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The Construction and Realization of Collaborative Learning Process Management System under the Web-based Learning Community

On 17/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The study online has become an important learning manner. Some learners with the same interest and thought have formed various collaborative learning communities by network, enhanced the study effect. But the suitable teaching ideas hasn’t been applied in study online fully, for example, from the aspect of the teacher, the learning communities could not monitor the learners and their learning process; from the aspect of the learners, the communities couldn’t supply certain condition to cultivate the learners’ ability of learning autonomy, form the community’s ownership and undertake certain responsibility and obligation, so many web-based learning communities couldn’t achieve its anticipated teaching effect.By analyzing the related theories and the excellence and shortcoming of some web-based learning systems, the article has constructed a model of collaborative learning process Management system under the web-based learning community and realized it by related technologies. Hoping to achieve the students’ self-control ability and advance the study effect.The article has discussed and introduced the designing idea and realization process of system in detail. It has been divided into seven parts:Part I: Introduction.Part II: The summarization and theory analysis of constructing the Management system.Part III: Constructing the model of Management system.Part IV: The technical routes to realize the management system.Part V: The realization of management system.Part VI: Testing of the management system.Part VII: Summarization and expectation.

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The Countermeasure Research on Perfecting the Social Security System of Informal Employment in Our Country

On 12/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Along with changes of china’s Social and Economic environment, A new employment form—-flexible employment rises in employment field. Its envelopment is in evitable. Flexible employment plays an important role in creating employment opportunity, promoting Economic envelopment and Social stability, etc. The problems rising in the course of envelopment has paid close attention to by the government, social public and academic circles,including definition, characteristics, classification and function, etc. Specially the problem of flexible employees’social insurance. It is urgent matter to protect labors’interests,alleviate employment pressure and depend social steady.Based on the introduction about the fundamental state and current policy of the flexible employment, this paper proposed problems been facing with flexible employees taking part in social insurance, and made detail analysis about the reason that why these problems come out. Based on this, this paper advanced the comprehensive policy suggestion about perfecting the social security system of the flexible employees, including increasing the overall level, carrying out the preferential policy and making the Management standard. Farther more, the paper advanced the detail policy suggestion of insurance, including the flexible employees’endowment insurance, Medical insurance, industrial injury insurance and unemployment insurance, aimed to find the solution to the problem of the flexible employees’social insurance. This research will not merely make for promoting the employment but also be in favor of helping relieve the crisis faced on our country’s social insurance fund, and make our country’s social security system perfect on covering surface, system design and Management service, etc.

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The Remote Sensing Imagery Based Investigation or Research of the Regional Rural Road Network

On 07/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

With the vigorous development of our country’s highway, road number is growing rapidly, the road level of investigation and Management can not meet the needs of transportation infrastructure development. Keeping track of Basic information and technical conditions of road traffic facilities in urban and rural areas have great significance for the use of road network, Management, planning and construction. The area of road transport facilities is very widespread and the Basic condition changed every year frequently. Direct investigation on the ground is accurate, but need to spend a lot of manpower and financial resources. This approach does not reflect the advantages of modern technology. As one of the fastest growing technology, remote sensing is being used in the investigation of Social resource information widely.This paper mainly introduces the investigation condition of current situation of rural road network for large area of regional based on remote sensing images. The information of rural road network of sub-township is extracted. A county road network system was created. This paper includes the following work. Remote sensing image was collected, researched and preprocessed. Image preprocessing includes image correction, enhancement, stitching and cutting. Extraction the regional road network based on mathematical morphology. Road network information database is established by using ARCGIS software. The thematic maps were produced. A rural road network system for the basic Management of road network was produced by using component technology finally.This paper proposed an effective model for census of the road status according to the remote sensing images for the extraction of rural road network timely in large area region. Road network in large area is able to map in a short period of time. The efficiency of road network data update was improved. The potential value of using remote sensing data in transport facilities management and planning is enhanced.The extraction of road network based on the mathematical morphology was discussed in this paper. Firstly,original image was transformed through hat and low-cap method. Then, The contrast enhancement processing maximized can enhanced road network characteristics significantly. Finally the centerline of the road was extracted through two-valued segmentation, thinning, length detection processing. Experiment meet the extraction requirements, the Method is feasible through quality evaluation.Based GIS secondary development principles competently, combined with VB and MapObjects, the rural road network system in the study area was developed. The system can manage and view road network data efficiently, which is worth popularizing.

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System Transition and Citizens’ Participation

On 07/10/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The democratic consciousness and political participation enthusiasm of citizens has been strengthened unceasingly since the reform and opening. Our party and government constantly emphasize “citizens’ orderly involved”, and take it as the important content of promoting democracy with Chinese characteristics. In villages, to expanding farmers’ orderly involved, on the one hand, farmers must be recruited to the political system and play the most part of public participation by national innovation governance system. On the other hand, by the Organization and institutionalization of farmers’ participation, gain the polymerization, expression and maintenance of interests, further strengthen their participation ability. So it is an important work with great academic value and practical significance to study the system transition and citizens’ participation, and explore the role of citizens’ participation and its developing rules.The thesis chooses “rural water distribution” as the breakthrough point, with the national gradual decentralization reform and farmers’ participation form development (evolution) as the main line, through the dynamic investigation on system and participation types such as “command system and mobilize type involved”, “pressure system and individualized involved”, “autonomous system and organizational “since the people’s communes. The thesis detailed explains farmers’ participation play the creative roles in the process of promoting rural water distribution system transition.The first chapter of thesis is academic literature review and sort out. The second and three chapters separately elaborate that in the command system and pressure system formed by the flexible of the state power, under the administrative and security administration water distribution system which government established, farmers choose maintaining and realizing personal interests as the starting point, breakout institutional obstacles through the participation of individual and institutional behavior outside and promote the transformation and development of the water resources allocation system. The fourth chapter discusses after tax and fee reform, state powers exit and production material socialization, which make the villager autonomy gradually come to reality and rural governance establish autonomous system. However, different villages formed different distribution system by the influence of external factors and internal conditions. Because the continuation of farmer’individual and institutional outside participation, some villages formed transitional state such as disordered distribution, powerful distribution and compromise distribution in respectively. Which lead to the waste of resources and disruptions, the shortage of public products supply or public affairs Management, and even it is difficult to build autonomous authority. While some farmers realized the Management of public affairs and public products supply through the organization and institutionalization of participation and establishing orderly distribution system, bottom-up granted autonomy organization management power, finally realized effective village governance.On the basis of the above study, the fifth chapter puts forward four conclusions. The farmer’participation behavior impact and breakthrough institutional obstacles continuously prompt the reform of national policy and system modes; Farmers’ participation is the subject of autonomous system establishment and development; The organization of farmers’ participation is the foundation and approach of the governance system’s development; The institutionalization of farmers’ participation is the safeguard of the the governance system’s development.

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Our Country Construction Supervision System Analysis of Influence Factors and Countermeasures

On 02/10/2014, in Management, by rain

In1988, China began to implement construction supervision system, as the PRCconstruction law bidding law of the People’s Republic of China “,”Engineering constructionsupervision regulation”,”supervision engineer qualification exam and registered try outmethod” and so on a series of laws and regulations of China issued by the constructionsupervision appearing, fundamental building system already, enormously promoted thedevelopment and perfection of construction market. Implementation of the system ofconstruction supervision, effectively improve the level of Management, project constructionand perfect and normative construction market and use effectively the construction funds play animportant role. Meanwhile construction supervision system is also gradually by grope referenceto mature, perfecting stage stage of development, but its standard and scientific degreecompared with foreign countries still exist in the very big disparity. Our country constructionsupervision system is a complex construction supervision system, relationship to project eachproject construction factors and each link, how to grasp and correctly handle the constructionsupervision system and the relationship between these factors, has become a cause extensiveconcern of Social problems.In order to better improve construction supervision system, this paper first from the basicconcept of construction supervision system in China was studied on the nature of theconstruction supervision system in China, the content, and construction supervision legalstatus and power and responsibility for research object are analyzed, the limitation of theory forconstruction supervision legal status and properties of different understanding, and expoundsthe construction supervision system in our country and the historical evolution of the influencefactors of construction supervision system analysis provides theory basis.Secondly, according to the characteristics of construction supervision system in China,and combining with China’s construction supervision system of our country’s developmentpresent situation, factors affecting the construction supervision system on the analysis, thispaper holds that Chinese construction supervision system by administrative elements, marketfactors, technological elements, international competition elements of joint action factors.Then, this paper and AHP analysis according to the model, analyses the influence factorsof construction supervision system, and combined with the evaluation index system of ourcountry construction supervision system expert grading, the relevant factors determine theconstruction supervision system evaluation indexes weights. For the proposed consummates ourcountry construction supervision system of countermeasures, provides the reasonable effectivedata to support.This paper attempts to our country construction supervision system and analyzing theinfluencing factors of AHP model establishment, master of each factors in the influence ofconstruction supervision system, to determine the influence factors on the importance of construction supervision system. Hope to be able to guide and further perfect our countryconstruction supervision system, to create a healthy and stable supervision of projectconstruction environment.

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Food Cold Chain Logistics Collaboration System Research Based on Grey Rough Set Methodology

On 02/10/2014, in Agriculture, by rain

State to the public for security, the people to eat first, eat to be as safe. Food security isclosely related to human survival, but in recent years, the phenomenon of food safety it isnot optimistic. China toxic mildew cooking oil incident, Sudan incident, melamine milkpowder incident; U.S. salmonella incident, peanut butter incident, problem eggs events;Japan’s “White Lovers” chocolate event,”Red-fu” incident, the problem of rice incident. Thisseries of food safety issues so that we deeply reflect on what is causing the “poor economicconditions in the past ‘not eat’, but is now better off ‘not eat’.” Aspects from which to resolveor gradually improve food safety, is a pressing Social problem.Food safety and the cause of the accident There are many ways in which the wholeprocess of food distribution cold chain Management and quality of the food value chain from”farm-the table,” the smooth realization has important practical significance.Food cold chain logistics in China at this stage there are a lot of problems, low efficiency,low efficiency of the food cold chain logistics and cold chain system has led to Social andeconomic benefits of double reduction. Paper in view of the food cold chain logistics systemcompared to the general system of common and unique, built on a foundation of systemsscience theory, such as systems theory, self organization theory, control theory,collaborative learning based on theories put forward ideas together in the food cold chainlogistics systems research has important practical applications and strategic guidance.Thesis that the food cold chain logistics system together is the food source from the supplysource to the receiving entity flow, the system all the members in order to ensure the food isalways necessary to maintain its quality controlled temperature environment, throughmutual collaboration, information resources sharing complementary advantages in order toachieve food cold chain of seamless logistics chain, so as to achieve food safety, cold chainlogistics operation to improve efficiency and reduce logistics costs, optimize the foodeconomy, and continuously improve customer satisfaction goals.Papers in the food cold chain logistics system for in-depth collaborative system analysissystem, the first cold chain logistics system to build a food system status parameters, andcomputational analysis of the food cold chain logistics system operating dominant roleplayed key indicators, and finally cold food chain logistics system to evaluate the status ofco-operation.Determined to dominate the literature in the past, and characterization of the keyindicators of the system running under the concept, is the food cold chain logistics systeminputs and outputs between the elements as a completely independent, separated, as agroup do not have the function of the independent state variable system, the distinctionbetween input and output elements of the system without comprehensive assessment of thestate, then the use of objective weighting method in the entropy or the classic rough settheory to determine the weight, the key to solving the system of impact indicators. Thesisthat the output of the system goal is to create synergy in the system input, conversionfoundation. The food cold chain logistics system for collaborative research, we must dig outthe lead-depth analysis of the system output or to achieve operational objectives of the system is the key inputs which then analyzes the food cold chain logistics system to achievesafety, improve logistics efficiency and reduce logistics costs, improve customer satisfaction,how about between goal indicators and associated impact. Based on this, the paperdistinguish between food cold chain logistics system inputs and outputs of the stateparameters of state parameters, the first use of gray correlation analysis, discriminant havea major impact on the system outputs a key input indicators, and further combined with Greyclustering analysis, with the gray modeling software to calculate the absolute correlationbetween the indicators, build target correlation matrix, based on correlation with the criticalvalue of the discriminant clustering results obtained, representing the element of choice todetermine the final status of critical system running order parameter. Further integration ofgray system theory and rough set methodology, structure-based methods of gray rough setmodel to evaluate the integrated system running, innovative solutions such as a simplemethodology based on a rough set theory is difficult to deal with uncertainties such as graydefects. Rough set methodology based on gray paper food cold chain logistics collaborativesystem research has important theoretical and practical significance

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Empirical Research of Enterprise Institution and Its Characteristics under Refinement Vision

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Comparative analysis of the fine level of the Enterprise system, from one side tounderstand the degree of refinement of the state system. In China’s reform and opening up andmodernization, rationalization and construction of the system is an important part of thedevelopment of Social refinement, and of the fine development of the Enterprise system basedon the premise of the fine development of the society as a whole. Not only is the systemrequirements and refinement of the text is more important is the refinement of the process ofimplementation and enforcement of the fine system is a fine organization and socialmanagement performance.Fine Social scientific knowledge and technology to streamline and rational, efficientprinciple, with the occupation and division of labor, production, Management, social servicesdepartments, each valid link in the field of human and social Health of the comprehensivedevelopment social status. The fine construction of the system constitute an important part ofthe fine social construction, the so-called fine system is the instigation of the human, financial,material and other organizations or community resources to the effective allocation andrational utilization of, and peer responsibilities, rights and facilitate the implementation of theorganization to run the whole the process of organizational system type. Meticulousmanagement is carried out with the fine system Management, and meticulous management isthe organic combination of the incentive management, scientific management and humanemanagement and unified.In this study, starting from the system of business organization, concise analysis of thefine level of the Enterprise system framework, select a good representative of fourtechnology-intensive enterprise, and its system as the inspection object, the understanding ofthe business organization of the system and its operation to understand the characteristics ofthe Chinese social system. The study uses the methodology of empirical research,comparative analysis of the characteristics of various types of enterprise system and therelative degree of refinement. Analysis of business organizations with the state’s isomorphism enterprise system and the state system structure, social system reform, construction andimprove the theoretical support; sum up the fine enterprise system and implementation of therevelation of the development of social refinement, prompting Chinese society towards thedirection of the system fine, and the rule of law.From the general situation of research, compared to state-owned enterprise and whollyowned enterprise, private enterprise and the refinement of the extent and level of the jointventure system is higher than the state-owned enterprise and wholly owned enterprise to therest system, the employee benefits system is very fine, but other systems, the implementationof and is more extensive, reward and punishment system and the regulatory system is not fine;loopholes in the system of state-owned enterprise, private enterprise and joint ventures aremore bigger, such as the wage system, staff training scheme to regulate the system isrelatively extensive type. The survey showed that the degree of refinement of the system andthe quality of enterprise is closely related to the degree of refinement and quality of enterpriseof the enterprise system, business leaders and staff quality has very close links. Usingempirical methods to study the enterprise system and its degree of refinement, is a prominentfeature of the present study, the study of innovation.In recent years, there are many social problems in China, such as coal mine safetyaccidents, food and drug quality problems, serious traffic accidents, and institutional lack ofextensive and system implementation process closely related to the lack of responsibility. Theinstitutionalization of management and experience-based management of the correspondingmode of social organization of the rule of law and the rule of man. The social system refers tothe social organizations to develop to achieve organizational objectives, regulate andstandardize the rules of the organization members of action or system of norms, the systemincluding the national system (e.g., law) and the system of social organization, such asenterprise and institutions of the Ordinance, Articles of Association and discipline. Meticulousmanagement has become a hot topic in business management, it proposed five fine, theessence, the essence of quality, proficiency, precision; market segments and customers in thebreakdown of business organization, functions and positions. refine the decomposition of eachstrategic decision-making, goals, tasks, plans, instructions, detailed enterprise managementsystem, and even the full implementation of the practice of business management. However,social modernization, the development requirements of the fine of not only the business orother management issues of social organization and, more importantly, it may be a matter ofsocial modernization, global strategic issues. In other words, not only companies andorganizations to achieve a fine, and the whole community also needs refinement. Therefore,there is a new dimension of social modernization, that is extensive-the fine dimensions of social development issues.

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The Structure of Low Carbon Economy Audit System in China

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Recent years,as the global situation of Environmental problem became worse andworse, low carbon economy has become the hot point as a new economy developmentpattern to solve the climate problem. Low carbon economy development pattern is toarrange Economic activities with low carbon economy theory, based on low cost, lowpollution, low emission and high efficiency and high benefit, with a method of energysaving and emission reduction. Not only energy Industry, but also building trade, chemicalengineering and manufacturing business hand for green economy development of lowcarbon or carbon-free. Facing up the reality needs of the country economy development,our government brought up the target of17.3%reduction of unit GDP in “the twelfth fiveyears planning”. As the supervisor, audit should play a significant role in the developmentof low carbon economy and the realization of the energy saving and emission reductiontarget, and low carbon economy audit is very significant.This article researches on low carbon economy audit in China, which uses normativeresearch and case study. It takes examples of America, Denmark, Britain and Hong Kongin China, according that, we discusses the frame work of low carbon economy audit inChina. And also, we take the example of cement industry as a case study. Finally, weanalyses the current situation of low carbon economy audit in China and the difficulties wefaced, and also gives some suggestion in hope to offer some helps.

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Research on Staff Incentive Mechanism Multi-National Corporation

On 21/09/2013, in Management, by rain

With the advent of China’s Economic integration in the world today and after its accession to the WTO in the past decades, China’s enterprises are now facing increasingly fierce competition. Competition of the past that relies on new products, new technology is slowing being replaced by competition of human resources. Corporate employees as invaluable human potential have become key factors in determining the success of enterprises. People, especially the excellent staff, represent the soft power of enterprises and enterprises should tap the potential of employees by stimulating enthusiasm in their work. The percentage of highly educated talent will increase along with the overall rapid Economic development in China. The top priority of China Enterprise is to be able to mobilize this highly educated group of people, to stimulate their enthusiasm in work and to allow them to achieve their highest potential in their working environment. Understanding staff incentive system in multinational companies has not only important theoretical significance but also practical values. A renowned French Management guru, Fayol once pointed out that “incentive creation for staff is undoubtedly the core of a Management system”. Staff is the soul of an Enterprise, especially the good employees whose efficiency in work is highly valued. The ability of employees of multinational companies to adapt to non-native environment should be encouraged. Although multinational companies have large size, the efficiency of the employees still has room for improvement. Many domestic multinational companies do not place high value of importance on staff and thus, the enthusiasm of the employees discouraged. This only shows that the multinational staff incentive system is still imperfect and lacks concerns for employees. To strengthen employees’ sense of belonging, to stimulate their creativity, regulations of the countries where these multinational companies belong to must also be bold and innovative, based upon people-oriented principles. There is still substantial room for development of domestic multinational staff productivity and potential under the backdrop of global Economic integration, which has not been given due consideration and attention. This paper investigates various incentive principles and exams multidisciplinary aspects of research work on how to motivate employees. Studies rested upon the current multinational companies’structures, comprehensively summarize the experience of success in these companies as well as identify the problems and shortcomings of multinational companies in the employee incentive system. Taking Internship Company as an example and gathered from extensive consultation with industry experts and views from senior people in the industry, pointers of innovation of the multinational staff incentive are listed below.

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The Research on PI Country Ecological Agriculture Tourism Planning Based on Emergy Theory

On 19/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

In recent years, many parts of China are seeking to develop eco-Agricultural tourism,making the region’s natural Agricultural landscape and Social and cultural environment rapidly changed. Additionally, some local planning is over-pursuit of short-term Economic benefits, resulting in that the pace of development and construction is far beyond the regulation range of its own ecosystem, damages the ecological environment severely, and impacts sustainable and healthy development of eco-Agricultural tourism. Therefore, it is necessary to make planning for the construction of eco-agricultural tourism scientifically. In addition, the current eco-agriculture tourism planning is mostly qualitative, and is lack of quantitative research. So, this study which takes eco-agricultural tourism of Pi country as object, through the ecological Economics of quantitative analysis, makes ecological agriculture tourism environment and economy of the input and output with unified metrics to measure,makes scientific evaluation of the internal law of ecological agriculture tourism system, puts forward reasonable suggestions and countermeasures for eco-agricultural tourism planning, and then provides scientific basis and guidance for the Pi country.This study used a combination of theoretical and empirical, qualitative and quantitative research methods. Firstly, studied the eco-agricultural tourism and emergy theory basically, defined the concept of eco-agricultural tourism and classification, analyzed the overview and research trends of emergy theory, discussed the feasibility emergy analysis of eco-agricultural tourism and its application value,and builted the emergy indices and evaluation system. Then, studied the status of Pi country eco-agricultural tourism through literature, interviews and field reconnaissance, quantified and analyzed the development of eco-agricultural tourism under temporal dimension and regional differences between the towns under the space dimensions combined with a large number of Basic data analyze the system features and problems deeply, and put forward the system optimized advice and planning strategies of Pi country eco-agricultural tourism. Finally, based on the above qualitative research and quantitative evaluation conclusion, proposed the Pi country eco-agricultural tourism optimization suggestion and planning countermeasures from the eco-agricultural tourism economy system, tourism landscape systems, ecological systems.