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Empirical Research of Enterprise Institution and Its Characteristics under Refinement Vision

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Comparative analysis of the fine level of the Enterprise system, from one side tounderstand the degree of refinement of the state system. In China’s reform and opening up andmodernization, rationalization and construction of the system is an important part of thedevelopment of Social refinement, and of the fine development of the Enterprise system basedon the premise of the fine development of the society as a whole. Not only is the systemrequirements and refinement of the text is more important is the refinement of the process ofimplementation and enforcement of the fine system is a fine organization and socialmanagement performance.Fine Social scientific knowledge and technology to streamline and rational, efficientprinciple, with the occupation and division of labor, production, Management, social servicesdepartments, each valid link in the field of human and social Health of the comprehensivedevelopment social status. The fine construction of the system constitute an important part ofthe fine social construction, the so-called fine system is the instigation of the human, financial,material and other organizations or community resources to the effective allocation andrational utilization of, and peer responsibilities, rights and facilitate the implementation of theorganization to run the whole the process of organizational system type. Meticulousmanagement is carried out with the fine system Management, and meticulous Management isthe organic combination of the incentive management, scientific management and humanemanagement and unified.In this study, starting from the system of business organization, concise analysis of thefine level of the Enterprise system framework, select a good representative of fourtechnology-intensive enterprise, and its system as the inspection object, the understanding ofthe business organization of the system and its operation to understand the characteristics ofthe Chinese social system. The study uses the methodology of empirical research,comparative analysis of the characteristics of various types of enterprise system and therelative degree of refinement. Analysis of business organizations with the state’s isomorphism enterprise system and the state system structure, social system reform, construction andimprove the theoretical support; sum up the fine enterprise system and implementation of therevelation of the development of social refinement, prompting Chinese society towards thedirection of the system fine, and the rule of law.From the general situation of research, compared to state-owned enterprise and whollyowned enterprise, private enterprise and the refinement of the extent and level of the jointventure system is higher than the state-owned enterprise and wholly owned enterprise to therest system, the employee benefits system is very fine, but other systems, the implementationof and is more extensive, reward and punishment system and the regulatory system is not fine;loopholes in the system of state-owned enterprise, private enterprise and joint ventures aremore bigger, such as the wage system, staff training scheme to regulate the system isrelatively extensive type. The survey showed that the degree of refinement of the system andthe quality of enterprise is closely related to the degree of refinement and quality of enterpriseof the enterprise system, business leaders and staff quality has very close links. Usingempirical methods to study the enterprise system and its degree of refinement, is a prominentfeature of the present study, the study of innovation.In recent years, there are many social problems in China, such as coal mine safetyaccidents, food and drug quality problems, serious traffic accidents, and institutional lack ofextensive and system implementation process closely related to the lack of responsibility. Theinstitutionalization of management and experience-based management of the correspondingmode of social organization of the rule of law and the rule of man. The social system refers tothe social organizations to develop to achieve organizational objectives, regulate andstandardize the rules of the organization members of action or system of norms, the systemincluding the national system (e.g., law) and the system of social organization, such asenterprise and institutions of the Ordinance, Articles of Association and discipline. Meticulousmanagement has become a hot topic in business management, it proposed five fine, theessence, the essence of quality, proficiency, precision; market segments and customers in thebreakdown of business organization, functions and positions. refine the decomposition of eachstrategic decision-making, goals, tasks, plans, instructions, detailed enterprise managementsystem, and even the full implementation of the practice of business management. However,social modernization, the development requirements of the fine of not only the business orother management issues of social organization and, more importantly, it may be a matter ofsocial modernization, global strategic issues. In other words, not only companies andorganizations to achieve a fine, and the whole community also needs refinement. Therefore,there is a new dimension of social modernization, that is extensive-the fine dimensions of social development issues.

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The Structure of Low Carbon Economy Audit System in China

On 23/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Recent years,as the global situation of Environmental problem became worse andworse, low carbon economy has become the hot point as a new economy developmentpattern to solve the climate problem. Low carbon economy development pattern is toarrange Economic activities with low carbon economy theory, based on low cost, lowpollution, low emission and high efficiency and high benefit, with a method of energysaving and emission reduction. Not only energy Industry, but also building trade, chemicalengineering and manufacturing business hand for green economy development of lowcarbon or carbon-free. Facing up the reality needs of the country economy development,our government brought up the target of17.3%reduction of unit GDP in “the twelfth fiveyears planning”. As the supervisor, audit should play a significant role in the developmentof low carbon economy and the realization of the energy saving and emission reductiontarget, and low carbon economy audit is very significant.This article researches on low carbon economy audit in China, which uses normativeresearch and case study. It takes examples of America, Denmark, Britain and Hong Kongin China, according that, we discusses the frame work of low carbon economy audit inChina. And also, we take the example of cement industry as a case study. Finally, weanalyses the current situation of low carbon economy audit in China and the difficulties wefaced, and also gives some suggestion in hope to offer some helps.

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Research on Staff Incentive Mechanism Multi-National Corporation

On 21/09/2013, in Management, by rain

With the advent of China’s Economic integration in the world today and after its accession to the WTO in the past decades, China’s enterprises are now facing increasingly fierce competition. Competition of the past that relies on new products, new technology is slowing being replaced by competition of human resources. Corporate employees as invaluable human potential have become key factors in determining the success of enterprises. People, especially the excellent staff, represent the soft power of enterprises and enterprises should tap the potential of employees by stimulating enthusiasm in their work. The percentage of highly educated talent will increase along with the overall rapid Economic development in China. The top priority of China Enterprise is to be able to mobilize this highly educated group of people, to stimulate their enthusiasm in work and to allow them to achieve their highest potential in their working environment. Understanding staff incentive system in multinational companies has not only important theoretical significance but also practical values. A renowned French Management guru, Fayol once pointed out that “incentive creation for staff is undoubtedly the core of a Management system”. Staff is the soul of an Enterprise, especially the good employees whose efficiency in work is highly valued. The ability of employees of multinational companies to adapt to non-native environment should be encouraged. Although multinational companies have large size, the efficiency of the employees still has room for improvement. Many domestic multinational companies do not place high value of importance on staff and thus, the enthusiasm of the employees discouraged. This only shows that the multinational staff incentive system is still imperfect and lacks concerns for employees. To strengthen employees’ sense of belonging, to stimulate their creativity, regulations of the countries where these multinational companies belong to must also be bold and innovative, based upon people-oriented principles. There is still substantial room for development of domestic multinational staff productivity and potential under the backdrop of global economic integration, which has not been given due consideration and attention. This paper investigates various incentive principles and exams multidisciplinary aspects of research work on how to motivate employees. Studies rested upon the current multinational companies’structures, comprehensively summarize the experience of success in these companies as well as identify the problems and shortcomings of multinational companies in the employee incentive system. Taking Internship Company as an example and gathered from extensive consultation with industry experts and views from senior people in the industry, pointers of innovation of the multinational staff incentive are listed below.

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The Research on PI Country Ecological Agriculture Tourism Planning Based on Emergy Theory

On 19/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

In recent years, many parts of China are seeking to develop eco-Agricultural tourism,making the region’s natural Agricultural landscape and Social and cultural environment rapidly changed. Additionally, some local planning is over-pursuit of short-term Economic benefits, resulting in that the pace of development and construction is far beyond the regulation range of its own ecosystem, damages the ecological environment severely, and impacts sustainable and healthy development of eco-Agricultural tourism. Therefore, it is necessary to make planning for the construction of eco-agricultural tourism scientifically. In addition, the current eco-agriculture tourism planning is mostly qualitative, and is lack of quantitative research. So, this study which takes eco-agricultural tourism of Pi country as object, through the ecological Economics of quantitative analysis, makes ecological agriculture tourism environment and economy of the input and output with unified metrics to measure,makes scientific evaluation of the internal law of ecological agriculture tourism system, puts forward reasonable suggestions and countermeasures for eco-agricultural tourism planning, and then provides scientific basis and guidance for the Pi country.This study used a combination of theoretical and empirical, qualitative and quantitative research methods. Firstly, studied the eco-agricultural tourism and emergy theory basically, defined the concept of eco-agricultural tourism and classification, analyzed the overview and research trends of emergy theory, discussed the feasibility emergy analysis of eco-agricultural tourism and its application value,and builted the emergy indices and evaluation system. Then, studied the status of Pi country eco-agricultural tourism through literature, interviews and field reconnaissance, quantified and analyzed the development of eco-agricultural tourism under temporal dimension and regional differences between the towns under the space dimensions combined with a large number of Basic data analyze the system features and problems deeply, and put forward the system optimized advice and planning strategies of Pi country eco-agricultural tourism. Finally, based on the above qualitative research and quantitative evaluation conclusion, proposed the Pi country eco-agricultural tourism optimization suggestion and planning countermeasures from the eco-agricultural tourism economy system, tourism landscape systems, ecological systems.

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The Research on Information Disclosure System of Unlisted State-Owned Enterprises

On 17/09/2013, in Management, by rain

The state-owned enterprises as the backbone of China’s national economy, theimprovement of its corporate governance structure is essential. In recent years, the variousproblems in State-owned enterprises’ corporate governance aroused more and moreattention. The theoretical proved that a perfect information disclosure system is thecornerstone of corporate governance. In this paper, from the start of the interactionrelationship between information disclosure and corporate governance, select the unlistedstate-owned enterprises as the research object, discussed the improvement of its corporategovernance. The state-owned enterprises belong to the whole people, so the public shouldbe one of the important subjects of corporate governance. The main ways of the public toplay its governance role is through the media to supervise and constraint the state-ownedenterprises. But recently the financial information of state-owned enterprises not open tothe public, which makes the public be difficult to obtain information about the operation,let alone the participation in governance. Therefore, building the unlisted state-ownedenterprises’ information public disclosure system, through the mandatory requirements ofthe system, placed the unlisted state-owned enterprises under the supervisions of the public.This way will improve the efficiency of supervision and the corporate governance structureof the unlisted state-owned enterprises.In this paper, first review the theoretical studies at home and abroad, then found thatthe theoretical circles have reached consensus on the interactive relationship betweencorporate governance and information disclosure. But these studies are mostly for listedcompanies, few scholars study for unlisted state-owned enterprises. So this article based onthe perspective of corporate governance, try to establish the information disclosure systemfor unlisted state-owned enterprises is theoretical and practical significance.Second, define the concept of corporate governance and information disclosure system.Then use the contract theory and corporate agency theory to describe the theoretical originsof corporate governance and information disclosure’s interaction relationship. Explain theimportance of information disclosure to the corporate governance in theory.Third, analyze the necessity and feasibility of the establishment of unlistedstate-owned enterprises’ information disclosure system from the perspective of corporategovernance. Through the analysis of problems in the governance in our current unlistedstate-owned enterprises found that information’s opaque is one of the reasons of these problems. Therefore, in order to alleviate the problems that exist in corporate governance,adequate information disclosure is crucial. But through the statistical analyze of the presentsituation of the information disclosure in China’s unlisted state-owned enterprises, wefound that the information’s opaque phenomenon is very serious. In such circumstances,building the information disclosure system of unlisted state-owned enterprises is veryimportant.On the other hand, the SASAC as the supervision institutions of unlisted state-ownedenterprises is one of the maker and implementers in information disclosure system.Therefore whether the unlisted state-owned enterprises’ information disclosure system isfeasibility, the SASAC’s attitude is essential. The Former SASAC Director Li Rongrong,clearly stated that the state-owned enterprises must public their financial books andShenzhen SASAC has already public part financial books. Besides, through the fieldresearch of JN SASAC, we found that they also agree that at present, establish theinformation disclosure system of unlisted state-owned enterprises is feasibility.Finally, research the disclosure of unlisted state-owned enterprises experience at homeand abroad. On this basis, design the information public disclosure system. The wholesystem includes the formal system and informal system, as well as the protectionmechanism. In which the formal system is the core, namely the establishment of theunlisted state-owned enterprises’ information disclosure regulations system. This articlefrom the perspective of corporate governance, specific describe the main body ofinformation disclosure, the content of disclosure and disclosure measures. At the end of thearticle, illustrate the effect of information public disclosure system on corporategovernance. Put the unlisted state-owned enterprises under the supervision of public, is theimprovement of the current oversight mechanisms. Meanwhile, public’s supervision willformed constraints to the state-owned enterprises and their regulatory bodies, so thatrealize the checks and balances of power, and ultimately achieve the purpose of improvingour unlisted state-owned enterprises’ corporate governance structure.Of course, this study has many shortcomings, especially in the system construction.By the limit of study level and space, the design of the disclosure legal system’s content isnot comprehensive, which is need to refine and improve in the future research.

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Study on the Internal Control System of College Budget

On 15/09/2013, in Economics papers, by rain

Budget is a kind of Management system. College budget is a internal controlsystem by which colleges make the plan, do the execution and evaluation ofdigitalization of resource allocation according to the development target and task ofeducational business. College internal control refers to the risk prediction,identification, evaluation and prevention for guaranteeing accounting informationquality, improving school-running benefit and advocating legal school-running,which is for the sustainable development of educational business. Internal controlsystem of college budget refers to a series of coordinating integrity of reflecting itseconomic activity, predicting and preventing school-running risks through scientificbudget, rigorous budget execution and objective budget evaluation. Internal controlsystem of college budget consists of feed-forward control system (budget planning andcompiling system), synchronous control system(budget execution system) andfeedback control system (budget evaluation system).The development of internal control theory has mainly go through five stages insequence from germination stage to growth stage to development stage to maturationstage and to post-maturation stage. The germination stage is also called internalcheck from the late15th century to the1940s. Growth stage refers to internal controlsystem from the1940s to the early1980s. The development stage refers to internalcontrol structure in the1980s. Maturation stage refers to internal control frameworkstage in the1990s. Post-maturation stage refers to Enterprise-wide risk managementfrom the beginning of the21th century till now. Marked by the promulgation ofAmerican Sarbanes-Oxley Act(SOA Act) in2002and the publication of ChineseBasic Norms of Enterprise Internal Control in2008, internal control has formed asystematically round system. Compared with Enterprise internal control system, college internal controlsystem featured with non-profit making, universality, complexity,and diversity.College internal control system takes budget internal control as its core, collegebudget is not only the foundation of college internal control but also the security forimplementing college internal control measures. College budget internal controlsystem is a round control process with feed-forward control (budget planning),synchronization control(budget execution, budget analysis and budget adjustment),and feedback control(budget performance evaluation). College budget internal controlsystem takes comprehensiveness,integrity, dynamic as its characteristics. In essence,college internal control refers to the risk prediction, identification, evaluation andprevention for the sustainable development of educational business. College budgetis a Management system of predicting,recognizing,evaluating,controlling andpreventing risk through planning,supervising and evaluating. College budget is one ofcollege internal control systems.At present,these six problems in internal control system of college budget are asfollows: The first one is light budget awareness and backward budget concept; Thesecond one is incomplete budget management organization; The third one isincomplete budget coding content; The fourth one is unscientific budget codingmethod; The fifth one is incompetent control of budget enforcement; The sixth one isthe incomplete evaluation system of the budget enforcement result. The historicalreason, insufficient publicity,insufficient attention from leaders and low staff qualityaccount for the present situation. In order to improve college budget internal system,we should strengthen and renew budget concepts, perfect budget managementorganization, implement overall budget control in every section, adopt comprehensivebudget coding method, reinforce budget enforcement and complete budgetperformance evaluation system.The overall target of college internal control system is to realize the sustainabledevelopment of college educational business. Specifically speaking, promoting thelegal school running of college,securing the quality of college accountinginformation and enhancing school effectiveness are its three targets. Its four characteristics are as follows: The first one is the combination of strategy andperiodicity; The second one is its comprehensiveness; The third one is its economy,timeliness and flexibility.The fourth one is the combination of guidance andoperability. College budget internal control system includes systemorganization,budget coding control system,budget enforcement control system andbudget performance evaluation control system.College internal control system carries out the prediction,evaluation,analysis,controland prevention of risk of decision making, legal risk and financial risk to improveschool-running benefit and keep the sustainable development of Education business.Therefore, the urgency and importance of building college budget internal controlsystem should be highlighted under the current situation that college corruption isfrequent, violation charge, debt risk expansion and college funds management leakproblems are serious.

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Study on Financial Control Based on Corporate Governance of Enterprise Group

On 15/09/2013, in Management, by rain

With the constant development of Enterprise, Enterprise group in the whole Economic development has become the main force in, plays a important role, enterprise group of modern enterprise system as a main form of organization and exist, in Economic unified control, the law independent integration association, it is the socialized production conditions transverse joint development between enterprise economy to a certain stage the inevitable result. However group has established also brought new problems in the financial Management and control, Basic had not formed the time value of money and risk value and opportunity cost and other modern financial Management concept, in financial Management and control process, can’t achieve the optimized allocation of financial resources, realize the financial management system of the construction of the target. This paper is mainly based on corporate governance Angle, to the group of the company’s financial control analysis and financial management related theory of group review the literature, and then puts forward the group of the financial control theory system and structure, on this basis, combining with the group company of the relevant case related, and the case and analyzed through this empirical analysis, and for the group of the financial control way the corresponding control way and the countermeasure, to promote our country’s group to raise the level of financial management, and finally realize the comprehensive competitiveness of ascension. And all aspects of the creative exploration, and draw the following conclusion.First of all. the paper put forward enterprise group of exploratory financial control needs stems from the agency and the cause of the problem and their diversity, cross area business features. Enterprise group is a diversified, trans-regional business characteristics, we make a subsidiary of implementing the strong financial control is particularly urgent and key.Second, through the research think principal-agent problem has just cause of the financial control of enterprise, one of the reasons, contributors have property right is the origin of the financial control and the starting point, the enterprise group the relations of subsidiary company. the owner of the property rights makes a comprehensive and systematic construction.Finally, the basis for the control of financial support is power, the power of the content and strength decided the contributive person on the subsidiary company of the financial control of content and degree. Should include major matters, income distribution. the decision-making power operator options, financial supervision and financial constraint right five core elements.

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Research on the Education of Financial Consumer

On 15/09/2013, in Finance, by rain

The recent development of the financial Education and awareness in terms of financial benefits is becoming increasingly important. First, the increasing complexity of financial markets allows consumers not just in two different bank loans or savings plans to choose between, but face a variety of complex financial instruments, borrowing and savings and there are many choices. Meanwhile, the personal financial decisions vital to the future life of the responsibilities and risks are transferred from government to workers and employers where the body. With longer life expectancy, individuals will enjoy a longer retirement time, the pension issue is particularly important. This article discusses the importance of consumer Education and financial need. The concept of financial consumer Education has defined the importance and necessity from the two aspects of financial consumer education are discussed. Second, the analysis of the lack of long-term finance public education, consumer education, financial means of the concept of old and single, impact assessment feedback mechanism has been established three aspects. Third, build a cost-based evaluation model of financial consumer education, and through case analysis of the financial consumer education. Fourth, policy recommendations and directions for future research are described.

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Evaluation and Development Study of Great Site Tourism Resources in China

On 14/09/2013, in Economics papers, by rain

Great site, being the development witness of human society and culture, is theprecious wealth endowed by history. It’s very rich in China. According to statistics,there are500great sites in China, about a quarter of Chinese key culture relicprotection units, but most of which lie in or around the city, so it is a dilemma for citydevelopment. Further more, it is serious damaged by natural weathering and humanrobbing repeatedly. Great site tourism breaks this dilemma, and combines itsprotection and development together, leading to the beneficial cycle.Recent years, the authorities pay more attention to the great site protection anddevelopment, expanding international exchange, holding summit forum, compilingthe national list of very important great site and setting up several national relics parksduiring the “The11thand the12thFive years” period in China. Now there are150geatsites in the list. On the one hand, The local governments try their best to apply theWorld Cultural Heritage to improve the brand influence of great site,on the other hand,the related films and documentaries arouse people’s interesting for the culture andtruth. That means the time of great site tourism is coming. However, the theory andpractice research on great site is very limited in China. This paper summarizes therelated theory and development model and evaluate its tourism resources by AHP anddelphi method, means to lead the practise of great site tourism. The whole papercanbe divided into seven parts:The first part introduces the background and significance of great site tourism,then summarize its development and status quo according to the thesis home andabroad. The scecond part defines the related concept and research scope. The thirdpart is status quo of great site tourism in China, started with characteristics,andemphasises the problems during the tourism development. The fourth part give somebasic classification of great site from different angle,and then evaluate its tourismresources by AHP and delphi method, at last classifies the great site according to the result from the angle of factor, system and total score,which means to mark off thekind of great site that is unsuitable for tourism development. The fifth partsummarizes the tourism model of great site. The sixth part is case study, taking Yinruin as an example to verify the evaluation model,and then giving some suggestionsbased on the rusult. The last part draws the conclusion and finds out shortcomings.

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Evolutionary Analysis of Entrepreneur’s Organizationl Creative Behavior

On 13/09/2013, in Agriculture, by rain

China is an Agricultural country, agriculture is the most important basis of the national economy in all the countries, China has more than900million of Agricultural population, the rural land property rights system is directly related to the interests of China and the Agricultural population. The last30years of rural reform refers that the Family Contract-generation system benefits the hundreds of millions of farmers, it is suitable for socialist market Economic system. However, in recent years, with the increase of migrant rural labor and the development of modern agriculture, the transfer of rural land contracting right must accelerate to meet the demands.Therefore, this article studies the rural land property rights reforms. Through the relevant literature research, our country is no unified method and reached the same conclusion for this problem. On this basis, the rural land property rights’concepts are present at first, then the land property system in China are reviewed theoretical explanation of our general concept of land property rights system and the research status were summarized. It gives the theoretical support for further research.By reviewing China’s rural land property rights system historical evolution of development thinking, a conclusion are gotten that those who meet the interests of the majority of farmers will be promoted, but contrary to the interests of the majority of farmers land system will be eliminated from the historical evolution. On this basis, the characteristics of rural land are summarized. Combined with these characteristics and ideas of reform at home and abroad, this paper try to give the idea of rural land system reform. According to the form of ownership of the land, the public ownership, private ownership of land, mixed land-ownership and collective ownership under the land reform ideas are also given. On this basis, the retention of collective land ownership reform ideas is focused to analyze, and the way of the different paths selection are given, and the solution of land transfer problemsthat may occur are also give. At last, the conclusion is base on Gu Xian town in LinFen city, Shanxi province’s analysis is given that the selection of land transfer model can use transfer model, Anti-Rent Daobao model, stock cooperative model and trust Management model, the reform of collective land ownership change is most conducive to our way of the Chinese land reform approach.

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