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As early as 2005, the proportion of the population aged 65 and above…

On 09/05/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

As early as 2005, the proportion of the population aged 65 and above reached 7.6% in China, and China has been into the population aging society. With China’s aging trend, establishing and improving the existing pension system,to develop various pension mode, implementing pension socialization have become serious problems in front of the “old before getting rich” country and government. Meanwhile, with the development of society and the implementation of family planning, the miniaturization of nuclear family households gradually become the main family type in China, which increase the burden of family pension, the traditional home pension patterns are facing huge challenges. Therefore, under the precondition of carrying out the socialization of Social welfare, to attract a variety of Social forces to set up private pension institutions to solve pension problems, to use various forms of combination to relief the problem of pension are China’s top priority. Studing this problem and concluding conclusion can from a unique perspective to perfect demography, gerontology, sociology and other related theories, and can offer good experience to set realistic and effective strategies at present and in the future.Xi’an, an important city in the western, also face many problems about pension patterms.Exploreing the private pension institutions’current operating conditionsmain,problem in Xi’an, then proposeing solutions on the basis of a comprehensive analysis and comparison with some developed cities, can be summed up in Shaanxi Province, or of the entire western region of local experience,and can play greater role in making the private pension institutions’own contribution to the whole pension system in Shaanxi Province.Based on private pension institutions of xian as the research object, this paper describe the status and role of the private pension institution in China pension system and its importance in Xi’an pension system. According to actual investigation to analysis the existing problems and reasons of the private pension institution in Xi’an, put forward the corresponding countermeasures.This paper is divided into seven chapters. The first chapter is the introduction part, describes the background, topics of theoretical and practical significance, the present research situation of domestic and foreign, this paper’s research methods.The second chapter is defining the related concepts,such as the private pension institution, aging society, and interpretting the theories of this issue, relating to the socialization of Social welfare theory, active aging, demand hierarchy theory, population aging.The third chapter describes the characteristic of private pension institutions, the necessity and possibility in existence and development, the role and position in China’s Social Security System.The writer think:the private pension institutions in the Social Security System in China has an irreplaceable position and play a pivotal role.The fourth chapter introduces the status about the needs of pension in Xi’an,the mode of pension at presrnt, through the comparison of advantages and disadvantages among home care, community and private pension institution, highlighting the advantages and importance of private pension institutions in Xi’an.The fifth, sixth, seventh chapter is the main body of the article,and also is the most important part of the article. The fifth chapter, from the location,the facilities and equipment and other aspects of private pension institutions Xi’an to introduce the status of private pension institutions,and use several private pension institutions to taking a step forward case to analysis the current Management status of private pension institutions in Xi’an. The sixth chapter analysis the existing problem and reason in private pension institution of Xi’an from the contradiction between supply and demand, the shortage of capital,Management lack of scientific, the imperfected legal system other aspects. The seventh chapter from private pension institutions, the government, social and family and old man to put forward corresponding solutions to help private agencies solve all kinds of questions, in order to promote the development of private pension institutions.Studies show that private pension institutions are gradually developping, but it also exists many problems,such as lack of funds, Management lack of scientific, lagged propaganda and imperfected legal system, etc. The development of the private pension institutions need the effort of institutions themselves, government, society, the elderly and family, and many other aspects.The paper aims to use the research of the problem in the development of private pension institutions in Xi’an to offer inspiration and help for the construction and development of prvite pension institutions in Xi’an,in the western region, even in the country; to alleviate social pension pressure;and to contribute one’s share to tectonic “everyone equal” harmonious society.

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Our country’ s urban construction is developing with the high speed …

On 26/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Our country’ s urban construction is developing with the high speed now, the urban economy is changing the market economy from the planned economy. City real estate industry development, industry structure, industry layout and tertiary industry promotion and adjustment caused the agglomeration effects to be more obvious. The aim of this study is to opening out the inside relation of the urban competitiveness and the urban spatial structure, establishing an indicator system of urban spatial structure optimization which can reflect the urban competitiveness. Then, evaluated the urban spatial structure of xi’an .According to the evaluation result, the thinking and practicing countermeasures of urban spatial structure of xi’ an had been put forward.The this article second chapter first summarized the domestic and foreign related city spatial structure definition and has carried on the analysis to the city spatial structure Basic theory as well as its influence factor; then summarized the related city competitive power definition and the connotation; finally discussed the mechanism which the city spatial structure forms. Third chapter has carried on the summary to the domestic and foreign present main city competitive power model. Fourth chapterthrough analyzes the city competitive power the essence to manifest – theaccumulation economy, then elaborated the city competitive power and the city spatial structure relations. Fifth chapter has established city competitive power appraisal target system which based on the spatial structure theory.In the part of demonstration study, xi’an had been used as the object of studying. In the scope of national, 29 cities had been selected as the sample cities. Then, the related statistic data of sample cities had been collected and used as the compare basis. The article used combination assessment method establishes which according to this article and SPSS, LINGO software carried on the real diagnosis analysis to these 29 cities. Crosswise compared through between Xi’an and the domestic other cities, and aimed at this to propose Xi’an city spatial structure competitive power promotion strategy and the opinion. The urban competitiveness should have construct the reasonable industry layout; establish take Xi’an as central urban cluster; construct the good ecological environment; enhance supervising and managing dynamics.

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The Spatio-temporal Distribution Analysis of Leaf Area Index in Xi’an Using Landsat TM/ETM

On 01/03/2015, in Economics papers, by rain

Abstract: Leaf area index (LAI) is an important ecological parameter. In this paper, LandsatTM/ETM data were used to retrieve canopy reflectivity of Xi’an in 1988 1998 2000 and 2003 by 6S model respectively. By correlation analysis of canopy reflectivity and vegetation index (VI) obtained from remote sensing data in 2003 and its field data, a reasonable retrieval model for LAI was established. Based on the retrieval model, we got maps of LAI distributions in different time, considering natural and human activity factors to analysis the spatio-temporal distribution of LAI and its evolvement.The study has led to the following findings and conclusions:(1) By correlation analysis of Landsat TM/ETM band SRVI NDVI RSR and LAI, it profounded that the correlation between LAI and NDVI behaved a good relativity in this paper, that is: LAI = 7.0895 * NDVI + 0.197, R~2=0.7205.(2) LAI values are corresponding to the spatio-temporal distribution in the area, and the spacial distribution of LAI present circle character, the values increased from Xi’an city to outskirt. Also the spacial distribution of LAI is accordant to the Landuse status.(3) The policies such as adjusting agro-structure, strengthening construction power to the town and so on, affected LAI and its distribution.Taking Qin mountain as the typical area, to analysis the respondence between seasons and LAI changes. The climate factors of temperature precipitation and sunlight time affect LAI obviously.Because of the field measured data and parameters used in the paper are dedicated to the special environment of the study area, the regressing models provided in this study can not be universally applied elsewhere. And also the natural and Social status should be analysed based on the study area.

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Hui is a minority in China,it is formed by China’s domestic and fore…

On 01/12/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Hui is a minority in China,it is formed by China’s domestic and foreign multi-national composition of long-term historical development. In Xi’an, the Hui are among the most populous minority, the most widely distributed of a nation. Xian Hui has a long history, but in the long history of the evolution process, mainly in the Chinese multi-national culture, there is always able to maintain its own national characteristics, and showing a unique regional culture, which is a typical example of the country. It contains a typical example of the academic value and practical significance, which is particularly worth careful consideration and researchers to explore. However, the academic research on the Xian Hui and the book appeared in the world is very limited, there are a lot of space requires us to fill.This article is an attempt in Xian Huis depth interpretation. However, in the course of the study ,I found it is impossible. Due to my limited knowledge and effort, it is very difficult to get to the bottom of those problem, such as the historical development of the Xian Hui and its localization process, as well as in the collision with the foreign culture, how could the Hui still been able to maintain its unique religious and cultural practices. Therefore, this article just discussed Xian Huis three Basic problems by the usage of the Basic literature, I hope it can provide some of the mirror of the academic research on Xian Hui.In this paper, the text is divided into three parts:First, the study of Xian Huis origin. How the Xian Hui formed in the long history? It has been plaguing a lot of scholars. In this paper, I outlined the main body of the present-day Xian Hui and its distribution of changes in the course of history by the analysis of a large number of documents. Concluded that the main body of the Xian Hui roughly divided into two major parts: one is the Hui in Xian shaped in history, they are Arab and Persians who came to Xian since Tang Dynasty, and the advent of most minority in “XiYu” in Song and Yuan Dynasties, and then Xian Huis development consisting of twists and turns Since the Ming and Qing; the other one is latter-day swarm into Xian of Hui from other province. The outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War and other factors forced Hui from Hebei, Henan, Shandong and other places move into Xian.Second, Xian Huis Economic characteristics of the business. Hui believe in Islamism, and since the foundation of Islamism,it always advocates business. Xian Huis main Economic activity is engaging in business. This paper by analysing the literature ,then concluded that as early as the Tang Dynasty, Xian Huis ancestors has already engaged in business of non-governmental, they opened “Hu shop” and so on in “XiShi” of Chang’an, this tradition of being good at doing business, from Tang and Song, by the Song and Yuan, has been passed to modern. In the modern, Xian Hui mainly embarked business in the form of Hawker, particularly in catering.Third, Xian Huis mosques and its educational function. Mosque is the soul of Islam, and the center of Hui people’s Social, religious and educational life. Its construction is closely relate with Muslim’s migration and development. This article discussed in detail the construction and distribution of mosques in Xi’an area since Tang Dynasty, as well as the architectural features and educational functions on mosque.

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Under the strategic perspective of the national implementation of th…

On 21/11/2014, in Economics papers, by rain

Under the strategic perspective of the national implementation of the new urbanization, urbanization should pay attention to the livelihood of the people, the sustainable development, and quality as the connotation. New urbanization is generalized urbanization, urbanization is people-oriented, and its core is to improve the population quality and the quality of life for residents. City housing as the material foundation for the resident population living and realize citizenization, has an important position in the new urbanization strategy. City housing construction can be synchronized with the process of urbanization, can meet the needs of the city’s growing urban population, city housing construction can be coordinated development and the Social structure, especially in China’s urbanization process accelerated Currently, these issues are worthy of our thinking and research, especially in China’s urbanization process accelerated Currently, these issues are worthy of our thought and research. Study the response of the housing construction in the process of the urbanization, has the important guiding significance to China’s housing construction in rapid urbanization period, is also the common requirements of China’s new urbanization strategy implementation and urban housing construction practice.Based on existing research results, firstly, analyzed the urban construction and the urbanization process of Xi’an; Then use statistical analysis and comparative analysis, To study the two historical periods of xi ‘an urban housing construction (1949-1990;1990-2012), summarized the law of development of city housing construction, and done anticipation to response of the housing construction; Finally, use survey methods to analyze the present situation of the urban Social class structure, class housing, housing consumption demand.Studies have shown that:(1) Xi’an urban housing construction has experienced from quantity growth to increment two stages with quality and development, although historical environment disturbance and the system of state intervention, but urban housing construction level is closely related to urbanization development stage.(2) Xi’an urban housing construction has reached on the total amount at the stage of urbanization development, the response of the housing construction to urbanization has structural problems. Especially under the background of the rapid urbanization period, city housing construction Investment and consumption there are structural problems.(3) In the process of Xi’an urbanization, the urban social class structure has changed, gradually social class structure is featured, but the income level of the hierarchy is still showing a pyramid and a marked difference between rich and poor. The housing gap between different social strata is very obvious, living levels also presents the level difference.(4) Xi’an city housing construction failed to timely respond to changes of social class structure in the process of urbanization, this is also the key problem of Xi’an city housing construction.In conclusion, the development of housing construction has certain rules in the process of urbanization, only when housing construction and urban development coordination, urban housing to meet the needs of population growth, and Meet the needs of different classes and groups. This is the enrichment and development of research on urban problems, which are useful for the city of housing construction, improve people’s livelihood and sustainable development.

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The Research on the Relationship between the Level of Human Resource Management and Performance of Software Enterprises in Xi’an

On 15/09/2013, in Management, by rain

With rapid growth of IT industry,and supported by the central governments,the softwareindustry of China develops rapidly.Nevertheless,it still stands at an elementary stage ofgrowth,there are difficulties and obstacles existing on its way of development,and the expertsand scholars on software Engineering and Management found that the human resourcemanagement is an important element to affect the performance of software enterprises,besides the”developing technology”and”process”.The aim of this paper is to research therelationship between the level of human resource Management and performance of softwareenterprises in Xi’an,and then provide some advices for improving the level of softwareenterprises’ performance with the perspective of human resource Management.The article firstly determines the human resource management evaluation of softwareenterprises based on the P-CMM system and the weight of each index based on AHP tobuild the human resource management evaluation system of software enterprises in Xi’an,andthen analyzes the status of software enterprises in Xi’an and find out the key factors affectingthe Enterprise performance based on PCA.Finally,providing some advices for improving thelevel of software enterprises’ performance with the perspective of human resourcemanagement.This research is helpful for software enterprises to evaluate theirhuman resource management and performance objectively and correctly,and have a deeperunderstanding for human resource management activities in order to continuously improvethe Enterprise human resources management,thus improving business performance.Theconclusions of this paper include:There’s a positive correlation existing between the level ofhuman resource management and business performance of software enterprises inXi’an.Besides,”Performance Management”、”Salary System”、”Recruitment”、”AbilityCultivation”and”Teamwork Culture” of human resource management have an impact onbusiness performance respectively.Especially,”Salary System” is the most important factor.The paper is organized as follows:Chapter1IntroductionChapter2The Rvaluation Methods of Human Resource Management and Enterprise PerformanceChapter3Human Resource Management Status and Assessment of Software Enterprisein Xi’anChapter4Enterprise Performance Status and Assessment of Software Enterprise inXi’anChapter5Analysis of the Relationship between Human Resource Management andEnterprise Performance of Software Enterprise in Xi’anChapter6Proposals of Improving the Performance of the Software Enterprises in Xi’an

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Study on Policy Environment of Xi’an Science and Technology Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Technological Innovation

On 15/09/2013, in Management, by rain

In the process of rapid development of knowledge-based economy,SME technological innovationcapability is the universal consensus and focus of attention.After30years of the rise of the SME to becomea new growth point of China’s economy is an important component of China’s technological innovationsystem.SME Technology Innovation is like a huge system Engineering, in addition to the dynamicmechanism of internal motivation, special needs the boost of the external policy environment.how to makethe technology legally entitled to the most favorable policy environment for SMES in the process oftechnological innovation, so that all levels of government technology innovation policy in line with thevision of Enterprise development, are needed to study and solve the problem.Based on the above background, starting from the local science and technology SME innovationpolicy environment to explore Xi’an SME policy environment.Papers from the content point of view,theories of SME innovation policy environment as the basis, analyzed the state of the environment of Xi’anSME policy, and compared some achievements in innovation and Environmental policy at home andabroad countries and regions, on this basis proposed optimization countermeasures compatible with localtechnology SMES;From a structural point of view, the horizontal structure of the paper discusses the theXi’an SME Technology Innovation fiscal policy, financial policy, personnel policy, the status of intellectualproperty policies and the city of Germany,Korea, Shanghai and Suzhou City innovation policyenvironment the main line; paper the vertical structure of the current situation and comparative analysiscome to exist in the the Xi’an SME policy environment and the corresponding optimization ofcountermeasures to the main line;The purpose and significance of the research of this paper is that theproblems to provide the reference for the government to local conditions to solve and optimize the scienceand technology policy environment for SMES.

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Analysis on the Impacts of the Indemnificatory Housing Policy on Residential Real Estate Prices

On 10/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Housing is the Basic conditions for human survival. From the ancient caves to themodern concrete, the people are inseparable from the need for housing. With thecontinuous development of the national economy, the urbanization rate continuesto increase. The expanding of the city and development of industry, making themost of the population highly concentrated in cities and towns. The populationproduced a huge demand for urban land and housing area, making the land pricesand housing prices all the way up. Coupled the primary stage of socialism withsome of the actual situation such as the income gap, serious polarization,resultingthat the low-and middle-income and lowest income households are unable to payfor their housing. Especially in low-income family housing. In this context, China’sgovernment attaches great importance to the improvement of the housing securitysystem, clear as an important duty of the government’s public service. Acceleratethe build and improve the housing security system, to give priority to solving thehousing problems for low-income families in cities and towns to ensure the socialstability and unity to achieve sustainable Economic rapid development of buildinga moderately prosperous society.The size of city, the level of Economic development and the development of realestate market in Xi’an can be a representative example of the second-tier cities. The real estate market performance is sufficient to represent the overall level ofsecond-tier cities to a certain extent. In this context, taking Xi’an for an example instudying the effect about indemnificatory housing policy on the prices of realestate may help us to understand the implementation of government policy aboutcontrol real estate market. Which has the certain representation and typicalsignificance.Mainly study on indemnificatory housing policy concentrated problems whicharose in the running of the indemnificatory housing policy.And most existingresearch focuses on the analysis of policy shortcomings, as well as how to improvepolicies, to achieve policy objectives, or the problems in the qualitative researchfrom a policy point of view of indemnificatory housing. The innovation in thisarticle is that learning from Chinese and foreign research of indemnificatoryhousing through the context of running and the status of supply and demand forindemnificatory housing policy, taking indemnificatory housing policy in recentlyfive years as an example, through a lot of statistical data and survey data, thenstudying on the current status of indemnificatory housing system, as well asresidential real estate development status.With these methods,giving somesuggestions on perfecting the indemnificatory housing system effectively. Themain results are the following aspects:The minimum security standards for indemnificatory housing, the overall supply ofindemnificatory housing and the housing fund have a Obvious effect aboutordinary commercial housing market.1: in the view of the minimum security standards for indemnificatory housing, increase the low-rent housing subsidies willmake the real estate prices fell;2: in the overall supply of housing factors, housingarea and land supply can affect real estate prices. Increase indemnificatory housingconstruction area, as well as the completion of the area also makes real estateprices fell. From view of the supply of land, low-rent housing land supply will leadto the decline in housing prices;3: in view of the housing fund, enhance yearprovident fund to pay deposit interest rates can significantly inhibit the rise inhouse prices.The authors suggest that in improving the indemnificatory housing system isavailable from the following four aspects, raising the minimum security standardsand scope of indemnificatory housing; to ensure that the overall supply ofindemnificatory housing; to expand the standard of housing provident fund;improve housing information system to improve the protection room to exit thesystem.

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The Research on City Village Reconstruction Backmoving Policy

On 08/09/2013, in Management, by rain

Urban villages in general refers to a certain scale of low and cheesy buildings.The urban villagers are still living in traditional Agricultural habits, their Basic livingsituation is outmoded and are in conflict with the citizens around them. The urbanvillages are both citied and georgic, in a marginalized situation. Urban village is aunique phenomenon in modern mainland China. It is a problem left by the collision ofhistory problem and realistic problem. The chaotic and being out-of-order areblocking the running of the organized city. The demand of this reforming is alsobecoming increasingly urgent.The city of Xi’an has long been a great ancient capital of China, which also bearsa great amount of historical burden for development. Therefore, it is helpful for thegovernment to make a more effective and scientific policy and take a further step tosolve the problems when facing the tough deal of reforming the urban villages if wemake a deep analysis of the policies for village reforming and re-locating.This article mainly details the other cities inland which successfully or abortivelydealt with the reforming of urban villages and then introduces the current situation,experience and historical lessons of Xi’an’s policy and operation. Then the author tellshis own idea and suggestion for the points to be paid attention to and especiallyemphasize the ecological factors that are commonly neglected by former researchersand policy-makers. At the end of the paper, the author showed his own creativethinking and prospection of the reforming theory on domestic policy of urban villagereformation and city development.

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The Quality of Urbanization and its Coordination of the Development of Empirical Research in Xi’an

On 02/09/2013, in Management, by rain

With the rapid advance of urbanization, China attaches great importance tothe speed and scale of urbanization in the development process, But it ignore thequality and efficiency of urbanization which caused a lot of problems. In thispaper, the theory of sustainable development as the guide, from the perspectiveof system theory, this paper argues that the development of urbanization is theresult of the interaction of the four systems of the population urbanization,Economic urbanization, Social urbanization, spatial urbanization. Theurbanization includes not only the quality of the level of overall system, but alsothe level of coordination between the various subsystems of the urbanizationdevelopment.This paper start from four subsystems of Xi’an urbanization, Index systemis established for each subsystem. Using principal component analysis method,the paper made a comprehensive evaluation of the development of urbanizationsystem in Xi’an from both vertical and horizontal level. With the help ofmathematical membership function model, this paper calculated that thecoordination between the various systems coefficient, the coefficient ofcoordinated development and coordinated development trend index to evaluatethe coordination between and within the various subsystems of urbanization inXi’an.After the above analysis, the paper concludes: from the comprehensivelevel point of view, the comprehensive level of urbanization in Xi’an is relativelyhigh and still rising, but not ideal spatial urbanization level of development,there is further room for improvement. Judging from the level of coordination, Xi’an urbanization system overall coordination, but by the relatively low level ofsocial development of urbanization, Social and spatial urbanization systemshowing a relatively low degree of coordination. Mean well, the overall trend ofthe Xi’an system coordination degree high development, but individual years,showing a swing and fall, each system trend showing a downward trend after2009.Finally, according to the conclusions, this paper put forward somesuggestions and countermeasures.