Along with the rapid development of theproductive forces and the more mature market economy, the functions of government managers are facing the new challenges and changes. Traditional methods can not meet the requirement of modern society. Whether the managers recognize and willing or not, will play an increasingly important role and reflect the growing influence in and political life. It mainly refers to the citizens participate in the of public affairs. Here the citizens not only of individual citizens, but also refers to a temporary or permanent citizens of the community self-organization. Between government and citizens need to achieve a new type of interaction and cooperation to realize the public interest maximization, it requires that government regulators must take into account the interests and needs of citizens in formulating and implementing policies. They would introduce the in public policy, so as to enhance the quality of public services.The core value of to achieve two major goals: value and efficiency goal. The efficiency goal is to help the government to improve the and enhance administrative efficiency, realize the effective supply of public goods and the optimal allocation of public resources. But the value goal is the expression of the people’s democratic values and human rights, thus to maximize the social justice and the public interests.This article first describes the concept of public participation and analyzes the necessity of public participation. From “the man hypothesis”, the government managers is also an man, they similarly pursue individual effectiveness the maximization. Rational individuals often lead to a collective irrational, thereby making it possible damage to the public interests. Thus the introduction of public participation can prevent the public power alienation; narrow the target deviation between the clients and agents, conduct effective supervision and control from the outside ; reducing information asymmetries and reach a balanced decision-making costs and external costs; increase the citizen acceptability of public policy, and then discusses the three aspects of the technical basis, the organizational foundation and the theoretical basis of the feasibility of public participation. But public participation will face the costs problems that led to the “free-riding”, the managers must pass a certain incentive mechanism to promote the healthy and orderly development of public participation. This article analyzes the driving mechanisms from the four aspects. “Selective incentives” can be eliminated “free-riding” in the collective action of some members of the society; “mandatory acceptance of democracy” with the rules and the nature of the system is to promote the participation of the group members of the external driving force; “Value-restraint” is from the social criteria for incentive in real life, people are always affected by the social values; “Minimum regret strategy” is the psychological motivation of public participation, so as to avoid the risk of the biggest regret. The government regulators should carry out the varying degrees and forms of public participation according to changed environment, it can be summed up in four main types: the government makes decision by themselves; the public participation to obtain citizens information; to enhance the understanding of the policy; to promote citizen and public managers participating in the joint production. Choose the path of public participation, in what manner, to what extent, the constraints they are faced, dynamic mechanism analysis on this basis, submitted and discussed by the corresponding system to regulate citizens to participate in public management, so as to protect the public policies. It mainly includes four aspects: cultivate a culture of public participation in the political environment and the corresponding cultural support; further clarifying the rights of citizens, improve the legal system for substantive participation; community development, the building of grassroots democracy, social capacity for self-government; construction of the incentive and restraint mechanisms to introduce similar competition in the private sector, citizens play a supervisory role. Finally the paper propose some ponders and the suggestions for the problem of public participation in our country.Based on the public participate in public management as topics, its purpose is to how to control the extent and ways of public participation, and form benign and orderly public participation, so as to promote the healthy interaction and cooperation between the government and the citizens. This article has mainly used the science of administration, politics research and the management study.
Frequent Buyer Deals!
Buy 4 Get 1 Free
Customer Care Center
Exclusive Order Taking Hotline
- There are two main reasons which brought me to the research of the s…
- The Human Resources Management Project Research of Yunxinjiayuan
- Literary Since the last of 20th century,the modern litera…
- Effect Evaluation on Re-vaccinate and Strengthen Vaccinate of Hepatitis B Vaccine in Children and Adolescents of ChangShan County
- The GIS-based Regional Planning of Rural Drinking Water Supply
- With the rapid development of Chinese economy and the increase of pe…
- As National League for Democracy which was led by Vajpayee assumed p…
- The Research on Gender Discrimination in Employment of Our Country
- Experimental Model and Simulation Analysis on Drill Pipe of the Reconnaissance Drilling
- Application of Ionic Liquid-supported Catalysts in the Oxidation of Trimethylphenol
AHP Capital structure China commercial bank Commercial banks core competence corporate governance countermeasure countermeasures credit risk Development Development Strategy economic growth evaluation Factor Analysis FDI Foreign Direct Investment game theory human capital Index system industrial structure Innovation Internal Control Listed companies Listed Company management marketing marketing strategy Model performance Performance evaluation Performance Management Project Management Real Estate research Risk risk management strategy Supply chain Supply chain management sustainable development SWOT analysis system urbanization value chain