W

Since the new rural cooperative medical care pilot work in2003, for …

On 20/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Since the new rural cooperative Medical care pilot work in2003, for some farmers to provide Basic Medical security, the new rural cooperative medical care has achieved preliminary results. At present, the new rural cooperative medical system in the country in rural areas basically popularized to solve farmers “difficult and expensive, reducing farmers’ poverty caused by the illness back into poverty phenomenon played an important role, has been recognized by the masses. Around in the implementation process there are still problems and contradictions that can not be ignored, not only affects the actual effect of the new rural cooperative medical care, but also affect the continued operation and development of this system. Comprehensively promote the new rural cooperative medical system, there are still some outstanding issues:The farmers NRCMS enthusiasm is not high; Management system is not perfect, not yet meet the needs of the work; The new rural cooperative fund financing costs, the standard of compensation is not reasonable and limited ability to compensate; Medical supervision of the coefficient of difficulty; lag in legislation, policy, however hard; the lack of a reasonable mechanism for talented people; In the future, the new rural cooperative medical system to regulate and perfect, on several fronts:Strengthen the capacity building of Management agencies and Management services; expand financing channels, and establish long-term mechanism; to improve relations with the outside, form a good interaction situation; as soon as possible the establishment of integrated urban and rural medical insurance system and management system; strengthen the new rural cooperative medical supervision, improvemanagement efficiency; to speed up the relevant legislation, to ensure the stability of the policy of the new rural medical security system; new airal cooperative building of human resources, emphasis on the personnel training of township hospitals. This paper introduces the status of implementation of the new rural cooperative medical system in Baotou City, the system itself, medical services, the farmers there to analyze and propose appropriate solutions.

W

Research on Rebuilding of Rural Cooperative Medical Treatment System in China

On 08/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Strengthen the work of rural Health care, it is a scientific development view of the implementation, construct the inevitable requirement of the socialist harmonious society, it is a well-off society of the comprehensive construction, build the Basic content of the socialist new countryside. The well-off society of comprehensive construction should not merely improve the people’s material and culture living standard, improve the people’s Health level. And the Medical treatment to be solved peasants ensures the problem, must pursue the rural cooperative Medical treatment system to reform actively. Help us to construct the Social security system of the socialist new countryside through rebuilding the research of the problem to our country’s rural cooperative Medical treatment system, favorable to long-term stability and development in the countryside. It is progressive that any system changes and moves the capital to another place. But the speech of the Chinese society of period for making the transition, the changes of the rural cooperative medical treatment system involve 800 million peasants’ welfare, it is a great system Engineering. Rebuild the rural cooperative medical treatment system, solve peasants’ Basic medical guarantee and risk of surviving from system, it is a Basic job of new rural construction, it is the well-off society of the comprehensive construction that must require too. This text uses the Economics, Management analytical method to scrutinize the development courses and current situations of our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system again, put forward the factor of restraining the rural cooperative medical treatment system from rebuilding, and then propose new rural cooperative medical treatment system goal principle, content, mode and operating mechanism, put forward the pointed countermeasure and suggestion finally.The full text is divided into chapter five together. Chapter one, the introduction. The background, purpose, meaning, domestic and international research dynamic status to study about the thesis have been explained, define research range, has defined the thinking, method and system frame to study in thesis, and it explains to do innovation. Chapter two, history of our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system and current situation analysis. Through sprouting to the getting up of our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system, development course, current situation, to the cooperative medical service in the early days of foundation, to the cooperative medical service of the period of the Culture Revolution, and new rural cooperative medical treatment system problem and rural cooperative medical treatment system consequence led to the fact to lack that exist explain implement, to cooperative medical service since the reform and opening-up State. Chapter three, restriction factor that our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system rebuilds, rebuild our country’s rural cooperative medical treatment system from the system factor, organize the factor in microcosmic, subjective factor, Environmental factor, respects such as other factors,etc. change of the rural Economic system, marketization of medical care, peasants’ guarantee system, defect of the cooperative medical treatment system, traditional cultural custom to of our country rural cooperative medical service restriction and peasant slowly growth in earnings of development idea, the cooperative medical service raised funds the respect such as being difficult has been analyzed and explained. Chapter four, the frame of our country’s new rural cooperative medical treatment system is built up and thought, the property, mode, content and operating mechanism of goal and principle, system rebuilt to the new rural cooperative medical treatment system have been described. Have proposed three kinds of modes of the suitable China’s rural cooperative medical treatment system. Chapter five, propose the implementation suggestion of our country’s new rural cooperative medical treatment system, do a good job of legislation and propagation and Education, standardize the new rural cooperative medical service and manage, set up effective encouragement tied mechanism, expand benefited one, raise and compensate the proportion, reduce the price of medicines appropriately, standardize the medical behavior, recommend concrete implementing methods such as the pluralistic mode of the new cooperative medical service,etc.

W

Who Pays for the Food Safety?

On 03/02/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Food security had must become an important livelihood issues while China started a new phase of development for building a well-off society in an all-round way. In recent years, frequent food safety has become a Social problem can not be ignored. However, sociology from the date of production of the reality and theory of care, research and study of traditional content, will be regarded as an important Social issues sociology topics. Moment, just because of sociology often research on food safety issues, it is bound to its mission and the academic disciplines of responsibility.Beyond all question, food safety issues are not should be ignored during the process of Social development, and food safety incident is the concentrated expression of this social problem. So, sociology provides us with an effective research paradigm of food safety incidents and Basic guidelines which has strongly reality caring, rigorous empirical spirit, the system’s ability to reflect and scientific research methods. As is well known, as a typical representative of food safety incidents, Sanlu milk powder incident has lots of characteristics, such as lasting long, wide range of interaction of the main complex, the result was obvious social characteristics. In this paper, Sanlu milk powder incident, is to understand how the event is under the action of various forces, development and end, with what kind of dynamic picture, showing what kind of structural elements. And then, through the event itself to examine the social environment in which events occurred, looking for the social mechanism that food safety incident taked place.The paper based on the dynamic scenario of recovery which the occurrence, development, evolution, the end of the Sanlu milk powder incident. Meanwhile, the background of the melamine added to milk was taked into consideration and analyzed the risk scenario that is full of security risks during the flow of milk and the logic of collective action under the trade the formation of the unspoken rules. Finally, It is apparent to show Sanlu milk powder incident reconstruction and structured elements.The study found that there is the inevitability of the Sanlu milk powder incident occurrence, because of the unique social structure and is the comprehensive result of many factors. Obviously, consumer culture of media environment and the social structure of the “bad order situation,” is the source of the Sanlu milk powder incident. Simultaneously, the existence of loopholes in conversion technology of national standards is the basis for this event, and lack of regulation play a catalytic role.Additionally, governance handled structure of the event and its lacked of supervision is the fuse during the process of the Sanlu milk powder incident and the lack of social conscience is the direct cause of this event in the industry and the business. In short, Sanlu milk powder incident impact will be profound as its reflecting China’s current food safety incidents which occurred in the social environment and social mechanisms to promote the birth of Forced type of refom with a heavy price.

Tagged with:  
W

The System Logic of “Typical Unit” Organization Authority’s Change

On 24/01/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

This study is based on a case of “Typical Units” Organization—–JG Groupwhich is in northwest. Using case study of qualitative methods,conducted atwo-month field study,taking the method of literature,depth interview and observationto collect the first-hand information,then analyze the dates with scenario analysis.Weexplorated JG’s regulation,found the regulation’s change.Then we interviewed theworkers,discussed the change of their view to JG and JG’s managers.I took thischange into the background of transition of market.applying the sociological theory ofnew system doctrine interpretated the change of organization’s authority.This study is divided into five chapters.In the first chapter,the author describesthe backgroup of authority of organization,then put forward the study questions,”Typical Units” Organization’s change and why changed.The author describes thepurpose and significance in this study.Carding senior scholars’ point of view,inducingthe contribution,finding the further questions and then find my study’s train ofthought.In the second chapter,the author defines the core concept of thestudy,describes the theoretical tools and specific research methods and then purposesthe ideas of the research.In the third chapter,the author introduces the JG’sdevelopment process,comparises the organization authority between the plannedeconomic system and market Economic system. The author describes the changewhich is based on three aspects:the state’s postion in the state-ownedenterprise,employees’ self-identity feeling to the Enterprise,employees’ sense ofidentity to the business Management.In the fourth chapter,the author analyzes therelationship between environment of institution and regulation of organization. Thenthe author analyzes the authority of organization from the national environment tosocial to the stuff sense of authority.In the fifth chapter,the author obtains theconclusions of this study.This study uses the legitimacy perspective of institutional thought to observestate-owned Enterprise’s authority,change of workers’ sense of identity from plannedeconomy system to market economy system period.Based on the interaction betweenthe organization and environment(macroscopic),we find that the state-owned enterprise’s unit system and the modern enterprese system are all restricted by thesystem of legitimacy.Based on the interaction between organization andworkers(microcosmic),workers’ sense of identity is organization’s basics.All in all,theconclusion is that: first,the authority of state-owned enterprise is changing graduallyfrom the State administration authority to enterprise authority.second,the managers’authority is increasing.third,the market transformation made the state-owendenterprise’s workers rely on the organization but not the state.fourth,market transitionmade the workers’ sense of identity to the state-owned enterprises from the value ofrational authority to the tool rational authority mainly.last, market transition made theworkers’ sense of identity to the state-owned enterprises from the belongingidentification to survive identification.

W

With the development of market economy, China’s economic efficiency …

On 12/01/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

With the development of market economy, China’s Economic efficiency has been improved significantly. However, the market economy is not omnipotent, and has produced a larger income gap. The government’ regulation of redistribution and the services of public products have not kept pace. These results in Education, Health, employment and other Social resources irrational, vulnerable groups difficulty. We have this so-called Social fairness issues. Social unfair phenomena not only weaken the foundation of agriculture, but also lead to insufficient domestic demand, which restricts the sustainable development of China’s economy.The production of such unfair phenomena mainly due to deficiencies in the system, including initial distribution failed to stop the participation of non-efficiency factors and redistribution failed to give priority to fairness. While the lack of the financial system’ “public” and “normative” as well as the weak function of the social security system’ regulation also increased social unfairness. The slow pace of political reforms and judicial independence reforms also affected the realization of human rights of citizens and the fairness of political rights.The party and the government are aware of the seriousness of the issue of social fairness and actively adopting measures to solve. The second meaning of the harmonious society is the “fairness and justice”, and the Party’s 17th National Congress also put “the realization of social fairness” as a major task of “to develop socialism with Chinese characteristics”. Fairness issue is very complicated, only by starting from the system construction can we fundamentally solve them. System, which has the stability and guiding, may avoid the drawbacks of frequent change of decree to make people easier to follow. At present, we should macro-level study the fundamental causes of unfairness in the system, so as to formulate specific and complementary institutional system to avoid blind operation losses. In the Economic sphere we should establish a sound institutional system of market economy, the initial distribution should stop non-efficiency and redistribution should give priority to fairness; in the politic sphere we should ensure human rights, develop democratic politics, promote judicial independence and reform; in the cultural sphere we must concentrate on fostering civil society and actively constructing a socialist core value system; in the social sphere we should not only improve the social security system but also must improve the mechanism to express the interests of vulnerable groups and to integrate social class’interests.It is ease to find the fundamental cause of social unfair phenomena from the perspectives of the system. Then we can begin from the system constructing, by the establishment of a set of system of fairness systems to solve social fairness issues, to construct a fair and reasonable society.

W

An Analysis on Self-Organizational Evolvement and Development Mechanism of National System

On 11/01/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Based on the self-organization theory and with the complexity of thinking,this text analyzes the internal dynamical mechanism in the complex national systhem evolvement and development from the interdisciplinary perspective.First of all,the text introduces the Basic information of Predecessors viewing national phenomenon from the perspective of complex systhem, and points out that this article is done on this basis for further exploration. Then brieies the related theory of complex systhem and self-organization theory.Further, the complexity of the national system and the complex systhem self-organization character is explained. Finally, analyzes the internal dynamical mechanism in the complex national systhem evolvement and development.This article holds that the national systhem is an open complicated systhem,which combines internal incessant non-linear interactions, enables the constant exchange of physical energy and information,keeps away from the equilibrium state and its generation,development and evolution of the process is an orderly process of the complex structure with self-organizing feature.The internal dynamical mechanism in the national systhem evolvement and development is explained as follows:the dissipation structure is the impersonal premise trem of national systhem evolvement and development,the competition and cooperation effect is the essence dynamical in the national systhem evolvement and development,the stochastic fluctuating inside the system is the incentives of the national systhem evolvement and development,the cross-catalysis (Hypercycle) between elements inside the system is the internal represent form of the national systhem evolvement and development.And through the outside achievement approach, the part gradual changes of the national systhem be turned into the whole mutation, the whole evolvement course from chaos to order forms lastly ,whice embodiyed the self-organization characters.

Tagged with:  
W

Study on Problems and Countermeasures of Compulsory Education Accountability System in China

On 10/01/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Education plays an irreplaceable and nonnegligible role on the improvement of people and the development of society in history, educators are undertaking the unshirkable responsibility for each educatee’s Education, the unbalance of power, responsibility and interests of education cause the educational problems that cannot be effectively solved. With the great development of the practical experience and theoretical research on Educational Accountability System abroad, and the institutionalization and standardization of administrative accountability by degrees in China, the Educational Accountability is becoming a hot issue of education in our country.Compulsory education in our country is always reforming and making progress with the continuous voice of doubt, there is neither mature and standard institutional arrangement nor abundant and rational practical experience for the development of accountability of compulsory education, so this article widely collects the related literature at home and abroad. Based on comprehensive use of institutional Economics, public Management, education administration science knowledge and research methods, as well as the comparative analysis of representative educational accountability system abroad, the author tries to find out how the accountability of compulsory education system in our country is working and what the difficulties are in the process of operation, and then comes up with some measures to reconstruct this system, which is to enrich the existing laws and regulations, construct a scientific accountability system and perfect relevant mechanism.This study is not only an important exploration, supplement of education Management theory and education reform theory in our country, but also the beneficial expansion of the domestic existing accountability system theory. It could provide research ideas for the development of the accountability system theory on other field. Meanwhile, with a rational survey on the practice of compulsory educational accountability, a reference could be provided for the future education reform, and realistic significance of the improvement of compulsory educational quality and equality would be visualized.

W

Study on the System and the Model of Rural Community Health Service

On 30/12/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Because of the development of the society, economy, technology, the public Health work of the hygiene has already entered comprehensive Health care era. It must develop community’s hygiene service to reach the goal of synthesizing sanitarily. Community’s hygiene is served with Basic Medical treatment, such public Health as prevention and health care and health Education ,etc, which are served for the main content.This text discussed the relevant problems of serving development of rural community’s hygiene of our country mainly. On the basis of analysing our country’s current rural hygiene service system current situation and question, it stated briefly the service function of the rural community’s hygiene of our country. Then, It found out some community’s hygiene experience of foreign countries where developed the community well. The article pointed out that structuring the rural community’s hygiene service network should be based on the national conditions, and suited measures to the local conditions. The paper also put forward the suggestion on the rural community’s hygiene service, such as the mode of running, managing, compensating, operating etc. Finally, It analysed the supporting policy that influences the development of the rural community’s hygiene service.The full text was divided into four chapters altogether:Chapter one: Expound the necessity of developing the rural community’s hygiene service. This sector narrated the current situation and question of our country’s current rural hygiene service system briefly. It analysed that develops feasibility and meaning of the rural community’s hygiene service.Chapter two: Foreign advanced experience of comparative analysis. Australia and Britain are one of the countries where developed the community hygiene perfectly in the world. There are very great differences with China on the Social system and health care system. For developing Chinese community hygiene service, it still had experience drawn lessons from to worth. It is pointed out that structuring rural community’s hygiene serve network should base on the national condition, and suit tolocal condition.Chapter three: Introduced the relevant modes service the rural community’s hygiene service. This sector introduced the functional demand of the rural community’s hygiene briefly. It discussed the run-up of the rural community’s hygiene service and Management mode, the mode of raising funds and compensating, operation of service mode separately.Chapter four: Have carried on preliminary research in influencing the supporting policy that the rural community’s hygiene service. It analysed the influence factor of the rural community’s hygiene service at first, then directed against these influence factors, passed in and out the difference policy recommendations.

Tagged with:  
W

China’s reform and opening up has entered the 30th year,China has un…

On 17/12/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

China’s reform and opening up has entered the 30th year,China has undergone enormous changes in 30 years,from a planned commodity economy to the establishment of a socialist market economy,China,with its use of flexible policies,reducing the transaction costs of system changes,maintains a high Economic growth. However,when the “let some people get rich first and finally realize common prosperity” at the shift in the path,the benefit-sharing pattern has quietly changed,various Social contradictions began to show sudden. Faced with this situation of reform,we need to reflect on China’s transition path,the strategy reducing transaction costs of the changes of system whether has made the road of China’s reform led astray. Some scholars believe that the slow pace of political reform,and the abuse of public power is a result of reform and opening up in troubled . The problem can only be resolved in the continuous deepen reform. Another part of scholars have pointed out that reformists,the capital elite and the power elite have already deviated from the direction of reform and opening up . For both arguments,the author chose the Institutional Change Theorysystem as the basis,re-examine the technical imitate as the background to the gradualism. With a number of views of scholars, stressed the importance ofthe system that evolved in China’s transition path.Which way can be used to evolve as such a gradualism system? The author have analysis of background of the transition of the Chinese system,the transition process and its causes. China’s reform path stress continuity and stability,integrate to plan and the market, freedom and order, state-owned and non-state-owned ,will complete China’s Economic transition stability and development in the progressive realization of Economic transition. China first adopted the economy, after the community,the path to political. While this progressive technology has brought to imitate the rapid development of China’s economy,but also a lot of problems. So to simply imitate as a starting point,the technology evolve to the system,and produce for the national conditions of China’s reform path as the road to an inevitable choice for the transition.Progressive technology to imitate brought about a series of problems,which was called “after disadvantage.” by professor Yang. The “after a disadvantage,” is a great resistance of the reform.In order to maintain steady and rapid economic growth.The Chinese Government redempt vested interest groups in a effective way,retain the privileges of the discriminatory system,thereby reduce the resistance to reform of the upper people. Transition produce interest groups division and confrontation,which lead four types of resistance groups:1 a vested interest groups of public power,2 vulnerable groups,3 Strong negative reformers,4 radical reformist. In order to avoid conflicts between groups of four types of resistance intensified, in particular, the contradictions between “the bigwigs capital” and the bottom of public trigger Social unrest , China’s system transition path is a progressive political reform and the implementation of incremental reform. the dual-track system of progressive politics is the merged favorable protection which bring ultimate realization of political democracy.China’s political system under the framework of technical imitation has full control from the centralization of power and an all-embracing political system toward a hybrid political system,but which way can be used to make democratic political system into a reality in China. The the rule of law and advisory-state model, cooperative nation model provided some light for the next step of transition path of system. States Rights To The People choice is the core content of the transition: 1 The development of civil society, 2 Property rights protection of the rule of law. Therefore, after the transition path of the system further operating, China’s system transitation will usher in the end of its path: the rule of law and democratic political system. Political parties and government structures will be gradual adjustment, at the same time the national authority of the Constitution will also be established and the common value of rule of law will also be gradual established. Individual freedom, rights, equality, fairness and justice,and other core values will become the prerequisite and protection for the establishment of democracy.Progressive reform guide the transition path to a a smooth track,therefore,it is necessary to establish a experimental district of political reform. civil society, protection of private property rights, establishment of the rule of law can test in the district.However, the political costs and the fail risks of reform should be in control of the country, the problem of reform should be of great tolerance, which ensure the orderly conduct of political reform and pave the way for the full depth of the transition of national system.In short, we believe that, although China’s gradual reform path have a lot of problems, but both the economic reform or political reform, progressive reform may be suitable for China’s national conditions of the road of transition. we also have reason to suspect the path of China’s progressive reform will eventually succeed in the end. There are uncertain factors in the future, the possibility of reform may be failed,which depends mainly on the three key factors:A Can the reformer timely seize the opportunity to promote the reform, B Can the capacity of the existing system break through, C The knowledge capacity of power holder.Transition path of China’s system is a long and rugged road of no return!

W

The Study on the Military System Leaded by the Chinese Communist Party

On 06/12/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

The problem of military system leaded by the Chinese Communist Party hasattracted much attention of Chinese and foreign academic circles. They have beendoing a broad and in-depth research.The military system leaded by the Chinese Communist Party is formed in thespecial historical and realistic conditions. It is the inevitable choice of the Chineserevolution. Looking back, the Chinese Communist Party established the majorprinciple and system of the Party’s absolute leadership over the army in the practice ofbuilding up the army step by step. It is visionary to enshrine the fundamental principlesfor army building of “party commands the gun” in the party constitution, charter andNational Defence Law make it to be the will of the state and the Basic military system.It has proved incontrovertibly that the Party’s absolute leadership over the army is thesignificant characteristics of China’s Basic military system. It provides strong supportto consolidate ruling status, reliable guarantee for national security and impetus to the development of the new people’s army. Systematically and deeply explore theleadership of the Communist Party of China military and political significance,profoundly reveals the unique scientific connotation of an objective understanding ofthe Party’s absolute leadership over the armed forces a comprehensive system ofsecurity, with a significant and far-reaching political significance. By mining theoverall difference of the Chinese military system and the military system, Sino-USmilitary relations and political parties contrast, According to the contrast for army andparty’s relation between China and the United States, this article is going to analysisthe pros and cons of the air force model controlled by political party and illustrate thefailure fact of the two times copying western military system in the Chinese historyand the party’s absolute leadership over the army is the contemporary Chinese politicalvalue this precious experience,In this article, we will draw a clear dividing line of theChinese and western military system and clarity the objective reality that thedifferences between Chinese and western Basic military system is decided by thedifferent Social system, historical tradition, state organization and real militaryrequirement. It is the incontestable objective law to adhere the party’s absoluteleadership for the army that we have to always firmly follow. It incisively and vividlyshows the Party’s absolute leadership over the armed forces is an important politicaladvantage of our party and country. Adhering to the Party’s absolute leadership over the armed forces will be faced with many grave and complex reality tests under thebackground of new era. At all levels must always put the ideological and politicalconstruction in the first place and constantly strengthen the execution and follow-upforce of the Party’s absolute leadership over the armed forces and a series of systems.We should ensure that out army be under the absolute leadership of the Party foreverby vigorously strengthening forces at all levels of Party construction, seriouslyselecting and appointing in accordance with the principle of the Party’s system andbeing focus on task situation changes and constantly improving innovation.

Tagged with: