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Research on Influencing Factors of Low Carbon Agriculture Development in China Based on the System

On 13/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Facing the challenges of Global climate change, the world set off upsurge reduction of low carbon emission, as the world’s third-largest country of the economic output, under the pressure of low carbon emissions, the Chinese Government made bold and firm decision to develop low carbon economy, low carbon agriculture came into being. Fundamentally changing traditional agriculture to low carbon agriculture, implementing modern low carbon agriculture construction, has become a trend and tendency of agricultural development in the world today. The beginning of low carbon agriculture faces both huge opportunities and a series of challenges.The existing research of low carbon agriculture mainly focused on the necessity, models, techniques and some discussion, theory of narrative, less empirical research. Especially, the very few empirical research of low-carbon agricultural development affected by system factors, based on micro-perspective.First of all, this study defines the system, modern agriculture and low carbon agriculture. We set institutional change theory, the transaction cost theory and James S.Coleman’s sociological rational choice theories as a starting point, it analysis that farmers agree or do not agree with the initiatives for low carbon agricultural development is or is not a process of rational choice, and try to explore in depth which system factors effects farmers do not support the development of low-carbon agriculture. In order to achieve this objective, according the random sampling method, we survey the farmers with interview from15provinces on the Eastern, Central and Western regions, the resulting effective questionnaires316. Study finds that the production base which low carbon agricultural develop with two distinct characteristics:one is lower participation rate; the other is lower revenues. The Logistic regression analysis model finds that, significant factors affecting farmers not agree with low carbon development initiatives has seven variables which is agriculture farmers’ educational level and age, neighborhood open space, methane-generating pit-building, agricultural subsidies, materials usage changes after agricultural subsidies, formula fertilization by soil testing technology usage. In the development of Low carbon agricultural, agriculture subsidies system become the biggest obstacles. Through James S.Coleman’s sociological rational choice theories analysis suggests that farmers agree or do not agree with the initiatives for low carbon agricultural development is a process of rational choice. In addition to the features agriculture subsidies system, the features of land management system and agricultural technology extension system also hamper the development of low carbon agriculture.Results of this study have important implications for the development of low carbon agriculture. Corresponding suggestions has been proposed:fully playing the main role of farmers, stepping up publicity mechanism; reforming rural land management system, establishing environment-friendly system of Energy conservation and emission reduction; continuing to increase the intensity of agricultural subsidies, appropriate changing indicators Structure of agricultural subsidies; Establishment and improvement supporting system of agricultural technology of low carbon agricultural development.

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Studies on Development Planning of Regional Modern Agriculture Park System

On 13/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Modern agricultural park is a new agricultural modernization of our countryagriculture emerged in the1990s,plays an important role for the development ofagriculture. Modern agriculture is an interdisciplinary areas, with the development anddeepening of the theory,especially for the development of regional agricultural park,construction of the theory and research is still insufficient. In this case, there are importantpractical significance for the study of development of modern agriculture park regionalsystem planning and design, use the integrated system analysis, empirical research method,planning and design of model construction, systems integration and other research methods.Integration of urban planning, agriculture, economy, environmental protection and otherrelated theories, attempts to analyze the problems in the development of regional modernagricultural park, and actively explore the appropriate planning and design methods,concrete implementation to the actual case, provide the reference for the study of futureregional agricultural parks,and provide a new planning ideas and approaches for park’splanning and construction.This paper focuses on the issues of regional development of modern agriculture, putforward and perfecting modern agricultural location theory, the theory of agricultural multifunctionality, regional advantage theory, urban-rural integration theory. Construction ofmodern agricultural park has been drawn to the grand blueprint,how to achieve andbecome a problem.we must face. On the one hand, in order to avoid the development of alllevels park freestyle in the future, macro layout is not science, led the park can not shareresources, resulting in a greater waste of resources; On the other hand, in order toaccurately find every park’s positioning, build the link between parks and parkconstruction sequence, hereby proposes regional modern agricultural park planning. In thispaper the existing theory is improved and further, in order to deepen regional modernagricultural park system development planning, to provide a complete planning systemwith universal guiding significance for the future of regional agricultural park planning andconstruction.Taking the planning of regional agriculture park system in Kunming city as anexample,a frame-work of planning gregional agriculture parks system was set up.Thegeneral principles of objectives for planning and development should be put forward basedon the analysis of planning back ground and conditions of the regional agriculture parks.The layout of planning the agriculture park system consists of the layout of planning the industrial development, the spatial structure, the grade and size structure, the functionalstructure of the agriculture park in the region. The classification guidance plan ofconstructing different kinds of agriculture park, the in–frastructure and key constructionprojects planned in the near future are important contents of planning regional agriculturepark system. The innovation of institution, industry, system, mechanisms of managementand operationare the important guarantee for constructing the modern agriculture parks in aregion. Building a scientifice valuation system and suitable evaluation procedures andpractical methods should be focused on when the construction situations of agricultureparks in a region are evaluated.

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A Research on the Development of Caofeidian Port Ore Logistics System

On 13/09/2013, in Management, by rain

As Hebei Costal Planning become national strategy, Caofeidian Port welcomes new opportunities in recent years. Caofeidian is a golden land in Hebei costal economic development area, and it plays an important role in ore transport systems of Tianjin and Hebei province. As an international distributing port of energy and raw materials, world-level industrialized base, national storage and distribution center for commercial energies in North China, Caofeidian port made a dramatic growth in ore distribution since port opening in2005. The handling capacity of ore achieved6,6130,000tons and8,7470,000tons in2010and2011respectively, and it accounted for70%and74%of Tangshan port. According to relevant industry and port construction planning, ore distribution in Caofeidian will continue to grow during the twelfth five-year plan.Although the ore throughput in Caofeidian port has increased rapidly, a perfect ore logistics system has not been formed, such as the nearby steel companies do not realize the importance of cooperation in logistics management. At the same time, for the ability of railway and highway cannot match the capacity of distribution, ships are often kept in anchorage area for several days. All the above problems influenced the further development of ore business. Therefore, how to establish a high-efficient ore logistics system has become a general concerned problem in Caofeidian steel companies. With the purpose of providing a new thinking for the nearby steel companies in Caofeidian, especially to reduce the logistics cost, the present study proposed a new ore logistics system, and the results show that the system will have a higher efficiency. What’s more, in this paper the best logistics nodes are computed through the linear planning model and genetic algorithm and then the best logistics corridors.

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Research on Problem of Guangzhou Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine

On 11/09/2013, in Trade, by rain

In recent years, competition in international trade has become increasingly fierce due tothe intensifying of global economic integration. The worldwide economic crisis in2008leftthe city of Guangzhou with heavy reality which finds many of its trade partners, such as theUS, the EU and Japan, all taking a firm stand on trade protectionism. Facing an ever difficultsituation in international trade, Guangzhou’s import and export companies, base on theirpressing needs towards easier trading processes, lesser customs clearance costs and otheraspects, have called for departments such as the Guangzhou Entry-Exit Inspection andQuarantine Bureau to simplify their customs formalities as well as improving their services.Simplifying customs formalities and improving related services has hence becoming animportant issue on Guangzhou Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau’s agenda. Thispaper is to study how to improve the service performance of Guangzhou Entry-ExitInspection and Quarantine Bureau. Questionnaires respectively answered by the clients andstaffs of Guangzhou Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau help to figure out theexisting service-related problems and the key factors that constrain the enhancement of theservice efficiency, combined with practical work. On that basis, countermeasures andsuggestions are given for improving the service performance of Guangzhou Entry-ExitInspection and Quarantine Bureau, learning from the successful cases from developedcountries and regions around the world.This paper consists of five parts. Chapter One is the introduction to the backgroundinformation, the content, the significance and the method of the research, as well as thepresent domestic and international situations. Chapter Two describes the service developmentof Guangzhou Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau and the present situation.Questionnaires are respectively given to clients and staffs to find out the main problems in theservice performance and their attitude and opinions on the possible innovation in service.Chapter Three analyzes the4elements which have been hindering service performance inGuangzhou’s entry-exit inspection and quarantine, and they are: policies and regulation, thesystem, human resource and coordination mechanisms within and outside the bureau. ChapterFour looks are cases from developed countries and regions, examples from the US, the EU, Japan, Singapore and South Korea etc. are studied and explored. Chapter Five brings forwardcounter strategy and advices for improving the service performance of Guangzhou’s entry-exit inspection and quarantine, altogether, seven solutions are found.

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Comparative Research about Old Age Pension System and Management in China and Ireland

On 10/09/2013, in Finance, by rain

Old age pension system is not only an important symbol to measure one country’s social civilization, but also is a key factor that influences political stability and economic development of one country. After more than60years’exploration, China made lots of big achievement and fumbled some experience in old age pension system and management. But comparing with the welfare states in the west, Chinese old age pension system and its management lag too far behind. With the trend of aging population become more and more clear in China, the demographic dividend is decreasing and the government’s burden to support old people become heavier; how to innovate the current old age pension system and achieve the goal of effective management of different kinds of pension funds become a big problem of our government.As one of the top five welfare countries in the world, Irish old age pension system and management are more developed. Like its basic old age pension system paid more attention to social justice, the occupational pension spread widely thought out the country. It formed developed ways on fund management and effectively guaranteed the old persons’basic living demands, enhanced retirement income and resolved the government’s hard problem of support old people on the background of aging population. So doing the research on Irish old age pension system and management and learning good experiences can help our government to develop the current old age pension system and management; it also has important significance to our country’s future old age pension career.Based on the above mentioned aim, this thesis mainly uses document research method and comparative research method to collect first hand materials and analyze the old age pension system and management in China and Ireland. It can be divided into four chapters according to the process of two countries’old age pension system and management which are fund collection, fund investment, risk control and fund payment. The thesis did not include basic pension provided by one government, but also comprise occupational pension which plays a more and more important role in modern years.About the structure of every section of the article, the first step is to introduce one special old age pension’s system or management method in Ireland, then making compares with Chinese method and raising short comes on pension system and management. Like our government did not paid enough attention to social justice on basic pension collection, basic pension system do not have an unified policy; the design of the manager of basic pension investment is not reasonable; the government intervene to the risk control of basic pension is not rational; The government’s burden to pay for the basic pension is too heavy. Finally, it concludes some enlightens of Irish experience of pension system and management to China. Like for the basic pension, government should pay more attention to collect richer one’s fund during collection, should appoint rational manager and innovate investment channels in the investment session, the inside and out side supervision should be improved for the risk control, and the substitution rate of basic old age pension should be reduced.

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Research on Collective Forest Right System Reformation in Jixi, Heilongjiang Province

On 10/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Abstracts: Located in the southeast of Heilongjiang province and neighbored the Russia, Jixi hasthree Counties (city) and six Districts. The forest area is620000hectares, and the total volume of liveforestry reached45.92million cubic meters. During the forest right reformation, approximately1.645million acres forest was transferred from state-owned to the township (town) or village collectiveforestry land. About654000acres, accounting for about38.6%of the total collective forest land area,was divided into the general zoology forest. The development of collective forestry is the foundation forthe well-being of forestry development in Jixi.In this paper, we investigated the history, present situation and the difficulties on the managementof collective forest in Jixi, and analyzed the experience of forestry right system reformation. In order tostraighten out the collective forest management system, make full implement on the ownership and useright of forest land and wood for farmers, arousing their enthusiasm in the construction andmanagement of forest, and eventually to build a modern forestry property right system of “make clearthe property ownership, responsibilities and rights, strictly guarantee the interests, and provide effectivesupervision service”, and put forward some relevant suggestions for the government departments.The research methods include:(ⅰ) Literature reading. We look up literatures concerning thereform and development of collective forests, and then get the conclusions by comparison andsummarization. We also pay attention to collecting the file material not officially published, so as tomake some necessary amendment and correction for the published data.(ⅱ) On-the-spot investigation.In order to grasp the specific conditions accurately, we visited each County (City) and District, and getfirst-hand data for paper perparation.(ⅲ) Combine theory with practice. We obtained a large number ofreliable data through literatures and investigation, and made in-depth analysis on the factors affectingthe transformation of forest right system by applying the theories of economics, management andsociology.According to the actual progress, we summarized the initial results of forest right systemreformation in Jixi, pointed out causes for the existing problems, and put forward some countermeasureson the forest right system reform as references for the relevant departments. The conclusion we get wereas follows: The relevant farmers showed high enthusiasm in forest right system reform, the task ofproperty rights certification has basically completed, and the reform results also gradually revealed.With the advancement of forest right reform, it becomes urgent to solve the up-coming problems. Basedon the results of this paper and successful experience from other areas, we put forward some solutionsof clearing the forest rights, increasing the investment and subsidies, perfecting the cutting regulation,and implementing the forest insurance. The forest right reform is a significant change for ruralmanagement system, and a lot of deep problems including how to get rich and management trees for thefarmers, need to do further research.

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Research on Evaluation Index System of Green Mines Construction, Heilongjiang Province

On 06/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

Green mine is a mining industry development model that it willachieve optimisation of development of mineral resources and minimizethe influence of ecological environment under the premise of disturbanceof mine environment less than regional environment.《The guidance of Ministry of Land and Resources convention onimplementing the national mineral resources plan and developing greenmining and building green mines》 points out that in August,2010, wewill realize adequately the realistic and strategic significance of buildinggreen mines and developing green mining, relize the dominant positionand function that mining enterprises promote the development of greenmining, and ask for making the development planning of green miningand determining the work task and promoting all work to develop, reachthe goal of building green mines.There are some problems in development of mineral resources thatmine layout is unreasonable and the number is too much; the intensivedevelopment degree of resource and the level of comprehensiveutilization is low. How to make sure a sustainable healthy development ofmine in our province becomes more profound.This article is intended to combine with the truth of mining inHeilongjiang Province, structures a green mine evaluation index system,sets up acceptance criteria and scoring, and provides opinion and thoughtand technology roadmap about building green mine in HeilongjiangProvince.This research considers adequately the harmonious estimateinfluence factor of building green mine, and references the target system of the harmonious society and the sustainable development from allunits.It adopts the system of menu multi-index type from CSD(Commission on Sustainable Development), build the system of greenmine from three first-class indicator and nine secondary indexes. Itcontains social security composite indicator; resource comprehensiveutilization index and environmental protection composite indicator.Social security composite indicator is divided into mines according to law;standard management; corporate culture and social security four parts.Resource comprehensive utilization index is divided into resourceutilization and technology innovation two parts. Environmental protectioncomposite indicator is split into energy conservation and emissionsreduction; environmental protection and restoration treatment three parts.It adopts inear weighted average method to calculate. In addition,we setmines according to law for the index of veto, and stand out fairness andseriousness.It will make exploration and development and protection of mineralstandard; urge mining enterprises to improve the mothed of developmentcontinually according to the standard of building green mine consciously;enhance the level of use; promote energy conservation and emissionsreduction; implement corporate social responsibility; achieve rationaldevelopment; spare resources; environmental protection; safety inproduction and harmonious community. It establishes a theoreticalscientific basis for the launch of green mine construction in HeilongjiangProvince.

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Research on Organization Model and Influence Factors of Organization Development

On 06/09/2013, in Economics papers, by rain

The21st century is the century of competition, especially in the talent competition isparticularly important, whether it is the birth, operation and growth of the organization, orproduction of products or services and innovations, all basis on human. In addition,research on organizations lack overall systematic research, the system analysis hasimportant significance. In this paper, base on combination of the ideology and systemtheory,talk about the organization defined, organizational model and organizationaldevelopment issues.First, overview of different scholars awareness of the organization, different schoolsof thought on organization theory research progress; Second, on organizationaldevelopment issues, talk about organizational environment, organizational culture and thelife cycle; Finally elaborate the concepts, characteristics and elements of organizationalcore competencies.With all the organic research of the organization, and learn from the study oftraditional Chinese medicine theory, analog elements constitute organizations, contrastdifferent types of organizations, at last build organizational model. According to thedevelopment factor of personal characters, this paper analyzes the factors of organizationaldevelopment. By congenital factors and environmental factors affect human development,and character development different individuals, and thus research on organizationdevelopment starting from the internal and external environmental.Finally, take Beijing-Hengshui Management Office of Heibei as a example,conducted a sample survey of the members’ demand, then calculate statistical data baseon SPSS analysis. At last building the organizational model and the core competitiveness.The purpose of this study is to hope that find a clear understanding of the complexsystem organization’s operation, and provide a useful reference for the leader of theorganization and management.

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Mechanism of Economic Cooperation Between the Provincial Government

On 03/09/2013, in International, by rain

Regional economic integration is an important trend in today’s world economic development. Economic cooperation mechanism between the Government of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone, aims to explore how to establish an effective mechanism for economic cooperation between the Government of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone, in order to achieve positive interaction between the development of the economic zone, to promote the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic the formation of the economic integration of the situation. Specifically, the following construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone intergovernmental economic cooperation mechanism discussed:First, learn the theory of the Economic Zone intergovernmental economic cooperation, from the point of view of the integration of administrative and economic zone proposed economic cooperation between the Government of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone to promote both the interactive development. Combined with the more mature economic zone experience of the inter-govemmental economic cooperation mechanism analysis, summed up the experience and the need to overcome the lack of economic cooperation mechanism between the Government of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone is worth learning.Second, from the three aspects of the objective basis of the driving factors as well as the willingness to cooperate more systematic collation and analysis of the existing conditions and the potential for development of the Economic Cooperation between the Government of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone.Third, on the basis of the above study, from the three aspects of intergovernmental economic cooperation mechanism built stage process to select the form and relevant supporting mechanism proposed scenarios to build economic cooperation mechanism between the Government of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone.economic cooperation mechanism built stage process to select the form and relevant supporting mechanism proposed scenarios to build economic cooperation mechanism between the Government of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone.