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The Gaming Analysis in Executing Public Policy

On 10/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Along with reform thorough, China entered society’s comprehensive reforming stage, the development of outside world politics economy and modernization tide of the Chinese society own, causes our country the pubic policy Implementation faced with a more stern challenge and the test. How solved this problem then to become the significant theory and the practice topic which we faced.First of all, the article carried out the concept to the public policy. Then reviews the fundamental research of the western pubic policy Implementation, and has made the brief summary to research condition of Implementation of our country pubic policy. Then cany on the summary to all sorts of problems to our country present stage pubic policy Implementation, and has analyzed its hazardous nature. This article attempts with the game theory to carry out the question to Implementation of the pubic policy, this is new attempt to research of the pubic policy Implementation. In this foundation, proposed game theory analysis frame of the pubic policy Implementation.This article utilized in the gambling theory the Principle-Agents model and the convict difficult position model has conducted the research tot he pubic policy Implementation mechanism. Principle-Agents theory longitudinal studies the policy Implementation gambling between the central and the local government, but the convict difficult model crosswise studies the policy Implementation among local governments, and from vertical and horizontal aspects to discuss effective pubic policy Implementation in government reformation. This paper has elaborated the innovation of pubic policy Implementation from game theory, and pointed out the preliminary conception of establishment pubic policy Implementation. Indeed, the form of pubic policy Implementation system is not equal to a safe society, the long-term peace due to the structure optimization of public Management.

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Construction of Responsibility Government

On 06/04/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Responsibility government is a politics concept first used in the west countries in the modern age, it is also a logic necessity of democratic politics development. In the world today, responsibility government as an important value and system arrangement has already been a Basic principle and importance sign of the democratic regime.At present, China is in a special period of Social transformation, the traditional Social order, economy model and political system crack and collapse, the new Social order, economy model and political system have not been really established. In the complex process of the transformation, society, politics and economy relate to each other and influence each other, and many complicated problems that need immediate solutions appear. During this special period, constructing a responsibility government is of great significance, in which the administrative departments and the staff are under the guidance of scientific concept of development, for the purpose of promoting public interests andenhancing society welfare, taking the morality value——“public servant of the people” asthe constraint, using corresponding mechanisms as guarantees, performing duties rationally and efficiently and assuming corresponding responsibilities.As local governments at different levels have close contact with the market and the citizen, and they enjoy the core position in the development of local politics, economy and society. People expect that local governments could take full responsibility for the country and the society. So taking responsibility government as local governments’ transformation direction is of great significance.This paper attempts to analyze the problems existing in the current administrative pattern, absorbs oversea local governments’ development experiences, closely combines the national conditions of society transformation and on the bases of mining the real connotation of responsibility government and regulating responsibility government from aspects of ideas, actions and systems, then to put forward some ideas and suggestions in order to promote the transformation of local governments’ administration pattern.In the transitional period, the local governments have accumulated a lot of governance issues in the political, Economic and social fields. These issues will fundamentally affect governments’ authority and legitimacy, so analyzing these issues and establishing responsibility government as the local governments’ restructuring direction is of great importance.Responsibility government is a concept of rich connotation in which limited government, service government, participation government and rule of law government are different value pursuits from different emphasis points. In order to achieve the idea remodeling of the responsibility government, we should do multi-angle analysis, synthesis and understanding.The idea is the conduction of the action. Local governments must conduct reconstruction under the guidance of responsibility government, so the relationship with the enterprises, the market and the citizens will get harmonious development.The transition of local governments to responsibility government needs more system innovations. Establishing a scientific performance concept is the ideological guarantee of the responsibility mechanism; Innovation of selecting system is the precondition; Creating a scientific performance evaluation system is the system guarantee; Perfecting self-reproaching and resignation system and the system of accountability for officials is the inevitable choice.

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The Historic Task and System Innovation of Today’s Political Construction of Democracy of China

On 02/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Based on the macroscopic view of international and internal Economic and Social environment on the course of china s political construction of democracy, this passage uses Marxian position standpoint and method to indicate the historic of democracy. That is to say, in such a transforming society of china-the traditional society stages to the modern society, the planned Economic system turns to the market Economic system, how to accomplish the peaceful linking-up of political order. To answer this urgent historic subject, the author points out the two distinct Basic characteristics of political system of democracy in china: the leadership of communist party and ruling the country by people. Furthermore, the author explains that integrating the two systematically is of great importance to accomplish the balanced and sustainable development of china s political order of democracy in a transforming society. Furthermore, the author points out the historic task of china s socialist construction of democracy which means rebuilding the relationship of various kinds of political elements in the existing frame of society Basic political system and embarking on system innovation, in which the relationship of party and authority, authority and society, the power among different offices is the main link of system innovation. In a sense, the essence of system innovation is restructuring and rearranging the relationship of interest among Social bodies, which require recognizing the transformation theoretically on the one hand, in order to provide sound environment of public opinion and the necessities of argument for system innovation on the other hand, insisting on examining the historical development and problems emerging in the construction of china’s socialist politics of democracy with reasoning thought, reasoning thought on the purpose of better directing our country’s political experience of democracy. Therefore, the author concludes that the innovation of china’s socialist political theory is the prerequisite and key factor of system innovations.

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Study on Graduate Village Officers’ Fostering Mode on the Background of New Village Construction

On 14/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The graduate village officers’plan is an important strategy for new village construction. Encouraging graduates to be village officers in rural is an effective strategy to improve the talent lacking situation in rural, quicken talent flowing speed between rural and urban areas and solve the graduates’unemployment problem. This plan is a two-win strategy because it cushions talent lacking pressure in rural which guarding the new village construction and meanwhile it pioneers a new mode for talent fostering and annealing.The key point of new village construction is the talent. However, the market mechanism cannot meet rural areas’talent demand because of undeveloped Economic and worse environment in rural. In this situation, the graduate village officers’plan’s launching does bridge many talent to rural areas. However, many shortcomings exist in the fostering mode of the graduate village officers and those fasten on these aspects:training body, training object, training type and course arrangement for the graduate village officers. Those disadvantages lead to that some graduate village officers cannot be accustomed to rural environment; they are inability in helping the farmers to make money and they cannot indulge themselves into their regular work that they see the village officers’posts as their springboard for promotion. In essence, the current fostering mode of graduate village officers is not reasonable which has bad impact on improving the village officers’ competency. In this situation, the fostering mode of graduate village officers must be reformed in order to construct the new village effectively.This essay is formed by four chapters. The first chapter is foreword. This part includes the background of choosing this topic, meaning of study on this topic, summarization on the past relative study, relative concepts, relative study methods, impossible innovation and disadvantages.In the second chapter, survey on the current fostering mode of graduate village officers is listed, assessment on current situation is given and analysis on that why disadvantages appear is presented basing on those above. In this part, the survey and assessment is basing on training body, training object and training style. Basing on the survey and assessment, cause analysis is given from the macroscopically perspective and this part supplies enough reasons for reform and which is the logic starting point.In the third chapter, the emphasis is reconstructing fostering mode of graduate village officers via optimizing the training body, training object and training content. At the very beginning of this part, the Basic principle for reconstruction is given, and then the reconstruction is unwrapped by clearing and refining training body’s responsibilities, reforming the courses for t he graduate village officers, improving graduate village officers’competency and innovating current training style. It aims to establish a more effective fostering mode for graduate village officers. At the end of this part, it outlines the new mode’s skeleton frame and Basic characteristics.In the forth chapter, the emphasis is what conditions is needed in order to make the new mode runs more effectively. This part will describe this question by two aspects: hardware conditions and software conditions. The former is the main restricting condition for new mode establishment and spreading and the later is the main condition for new mode to run effectively. Basing on that, this part puts forward that in order to make the new mode run effectively, assessment system and distributing system must be taken into consideration. Besides, that well dealing with the relationship between new mode and the path choice for Chinese urbanization is also an important point to be taken into consideration.

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Construction of Responsibility Government

On 18/12/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Responsibility government is a politics concept first used in the west countries in the modern age, it is also a logic necessity of democratic politics development. In the world today, responsibility government as an important value and system arrangement has already been a Basic principle and importance sign of the democratic regime.At present, China is in a special period of Social transformation, the traditional Social order, economy model and political system crack and collapse, the new Social order, economy model and political system have not been really established. In the complex process of the transformation, society, politics and economy relate to each other and influence each other, and many complicated problems that need immediate solutions appear. During this special period, constructing a responsibility government is of great significance, in which the administrative departments and the staff are under the guidance of scientific concept of development, for the purpose of promoting public interests andenhancing society welfare, taking the morality value——“public servant of the people” asthe constraint, using corresponding mechanisms as guarantees, performing duties rationally and efficiently and assuming corresponding responsibilities.As local governments at different levels have close contact with the market and the citizen, and they enjoy the core position in the development of local politics, economy and society. People expect that local governments could take full responsibility for the country and the society. So taking responsibility government as local governments’ transformation direction is of great significance.This paper attempts to analyze the problems existing in the current administrative pattern, absorbs oversea local governments’ development experiences, closely combines the national conditions of society transformation and on the bases of mining the real connotation of responsibility government and regulating responsibility government from aspects of ideas, actions and systems, then to put forward some ideas and suggestions in order to promote the transformation of local governments’ administration pattern.In the transitional period, the local governments have accumulated a lot of governance issues in the political, Economic and social fields. These issues will fundamentally affect governments’ authority and legitimacy, so analyzing these issues and establishing responsibility government as the local governments’ restructuring direction is of great importance.Responsibility government is a concept of rich connotation in which limited government, service government, participation government and rule of law government are different value pursuits from different emphasis points. In order to achieve the idea remodeling of the responsibility government, we should do multi-angle analysis, synthesis and understanding.The idea is the conduction of the action. Local governments must conduct reconstruction under the guidance of responsibility government, so the relationship with the enterprises, the market and the citizens will get harmonious development.The transition of local governments to responsibility government needs more system innovations. Establishing a scientific performance concept is the ideological guarantee of the responsibility mechanism; Innovation of selecting system is the precondition; Creating a scientific performance evaluation system is the system guarantee; Perfecting self-reproaching and resignation system and the system of accountability for officials is the inevitable choice.

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Research on the System Innovation of Local Government of Our Country

On 06/12/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

It divides the local administrative unit that the area set up for the need of Management that the local government is the country. The local government is regarded as the branch of the central government, it is first class ” state power center ” once, manage the public affairs in certain compass of competency in accordance with the law. Our country is the single country that makes centralization type, long-term planned Economic system makes power highly concentrate on the central government, the local government is in the passive, position attached to, can only develop the activity of managing according to the government decree of People’s Central Government. With taking granting power and allowing keep a bigger share of profits as reform of the thread to go on and deepen, compared with obtain heavy autonomy from people, thing, ownership of property in the past local government, become a Economic organization with independent Economic benefits goal, strong local economy of pursuit increases and responds the profit-making chance motive force and ability of carrying on system innovation fast, therefore the local government has become the important subject of system innovation gradually, has played a very important role in the system changes process of China. We can say, in the progressive process of reform of China, the important subject leading factor that the local government becomes system innovation advances system changes, it is the result of playing chess among central government, local government and micro main body three sides. However, the advantage of system innovation of local government has an effect only under certain range and restraint condition, because the innovativeideas of different area local governments, innovation ability are different to some extent, it is the each in system not micro the different in environment, and the existence in factors, such as monopoly, government’s structure and officers’ partiality and the defects of limited reason, supervision mechanism that the system supply, etc., the local government can often produce ” alienation ” behaviors , such as ” local protectionism ” , ” acts and efforts for expediency “, ” seeking and renting ” ,etc. in the system innovation practice. So, we must adjust central government, local government, local government, micro main body and interrelations of different members of local government, and the affirmation of the law, make the system innovation behavior of local government develop in the route direction that is standardized.

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A Study of System Innovation of Rural Crass-roots Democracy under Building a Harmonious Socialist Society

On 25/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

For the first time, the Seventeenth Congress of the Communist Party of China brings the Grassroots Autonomy into the Basic political system of socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics, and clearly brings forward that the development of Grassroots democracy”must be put forward as the Basic and important project to develop Socialist democracy.”As for our country, the “village” is the most basic unit of our society. How to expand and develop rural grassroots democracy, so that farmers in the villages can be the real masters of the country to fully exercise their democratic rights, is not only the major issue of democratic politics construction in China, but also directly related to the new rural construction and the harmony and stability of the whole society. At present, the development of grassroots democracy in the rural areas of our country is faced up with new and higher requirements. To further to improve autonomy, and promote the “Four Democracies” need to find a breakthrough in the innovation of systems. This paper reviews the history of the grassroots democracy development in rural areas of our country, grooms and compares some of the representatives and development models from , recognizing that despite great progress, there are also many problems and obstacles with the development of grassroots democracy in rural areas in recent years,. In this paper, the writer uses a typical sample of Qing County from Hebei province as a model to explore and propose a system of grassroots democracy in rural areas to further promote innovation and strategies.During the process of development of the rural grassroots democracy, Qing County actively explores new ways to improve the relationship between “Two committees “, and creates a new model of democratic governance in rural areas under the leadership of the Party, which is called “Qing County model”. “Qing County model” has been spread to the whole county since the sixth county general election in February, 2003. In its implement of nearly 8 years so far, although there are still some shortcomings, the basic operation is good, meanwhile, this mode is welcomed and also supported by the majority of farmers. Further study on the system innovation of grassroots democracy in countryside, its obstructions and the mode in Qing Country deeply, will be very positive for the further grassroots democracy and the guidance in rural area. This paper is divided into six parts:Part one: Introduction. It is stating the background, the significance, the domestic and foreign researching review, researching methods under the background in the harmonious society.Part two: It is talking about relationship between building a harmonious society and system innovation of grassroots democracy in rural areas, explaining the origin and connotation of the harmonious society, and dialectic relations between the harmonious society and system innovation of rural grass-roots democracy.Part three: Cases, motivation and problems of system innovation of rural grass-roots democracy under building a harmonious socialist society. First mainly describing the successful cases, and then analyzing the motivation. At last, pointing out existing problems and defects.Part four: The empirical Analysis about system innovation of grass-roots democracy in countryside in Qing Country in Hebei. This chapter contains two parts, the first part introduces proposition and development of”Qing Mode”. The second part commenting on”Qing Mode”.Part five: According to the problems of”Qing Model”in practice, analyze it, propose solutions to this problem, finally the paper explains the mode inspiration.Part six: Conclusion. Summing up the whole paper,generalizing the signifiance and defects.

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Public Participation in Public Administration

On 31/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Along with the rapid development of the Social productive forces and the more mature market economy, the functions of government managers are facing the new challenges and changes. Traditional Management methods can not meet the requirement of modern society. Whether the managers recognize and willing or not, public participation will play an increasingly important role and reflect the growing influence in Social and political life. It mainly refers to the citizens participate in the Management of public affairs. Here the citizens not only of individual citizens, but also refers to a temporary or permanent citizens of the community self-organization. Between government and citizens need to achieve a new type of interaction and cooperation to realize the public interest maximization, it requires that government regulators must take into account the interests and needs of citizens in formulating and implementing policies. They would introduce the public participation in public policy, so as to enhance the quality of public services.The core value of public participation to achieve two major goals: value and efficiency goal. The efficiency goal is to help the government to improve the management and enhance administrative efficiency, realize the effective supply of public goods and the optimal allocation of public resources. But the value goal is the expression of the people’s democratic values and human rights, thus to maximize the Social justice and the public interests.This article first describes the concept of public participation and analyzes the necessity of public participation. From “the Economic man hypothesis”, the government managers is also an Economic man, they similarly pursue individual effectiveness the maximization. Rational individuals often lead to a collective irrational, thereby making it possible damage to the public interests. Thus the introduction of public participation can prevent the public power alienation; narrow the target deviation between the clients and agents, conduct effective supervision and control from the outside ; reducing information asymmetries and reach a balanced decision-making costs and external costs; increase the citizen acceptability of public policy, and then discusses the three aspects of the technical basis, the organizational foundation and the theoretical basis of the feasibility of public participation. But public participation will face the costs problems that led to the “free-riding”, the managers must pass a certain incentive mechanism to promote the healthy and orderly development of public participation. This article analyzes the driving mechanisms from the four aspects. “Selective incentives” can be eliminated “free-riding” in the collective action of some members of the society; “mandatory acceptance of democracy” with the rules and the nature of the system is to promote the participation of the group members of the external driving force; “Value-restraint” is from the social criteria for incentive in real life, people are always affected by the social values; “Minimum regret strategy” is the psychological motivation of public participation, so as to avoid the risk of the biggest regret. The government regulators should carry out the varying degrees and forms of public participation according to changed environment, it can be summed up in four main types: the government makes decision by themselves; the public participation to obtain citizens information; to enhance the understanding of the policy; to promote citizen and public managers participating in the joint production. Choose the path of public participation, in what manner, to what extent, the constraints they are faced, dynamic mechanism analysis on this basis, submitted and discussed by the corresponding system to regulate citizens to participate in public management, so as to protect the public policies. It mainly includes four aspects: cultivate a culture of public participation in the political environment and the corresponding cultural support; further clarifying the rights of citizens, improve the legal system for substantive participation; community development, the building of grassroots democracy, social capacity for self-government; construction of the incentive and restraint mechanisms to introduce similar competition in the private sector, citizens play a supervisory role. Finally the paper propose some ponders and the suggestions for the problem of public participation in our country.Based on the public participate in public management as topics, its purpose is to how to control the extent and ways of public participation, and form benign and orderly public participation, so as to promote the healthy interaction and cooperation between the government and the citizens. This article has mainly used the science of administration, politics research and the management study.

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The Empirical Analysis between System Innovation and Regional Economic Development of Hebei Province

On 05/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

With China’s rapidly growing economy recently, China has become the one of world’s most promising Economic power. With this Economic development, more and more economists pay attention to institutional issues. For the Hebei Province which surround the capital, economic development is the primary goal, but the system of innovation can not be ignored. At present, many government departments and economists and scholars have done a lot of researches on the issue of institutional innovation and proposed more feasible approaches, but these studies are fragmented. This paper intends to use the theory of institutional innovation Economics system, to analysis the development role and impact in Hebei’s economy.The main contents of this paper are as follows. Chapter1introduces the background and significance of Hebei institutional innovation system and regional economic development, sums up the relationship researches between the domestic and foreign institutional innovation and regional economic development study, and describes the Basic theories, methods and innovations. Chapter2analyzes Hebei Province’s economic development policies. Chapter3using the aforementioned theory, combined with the actual economic situation in Hebei Province, use model analysis to propose institutional innovation system has a direct contributions on economic growth, and correct the traditional economic growth model. Through above analysis, Chapter4indicates the current problems in the process of innovation system in Hebei Province from industrial structure, human resources, regional coordination and foreign Investment. Chapter5from the perspective of institutional Economics, under the guidance of the regional economics, put forward the proposal of institutional innovation in Hebei Province.

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Research on Different Regions for the Rural Financial Development in China

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

China is a large Agricultural country, building a new socialist countryside has become the major task in China’s modernization process, to expand domestic demand, narrowing the gap between urban and rural areas, comprehensive construction of a well-off society has important meaning at present. Current, Agriculture gradually from labor intensive industries to capital and technology intensive industries, and gradually exhibits high cost, high risk characteristics, more and more relies external funding, the effect of financial support for the speed of Agricultural development has become one of decisive factors. However, it’s difference of rural financial development in different regions of china. According to the fifferent regions of the development of local financial development level to reach the purpose to promote Economic development, what have become important real significance.The train of thought of this article is the firstly uses the actual data from the statistical yearbook and survey results, analysis and comparison differences of the different financial organization and different regions of rural fund supply and demand condition as well as the the financial main body in the capital supply and demand. Secondly, A point of view from reference current scholars generally used as Gini coefficient, Theil index, Logarithmic differential mean value, Hurst index. Directly measure the difference of different areas of rural financial development level In Main Years; Another point of view from the basis of fully grasp the concept and connotation of the level of rural financial development. using principal components method to construct a comprehensive index to representation of rural financial development level from the Several aspects of the degree of financial deepening (Such as the use of deposit, loan and its proportion index to reflect), the share of folk financial, the level of Economic development in rural areas as well as the financial ecology (such as credit of financial market environment, information disclosure and Legal guarantee and so on), accordingly this to measure the level of financial development in different regions of China. Once again, use DEA method to comprehensive evaluation the different areas of rural financial development quality; while use the econometric what the panel unit root, co-integration test to measurement the relationship between the different regions of rural financial development and rural economic development to determine whether the rural finance to promote rural economic development. From two angle explain the different of financial efficiency in different rural. The next, using correlation analysis and Tobit model to investigate the factors of financial development and efficiency difference in different rural. Apply the theory of Institutional Economics to depth analysis the reason for these differences. Finally, put forward the policy suggestion what target to rural economic and financial development, which based on the view of financial function, from the rural financial system, financial ecological environment, the level of financial services etc and combination of different parts of rural economic development and cultural background.The conclusion in this paper includes, it’s existence that the different of financial development and efficiency level in china’rural. The main body of rural finance to financial demand have suppression phenomenon. The reason to the phenomenon what is system of rural system. So we need to give some suggestions to improve the level of financial development of their own’s situation in different areas.