W

A Study of System Innovation of Rural Crass-roots Democracy under Building a Harmonious Socialist Society

On 25/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

For the first time, the Seventeenth Congress of the Communist Party of China brings the Grassroots Autonomy into the Basic political system of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics, and clearly brings forward that the development of Grassroots democracy”must be put forward as the Basic and important project to develop Socialist democracy.”As for our country, the “village” is the most Basic unit of our society. How to expand and develop rural grassroots democracy, so that farmers in the villages can be the real masters of the country to fully exercise their democratic rights, is not only the major issue of democratic politics construction in China, but also directly related to the new rural construction and the harmony and stability of the whole society. At present, the development of grassroots democracy in the rural areas of our country is faced up with new and higher requirements. To further to improve autonomy, and promote the “Four Democracies” need to find a breakthrough in the innovation of systems. This paper reviews the history of the grassroots democracy development in rural areas of our country, grooms and compares some of the representatives and development models from , recognizing that despite great progress, there are also many problems and obstacles with the development of grassroots democracy in rural areas in recent years,. In this paper, the writer uses a typical sample of Qing County from Hebei province as a model to explore and propose a system of grassroots democracy in rural areas to further promote innovation and strategies.During the process of development of the rural grassroots democracy, Qing County actively explores new ways to improve the relationship between “Two committees “, and creates a new model of democratic governance in rural areas under the leadership of the Party, which is called “Qing County model”. “Qing County model” has been spread to the whole county since the sixth county general election in February, 2003. In its implement of nearly 8 years so far, although there are still some shortcomings, the basic operation is good, meanwhile, this mode is welcomed and also supported by the majority of farmers. Further study on the system innovation of grassroots democracy in countryside, its obstructions and the mode in Qing Country deeply, will be very positive for the further grassroots democracy and the guidance in rural area. This paper is divided into six parts:Part one: Introduction. It is stating the background, the significance, the domestic and foreign researching review, researching methods under the background in the harmonious society.Part two: It is talking about relationship between building a harmonious society and system innovation of grassroots democracy in rural areas, explaining the origin and connotation of the harmonious society, and dialectic relations between the harmonious society and system innovation of rural grass-roots democracy.Part three: Cases, motivation and problems of system innovation of rural grass-roots democracy under building a harmonious socialist society. First mainly describing the successful cases, and then analyzing the motivation. At last, pointing out existing problems and defects.Part four: The empirical Analysis about system innovation of grass-roots democracy in countryside in Qing Country in Hebei. This chapter contains two parts, the first part introduces proposition and development of”Qing Mode”. The second part commenting on”Qing Mode”.Part five: According to the problems of”Qing Model”in practice, analyze it, propose solutions to this problem, finally the paper explains the mode inspiration.Part six: Conclusion. Summing up the whole paper,generalizing the signifiance and defects.

W

Public Participation in Public Administration

On 31/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Along with the rapid development of the Social productive forces and the more mature market economy, the functions of government managers are facing the new challenges and changes. Traditional Management methods can not meet the requirement of modern society. Whether the managers recognize and willing or not, public participation will play an increasingly important role and reflect the growing influence in Social and political life. It mainly refers to the citizens participate in the Management of public affairs. Here the citizens not only of individual citizens, but also refers to a temporary or permanent citizens of the community self-organization. Between government and citizens need to achieve a new type of interaction and cooperation to realize the public interest maximization, it requires that government regulators must take into account the interests and needs of citizens in formulating and implementing policies. They would introduce the public participation in public policy, so as to enhance the quality of public services.The core value of public participation to achieve two major goals: value and efficiency goal. The efficiency goal is to help the government to improve the management and enhance administrative efficiency, realize the effective supply of public goods and the optimal allocation of public resources. But the value goal is the expression of the people’s democratic values and human rights, thus to maximize the social justice and the public interests.This article first describes the concept of public participation and analyzes the necessity of public participation. From “the Economic man hypothesis”, the government managers is also an Economic man, they similarly pursue individual effectiveness the maximization. Rational individuals often lead to a collective irrational, thereby making it possible damage to the public interests. Thus the introduction of public participation can prevent the public power alienation; narrow the target deviation between the clients and agents, conduct effective supervision and control from the outside ; reducing information asymmetries and reach a balanced decision-making costs and external costs; increase the citizen acceptability of public policy, and then discusses the three aspects of the technical basis, the organizational foundation and the theoretical basis of the feasibility of public participation. But public participation will face the costs problems that led to the “free-riding”, the managers must pass a certain incentive mechanism to promote the healthy and orderly development of public participation. This article analyzes the driving mechanisms from the four aspects. “Selective incentives” can be eliminated “free-riding” in the collective action of some members of the society; “mandatory acceptance of democracy” with the rules and the nature of the system is to promote the participation of the group members of the external driving force; “Value-restraint” is from the social criteria for incentive in real life, people are always affected by the social values; “Minimum regret strategy” is the psychological motivation of public participation, so as to avoid the risk of the biggest regret. The government regulators should carry out the varying degrees and forms of public participation according to changed environment, it can be summed up in four main types: the government makes decision by themselves; the public participation to obtain citizens information; to enhance the understanding of the policy; to promote citizen and public managers participating in the joint production. Choose the path of public participation, in what manner, to what extent, the constraints they are faced, dynamic mechanism analysis on this basis, submitted and discussed by the corresponding system to regulate citizens to participate in public management, so as to protect the public policies. It mainly includes four aspects: cultivate a culture of public participation in the political environment and the corresponding cultural support; further clarifying the rights of citizens, improve the legal system for substantive participation; community development, the building of grassroots democracy, social capacity for self-government; construction of the incentive and restraint mechanisms to introduce similar competition in the private sector, citizens play a supervisory role. Finally the paper propose some ponders and the suggestions for the problem of public participation in our country.Based on the public participate in public management as topics, its purpose is to how to control the extent and ways of public participation, and form benign and orderly public participation, so as to promote the healthy interaction and cooperation between the government and the citizens. This article has mainly used the science of administration, politics research and the management study.

W

The Empirical Analysis between System Innovation and Regional Economic Development of Hebei Province

On 05/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

With China’s rapidly growing economy recently, China has become the one of world’s most promising Economic power. With this Economic development, more and more economists pay attention to institutional issues. For the Hebei Province which surround the capital, economic development is the primary goal, but the system of innovation can not be ignored. At present, many government departments and economists and scholars have done a lot of researches on the issue of institutional innovation and proposed more feasible approaches, but these studies are fragmented. This paper intends to use the theory of institutional innovation Economics system, to analysis the development role and impact in Hebei’s economy.The main contents of this paper are as follows. Chapter1introduces the background and significance of Hebei institutional innovation system and regional economic development, sums up the relationship researches between the domestic and foreign institutional innovation and regional economic development study, and describes the Basic theories, methods and innovations. Chapter2analyzes Hebei Province’s economic development policies. Chapter3using the aforementioned theory, combined with the actual economic situation in Hebei Province, use model analysis to propose institutional innovation system has a direct contributions on economic growth, and correct the traditional economic growth model. Through above analysis, Chapter4indicates the current problems in the process of innovation system in Hebei Province from industrial structure, human resources, regional coordination and foreign Investment. Chapter5from the perspective of institutional Economics, under the guidance of the regional economics, put forward the proposal of institutional innovation in Hebei Province.

W

Research on Different Regions for the Rural Financial Development in China

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

China is a large Agricultural country, building a new socialist countryside has become the major task in China’s modernization process, to expand domestic demand, narrowing the gap between urban and rural areas, comprehensive construction of a well-off society has important meaning at present. Current, Agriculture gradually from labor intensive industries to capital and technology intensive industries, and gradually exhibits high cost, high risk characteristics, more and more relies external funding, the effect of financial support for the speed of Agricultural development has become one of decisive factors. However, it’s difference of rural financial development in different regions of china. According to the fifferent regions of the development of local financial development level to reach the purpose to promote Economic development, what have become important real significance.The train of thought of this article is the firstly uses the actual data from the statistical yearbook and survey results, analysis and comparison differences of the different financial organization and different regions of rural fund supply and demand condition as well as the the financial main body in the capital supply and demand. Secondly, A point of view from reference current scholars generally used as Gini coefficient, Theil index, Logarithmic differential mean value, Hurst index. Directly measure the difference of different areas of rural financial development level In Main Years; Another point of view from the basis of fully grasp the concept and connotation of the level of rural financial development. using principal components method to construct a comprehensive index to representation of rural financial development level from the Several aspects of the degree of financial deepening (Such as the use of deposit, loan and its proportion index to reflect), the share of folk financial, the level of Economic development in rural areas as well as the financial ecology (such as credit of financial market environment, information disclosure and Legal guarantee and so on), accordingly this to measure the level of financial development in different regions of China. Once again, use DEA method to comprehensive evaluation the different areas of rural financial development quality; while use the econometric what the panel unit root, co-integration test to measurement the relationship between the different regions of rural financial development and rural economic development to determine whether the rural finance to promote rural economic development. From two angle explain the different of financial efficiency in different rural. The next, using correlation analysis and Tobit model to investigate the factors of financial development and efficiency difference in different rural. Apply the theory of Institutional Economics to depth analysis the reason for these differences. Finally, put forward the policy suggestion what target to rural economic and financial development, which based on the view of financial function, from the rural financial system, financial ecological environment, the level of financial services etc and combination of different parts of rural economic development and cultural background.The conclusion in this paper includes, it’s existence that the different of financial development and efficiency level in china’rural. The main body of rural finance to financial demand have suppression phenomenon. The reason to the phenomenon what is system of rural system. So we need to give some suggestions to improve the level of financial development of their own’s situation in different areas.

W

The Theory of Value Chain Based on K Municipal Company System Innovation

On 21/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

System Innovation of K Municipal Corporation on Value Chain Through many years’Management practice, this paper aims at research and explore how to optimize K Municipal Corporation and Management system in order to make it play a key role in meeting with the vested interest which include Social interest and Economic benefit, as well as enhance its competitive edge of construction industry by using value chain theory. In the meantime, it will stimulates K municipal corporation participate in market competition by further analysis of value chain system and forming a wholly new Management conception.This paper combines empirical study and theory research.The theory involved in this paper lies in collection, digest and analysis of lots of literature. The application of the theory has been cleared by investigate regional and domestic related companies. By reading a lot of literature, the situation of foreign Architecture industry system is understandable. Comparing present construction industry system home and abroad, it is meaningful to research K Municipal Corporation’s system innovation by value chain theory.However the system limitation of K Municipal Corporation is not favorable for enhancing its value. Thus, it forms modern corporation system and flat structure. The result proves that only reform the original structure system which could meet modern market demand can a company improves its management level, efficiency and value. By studying management system innovation, establishing efficient management system and exerting the influence of culture, it is possible for municipal program to maximize its efficiency and benefit and accomplish “three reassurances”

W

The Research of the Protection about Landless Peasants from the Institutional Perspective

On 21/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

With the accelerated pace of the process of urbanization and industrialization, the emergence of a growing number of landless peasants, the accounts of landless peasants were converted to urban residents, but they does not enjoy the same treatment as city people, facing the problems of survival and development. Landless peasants known as the “The new FRA(the issue of farmers, rural areas and Agricultural production) problems” aroused widespread concern. These farmers lost their land and faced with the survival problem? What are the employment and lifestyle change? What are the causes of damage to the interests of landless peasants? How to protect the rights of landless peasants?Based on the above questions, author research the guarantee of the rights of the landless peasants on the basis of the questionnaire and field interviews. This article mainly based on the system perspective, the issue of landless peasants is divided into two major problems of survival and development, analysis of the status and causes damage to the interests of landless peasants and solutions.This paper focus on two big problems of farmers’survival and development, analysis of farmers’rights and the main reason for the damage, from the perspective of the system of land property rights system, land expropriation compensation system, the Social security system and the relative system, analyzes the defects of the system of farmers’rights and damage of the deficiencies, puts forward innovation system to protect the farmers’rights solution.Its main contents include:First is the preface, including the research background and purpose, reason and meaning, research topic selection idea and method, the paper frame and structure, the innovation and limitations may, etc. Second is the literature review, the domestic and foreign relevant research and give out evaluation. Once again, is concept definition, the main concept definition of the involved in the article, such as land-lost farmers, farmers’rights and so on, and simple analysis its characteristics. Chapter IV is the landless peasants Protection of the Rights and Interests of the problems and I will be damage to the interests of landless peasants problem summed up in two aspects, one is the problem of existence, due to the incomplete property rights of the Agricultural land, landless peasants can not protect its land property rights; low standards of land compensation, damage to the landless peasants survival interests; lack of old-age security system, pension has become a major problem; Medical insurance system is not perfect, can not meet their needs; the other hand, is a development issue, a one-time monetary compensation policies damage the long-term interests of the landless peasants; Social recognition and self-recognition fuzzy; educational environment affect the development of landless peasants. The fifth chapter is the analysis of the landless peasants’ rights are being injured because the reasons for the damage to the interests of landless peasants from the perspective of agricultural land property rights system, land acquisition and compensation system, the social security system and related system. Lack of ownership of agricultural land property rights system of landless peasants loss of a say, unreasonable compensation for land acquisition landless peasants living in straitened circumstances, the social security mechanism is not perfect psychological safety of the landless peasants, resettlement policy failures so that peasants can not be successfully converted to public. Chapter Ⅵ is a typical case analysis, analysis of the success stories sum up the mode of integrated placement and retention of title placement mode approach of the landless peasants, learned as a starting point only to the landless peasants’ rights, in order to make proper arrangements for landless peasants. Chapter Ⅶ of the conclusions and recommendations, In the refining of the Basic conclusion of the system recommended to safeguard peasants’ rights, I believe that should improve the agricultural land system of property rights, land acquisition and compensation system, social security system to protect the rights of the landless peasants.

W

Research on the Institutional Barriers and Innovation of Farmers’ Property Income Growth in Anhui Province

On 13/09/2013, in Finance, by rain

Anhui province is a traditional Agricultural province, and the agriculture populationoccupied most.”Agriculture, countryside and farmers” is the core development problems inAnhui province, while the problem of the income of the peasants is exactly the fundamentalproblem. Only the peasants getting rich can we promote the comprehensive construction ofthe great goal of well-off society. But, for a decade or so, in our province, farmers’ income isbelow the average level of the national farmers’ income level, and even has not reached thenational average level. The task is hard, and it still has a long way to go. As property incomein the farmer income proportion has been rising, creating conditions so that more farmersown property income has become part of the government work report, and property incomehas also become a new spotlight of farmers’ income. This paper takes the farmers’ propertyincome as the research direction and especially farmers’ income from property in Anhuiprovince as the main research object, analyzing the Anhui farmers’ property income growthsystem obstacles, in order to find the factors that affect the growth of farmers’ income fromproperty barriers. After finding and analyzing the reasons, the paper is to give some adviceand system innovation.This paper first chapter is preface, with strong practical significance, which is toexpound the purposes and significance of the article. The other is the domestic and foreignresearch review evaluation, consisting of present research situation and evaluation bothhome and abroad; I mainly study property income from the point of view of system, and thestarting point is the system obstacles and innovation. In the third chapter of the paper, itexplains the concept and the composition of property income of the peasants, and alsosimple expounds the characteristics of the property income and its Economic function.The fourth chapter is key part of the paper,and it discussed rural residents’ incomeand property income in Anhui. Through the elaboration, it found the gap between the urbanand rural income of the property income of the residents. In the fifth chapter the paperanalyzed the farmers’ property income problems existing in the system, mainly from theaspects of relevant laws and regulations and land, houses, and finance.After finding out the problem, I tried to give the methods to solve the problems, andmainly from three aspects of innovation system paths. With Anhui “the12thfive-yearresidents’ earnings multiply plan” and the implementation, this paper show greatsignificance. Of course this research also has some deficiencies, which needs innovatingduring the study.

W

Existing Condition and Counter-measure Research for the Land-lostfarmer’s Problem in the Process of the Urbanization

On 13/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

With the high-speed of the urbanization and the further implement of the reform andopening-up policy,the problem of losing land for farmers tends to be more and moreserious.It’s no doubt that,without the suitable solution, it will be a big threat to the stability ofour society,the development and harmony of the rural areas,and of course,the construction ofour harmonious society.Actually,substantial experiences at home and abroad are telling us that the problem oflosing land for farmers seems to be an inevasible issue.compared with the foreign country,thecurrent condition in our own country appears to be more serious.Confronted with thisreality,our government’s inexperienced arrangements has worsen the problem to a largeextent.There are many factors accounting for the land-lost farmer’s problem,while the mostsignificant aspects are the insufficient land policies in rural areas and the unreasonableimplementations by the executives.Undoubtedly, to solve this complicated problem effectively, much effort should becarried out.First above all, our government should encourage and promote the employment inthe rural areas and manage to supply enough resources and take out favorable policies.Inaddition, the system construction ought to be given to an important position and launchedwith further consideration,especially, using our government’s power appropriately.Furthermore,we should strengthen the organization for Economic cooperation anddevelopment in the village and learn some useful experiences from the overseas.Finally,thegovernment need to improve the construction of the Social security system.It’s no doubt thatthe Social security construction is the most meaningful action,only with this measure beingcarried out and implement in a reasonable way,can the problem be solved perfectly andthoroughly.

W

Research on a Perfected Subsidy System for Advancing Modern Agriculture

On 10/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

The development of modern agriculture is the primary task of building the new socialist rural, is the inevitable requirement of rural work based on the scientific concept of development. The positive development of modern agriculture and making solid progress in new socialism countryside construction, are the inevitable requirement of carrying out the scientific development view, constructing socialist harmonious society, and the great tasks to speed up the socialist modernization. Although the construction entity are farmers and Enterprise, but to overcome the “market excessive” and “market shortage” problem in the construction of modern agriculture, the government should play their due function, through subsidies to advance the Agricultural construction, increase efforts of Agricultural subsidy policy by means of well-leveraged government Investment, pour energy into agricultural development, promote modern agriculture construction and to ensure the national food security.This paper adopts a method that combines partial-equilibrium analysis, theoretical analysis and demonstration to do the research. The conclusion of theoretical analysis indicates that the development of modern agriculture can not do well without agricultural subsidy. The source and reasons of agricultural subsidy lie in the decrease of agriculture and growth of interest of industry, inferiority and the need to protect nation’s food security. Yet, the fundamental way out is the development of modern agriculture.The agricultural subsidy policy conducted in our country had different contents at different periods in history, having undergone the phases of negative protection, even and full transition. The year2004is an important time in the policy change of agricultural subsidy. Take the first policy document of2004as the opportunity, direct subsidy has been fully under way, at the same time, our country liberalize the grain purchasing price and grain market, marked the set of a “new agricultural policy”The empirical study of this paper shows:first, in the process of develop modern agriculture, to combine agricultural subsidy with modern agriculture would make it easier to accomplish the goals, while deviating from the goal of agricultural subsidy policy often brings a variety of efficiency loss. We draw these conclusions based on the experiences and lesson of agricultural subsidy conducted in East Asian countries during their development of modern agriculture. Second, calculating contribute agricultural subsidy have done toward mechanization, irrigation and the yield of farmland. Based on the objectively evaluates in the roles subsidy played in the development of modern agriculture, we come to the result that subsidies conducted now really promote the development of modern agriculture.We take the results of theoretical analysis and demonstration as main basis. To increase the contribute agricultural subsidy to modern agriculture, this paper comes to such suggestions:increase the input of agricultural subsidy to promote the development of modern agriculture; optimize relevant supporting measures subsidies conducted; innovate kinds of subsidy to develop modern agriculture; improve The modern agricultural equipment of subsidies; make good use of blue box allowance.

W

Economic Deyelopment,System Innovation and the Formation of Regional Finacial Center

On 29/08/2013, in Finance, by rain

The financial center plays an increasingly important role in the Economic and Social development. In recent years, more than30cities which proposed to build a regional financial center began to adjust their strategic thinking, put forward a more clear and realistic targeting to avoid disorderly and vicious competition. Under this new background.the article attempts to explore the general factors of the formation of regional financial center in China,makes comparison of regional differences in building a regional financial center, gives further advices of building regional financial center.Most studies focused on the problem of how to build an international financial center.Besides,they ignored the impact from the hinterland of the central city;What’s more,there was no standard for the evaluation system of the financial center.The article aims to study on regional financial center and take Economic development of the financial hinterland into consideration Then build a model through random-effects GLS regression with Random-effects GLS regression.The article is divided into five parts:Part Ⅰ:Introduce background, significance and specific issues of the study, reviewing the literature home and abroad. Part Ⅱ:Describe the Basic theory of the financial center,including definition,formation conditions etc.Part Ⅲ:Analyze mechanism among economic development, system innovation and the financial center by theory.Part Ⅳ:Build an empirical test to find relationship among formation of regional financial center, system innovation and economic development. Contrast different conditions of different regions of China in these two aspects.Part Ⅴ: Raise policy suggestion according to the theory and empirical research of the regional financial center formation.After theoretical analysis and empirical test, the article draws two conclusions:①Economic development,system innovation and financial center have a significant relationship.②Different region has differences in economic development and system innovation. Finally raise some regional policy suggestions to continue the construction of the regional financial center based on theoretical and empirical results.