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The Study of Deng Xiaoping’s System Construction Thought

On 19/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The thesis seeks to analyze and illustrate Deng Xiaoping’s system construction from various perspectives and hope to arouse the public attention to this theory. Deng Xiaoping’s thought about system construction is an important component of his theory and the theoretical fruit of the system construction practice of Chinese people under his leadership. The thesis analyzes deeply the reason of thoughts of Deng Xiaoping’s system construction from the definition of system, then researches systematically main contents of it, lastly, reveals its theoretical value and realistic enlightenment.The thesis is composed of five parts:Part I is a preface. It explores the concept of system and puts forward general established principles to the study of Deng Xiaoping’s system construction.Part II presents Deng Xiaoping’s concept of system. Firstly, this part introduces the connotation of system from Deng Xiaoping’s point of view and then it points out that according to Deng Xiaoping, the Social system exists as a systematization, which consists of the essential system, regime, rules and regulations; the three-level systems have strict distinction and intrinsic link. Secondly, this part interprets Deng Xiaoping’s Social system reform theory and points out that Social system reform is the core of Deng Xiaoping system’s construction.Part III explores the main contents of Deng Xiaoping’s thought of system construction. Firstly, this part interprets the necessity of system construction and its specific methods. Secondly, it points out that the Basic way of the system construction in our country should be a gradual manner. As far as it is concerned, what our reform should change is not the whole structure and the Basic nature of socialism, but the ways and mechanisms of socialist roles, which is what we call”social system reform “. The innovation of social system reform is the focus of this study.

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On the Basic Thought and Method of Merton’s Dissertation

On 13/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Merton is unusual master of sociological circles in 20th century. The academic circles agree that Merton’s dissertation being published is the symbol that Sociology of Science is born. After reading Merton’s dissertation and some correlation papers carefully, I discovered the domestic academic circles still took to Merton’s dissertation insufficiently. Besides, the past research also existed the neglect and deficiency. Therefore, the article is divided three chapters to study Merton’s dissertation.The article has first traced the thought origin of Merton’s dissertation. Secondly, introducing the Basic thought of Merton’s dissertation. At the same time, Studying thoroughly the prominent achievement of Merton’s dissertation – – Merton Proposition (1). For example, according to the opinion that is provided by “Christianity Guide”. Merton segregates a set of Puritanism value idea system, and then Merton carries on the summary about the relations between the Puritanism and the modern science. The question is: Whether the feelings of Puritans in heart are the internalizing of religious ingredient? Besides, whether are the feelings analyzed accurately through the language? In the end, the article studies the essential method of Merton’s dissertation – – Collective biography method and Content analysis method. While I point out the nature and characteristic of Collective biography method and Content analysis method, I ask and answer some questions. For example, how are Collective biography method and Content analysis method transplanted into Merton’s dissertation from elsewhere? And how are they taken as the fundamental method of Merton’s dissertation (or Merton Sociology Science) finally? Besides, the kind of shift that can be realized what is the condition? Without doubt, the aim of research is pondering whether has it (Merton understands the science with the sociological method) the rationality?In brief, we study thoroughly Merton’s dissertation. It not only may fill the neglect and insufficiency of the domestic academic circles to Merton’s dissertation, also may make up the own flaw of Merton Sociology Science. Perhaps, certain statement or reply to question in the article is not thorough, but it is for the purpose of offering a few ordinary introductory remarks so that others may offer their valuable ideas and cause the attention of the domestic academic circles to Merton’s dissertation.

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Discussion of the Establishment of Government Credit System

On 28/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The establishment of Social credit system is the inevitable requirement of the development of our country’s socialist market economy, in which, the establishment of government credit system take the role of foundation and example. From Basic concept, with the angle of politics, law and ethics, this paper have analyzed the essence of government credit and government credit system, and pointed out government credit system’s position and role in Social credit system, and made some suggestion of establishment of our country’s government credit system combining the present situation and reason of its short.This paper is divided into 4 parts. The first part has introduced the essence of government credit. It starts with credit concept discrimination, and then has analyzed the essence and feature of government credit, and finally domestic and international theory origin of government credit is discussed; The second part has elaborated the formation of government credit system on the basis of government credit’s meaning , and has discussed government credit system’s role and the key position in entire Social credit system; The third part has analyzed the present situation of government credit of our country, and discussed the historical and realistic source of its short from many angles ; The fourth part is the focal point of this paper. It has made some thoughts about how to establish and perfect government credit system. In view of the factors that influence the establishment of government credit system is various, that is, on politics, law and morals, the author thinks that the goal on politics should be the transition of government itself, the focal point of law should be the establishment of sincerity principle on administrative law, and should strengthen the construction of official virtue in moral field.

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The Study of Deng Xiaoping’s System Construction Thought

On 23/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

The thesis seeks to analyze and illustrate Deng Xiaoping’s system construction from various perspectives and hope to arouse the public attention to this theory. Deng Xiaoping’s thought about system construction is an important component of his theory and the theoretical fruit of the system construction practice of Chinese people under his leadership. The thesis analyzes deeply the reason of thoughts of Deng Xiaoping’s system construction from the definition of system, then researches systematically main contents of it, lastly, reveals its theoretical value and realistic enlightenment.The thesis is composed of five parts:Part I is a preface. It explores the concept of system and puts forward general established principles to the study of Deng Xiaoping’s system construction.Part II presents Deng Xiaoping’s concept of system. Firstly, this part introduces the connotation of system from Deng Xiaoping’s point of view and then it points out that according to Deng Xiaoping, the Social system exists as a systematization, which consists of the essential system, regime, rules and regulations; the three-level systems have strict distinction and intrinsic link. Secondly, this part interprets Deng Xiaoping’s Social system reform theory and points out that social system reform is the core of Deng Xiaoping system’s construction.Part III explores the main contents of Deng Xiaoping’s thought of system construction. Firstly, this part interprets the necessity of system construction and its specific methods. Secondly, it points out that the Basic way of the system construction in our country should be a gradual manner. As far as it is concerned, what our reform should change is not the whole structure and the Basic nature of socialism, but the ways and mechanisms of socialist roles, which is what we call”social system reform “. The innovation of social system reform is the focus of this study.

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Study on the Training Evaluation System of Specialist

On 21/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

[Abstract]Standardized training of physicians is internationally recognized as the only way the growth of clinical experts.It palys an important and irreplaceable role in ensuring the clinician’s professional standards , strengthening the building of Health personnel , providing high-quality mdical services.However, to date, China has not yet set up a nationwide unified, standardized and scientific specialist system, to a certain extent, affected the whole of our clinical services, Health care is difficult to meet the needs of the people.Therefore.Specialist training has become an important topic of China’s reform and development of Health.This research is based on the reality of our country and aims at the developing trend of international Medical Education. First reviewed the historical evolution of Resident Training in China, and China’s current situation of training residents were analyzed. Comparison of the United States, Britain, Canada, the five major developed countries such as specialist training in the common feature, for the establishment of specialist training base our training and examination system to provide useful reference, and clearly the subject of specialist training in the construction process of evaluation system The main issues of concern. Combination of institutional change, educational evaluation theory, drawing on international standards for graduate Medical Education, specialist training base for the training proposed assessment system design framework, through expert interview, initially built “A Training Evaluation System of Specialist” .Application of Delphi method, by two rounds of expert advice, and gradually modify and improve to form a more scientific, reasonable and feasible evaluation system for standardized training of specialist doctors. Finally, the subject of study for the promotion of our resident / specialist training continued, scientific development, to ensure the quality of training needed to further explore the issues and should be the focus of the work.

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Since the new rural cooperative medical care pilot work in2003, for …

On 20/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Since the new rural cooperative Medical care pilot work in2003, for some farmers to provide Basic Medical security, the new rural cooperative medical care has achieved preliminary results. At present, the new rural cooperative medical system in the country in rural areas basically popularized to solve farmers “difficult and expensive, reducing farmers’ poverty caused by the illness back into poverty phenomenon played an important role, has been recognized by the masses. Around in the implementation process there are still problems and contradictions that can not be ignored, not only affects the actual effect of the new rural cooperative medical care, but also affect the continued operation and development of this system. Comprehensively promote the new rural cooperative medical system, there are still some outstanding issues:The farmers NRCMS enthusiasm is not high; Management system is not perfect, not yet meet the needs of the work; The new rural cooperative fund financing costs, the standard of compensation is not reasonable and limited ability to compensate; Medical supervision of the coefficient of difficulty; lag in legislation, policy, however hard; the lack of a reasonable mechanism for talented people; In the future, the new rural cooperative medical system to regulate and perfect, on several fronts:Strengthen the capacity building of Management agencies and Management services; expand financing channels, and establish long-term mechanism; to improve relations with the outside, form a good interaction situation; as soon as possible the establishment of integrated urban and rural medical insurance system and management system; strengthen the new rural cooperative medical supervision, improvemanagement efficiency; to speed up the relevant legislation, to ensure the stability of the policy of the new rural medical security system; new airal cooperative building of human resources, emphasis on the personnel training of township hospitals. This paper introduces the status of implementation of the new rural cooperative medical system in Baotou City, the system itself, medical services, the farmers there to analyze and propose appropriate solutions.

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Research on Rebuilding of Rural Cooperative Medical Treatment System in China

On 08/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Strengthen the work of rural Health care, it is a scientific development view of the implementation, construct the inevitable requirement of the socialist harmonious society, it is a well-off society of the comprehensive construction, build the Basic content of the socialist new countryside. The well-off society of comprehensive construction should not merely improve the people’s material and culture living standard, improve the people’s Health level. And the Medical treatment to be solved peasants ensures the problem, must pursue the rural cooperative Medical treatment system to reform actively. Help us to construct the Social security system of the socialist new countryside through rebuilding the research of the problem to our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system, favorable to long-term stability and development in the countryside. It is progressive that any system changes and moves the capital to another place. But the speech of the Chinese society of period for making the transition, the changes of the rural cooperative medical treatment system involve 800 million peasants’ welfare, it is a great system Engineering. Rebuild the rural cooperative medical treatment system, solve peasants’ Basic medical guarantee and risk of surviving from system, it is a Basic job of new rural construction, it is the well-off society of the comprehensive construction that must require too. This text uses the Economics, Management analytical method to scrutinize the development courses and current situations of our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system again, put forward the factor of restraining the rural cooperative medical treatment system from rebuilding, and then propose new rural cooperative medical treatment system goal principle, content, mode and operating mechanism, put forward the pointed countermeasure and suggestion finally.The full text is divided into chapter five together. Chapter one, the introduction. The background, purpose, meaning, domestic and international research dynamic status to study about the thesis have been explained, define research range, has defined the thinking, method and system frame to study in thesis, and it explains to do innovation. Chapter two, history of our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system and current situation analysis. Through sprouting to the getting up of our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system, development course, current situation, to the cooperative medical service in the early days of foundation, to the cooperative medical service of the period of the Culture Revolution, and new rural cooperative medical treatment system problem and rural cooperative medical treatment system consequence led to the fact to lack that exist explain implement, to cooperative medical service since the reform and opening-up State. Chapter three, restriction factor that our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system rebuilds, rebuild our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system from the system factor, organize the factor in microcosmic, subjective factor, Environmental factor, respects such as other factors,etc. change of the rural Economic system, marketization of medical care, peasants’ guarantee system, defect of the cooperative medical treatment system, traditional cultural custom to of our country rural cooperative medical service restriction and peasant slowly growth in earnings of development idea, the cooperative medical service raised funds the respect such as being difficult has been analyzed and explained. Chapter four, the frame of our country’s new rural cooperative medical treatment system is built up and thought, the property, mode, content and operating mechanism of goal and principle, system rebuilt to the new rural cooperative medical treatment system have been described. Have proposed three kinds of modes of the suitable China’s rural cooperative medical treatment system. Chapter five, propose the implementation suggestion of our country’s new rural cooperative medical treatment system, do a good job of legislation and propagation and Education, standardize the new rural cooperative medical service and manage, set up effective encouragement tied mechanism, expand benefited one, raise and compensate the proportion, reduce the price of medicines appropriately, standardize the medical behavior, recommend concrete implementing methods such as the pluralistic mode of the new cooperative medical service,etc.

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Who Pays for the Food Safety?

On 03/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Food security had must become an important livelihood issues while China started a new phase of development for building a well-off society in an all-round way. In recent years, frequent food safety has become a Social problem can not be ignored. However, sociology from the date of production of the reality and theory of care, research and study of traditional content, will be regarded as an important Social issues sociology topics. Moment, just because of sociology often research on food safety issues, it is bound to its mission and the academic disciplines of responsibility.Beyond all question, food safety issues are not should be ignored during the process of Social development, and food safety incident is the concentrated expression of this social problem. So, sociology provides us with an effective research paradigm of food safety incidents and Basic guidelines which has strongly reality caring, rigorous empirical spirit, the system’s ability to reflect and scientific research methods. As is well known, as a typical representative of food safety incidents, Sanlu milk powder incident has lots of characteristics, such as lasting long, wide range of interaction of the main complex, the result was obvious social characteristics. In this paper, Sanlu milk powder incident, is to understand how the event is under the action of various forces, development and end, with what kind of dynamic picture, showing what kind of structural elements. And then, through the event itself to examine the social environment in which events occurred, looking for the social mechanism that food safety incident taked place.The paper based on the dynamic scenario of recovery which the occurrence, development, evolution, the end of the Sanlu milk powder incident. Meanwhile, the background of the melamine added to milk was taked into consideration and analyzed the risk scenario that is full of security risks during the flow of milk and the logic of collective action under the trade the formation of the unspoken rules. Finally, It is apparent to show Sanlu milk powder incident reconstruction and structured elements.The study found that there is the inevitability of the Sanlu milk powder incident occurrence, because of the unique social structure and is the comprehensive result of many factors. Obviously, consumer culture of media environment and the social structure of the “bad order situation,” is the source of the Sanlu milk powder incident. Simultaneously, the existence of loopholes in conversion technology of national standards is the basis for this event, and lack of regulation play a catalytic role.Additionally, governance handled structure of the event and its lacked of supervision is the fuse during the process of the Sanlu milk powder incident and the lack of social conscience is the direct cause of this event in the industry and the business. In short, Sanlu milk powder incident impact will be profound as its reflecting China’s current food safety incidents which occurred in the social environment and social mechanisms to promote the birth of Forced type of refom with a heavy price.

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The System Logic of “Typical Unit” Organization Authority’s Change

On 24/01/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

This study is based on a case of “Typical Units” Organization—–JG Groupwhich is in northwest. Using case study of qualitative methods,conducted atwo-month field study,taking the method of literature,depth interview and observationto collect the first-hand information,then analyze the dates with scenario analysis.Weexplorated JG’s regulation,found the regulation’s change.Then we interviewed theworkers,discussed the change of their view to JG and JG’s managers.I took thischange into the background of transition of market.applying the sociological theory ofnew system doctrine interpretated the change of organization’s authority.This study is divided into five chapters.In the first chapter,the author describesthe backgroup of authority of organization,then put forward the study questions,”Typical Units” Organization’s change and why changed.The author describes thepurpose and significance in this study.Carding senior scholars’ point of view,inducingthe contribution,finding the further questions and then find my study’s train ofthought.In the second chapter,the author defines the core concept of thestudy,describes the theoretical tools and specific research methods and then purposesthe ideas of the research.In the third chapter,the author introduces the JG’sdevelopment process,comparises the organization authority between the plannedeconomic system and market Economic system. The author describes the changewhich is based on three aspects:the state’s postion in the state-ownedenterprise,employees’ self-identity feeling to the Enterprise,employees’ sense ofidentity to the business Management.In the fourth chapter,the author analyzes therelationship between environment of institution and regulation of organization. Thenthe author analyzes the authority of organization from the national environment tosocial to the stuff sense of authority.In the fifth chapter,the author obtains theconclusions of this study.This study uses the legitimacy perspective of institutional thought to observestate-owned Enterprise’s authority,change of workers’ sense of identity from plannedeconomy system to market economy system period.Based on the interaction betweenthe organization and environment(macroscopic),we find that the state-owned Enterprise’s unit system and the modern enterprese system are all restricted by thesystem of legitimacy.Based on the interaction between organization andworkers(microcosmic),workers’ sense of identity is organization’s basics.All in all,theconclusion is that: first,the authority of state-owned enterprise is changing graduallyfrom the State administration authority to enterprise authority.second,the managers’authority is increasing.third,the market transformation made the state-owendenterprise’s workers rely on the organization but not the state.fourth,market transitionmade the workers’ sense of identity to the state-owned enterprises from the value ofrational authority to the tool rational authority mainly.last, market transition made theworkers’ sense of identity to the state-owned enterprises from the belongingidentification to survive identification.

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With the development of market economy, China’s economic efficiency …

On 12/01/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

With the development of market economy, China’s Economic efficiency has been improved significantly. However, the market economy is not omnipotent, and has produced a larger income gap. The government’ regulation of redistribution and the services of public products have not kept pace. These results in Education, Health, employment and other Social resources irrational, vulnerable groups difficulty. We have this so-called Social fairness issues. Social unfair phenomena not only weaken the foundation of agriculture, but also lead to insufficient domestic demand, which restricts the sustainable development of China’s economy.The production of such unfair phenomena mainly due to deficiencies in the system, including initial distribution failed to stop the participation of non-efficiency factors and redistribution failed to give priority to fairness. While the lack of the financial system’ “public” and “normative” as well as the weak function of the social security system’ regulation also increased social unfairness. The slow pace of political reforms and judicial independence reforms also affected the realization of human rights of citizens and the fairness of political rights.The party and the government are aware of the seriousness of the issue of social fairness and actively adopting measures to solve. The second meaning of the harmonious society is the “fairness and justice”, and the Party’s 17th National Congress also put “the realization of social fairness” as a major task of “to develop socialism with Chinese characteristics”. Fairness issue is very complicated, only by starting from the system construction can we fundamentally solve them. System, which has the stability and guiding, may avoid the drawbacks of frequent change of decree to make people easier to follow. At present, we should macro-level study the fundamental causes of unfairness in the system, so as to formulate specific and complementary institutional system to avoid blind operation losses. In the Economic sphere we should establish a sound institutional system of market economy, the initial distribution should stop non-efficiency and redistribution should give priority to fairness; in the politic sphere we should ensure human rights, develop democratic politics, promote judicial independence and reform; in the cultural sphere we must concentrate on fostering civil society and actively constructing a socialist core value system; in the social sphere we should not only improve the social security system but also must improve the mechanism to express the interests of vulnerable groups and to integrate social class’interests.It is ease to find the fundamental cause of social unfair phenomena from the perspectives of the system. Then we can begin from the system constructing, by the establishment of a set of system of fairness systems to solve social fairness issues, to construct a fair and reasonable society.