrying (abbreviated as “ECC2″) in nature, sustainable development mustbe built on the basis of ECC2.Wuan’s rapid development is accompanied by the heavy drain on resources and seriousenvironmental destruction. The imbalances between the supply and demand of resources andserious ecological overloading in some areas have presented themselves. Wuan is a city ofconcentrated population and abundant resources, it is also the regional urban center and newmedium-sized city, which is being focused on foster in Hebei province, so its developmentinto a microcosm of the resources city.In this paper, we backgrounded the natural, Social Economic station and eco-environmentof Wuan region. Based on the theories of ECC2and sustainable development, the spatiallayout and spatial differentiation in Wuan region was studied by comprehensive classificationas assessment method. We defined new contents of ECC2based on the traditional ECC2theory with ecosystem resilience, anchorage force of resources and environment and pressureof ecosystem. In this paper, the index system on ECC2in Wuan region was constructedaccording to the new definition, and the sustainable development trend of regional ECC2wasevaluated with the comprehensive assessment model. Finally, this paper provided a series ofrational measurement and proposal from population pressure, Economic operation,development and utilization of resources, ecological destruction and pollution and so on.On the basis of the theoretical study of traditional ECC2, this paper revealed the meaningof the ECC2and defined new contents to the ECC2of three sub-levels. Determined by theweight of combining the principal component analysis and hierarchical analysis, to avoid subjectivity is too strong or the evaluation factors be exaggerated, which makes it a perfectcombination of subjective and objective; We made regionalization with objective clusteranalysis to ecosystem resilience, anchorage force of resources and environment and pressureof ecosystem, through that the study of partition about ECC2will be more perfect.


The Research of Recycle Value of Old Concrete Building Based on Matter Element Analysis

On 29/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The transformation of old concrete buildings has become the Social focus with the redevelopment of Chinese cities. The object of this study is reuse value of old concrete building; the purpose establishes the valuation system of old concrete building.According to the theory of sustainable development and the theory of life cycle energy consumption in the paper, it has performed value study to reuse value on the old concrete building through dual angle theoretical analysis and case studies. A more perfect evaluation system is initial established for reuse on the old concrete building with group eigenvalue method,expert grading and matter element theory in the paper. This system consists of three models: structure reliability evaluation model, recycle value assessment model and value of scheme optimization model. Valuation results show that the system is feasible and practical with the system to a certain industrial building.”Energetic” concept is introduced in the paper, the building life cycle energy consumption theory is improved by the combination of the building consumption and “Energetic”. Economic analysis of civil Engineering is injected into new blood introducing fuzzy matter element analysis to it. Comparing with previous comprehensive assessment of the building which focuses on cultural value and Economic value, this paper also regards ecological value as one of the key factors. It has certain significance.The research results of this thesis have reference and guidance to the modification of old concrete buildings.


The Research of Sustainable Coordinated Development in Population and Economy, Society, Resource, Environment in Inner Mongolia

On 28/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

With the rapid development of economy and society, people are increasingly aware of the population development during the process of socio-Economic development. Population development is a strategic issue which is responsible for the peace and development of the world. The issue of population is always the overall, long-term and fundamental problem the primary stage of socialism faced. It is also of importance in restricting the comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development. Furthermore, it is the key factor which affects the developing of economy and society. The strategy of population development is the Basic strategy of national Economic and Social development. Therefore, We must seize the initiative in the population development and make the right strategic choice. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is now in the important period with the accelerating of industrialization and coordinated and sustainable development of economic society. All these major issues during the modernization are intimately related with population and these factors gave the reasons for the importance of study on population. So, it is vital to analyze and study in depth the prominent contradictions and problems in Inner Mongolia population development, and put forward countermeasures and suggestions of population development for the implementation of ” The Decisions of CPC Central Committee and The State Council on the overall strengthening of population and family planning work to overall solve the population problem”.this article is from reality of socio-economic, resource and environment in Inner Mongolia, combining with the process, status quo and feature of population development in Inner Mongolia, comprehensive analyzing on the coordinated relationship between the population and socio-economic, resource, environment, And studying in depth that the quantity, quality and structure distribution of population is affects the socio-economic, resource and environment. Furthermore, summarize the existing problems of population development during the process of socio-economic development. Finally, some measures and proposals response to coordinated sustainable development of population and economic society, environment, resource in future Inner Mongolia were proposed.


Study on the Countermeasures for the Development of Resources Exhausted City in the Transformation of Jiaozuo City

On 26/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Many exhausted coal resource cities in China are faced with transformation problems. The issues of transformation for resource-exhausted cities not only relate to the survival and development of the city itself, but also have an impact on the region and even the entire socioeconomic development of a nation. Jiaozuo, a resource-based city depending on coal, once has been one of the five high-quality anthracite coal bases for a long period in the last century in our country, and it has made significant contributions to the national Economic construction. But at the same time, it has paid heavy cost, such as depletion of resources, Environmental damage, and high pressure of employment and so on. These issues seriously restrict the sustainable development of the city. Jiaozuo is listed as one of the first twelve resource-exhausted cities approved by the State Council in March2008, and has began to quest for transformation of resource-exhausted cities. It is in the next5-10years that Jiaozuo should take advantage, realize transformation and accelerate the rise by itself. Our country expands domestic demands; implements ten industrial revitalization plans, accelerates the rise of central China and takes a series of policies, so that Jiaozuo is faced with a rare important opportunity.On the basis of investigation and study, the favorable factors through literature research, questionnaire survey and other methods of analysis, transformation and development of resource-exhausted city and problems in Jiaozuo Using questionnaires to understand the current situation of development and utilization of mineral resources in Jiaozuo city. Analyzed the methods used include the comparative.analysis method and system analysis method, according to the national Economic and Social development of Jiaozuo City, the demand for mineral resources of existing resources security, ore-forming geological conditions and prospecting resources security, exploration technology and method in research and development and introduction of new, important mineral prospecting breakthrough. This research mainly launches from four aspects. First, the introduction part; second, from the current situation of Jiaozuo city resources exhausted city, introduces the geographical location, resources and environment in Jiaozuo City, land and space status, analysis of the favorable factors in the transformation of the opportunities and challenges faced and the transformation of development; third, analyze the reason for the existence of the transformation and development of the problem; fourth, from set up the concept of sustainable development, improve the five aspects of Social and livelihood, the development of circular economy, speed up the transformation of city function, improve the personnel policies, transformation and puts forward countermeasures and suggestions on the development of Jiaozuo resources exhausted city, in order to realize the smooth transition.


Application of Sustainable Theory in Evaluate Research of the Construction Industry Development

On 23/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The construction industry is one of pillar industries in China. It plays a very importantrole in the national economy. But the development mode of construction industry is stillextensive, high consumption, high pollution and low output. China’s construction industrycurrently exist a lot of questions. Manifested in low level of science and technology inconstruction industry; slow development of ecology building; huge consumption of resources,high level of material and energy consumption; serious problems of Environmental pollution;low level of building industrialization, unreasonable building Enterprise scale structure;backward construction technical equipment, low quality of employees; and so on. Sustainableconstruction industry is an important aspect of the national sustainable developmentstrategies.This thesis basing on the principle of scientific, systematic, comprehensive andoperability, learning from the mature indicators systems of sustainable development,combining with the status quo of China’s construction industry, constructs some indicators ofconstruction industry sustainable development. Through questionnaires analyses theimportance of indicators with statistical methods. Establish indicators systems of constructionindustry sustainable development including Economic, Social, environment, resource andtechnology5systems and29indicators through indicators selection. Basing on threedimensional: development degree, coordinate degree, continuous degree, using principalcomponent analysis, evaluates and comparative analyses the level of construction industrysustainable development of the four advanced developed construction provinces: Beijing,Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu from2003to2009.The results indicated that the level of construction industry sustainable development ofBeijing, Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu was improving. Trend of construction industrysustainable development is good. The level of sustainable development of Zhejiang andJiangsu has gone beyond the level of Beijing and Guangdong form2003to2009. The level ofsustainable development of Guangdong has changed from the best to the worst in the period2003to2009, which is mainly due to little Social construction and poor technical level. Guangdong should strengthen the contribution to Social development and accelerate enterprisetechnology and equipment updates. Beijing construction labor productivity is lower than otherregions. In order to improve the construction labor productivity, the construction ofBeijing should strive to improve the level of construction technology and equipment level,technological level, the level of quality of personnel. The situation of the constructionindustry sustainable development of the four regions has their own strengths and weaknesses.Finally, basing on the analytical results of sustainable development, combining withproblems and deficiencies of construction industry, explore the constructionindustry development prospects and the targets from sustainable building design andtechnology, sustainable construction and sustainable Management and policy in three aspects.Summarize the construction industry reform measures and the development direction.


Study on Impace of the Development of China’s Population on Resource and Environment Based on Sustainable Development

On 19/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Population, resources and environment are the three major problems in society all over the world. As the developing country with the largest population, China is now faced with prominent problems of population, resource, and environment which constrain its sustainable development. In this context, studying resources and environment from the perspective of population and proposing countermeasures may help solve problems in resources and Environmental protection and is of great significance for sustainable development. In the context of the actual situation of Chinese population, the study shows that population size, population quality, and population’s consumption are major factors influencing resource and environment in China on the basis of analyzing data and literature. The study also shows that China’s population size is too large and the resource is overused due to rapid population growth which leads to unreasonable industrial development and difficulties in Environmental protection. Besides, low quality and morality of the population and excessive consumption have great influences on resources and environment in China. Finally, the study puts forward the countermeasures for reasonable utilization of resources and protecting the environment from the perspective of population. Specifically, we need to control the population size scientifically, improve the quality of citizens and emphasize cultivating leading cadres and citizens’ awareness in resources and environment conservation, and establish sustainable production and consumption patterns.